Abstract

We demonstrate error-free wavelength conversion at 320 Gb/s by employing a semiconductor optical amplifier that fully recovers in 56 ps. Error-free operation is achieved without using forward error correction technology. We employ optical filtering to select the blue sideband of the spectrum of the probe light, to utilize fast chirp dynamics introduced by the amplifier, and to overcome the slow gain recovery. This leads to an effective recovery time of less than 1.8 ps for the wavelength converter. The wavelength converter has a simple configuration and is implemented by using fiber-pigtailed components. The concept allows photonic integration.

© 2007 IEEE

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  1. C. Nuzman, J. Leuthold, R. Ryf, S. Chandrasekhar, C. Giles, D. Neilson, "Design and implementation of wavelength-flexible network nodes," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 648-663 (2003).
  2. J. Gripp, M. Duelk, J. Simsarian, A. Bhardwaj, P. Bernasconi, O. Laznicka, M. Zirngibl, "Optical switch fabrics for ultra-high capacity IP-routers," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2839-2850 (2003).
  3. D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, N. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, D. C. Rogers, "Nonlinear optics for high-speed digital information processing," Science 286, 1523-1528 (1999).
  4. T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, "All-optical wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 942-954 (1996).
  5. P. Bernasconi, L. Zhang, W. Yang, N. Sauer, L. L. Buhl, J. H. Sinsky, I. Kang, S. Chandrasekhar, D. T. Neilson, "Monolithically integrated 40-Gb/s switchable wavelength converter," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 71-75 (2006).
  6. Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, X. Shu, I. Bennion, G. D. Khoe, H. J. S. Dorren, "Error-free 320 Gb/s SOA-based wavelength conversion using optical filtering," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) AnaheimCA (2006) Post-Deadline Paper, PDP28.
  7. H. Y. Yu, D. Mahgereftech, P. S. Cho, J. Goldhar, "Optimization of the frequency response of a semiconductor optical amplifier wavelength converter using a fiber Bragg grating," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 308-315 (1999).
  8. A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, D. Pitcher, D. G. Moodie, R. Kashyap, "Error free 100 Gb/s wavelength conversion using grating assisted cross-gain modulation in 2 mm long semiconductor amplifier," Electron. Lett. 34, 1958-1959 (1998).
  9. S. Nakamura, Y. Ueno, K. Tajima, "168-Gb/s all-optical wavelength conversion with a symmetric-Mach–Zehnder-Type switch ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1091-1093 (2001).
  10. J. Leuthold, L. Moller, J. Jaques, S. Cabot, L. Zhang, P. Bernasconi, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Laskowski, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, A. Griffin, "160 Gb/s SOA all-optical wavelength converter and assessment of its regenerative properties ," Electron. Lett. 40, 554-555 (2004).
  11. R. J. Manning, X. Yang, R. P. Webb, R. Giller, F. C. Garcia Gunning, A. D. Ellis, "The ‘Turbo-Switch’—A novel technique to increase the high-speed response of SOAs for wavelength conversion," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) AnaheimCA (2006) Paper OWS8.
  12. Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, H. J. S. Dorren, "Error-free all-optical wavelength conversion at 160 Gb/s using a semiconductor optical amplifier and an optical bandpass filter," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 230-236 (2006).
  13. Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, H. J. S. Dorren, "80 Gb/s wavelength conversion using a semiconductor optical amplifier and an optical bandpass filter," Electron. Lett. 41, 487-489 (2005).
  14. H. Chayett, S. Ben Ezra, N. Shachar, S. Tzadok, S. Tsadka, J. Leuthold, "Regenerative all-optical wavelength converter based on semiconductor optical amplifier and sharp frequency response," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. Los AngelesCA (2004) Paper Ths2.
  15. M. L. Nielsen, B. Lavigne, B. Dagens, "Polarity-preserving SOA-based wavelength conversion at 40 Gb/s using bandpass filtering ," Electron. Lett. 39, 1334-1335 (2003).
  16. J. Leuthold, D. M. Marom, S. Cabot, J. J. Jaques, R. Ryf, C. R. Giles, "All-optical wavelength conversion using a pulse reformatting optical filter," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 186-192 (2004).
  17. Y. Ueno, S. Nakamura, K. Tajima, "Nonlinear phase shifts induced by semiconductor optical amplifiers with control pulses at repetition frequencies in the 40–160-GHz range for use in ultrahigh-speed all-optical signal processing ," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, Opt. Phys. 19, 2573-2589 (2002).
  18. M. L. Nielsen, J. Mørk, "Increasing the modulation bandwidth of semiconductor-optical-amplifier-based switches by using optical filtering," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, Opt. Phys. 21, 1606-1619 (2004).
  19. M. L. Nielsen, J. Mørk, R. Suzuki, J. Sakaguchi, Y. Ueno, "Experimental and theoretical investigation of the impact of ultra-fast carrier dynamics on high-speed SOA-based all-optical switches," Opt. Express 14, 331-347 (2006).
  20. E. Tangdiongga, Y. Liu, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, H. J. S. Dorren, "320-to-40 Gb/s demultiplexing using a single SOA assisted by an optical filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 908-910 (2006).
  21. E. Tangdiongga, Y. Liu, J. H. den Besten, M. van Geemert, T. van Dongen, J. J. M. Binsma, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, M. K. Smit, H. J. S. Dorren, "Monolithically integrated 80-Gb/s AWG-based all-optical wavelength converter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1627-1629 (2006).
  22. J. Mark, J. Mørk, "Subpicosecond gain dynamics in InGaAsP optical amplifiers: Experiment and theory," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2281-2283 (1992).

