Abstract

An in-band optical signal-to-noise-ratio (OSNR) monitoring technique that utilizes the polarization orthogonality and heterodyne mixing is proposed. The technique is not only insensitive to polarization-mode dispersion but also robust to nonlinear polarization scattering induced by interchannel cross-phase modulation. Moreover, the technique places no special requirements on the signal properties, such as modulation format and bit rate. The monitoring technique is demonstrated experimentally in both linear and nonlinear systems.

© 2007 IEEE

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  1. D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, A. E. Willner, "Optical performance monitoring," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 294-304 (2004).
  2. H. Suzuki, N. Takachio, "Optical signal quality monitor built into WDM linear repeaters using semiconductor arrayed waveguide grating filter monolithically integrated with eight photodiodes," Electron. Lett. 35, 836-837 (1999).
  3. D. C. Kilper, S. Chandrasekhar, L. Buhl, A. Agarwal, D. Maywar, "Spectral monitoring of OSNR in high-speed networks," Proc. ECOC (2002) pp. 1-2.
  4. M. Petersson, H. Sunnerud, B.-E. Olsson, M. Karlsson, "Multi-channel OSNR monitoring for WDM networks," Proc. ECOC (2002) pp. 1-2.
  5. J. H. Lee, D. K. Jung, C. H. Kim, Y. C. Chung, "OSNR monitoring technique using polarization-nulling method," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 88-90 (2001).
  6. C. Xie, L. Möller, D. C. Kilper, L. F. Mollenauer, "Impact of cross-phase modulation induced polarization scattering on optical PMD compensation in WDM systems," Opt. Lett. 28, 2303-2305 (2003).
  7. C. Xie, D. C. Kilper, "Influences of polarization scattering on polarization-assisted OSNR monitoring in dense WDM systems with NZ-DSF and raman amplification," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. AnaheimCA (2005) Paper JWA40.
  8. J. H. Lee, Y. C. Chung, "An improved OSNR monitoring technique based on polarization-nulling method," Proc. OFC (2001) pp. TuP6-1-TuP6-3.
  9. M.-H. Cheung, L.-K. Chen, C.-K. Chan, "A PMD-insensitive OSNR moniroeing scheme base on polarization-nulling with off-center narrowband filtering," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. Los AngelesCA (2004) Paper FF2.
  10. M. Sköld, B.-E. Olsson, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, "PMD insensitive DOP-based OSNR monitoring by spectral SOP measureents," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. AnaheimCA (2005) Paper OThH3.
  11. H. Y. Choi, J. H. Lee, S. B. Jun, Y. C. Chung, S. K. Shin, S. K. Ji, "Improved polarization nulling technique for monitoring OSNR in WDM networks," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. AnaheimCA (2006) Paper OThP2.
  12. S. K. Shin, K. J. Park, Y. C. Chung, "A novel optical signal-to-noise ratio monitoring technique for WDIM networks," Proc. OFC (2000) pp. 182-184.
  13. C. Dorrer, X. Liu, "Noise monitoring of optical signals using RF spectrum analysis and its application to phase-shift-keyed signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1781-1783 (2004).
  14. C. J. Youn, K. J. Park, J. H. Lee, Y. C. Chung, "OSNR monitoring technique based on orthogonal delayed-homodyne method," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1469-1471 (2002).
  15. W. Chen, R. S. Tucker, X. Yi, W. Shieh, J. S. Evans, "Optical signal-to-noise ratio monitoring using uncorrelated beat noise," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2484-2486 (2005).
  16. C. Xie, D. C. Kilper, L. Möller, R. Ryf, "Orthogonal polarization heterodyne OSNR monitoring technique insensitive to polarization effects ," Proc. OFC (2006) pp. 1-3.
  17. R. Ryf, Y. Su, L. Möller, S. Chandrasekhar, D. T. Neilson, C. R. Giles, "Data rate and channel spacing flexible wavelength blocking filter," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. Los AngelesCA (2004) Post-deadline paper PDP10.
  18. N. A. Olsson, "Lightwave systems with optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 7, 1071-1082 (1989).

2005 (1)

W. Chen, R. S. Tucker, X. Yi, W. Shieh, J. S. Evans, "Optical signal-to-noise ratio monitoring using uncorrelated beat noise," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2484-2486 (2005).

