Abstract

In this article, the influence of Rayleigh and Mie scattering, which are the main causes of mode mixing in polymer optical fibers (POFs), is investigated. Measurement results obtained from a variety of different POF types ranging from standard POF, high-temperature POF, up to custom-made POF are presented. These measurements are compared to theoretical results obtained from a simplified scattering model. By comparing both results, the contribution of the different scattering sources and mechanisms is characterized independently.

© 2006 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |

  1. W. White, M. Düser, W. Reed and T. Onishi, "Intermodal dispersion and mode coupling in perfluorinated graded-index plastic optical fiber", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, no. 8, pp. 997-999, Aug. 1999.
  2. R. F. Shi, C. Koeppen, G. Jiang, J. Wang and A. Garito, "Origin of high bandwidth performance of graded-index plastic optical fibers", Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 71, no. 25, pp. 2627-3625, Dec. 1997.
  3. J. Zubia and J. Arrue, "Plastic optical fibers: An introduction to their technological processes and applications", Opt. Fiber Technol., vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 101-140, Apr. 2001.
  4. W. Daum, P. Krauser, P. Zamzow and O. Ziemann, POF-Polymer Optical Fibers for Data Communication, Berlin: Germany: Springer-Verlag, 2002.
  5. D. Gloge, "Optical power flow in multimode fibers", Bell Syst. Tech. J., vol. 51, no. 10, pp. 1767-1783, Oct. 1972.
  6. R. Olshansky, "Mode coupling effects in graded-index optical fibers", Appl. Optics, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 935-945, Apr. 1975.
  7. A. W. Snyder and J. D. Love, Optical Waveguide Theory, London: U.K.: Chapman and Hall, 1983.
  8. J. Zubia, H. Poisel, C.-A. Bunge, G. Aldabaldetreku and J. Arrue, "POF modelling", in Proc. Int. POF Conf., Tokyo, Japan, 2002, pp. 221-224.
  9. J. Zubia, G. Aldabaldetreku, G. Durana, J. Arrue, C.-A. Bunge and H. Poisel, "Geometric optics analysis of multi-step index optical fibers", Fiber Integr. Opt., vol. 23, no. 2/3, pp. 121-156, 2004.
  10. R. Olshansky, "Propagation in glass optical waveguides", Rev. Mod. Phys., vol. 51, no. 2, pp. 341-367, Apr. 1979.
  11. S. Maruo, M. Kawase and J. Yoshida, "Mode mixing experiments on high NA POFs", in Proc. Intern. POF Conf., Cambridge, MA, Sep. 2000, pp. 190-194.
  12. C.-A. Bunge, O. Ziemann, J. Krauser and K. Petermann, "Effects of light propagation in step-index polymer optical fibers", in Proc. Intern. POF Conf., Chiba, Japan, 1999, pp. 136-139.
  13. C.-A. Bunge, C. Hahn, K. Petermann, H. Poisel, O. Ziemann and J. Zubia, "Models for transmission and attenuation characteristics of step-index polymer optical fibres", in Proc. Intern. POF Conf., Amsterdam, The Netherlands,Sep. 2001, pp. 121-124.
  14. M. Losada, I. Garces, J. Mateo, I. Salinas, J. Lou and J. Zubia, "Mode coupling contribution to radiation losses in curvatures for high and low numerical aperture plastic optical fibers", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 20, no. 7, p. 1160, Jul. 2002.
  15. A. Ankiewicz and C. Pask, "Geometric optics approach to light acceptance and propagation in graded index fibres", Opt. Quantum Electron., vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 87-109, Mar. 1977.
  16. M. S. Kovacevic, D. Nikezic and A. Djordjevich, "Modeling of the loss and mode coupling due to an irregular core-cladding interface in step-index plastic optical fibers", Appl. Opt., vol. 44, no. 19, pp. 3898-3903, Jul. 2005.
  17. M. Tekelioglu and B. D. Wood, "Prediction of light-transmission losses in plastic optical fibers", Appl. Opt., vol. 44, no. 12, pp. 2318-2326, Apr. 2005.
  18. K. Yoon, M. Tateiba and K. Uchida, "Ray tracing analysis of large-scale random rough surface scattering and delay spread", IEICE Trans. Electron., vol. E84-C, no. 2, pp. 267-270, Feb. 2001.
  19. T. Bierhoff, A. Wallrabenstein, A. Himmler, E. Griese and G. Mrozynski, "Ray tracing technique and its verification for the analysis of highly multimode optical waveguides with rough surfaces", IEEE Trans. Magn., vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 3307-3310, Sep. 2001.
  20. H. van de Hulst, Light Scattering by Small Particles, New York: Dover, 1982.
  21. M. Kerker, The Scattering of Light and Other Electromagnetic Radiation, New York: Academic, 1969.
  22. W. Irvine, "Light scattering by spherical particles: Radiation pressure, asymmetry factor and extinction cross section", J. Opt. Soc. Amer., vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 16-21, 1965.

