Abstract

The dual-pump all-optical wavelength conversion based on a four-wave mixing (FWM) in a high-nonlinear dispersion shifted fiber (HNL-DSF) is demonstrated experimentally. The polarization sensitivity of the wavelength converter based on this dual-pump figuration is investigated experimentally and theoretically. The experimental results indicate that the wavelength-conversion configuration with copolarization pumps shows the smallest polarization sensitivity. A model of the beating-wave modulation from the dynamic wave equation is erected to explain the experimental phenomena, and the theoretical analyses agree well with the experimental results.

© 2006 IEEE

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Other (34)

P. V. Mamyshev, "All-optical data regeneration based on self-phase modulation effect", in Proc. 24th ECOC, 1998, pp. 475-476.

W. Wang, H. N. Poulsen, L. Rau, H. F. Chou, J. E. Bowers and D. J. Blumenthal, "Raman-enhanced regenerative ultrafast all-optical fiber XPM wavelength converter", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 1105-1115, Mar. 2005.

J. Yu, X. Zheng, C. Peucheret, A. Clausen, H. Poulsen and P. Jeppesen, "All-optical wavelength conversion of short pulses and NRZ signals based on a nonlinear optical loop mirror", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 18, no. 7, pp. 1007-1017, Jul. 2000.

A. Hamié, A. Sharaiha, M. Guégan and J. L. Bihan, "All-optical inverted and noninverted wavelength conversion using two-cascaded semiconductor optical amplifiers", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 1229-1231, Jun. 2005.

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, E. Tangdiongga, H. de Waardt, N. Calabretta, G. D. Khoe and H. J. S. Dorren, "Wavelength conversion using nonlinear polarization rotation in a single semiconductor optical amplifier", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 90-92, Jan. 2003.

Y. Wang, C. Yu, T. Lun, L. Yan, Z. Pan and A. Willner, "Tunable all-optical wavelength conversion and wavelength multicasting using orthogonally-polarized fiber FWM", presented at the Proc. Optical Fiber communication (OFC) Conf. Tech. Dig., Los Angeles, CA, Paper CFA6, 2004.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, Y. K. Yeo and G. K. Chang, "Spectrally non-inverting wavelength conversion based on FWM in HNL-DSF and its application in label switching optical network", in Proc. 25th ECOC, 2005, Paper W4,. pp. 32-35.

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu and Z. Zhou, "Reducing polarization sensitivity for all-optical wavelength conversion of the optical packets based on FWM in HNL-DSF using co-polarized pump scheme", Opt. Commun., vol. 260, no. 2, pp. 522-527, Apr. 2006.

A. E. Kelly, D. D. Marcenac and D. Nesset, "40 Gb/s wavelength conversion over 24.6 nm using FWM in a semiconductor optical amplifier with an optimized MQW active region", Electron. Lett., vol. 33, no. 25, pp. 2123-2314, Dec. 1997.

C. Porzi, A. Bogoni, L. Poti and G. Contestabile, "Polarization and wavelength-independent time-division demultiplexing based on copolarized-pumps FWM in an SOA", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 633-635, Mar. 2005.

J. P. R. Lacey, M. A. Summerfield and S. J. Madden, "Tunability of polarization-insensitive wavelength converters based on four-wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifiers", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 16, no. 12, pp. 2419-2427, Dec. 1998.

J. Zhou, N. Park, J. W. Dawson, K. J. Vahala, M. A. Newkirk and B. I. Miller, "Efficiency of broadband four-wave mixing wavelength conversion using semiconductor traveling wave amplifiers", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 50-52, Jan. 1994.

J. Zhou, N. Park, K. J. Vahala, M. A. Newkirk and B. I. Miller, "Four-wave mixing wavelength conversion efficiency in semiconductor traveling wave amplifiers measured to 65 nm of wavelength shift", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 6, no. 8, pp. 984-987, Aug. 1994.

D. J. Blumenthal, B. E. Olsson, G. Rossi, T. E. Dimmick, L. Rau, M. Masanovic, O. Lavrova, R. Doshi, O. Jerphagnon, J. E. Bowers, V. Kaman, L. A. Coldren and J. Barton, "All-optical label swapping networks and technologies", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 18, no. 12, pp. 2058-2075, Dec. 2000.