2006 (5)

P. Bernasconi, L. Zhang, W. Yang, N. Sauer, L. L. Buhl, J. H. Sinsky, I. Kang, S. Chandrasekhar, D. T. Neilson, "Monolithically integrated 40-Gb/s switchable wavelength converter," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 71-75 (2006).

Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, H. J. S. Dorren, "Error-free all-optical wavelength conversion at 160 Gb/s using a semiconductor optical amplifier and an optical bandpass filter," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 230-236 (2006).

M. L. Nielsen, J. Mørk, R. Suzuki, J. Sakaguchi, Y. Ueno, "Experimental and theoretical investigation of the impact of ultra-fast carrier dynamics on high-speed SOA-based all-optical switches," Opt. Express 14, 331-347 (2006).

E. Tangdiongga, Y. Liu, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, H. J. S. Dorren, "320-to-40 Gb/s demultiplexing using a single SOA assisted by an optical filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 908-910 (2006).

E. Tangdiongga, Y. Liu, J. H. den Besten, M. van Geemert, T. van Dongen, J. J. M. Binsma, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, M. K. Smit, H. J. S. Dorren, "Monolithically integrated 80-Gb/s AWG-based all-optical wavelength converter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1627-1629 (2006).

2005 (1)

Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, H. J. S. Dorren, "80 Gb/s wavelength conversion using a semiconductor optical amplifier and an optical bandpass filter," Electron. Lett. 41, 487-489 (2005).

2004 (3)

J. Leuthold, D. M. Marom, S. Cabot, J. J. Jaques, R. Ryf, C. R. Giles, "All-optical wavelength conversion using a pulse reformatting optical filter," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 186-192 (2004).

J. Leuthold, L. Moller, J. Jaques, S. Cabot, L. Zhang, P. Bernasconi, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Laskowski, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, A. Griffin, "160 Gb/s SOA all-optical wavelength converter and assessment of its regenerative properties ," Electron. Lett. 40, 554-555 (2004).

M. L. Nielsen, J. Mørk, "Increasing the modulation bandwidth of semiconductor-optical-amplifier-based switches by using optical filtering," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, Opt. Phys. 21, 1606-1619 (2004).

2003 (3)

C. Nuzman, J. Leuthold, R. Ryf, S. Chandrasekhar, C. Giles, D. Neilson, "Design and implementation of wavelength-flexible network nodes," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 648-663 (2003).

J. Gripp, M. Duelk, J. Simsarian, A. Bhardwaj, P. Bernasconi, O. Laznicka, M. Zirngibl, "Optical switch fabrics for ultra-high capacity IP-routers," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2839-2850 (2003).

M. L. Nielsen, B. Lavigne, B. Dagens, "Polarity-preserving SOA-based wavelength conversion at 40 Gb/s using bandpass filtering ," Electron. Lett. 39, 1334-1335 (2003).

2002 (1)

Y. Ueno, S. Nakamura, K. Tajima, "Nonlinear phase shifts induced by semiconductor optical amplifiers with control pulses at repetition frequencies in the 40–160-GHz range for use in ultrahigh-speed all-optical signal processing ," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, Opt. Phys. 19, 2573-2589 (2002).

2001 (1)

S. Nakamura, Y. Ueno, K. Tajima, "168-Gb/s all-optical wavelength conversion with a symmetric-Mach–Zehnder-Type switch ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1091-1093 (2001).

1999 (2)

H. Y. Yu, D. Mahgereftech, P. S. Cho, J. Goldhar, "Optimization of the frequency response of a semiconductor optical amplifier wavelength converter using a fiber Bragg grating," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 308-315 (1999).

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, N. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, D. C. Rogers, "Nonlinear optics for high-speed digital information processing," Science 286, 1523-1528 (1999).

1998 (1)

A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, D. Pitcher, D. G. Moodie, R. Kashyap, "Error free 100 Gb/s wavelength conversion using grating assisted cross-gain modulation in 2 mm long semiconductor amplifier," Electron. Lett. 34, 1958-1959 (1998).

1996 (1)

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, "All-optical wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 942-954 (1996).

