Abstract

The accumulation of amplitude jitter in ultralong-haul (ULH) systems deploying strong optical filters is studied. It is shown that in such systems that operate with nonsoliton waveforms, the selective inclusion of filters may lead to the enhancement or suppression of amplitude noise accumulation, depending on the filter's positioning. This paper explains the improvement in performance that was demonstrated experimentally in a 60-span 12.5-Gb/s system with 12 periodically positioned bandlimited dynamic gain equalizers (DGE) (Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2005). It is also shown that the same noise suppression as in (Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2005) achieved by such a system can be achieved with as few as two strong filters if their positioning is properly optimized.

© 2006 IEEE

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  1. J. M. Wiesnfeld, L. D. Garrett, M. Shtaif, M. H. Eiselt and R. W. Tkach, "Effects of DGE channel bandwidth on nonlinear ULH systems", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, CA, Paper WA2, 2005.
  2. L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon and P. V. Mamyshev, "Solitons in high bit-rate, long-distance transmission," in Optical Fiber Telecommunications IIIA, I. P. Kaminow, and T. L. Koch, Eds. San Diego, CA: Academic, 1997.
  3. A. Mecozzi, J. D. Moores, H. A. Haus and Y. Lai, "Soliton transmission control", Opt. Lett., vol. 16, no. 23, pp. 1841-1843, Dec. 1991.
  4. L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon and S. G. Evangelides, "The sliding-frequency guiding filter: An improved form of soliton jitter control", Opt. Lett., vol. 17, no. 22, pp. 1575-1577, Nov. 1992.
  5. S. Kawai and K. Iwatsuki, "System design of filter-guided soliton transmission considering amplitude noise and timing jitter", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 16, no. 12, pp. 2347-2353, Dec. 1998.
  6. J. P. Gordon and L. F. Mollenauer, "Scheme for the characterization of dispersion-managed solitons", Opt. Lett., vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 223-225, Feb. 1999.
  7. D. Anderson, "Variational approach to nonlinear pulse propagation in optical fibers", Phys. Rev. A, Gen. Phys., vol. 27, no. 6, pp. 3135-3145, Jun. 1983.
  8. M. Suzuki, I. Morita, N. Edagawa, S. Yamamoto, H. Taga and S. Akiba, "Reduction of Gordon-Haus timing jitter by periodic dispersion compensation in soliton transmission", Electron. Lett., vol. 31, no. 23, pp. 2027-2029, Nov. 1995.

Other (8)

J. M. Wiesnfeld, L. D. Garrett, M. Shtaif, M. H. Eiselt and R. W. Tkach, "Effects of DGE channel bandwidth on nonlinear ULH systems", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, CA, Paper WA2, 2005.

L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon and P. V. Mamyshev, "Solitons in high bit-rate, long-distance transmission," in Optical Fiber Telecommunications IIIA, I. P. Kaminow, and T. L. Koch, Eds. San Diego, CA: Academic, 1997.

A. Mecozzi, J. D. Moores, H. A. Haus and Y. Lai, "Soliton transmission control", Opt. Lett., vol. 16, no. 23, pp. 1841-1843, Dec. 1991.

L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon and S. G. Evangelides, "The sliding-frequency guiding filter: An improved form of soliton jitter control", Opt. Lett., vol. 17, no. 22, pp. 1575-1577, Nov. 1992.

S. Kawai and K. Iwatsuki, "System design of filter-guided soliton transmission considering amplitude noise and timing jitter", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 16, no. 12, pp. 2347-2353, Dec. 1998.

J. P. Gordon and L. F. Mollenauer, "Scheme for the characterization of dispersion-managed solitons", Opt. Lett., vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 223-225, Feb. 1999.

D. Anderson, "Variational approach to nonlinear pulse propagation in optical fibers", Phys. Rev. A, Gen. Phys., vol. 27, no. 6, pp. 3135-3145, Jun. 1983.

M. Suzuki, I. Morita, N. Edagawa, S. Yamamoto, H. Taga and S. Akiba, "Reduction of Gordon-Haus timing jitter by periodic dispersion compensation in soliton transmission", Electron. Lett., vol. 31, no. 23, pp. 2027-2029, Nov. 1995.

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