Abstract

We report the generation of slow light using Brillouin amplification in a short length of highly nonlinear bismuth-oxide fiber. By using just 2 m of fiber, we demonstrate a five-fold reduction in group velocity for ~200-ns pulses, which we believe to be a record for a slow-light propagation in an optical fiber. Moreover, by virtue of the high nonlinearity per unit length of this fiber, we achieve this at a very modest pump power level of just ~400 mW and with a low inherent device latency of 14 ns. These results highlight both the merits and practicality of using high nonlinearity nonsilica fibers for slow-light devices.

© 2007 IEEE

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  2. J. Marangos, "Slow light in cool atoms," Nature 397, 559-560 (1999).
  3. H. Altug, J. Vuckovic, "Experimental demonstration of the slow group velocity of light in two-dimensional coupled photonic crystal microcavity arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 111 102-1-111 102-3 (2005).
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  6. M. González Herráez, K. Y. Song, L. Thévenaz, "Optically controlled slow and fast light in optical fibers using stimulated Brillouin scattering ," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 081 113-1-081 113-3 (2005).
  7. Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, A. L. Gaeta, "Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153 902-1-153 902-4 (2005).
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  14. G. Diener, "Superluminal group velocities and information transfer," Phys. Lett. A 223, 327-331 (1996).
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2006 (2)

2005 (6)

K. Y. Song, M. González Herráez, L. Thévenaz, "Observation of pulse delaying and advancement in optical fibers using stimulated Brillouin scattering," Opt. Express 13, 82-88 (2005) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-1-82.

K. Y. Song, M. González Herráez, L. Thévenaz, "Gain-assisted pulse advancement using single and double Brillouin gain peaks in optical fibers ," Opt. Express 13, 9758-9765 (2005) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-24-9758.

J. T. Mok, B. J. Eggleton, "Expect more delays," Nature 433, 811-812 (2005).

H. Altug, J. Vuckovic, "Experimental demonstration of the slow group velocity of light in two-dimensional coupled photonic crystal microcavity arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 111 102-1-111 102-3 (2005).

M. González Herráez, K. Y. Song, L. Thévenaz, "Optically controlled slow and fast light in optical fibers using stimulated Brillouin scattering ," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 081 113-1-081 113-3 (2005).

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, A. L. Gaeta, "Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153 902-1-153 902-4 (2005).

1999 (2)

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracold atomic gas," Nature 397, 594-598 (1999).

J. Marangos, "Slow light in cool atoms," Nature 397, 559-560 (1999).

1997 (1)

M. Niklès, L. Thévenaz, P. A. Robert, "Brillouin gain spectrum characterization in single-mode optical fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1842-1851 (1997).

1996 (1)

G. Diener, "Superluminal group velocities and information transfer," Phys. Lett. A 223, 327-331 (1996).

1992 (1)

A. L. Gaeta, R. W. Boyd, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering in the presence of external feedback," Int. J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. 1, 581-584 (1992).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

H. Altug, J. Vuckovic, "Experimental demonstration of the slow group velocity of light in two-dimensional coupled photonic crystal microcavity arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 111 102-1-111 102-3 (2005).

M. González Herráez, K. Y. Song, L. Thévenaz, "Optically controlled slow and fast light in optical fibers using stimulated Brillouin scattering ," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 081 113-1-081 113-3 (2005).

Int. J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. (1)

A. L. Gaeta, R. W. Boyd, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering in the presence of external feedback," Int. J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. 1, 581-584 (1992).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

M. Niklès, L. Thévenaz, P. A. Robert, "Brillouin gain spectrum characterization in single-mode optical fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1842-1851 (1997).

Nature (3)

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracold atomic gas," Nature 397, 594-598 (1999).

J. T. Mok, B. J. Eggleton, "Expect more delays," Nature 433, 811-812 (2005).

J. Marangos, "Slow light in cool atoms," Nature 397, 559-560 (1999).

Opt. Express (4)

Phys. Lett. A (1)

G. Diener, "Superluminal group velocities and information transfer," Phys. Lett. A 223, 327-331 (1996).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, A. L. Gaeta, "Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153 902-1-153 902-4 (2005).

Other (3)

Z. Zhu, A. M. C. Dawes, D. J. Gauthier, L. Zhang, A. E. Willner, "12-GHz-bandwidth SBS slow light in optical fibers," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. AnaheimCA (2006) Paper PDP1 (Postdeadline).

C. Jáuregui Misas, H. Ono, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, "Four-fold reduction in the speed of light at practical power levels using Brillouin scattering in a 2-m Bismuth-oxide fiber," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. AnaheimCA (2006) Paper PDP2 (Postdeadline).

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2001) pp. 355-388.

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