Abstract

The transmission of coherent optical code division multiple access (OCDMA) traffic over optical-code-based optical packet switching (OPS) network has been proposed and successfully demonstrated in experiment. Full function of the OPS node has been successfully demonstrated in the experiment with coherent OCDMA traffic. A hybrid using planar lightwave circuit and superstructured fiber Bragg grating en/decoder for packet label and OCDMA-payload encoding/decoding has been verified as well. Error-free (<10<sup>-12</sup>) transmissions have been achieved for the 10-and 40-Gb/s payload data and up to two OCDMA channels.

© 2006 IEEE

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  1. D. J. Blumenthal, "Photonic packet switching and optical label swapping", Opt. Netw. Mag., vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 54-65, Nov./Dec. 1-12, 2001.
  2. D. J. Blumenthal, et al. "All-optical label swapping networks and technologies", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 18, no. 12, pp. 2058-2075, Dec. 2000.
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  9. P. R. Prucnal, M. A. Santoro and T. R. Fan, "Spread spectrum fiber-optic local area network using optical processing", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. LT-4, no. 5, pp. 547-554, May 1986.
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  13. X. Wang and K. Kitayama, "Analysis of beat noise in coherent and incoherent time-spreading OCDMA", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 22, no. 10, pp. 2226-2235, Oct. 2004.
  14. Z. Jiang, D. S. Seo, S. D. Yang, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Weiner, R. V. Roussev, C. Langrock and M. M. Fejer, "Four user, 2.5 Gb/s, spectrally coded O-CDMA system demonstration using low power nonlinear processing", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, Paper PDP29, 2004.
  15. R. P. Scott, W. Cong, K. Li, V. J. Hernandez, B. H. Kolner, J. P. Heritage and S. J. Ben Yoo, "Demonstration of an error-free 4 × 10 Gb/s multiuser SPECTS O-CDMA network testbed", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 9, pp. 2186-2188, Sep. 2004.
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  17. X. Wang, K. Matsushima, A. Nishiki, N. Wada, F. Kubota and K. Kitayama, "High performance optical code generation and recognition using 511-chip 640 Gchip/s phase-shifted superstructured FBG", Opt. Lett., vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 355-357, Feb. 2005.
  18. X. Wang, N. Wada, T. Hamanaka, A. Nishiki and K. Kitayama, "10-user asynchronous OCDMA transmission experiment with 511-chip SSFBG and SC-based optical thresholder", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Anaheim, CA, Postdeadline PD 33, 2005.
  19. X. Wang, N. Wada, G. Cincotti, T. Miyazaki and K. Kitayama, "Demonstration of 12-user, 10.71 Gbps truly asynchronous OCDMA using FEC and a pair of multi-port optical-encoder/decoders", presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Glasgow, U.K.,Post-Deadline Thu 4.5.3, 2005.
  20. X. Wang, K. Matsushima, A. Nishiki, N. Wada and K. Kitayama, "High reflectivity superstructured FBG for coherent optical code generation and recognition", OSA Opt. Exp., vol. 12, no. 22, pp. 5457-5468, Nov. 1, 2004.
  21. X. Wang, N. Wada and K. Kitayama, "Impairments and limitation of inter-symbol-interference and beat noise in data-rate flexible OCDMA with SSFBG en/decoder", Opt. Express, vol. 13, no. 26, pp. 10469-10474, Dec. 2005.
  22. N. Wada, H. Furukawa, K. Fujinuma, T. Wada and T. Miyazaki, "160 Gb/s/port optical packet switch prototype with variable-length packet BER and loss real-time measurement (invite)", presented at the 31st European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Glasgow, U.K.,Wednesday 1.4.1, Sep. 2005.
  23. X. Wang, N. Wada, T. Miyazaki, G. Cincotti and K. Kitayama, "Field trial of 3-WDM × 10-OCDMA × 10.71 Gbps, truly-asynchronous, WDM/DPSK-OCDMA using hybrid E/D without FEC and optical threshold", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Anaheim, CA, Post-Deadline PDP 44, Mar. 2006.

Other (23)

D. J. Blumenthal, "Photonic packet switching and optical label swapping", Opt. Netw. Mag., vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 54-65, Nov./Dec. 1-12, 2001.

D. J. Blumenthal, et al. "All-optical label swapping networks and technologies", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 18, no. 12, pp. 2058-2075, Dec. 2000.

K. Kitayama, N. Wada and H. Sotobayashi, "Architectural considerations for photonic IP router based upon optical code correlation", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 18, no. 12, pp. 1834-1844, Dec. 2000.

S. Okaoto, "Future of IP backbone networks comprising Hikari (Photonic MPLS) routers", presented at the 28th European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Copenhagen, Denmark,Paper 10.2.1, 2002.