B. Meagher, G. K. Chang, G. Ellinas, Y. M. Lin, W. Xin and T. F. Chen, et al. "Design and implementation of ultra-low latency optical label switching for packet-switched WDM networks", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 18, no. 12, pp. 1978-1987, Dec. 2000.

P. E. Green, L. A. Coldren, K. M. Johnson, J. G. Lewis and C. M. Miller, et al. "All-optical packet-switched metropolitan-area network proposal", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 11, no. 5/6, pp. 754-763, May/Jun. 1993.

A. Chowdhury, J. Yu and G. K. Chang, "All-optical label swapping for same wavelength data switching using optical carrier suppression, separation and without regular wavelength converter", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 1127-1129, May. 2005.

G. K. Chang and J. Yu, "40 Gb/s payload and 2.5 Gb/s label generation using optical carrier suppression and separation", Electron. Lett., vol. 40, no. 7, pp. 442-443, Apr. 2004.

J. Yu, G. K. Chang and Q. Yang, "Optical label swapping in a packet switched optical network using optical carrier suppression, separation and wavelength conversion", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 9, pp. 2156-2158, Sep. 2004.

F. Masetti, J. Benoit, F. Brillouet, J. M. Gabriagues, A. Jourdan and M. Renaud, et al. "High speed, high capacity ATM optical switches for future telecommunication transport network", IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 979-997, Jun. 1996.

C. Guillemot, M. Renaud, P. Gambini, C. Janz, I. Andonovic and R. Bauknecht, et al. "Transparent optical packet switching: The European ACTS KEOPS project approach", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 16, no. 12, pp. 2117-2134, Dec. 1998.

P. Gambini, M. Renaud, C. Guillemot, F. Callegati, I. Andonovic and B. Bostica, et al. "Transparent optical packet switching: network architectures and demonstrators in the KEOPS project", IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 16, no. 7, pp. 1245-1259, Sep. 1998.

J. Yu, G. K. Chang, A. Chowdhury and J. L. Long, "Spectral efficient DWDM optical label/payload generation and transport for next generation internet", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 22, no. 11, pp. 2469-2482, Nov. 2004.

J. Yu and G. K. Chang, "Generation and transmission of eight-channel DWDM signals with 10 Gb/s payloads and 2.5 Gb/s labels over 200 km SMF-28", IEE Electron. Lett., vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 135-136, Jan. 2004.

G. K. Chang and J. Yu, "Multirate payload switching using a swappable optical carrier suppressed label in a packet-switched DWDM optical network", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 136-202, Jan. 2005.

Y. K. Yeo, J. Yu and G. K. Chang, "A dynamically reconfigurable folded-path time delay buffer for optical packet switching", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 11, pp. 2559-2561, Nov. 2004.

J. Yu, G. K. Chang and A. Chowdhury, "Detecting burst-mode optical label or payload generated by OCSS technique using conventional receivers", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 7, pp. 1567-1569, Jul. 2005.

K. Uesaka, K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic and L. G. Kazovsky, "Polarization-insensitive wavelength exchange in highly-nonlinear dispersion-shifted fiber", presented at the Optical Fiber Communications (OFC), Anaheim, CA, Paper ThY3, 2002.

T. Tanemura, K. Katoh and K. Kikuchi, "Polarization-insensitive asymmetric four-wave mixing using circularly polarized pumps in a twisted fiber", Opt. Express, vol. 13, no. 19, pp. 7497-7505, Sep. 2005.

K. Inoue, "Polarization effect on four-wave mixing efficiency in a single-mode fiber", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 883-894, May 1992.

C. J. McKinstrie, H. Kogelnik, R. M. Jopson, S. Radic and A. V. Kanaev, "Four-wave mixing in fibers with random birefringence", Opt. Express, vol. 12, no. 10, pp. 2033-2055, May 2004.

Y. R. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics, New York: Wiley, 1984.

G. P. Agrawal, The Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. New York: Academic, 2001, pp. 31-57.

O. Aso and S. Namiki, "Recent advances of ultra-broadband fiber optics wavelength converters", in Proc. IEEE LEOS 2000 Annu. Meeting, vol. 2, Nov. <day>13-16</day> 2000, pp. 683-684.

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