2004 (2)

C. Dorrer, X. Liu, "Noise monitoring of optical signals using RF spectrum analysis and its application to phase-shift-keyed signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1781-1783 (2004).

D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, A. E. Willner, "Optical performance monitoring," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 294-304 (2004).

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

C. J. Youn, K. J. Park, J. H. Lee, Y. C. Chung, "OSNR monitoring technique based on orthogonal delayed-homodyne method," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1469-1471 (2002).

2001 (1)

J. H. Lee, D. K. Jung, C. H. Kim, Y. C. Chung, "OSNR monitoring technique using polarization-nulling method," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 88-90 (2001).

1999 (1)

H. Suzuki, N. Takachio, "Optical signal quality monitor built into WDM linear repeaters using semiconductor arrayed waveguide grating filter monolithically integrated with eight photodiodes," Electron. Lett. 35, 836-837 (1999).

1989 (1)

N. A. Olsson, "Lightwave systems with optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 7, 1071-1082 (1989).

Electron. Lett. (1)

H. Suzuki, N. Takachio, "Optical signal quality monitor built into WDM linear repeaters using semiconductor arrayed waveguide grating filter monolithically integrated with eight photodiodes," Electron. Lett. 35, 836-837 (1999).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

C. Dorrer, X. Liu, "Noise monitoring of optical signals using RF spectrum analysis and its application to phase-shift-keyed signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1781-1783 (2004).

C. J. Youn, K. J. Park, J. H. Lee, Y. C. Chung, "OSNR monitoring technique based on orthogonal delayed-homodyne method," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1469-1471 (2002).

W. Chen, R. S. Tucker, X. Yi, W. Shieh, J. S. Evans, "Optical signal-to-noise ratio monitoring using uncorrelated beat noise," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2484-2486 (2005).

J. H. Lee, D. K. Jung, C. H. Kim, Y. C. Chung, "OSNR monitoring technique using polarization-nulling method," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 88-90 (2001).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, A. E. Willner, "Optical performance monitoring," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 294-304 (2004).

N. A. Olsson, "Lightwave systems with optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 7, 1071-1082 (1989).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (10)

C. Xie, D. C. Kilper, "Influences of polarization scattering on polarization-assisted OSNR monitoring in dense WDM systems with NZ-DSF and raman amplification," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. AnaheimCA (2005) Paper JWA40.

J. H. Lee, Y. C. Chung, "An improved OSNR monitoring technique based on polarization-nulling method," Proc. OFC (2001) pp. TuP6-1-TuP6-3.

M.-H. Cheung, L.-K. Chen, C.-K. Chan, "A PMD-insensitive OSNR moniroeing scheme base on polarization-nulling with off-center narrowband filtering," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. Los AngelesCA (2004) Paper FF2.

M. Sköld, B.-E. Olsson, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, "PMD insensitive DOP-based OSNR monitoring by spectral SOP measureents," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. AnaheimCA (2005) Paper OThH3.

H. Y. Choi, J. H. Lee, S. B. Jun, Y. C. Chung, S. K. Shin, S. K. Ji, "Improved polarization nulling technique for monitoring OSNR in WDM networks," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. AnaheimCA (2006) Paper OThP2.

S. K. Shin, K. J. Park, Y. C. Chung, "A novel optical signal-to-noise ratio monitoring technique for WDIM networks," Proc. OFC (2000) pp. 182-184.

D. C. Kilper, S. Chandrasekhar, L. Buhl, A. Agarwal, D. Maywar, "Spectral monitoring of OSNR in high-speed networks," Proc. ECOC (2002) pp. 1-2.

M. Petersson, H. Sunnerud, B.-E. Olsson, M. Karlsson, "Multi-channel OSNR monitoring for WDM networks," Proc. ECOC (2002) pp. 1-2.

C. Xie, D. C. Kilper, L. Möller, R. Ryf, "Orthogonal polarization heterodyne OSNR monitoring technique insensitive to polarization effects ," Proc. OFC (2006) pp. 1-3.

R. Ryf, Y. Su, L. Möller, S. Chandrasekhar, D. T. Neilson, C. R. Giles, "Data rate and channel spacing flexible wavelength blocking filter," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. Los AngelesCA (2004) Post-deadline paper PDP10.

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