N. Wada, R. Takemori, N. Kataoka, F. Kubota and K. Kitayama, "200 G-chip/s, 128-chip hierarchical optical BPSK labels processing and its networking application", presented at the 29th European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Rimini, Italy, Paper Tu4.4.2, 2003.

N. Wada and K.-I. Kitayama, "Photonic IP routing using optical codes: 10 Gb/s optical packet transfer experiment", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Baltimore, MD, Paper WM51-1, 2000.

G. Cincotti, "Design of optical full encoders/decoders for code-based photonic routers", IEEE J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 1642-1650, Jul. 2004.

N. Wada, W. Chujo and K. Kitayama, "1.28 Tb/s (160 Gb/s × 8 wavelengths) throughput variable length packet switching using optical code based label switch", in Proc. 27th ECOC, vol. 6, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2001, pp. 62-63.

P. R. Prucnal, M. A. Santoro and T. R. Fan, "Spread spectrum fiber-optic local area network using optical processing", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. LT-4, no. 5, pp. 547-554, May 1986.

J. A. Salehi, "Code division multiple-access techniques in optical fiber networks, Part I: fundamental principles", IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 37, no. 8, pp. 824-842, Aug. 1989.

D. D. Sampson, G. J. Pendock and R. A. Griffin, "Photonic code-division multiple-access communications", Fiber Integr. Opt., vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 129-157, 1997.

K. Kitayama, X. Wang and H. Sotobayashi, "State of the art and applications of optical code division multiple access (Invited)", presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Stockholm, Sweden,Paper Tu4.6.1, 2004.

X. Wang and K. Kitayama, "Analysis of beat noise in coherent and incoherent time-spreading OCDMA", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 22, no. 10, pp. 2226-2235, Oct. 2004.

Z. Jiang, D. S. Seo, S. D. Yang, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Weiner, R. V. Roussev, C. Langrock and M. M. Fejer, "Four user, 2.5 Gb/s, spectrally coded O-CDMA system demonstration using low power nonlinear processing", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, Paper PDP29, 2004.

R. P. Scott, W. Cong, K. Li, V. J. Hernandez, B. H. Kolner, J. P. Heritage and S. J. Ben Yoo, "Demonstration of an error-free 4 × 10 Gb/s multiuser SPECTS O-CDMA network testbed", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 9, pp. 2186-2188, Sep. 2004.

P. C. Teh, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen and D. J. Richardson, "A comparative study of the performance of seven-and 63-chip optical code-division multiple-access encoders and decoders based on superstructured fiber Bragg gratings", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 19, no. 9, pp. 1352-1365, Sep. 2001.

X. Wang, K. Matsushima, A. Nishiki, N. Wada, F. Kubota and K. Kitayama, "High performance optical code generation and recognition using 511-chip 640 Gchip/s phase-shifted superstructured FBG", Opt. Lett., vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 355-357, Feb. 2005.

X. Wang, N. Wada, T. Hamanaka, A. Nishiki and K. Kitayama, "10-user asynchronous OCDMA transmission experiment with 511-chip SSFBG and SC-based optical thresholder", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Anaheim, CA, Postdeadline PD 33, 2005.

X. Wang, N. Wada, G. Cincotti, T. Miyazaki and K. Kitayama, "Demonstration of 12-user, 10.71 Gbps truly asynchronous OCDMA using FEC and a pair of multi-port optical-encoder/decoders", presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Glasgow, U.K.,Post-Deadline Thu 4.5.3, 2005.

X. Wang, K. Matsushima, A. Nishiki, N. Wada and K. Kitayama, "High reflectivity superstructured FBG for coherent optical code generation and recognition", OSA Opt. Exp., vol. 12, no. 22, pp. 5457-5468, Nov. 1, 2004.

X. Wang, N. Wada and K. Kitayama, "Impairments and limitation of inter-symbol-interference and beat noise in data-rate flexible OCDMA with SSFBG en/decoder", Opt. Express, vol. 13, no. 26, pp. 10469-10474, Dec. 2005.

N. Wada, H. Furukawa, K. Fujinuma, T. Wada and T. Miyazaki, "160 Gb/s/port optical packet switch prototype with variable-length packet BER and loss real-time measurement (invite)", presented at the 31st European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Glasgow, U.K.,Wednesday 1.4.1, Sep. 2005.

X. Wang, N. Wada, T. Miyazaki, G. Cincotti and K. Kitayama, "Field trial of 3-WDM × 10-OCDMA × 10.71 Gbps, truly-asynchronous, WDM/DPSK-OCDMA using hybrid E/D without FEC and optical threshold", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Anaheim, CA, Post-Deadline PDP 44, Mar. 2006.

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