Abstract

Simultaneous all-optical frequency-downconversion technique utilizing a semiconductor optical amplifier Mach-Zehnder interferometer (SOA-MZI) is experimentally demonstrated, and its application to a wavelength-division-multiplexing (WDM) radio over fiber (RoF) uplink is proposed. The conversion efficiencies from 22.5 (f<sub>RF</sub>) to 2.5 GHz (f<sub>IF</sub> = f<sub>RF</sub>-2f<sub>LO</sub>) are in the range from 1.5 to 3 dB for the optical RF wavelength between 1548 and 1558 nm. Error-free simultaneous all-optical frequency downconversion of the two WDM RoF upstream channels that carry 155-Mb/s differential phase-shift keying data at 22.5 GHz to an optical intermediate frequency signal having the frequency of 2.5 GHz with the power penalty less than 0.1 dB at the bit error rate of 10<sup>-8</sup> is achieved.

© 2006 IEEE

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  1. J. J. O'Reilly, P. M. Lane, M. H. Capstic, H. M. Salgado, R. Heidemann, R. Hofstetter and H. Schmuck, "RACE R2005: Microwave optical duplex antenna link", Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng.-J., vol. 140, no. 6, pp. 385-391, 1993.
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  10. K.-I. Kitayama, A. Stohr, T. Kuri, R. Heinzelmann, D. Jager and Y. Takahashi, "An approach to single optical component antenna base stations for broad-band millimeter-wave fiber-radio access systems", IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol. 48, no. 12, pp. 2588-2595, Dec. 2000.
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  15. J. Ju, J. Gu, X. Liu, Z. Jia and G.-K. Ghang, "Seamless integration of an 8 × 2.5 GHz WDM-PON and radio over fiber using all-optical up-conversion based on raman-assisted FWM", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 9, pp. 1986-1988, Sep. 2005.
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  17. J. S. Lee, H.-J. Song, W. B. Kim, M. Fujise, Y.-H. Kim and J.-I. Song, "All-optical harmonic frequency up-conversion of a radio over fiber signal by using a cross-phase modulation in a semiconductor optical amplifier", Electron. Lett., vol. 40, no. 19, pp. 1211-1212, Sep. 2004.
  18. G. H. Smith, D. Novak and Z. Ahmed, "Technique for optical SSB generation to overcome dispersion penalties in fibre-radio system", Electron. Lett., vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 74-75, Jan. 1997.
  19. M. L. Nielsen, M. Nord, M. N. Petersen, B. Bagens, A. Labrousse, R. Brenot, B. Martin, S. Squedin and M. Renaud, "40 Gb/s standard-mode wavelength conversion in all-active MZI with very fast respose", Electron. Lett., vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 385-386, Feb. 2003.
  20. G. H. Smith, D. Novak and C. Lim, "A millimeter-wave full-duplex fiber-radio star-tree architecture incorporating WDM and SCM", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 10, no. 11, pp. 1650-1652, Nov. 1998.
  21. K. Kitayama, T. Kuri, K. Onohara, T. Kamisaka and K. Murashima, "Dispersion effects of FBG filter and optical SSB filtering in DWDM millimeter-wave fiber-radio systems", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 20, no. 8, pp. 1397-1407, Aug. 2002.

Other (21)

J. J. O'Reilly, P. M. Lane, M. H. Capstic, H. M. Salgado, R. Heidemann, R. Hofstetter and H. Schmuck, "RACE R2005: Microwave optical duplex antenna link", Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng.-J., vol. 140, no. 6, pp. 385-391, 1993.

L. Noel, D. Wake, D. G. Moodie, D. D. Marcenac, L. D. Westbrook and D. Nesset, "Novel techniques for high capacity 60-GHz fiber-radio transmission system", IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol. 45, no. 8, pp. 1416-1423, Aug. 1997.

H. Ogawa, "Millimeter-wave wireless access systems", in Proc. APMC, vol. 2, Dec. 2001, pp. 487-491.

G. H. Smith, D. Novak and C. Lim, "A millimeter-wave full-duplex fiber-radio star-tree architecture incorporating WDM and SCM", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 10, no. 11, pp. 1650-1652, Nov. 1998.