1992 (1)

J. Mark, J. Mørk, "Subpicosecond gain dynamics in InGaAsP optical amplifiers: Experiment and theory," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2281-2283 (1992).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. Mark, J. Mørk, "Subpicosecond gain dynamics in InGaAsP optical amplifiers: Experiment and theory," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2281-2283 (1992).

Electron. Lett. (4)

A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, D. Pitcher, D. G. Moodie, R. Kashyap, "Error free 100 Gb/s wavelength conversion using grating assisted cross-gain modulation in 2 mm long semiconductor amplifier," Electron. Lett. 34, 1958-1959 (1998).

J. Leuthold, L. Moller, J. Jaques, S. Cabot, L. Zhang, P. Bernasconi, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Laskowski, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, A. Griffin, "160 Gb/s SOA all-optical wavelength converter and assessment of its regenerative properties ," Electron. Lett. 40, 554-555 (2004).

Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, H. J. S. Dorren, "80 Gb/s wavelength conversion using a semiconductor optical amplifier and an optical bandpass filter," Electron. Lett. 41, 487-489 (2005).

M. L. Nielsen, B. Lavigne, B. Dagens, "Polarity-preserving SOA-based wavelength conversion at 40 Gb/s using bandpass filtering ," Electron. Lett. 39, 1334-1335 (2003).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

S. Nakamura, Y. Ueno, K. Tajima, "168-Gb/s all-optical wavelength conversion with a symmetric-Mach–Zehnder-Type switch ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1091-1093 (2001).

E. Tangdiongga, Y. Liu, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, H. J. S. Dorren, "320-to-40 Gb/s demultiplexing using a single SOA assisted by an optical filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 908-910 (2006).

E. Tangdiongga, Y. Liu, J. H. den Besten, M. van Geemert, T. van Dongen, J. J. M. Binsma, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, M. K. Smit, H. J. S. Dorren, "Monolithically integrated 80-Gb/s AWG-based all-optical wavelength converter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1627-1629 (2006).

J. Lightw. Technol. (7)

C. Nuzman, J. Leuthold, R. Ryf, S. Chandrasekhar, C. Giles, D. Neilson, "Design and implementation of wavelength-flexible network nodes," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 648-663 (2003).

J. Gripp, M. Duelk, J. Simsarian, A. Bhardwaj, P. Bernasconi, O. Laznicka, M. Zirngibl, "Optical switch fabrics for ultra-high capacity IP-routers," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2839-2850 (2003).

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, "All-optical wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 942-954 (1996).

P. Bernasconi, L. Zhang, W. Yang, N. Sauer, L. L. Buhl, J. H. Sinsky, I. Kang, S. Chandrasekhar, D. T. Neilson, "Monolithically integrated 40-Gb/s switchable wavelength converter," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 71-75 (2006).

J. Leuthold, D. M. Marom, S. Cabot, J. J. Jaques, R. Ryf, C. R. Giles, "All-optical wavelength conversion using a pulse reformatting optical filter," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 186-192 (2004).

H. Y. Yu, D. Mahgereftech, P. S. Cho, J. Goldhar, "Optimization of the frequency response of a semiconductor optical amplifier wavelength converter using a fiber Bragg grating," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 308-315 (1999).

Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, H. J. S. Dorren, "Error-free all-optical wavelength conversion at 160 Gb/s using a semiconductor optical amplifier and an optical bandpass filter," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 230-236 (2006).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, Opt. Phys. (2)

Y. Ueno, S. Nakamura, K. Tajima, "Nonlinear phase shifts induced by semiconductor optical amplifiers with control pulses at repetition frequencies in the 40–160-GHz range for use in ultrahigh-speed all-optical signal processing ," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, Opt. Phys. 19, 2573-2589 (2002).

M. L. Nielsen, J. Mørk, "Increasing the modulation bandwidth of semiconductor-optical-amplifier-based switches by using optical filtering," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, Opt. Phys. 21, 1606-1619 (2004).

Opt. Express (1)

Science (1)

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, N. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie, D. C. Rogers, "Nonlinear optics for high-speed digital information processing," Science 286, 1523-1528 (1999).

Other (3)

Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, X. Shu, I. Bennion, G. D. Khoe, H. J. S. Dorren, "Error-free 320 Gb/s SOA-based wavelength conversion using optical filtering," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) AnaheimCA (2006) Post-Deadline Paper, PDP28.

R. J. Manning, X. Yang, R. P. Webb, R. Giller, F. C. Garcia Gunning, A. D. Ellis, "The ‘Turbo-Switch’—A novel technique to increase the high-speed response of SOAs for wavelength conversion," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) AnaheimCA (2006) Paper OWS8.

H. Chayett, S. Ben Ezra, N. Shachar, S. Tzadok, S. Tsadka, J. Leuthold, "Regenerative all-optical wavelength converter based on semiconductor optical amplifier and sharp frequency response," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. Los AngelesCA (2004) Paper Ths2.

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