Other

W. White, M. Düser, W. Reed and T. Onishi, "Intermodal dispersion and mode coupling in perfluorinated graded-index plastic optical fiber", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, no. 8, pp. 997-999, Aug. 1999.

R. F. Shi, C. Koeppen, G. Jiang, J. Wang and A. Garito, "Origin of high bandwidth performance of graded-index plastic optical fibers", Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 71, no. 25, pp. 2627-3625, Dec. 1997.

J. Zubia and J. Arrue, "Plastic optical fibers: An introduction to their technological processes and applications", Opt. Fiber Technol., vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 101-140, Apr. 2001.

W. Daum, P. Krauser, P. Zamzow and O. Ziemann, POF-Polymer Optical Fibers for Data Communication, Berlin: Germany: Springer-Verlag, 2002.

D. Gloge, "Optical power flow in multimode fibers", Bell Syst. Tech. J., vol. 51, no. 10, pp. 1767-1783, Oct. 1972.

R. Olshansky, "Mode coupling effects in graded-index optical fibers", Appl. Optics, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 935-945, Apr. 1975.

A. W. Snyder and J. D. Love, Optical Waveguide Theory, London: U.K.: Chapman and Hall, 1983.

J. Zubia, H. Poisel, C.-A. Bunge, G. Aldabaldetreku and J. Arrue, "POF modelling", in Proc. Int. POF Conf., Tokyo, Japan, 2002, pp. 221-224.

J. Zubia, G. Aldabaldetreku, G. Durana, J. Arrue, C.-A. Bunge and H. Poisel, "Geometric optics analysis of multi-step index optical fibers", Fiber Integr. Opt., vol. 23, no. 2/3, pp. 121-156, 2004.

R. Olshansky, "Propagation in glass optical waveguides", Rev. Mod. Phys., vol. 51, no. 2, pp. 341-367, Apr. 1979.

S. Maruo, M. Kawase and J. Yoshida, "Mode mixing experiments on high NA POFs", in Proc. Intern. POF Conf., Cambridge, MA, Sep. 2000, pp. 190-194.

C.-A. Bunge, O. Ziemann, J. Krauser and K. Petermann, "Effects of light propagation in step-index polymer optical fibers", in Proc. Intern. POF Conf., Chiba, Japan, 1999, pp. 136-139.

C.-A. Bunge, C. Hahn, K. Petermann, H. Poisel, O. Ziemann and J. Zubia, "Models for transmission and attenuation characteristics of step-index polymer optical fibres", in Proc. Intern. POF Conf., Amsterdam, The Netherlands,Sep. 2001, pp. 121-124.

M. Losada, I. Garces, J. Mateo, I. Salinas, J. Lou and J. Zubia, "Mode coupling contribution to radiation losses in curvatures for high and low numerical aperture plastic optical fibers", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 20, no. 7, p. 1160, Jul. 2002.

A. Ankiewicz and C. Pask, "Geometric optics approach to light acceptance and propagation in graded index fibres", Opt. Quantum Electron., vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 87-109, Mar. 1977.

M. S. Kovacevic, D. Nikezic and A. Djordjevich, "Modeling of the loss and mode coupling due to an irregular core-cladding interface in step-index plastic optical fibers", Appl. Opt., vol. 44, no. 19, pp. 3898-3903, Jul. 2005.

M. Tekelioglu and B. D. Wood, "Prediction of light-transmission losses in plastic optical fibers", Appl. Opt., vol. 44, no. 12, pp. 2318-2326, Apr. 2005.

K. Yoon, M. Tateiba and K. Uchida, "Ray tracing analysis of large-scale random rough surface scattering and delay spread", IEICE Trans. Electron., vol. E84-C, no. 2, pp. 267-270, Feb. 2001.

T. Bierhoff, A. Wallrabenstein, A. Himmler, E. Griese and G. Mrozynski, "Ray tracing technique and its verification for the analysis of highly multimode optical waveguides with rough surfaces", IEEE Trans. Magn., vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 3307-3310, Sep. 2001.

H. van de Hulst, Light Scattering by Small Particles, New York: Dover, 1982.

M. Kerker, The Scattering of Light and Other Electromagnetic Radiation, New York: Academic, 1969.

W. Irvine, "Light scattering by spherical particles: Radiation pressure, asymmetry factor and extinction cross section", J. Opt. Soc. Amer., vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 16-21, 1965.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.