C. G. Schäffer, M. Sauer, K. Kojucharow and H. Kaluzni, "Increasing the channel number in WDM mm-wave systems by spectral overlap", in Proc. Int. Top. Meet. Microw. Photon. (MWP), Oxford, U.K.,Sep. 2000, pp. 164-167.

C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak and R. Watherhouse, "Capacity analysis for WDM fiber-radio backbones with star-tree and ring architecture incorporating wavelength interleaving", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 3308-3315, Dec. 2003.

H. Toda, Y. Ymashita, T. Kuri and K.-I. Kitayama, "Demultiplexing using an arrayed-waveguide grating for frequency-interleaved DWDM millimeter-wave radio-on-fiber systems", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, no. 8, pp. 1735-1741, Aug. 2003.

P. M. Lane and K. Kitayama, "Optical generation of mm-waves using spectrum-sliced ADE for low-cost WDM based fibre radio systems", Electron. Lett., vol. 34, no. 10, pp. 1010-1011, May 1998.

A. Stohr, K. Kitayama and D. Jaqer, "Full-duplex fiber-optic RF subcarrier transmission using a dual-function modulator/photodetector", IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol. 47, no. 7, pp. 1338-1341, Jul. 1999.

K.-I. Kitayama, A. Stohr, T. Kuri, R. Heinzelmann, D. Jager and Y. Takahashi, "An approach to single optical component antenna base stations for broad-band millimeter-wave fiber-radio access systems", IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol. 48, no. 12, pp. 2588-2595, Dec. 2000.

T. Kuri, K. Kitayama and Y. Takahashi, "A single light-source configuration for full duplex 60-GHz-band radio-on-fiber system", IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol. 51, no. 2, pp. 431-439, Feb. 2003.

K. Kojucharow, M. Sauer, H. Kaluzni, D. Sommer, F. Poegel, W. Nowak, A. Finger and D. Ferling, "Simultaneous electrooptical, remote oscillator generation and air transmission of multiple optical WDM channels for a 60-GHz high-capacity indoor system", IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol. 47, no. 12, pp. 2249-2255, Dec. 1999.

T. Kuri, H. Toda and K. Kitayama, "Dense wavelength-division multiplexing millimeter-wave band radio-on-fiber signal transmission with photonic downconversion", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 1510-1517, Jun. 2003.

T. Kuri, K. Kitayama and Y. Ogawa, "Fiber-optic millimeter-wave uplink system incorporating remotely fed 60-GHz band optical pilot tone", IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol. 47, no. 7, pp. 1332-1337, Jul. 1999.

J. Ju, J. Gu, X. Liu, Z. Jia and G.-K. Ghang, "Seamless integration of an 8 × 2.5 GHz WDM-PON and radio over fiber using all-optical up-conversion based on raman-assisted FWM", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 9, pp. 1986-1988, Sep. 2005.

H.-J. Song, J. S. Lee and J.-I. Song, "Error-free simultaneous all-optical upconversion of WDM radio over fiber signals", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 8, pp. 1731-1733, Sep. 2005.

J. S. Lee, H.-J. Song, W. B. Kim, M. Fujise, Y.-H. Kim and J.-I. Song, "All-optical harmonic frequency up-conversion of a radio over fiber signal by using a cross-phase modulation in a semiconductor optical amplifier", Electron. Lett., vol. 40, no. 19, pp. 1211-1212, Sep. 2004.

G. H. Smith, D. Novak and Z. Ahmed, "Technique for optical SSB generation to overcome dispersion penalties in fibre-radio system", Electron. Lett., vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 74-75, Jan. 1997.

M. L. Nielsen, M. Nord, M. N. Petersen, B. Bagens, A. Labrousse, R. Brenot, B. Martin, S. Squedin and M. Renaud, "40 Gb/s standard-mode wavelength conversion in all-active MZI with very fast respose", Electron. Lett., vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 385-386, Feb. 2003.

G. H. Smith, D. Novak and C. Lim, "A millimeter-wave full-duplex fiber-radio star-tree architecture incorporating WDM and SCM", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 10, no. 11, pp. 1650-1652, Nov. 1998.

K. Kitayama, T. Kuri, K. Onohara, T. Kamisaka and K. Murashima, "Dispersion effects of FBG filter and optical SSB filtering in DWDM millimeter-wave fiber-radio systems", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 20, no. 8, pp. 1397-1407, Aug. 2002.

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