Abstract

A novel long-reach passive optical network (PON) architecture based on hybrid dense wavelength-division multiplexing (DWDM) and time-division multiplexing (TDM) is presented as a possible candidate for the next generation of optical access networks. The approach combines access and backhaul functions in a single optical network infrastructure that links end customers directly to core networks without the need for intermediate electronic conversions. A centralized optical carrier distribution and wavelength-independent remote modulation scheme is employed to avoid the potential inventory and deployment costs associated with the use of wavelength-specific lasers in the customer transmitter (TX). The customer TX is based on an electroabsorption modulator (EAM) monolithically integrated with two semiconductor optical amplifiers (SOAs), providing sufficient net gain and bandwidth to support large splitting factors and upstream bit rates up to 10 Gb/s. The experimental results reported show that the network, with a total reach of 100 km and an upstream bit rate of 10 Gb/s, can potentially support 17 TDM PONs operating at different wavelengths each with up to 256 customers, giving an aggregate number of 4352 customers in total.

© 2006 IEEE

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  1. H. Shinohara, "Broadband access in Japan: Rapidly growing FTTH market", IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 43, no. 9, pp. 72-78, Sep. 2005.
  2. H. Ueda, K. Okada, B. Ford, G. Mahony, S. Hornung, D. Faulkner, J. Abiven, S. Durel, R. Ballart and J. Erickson, "Deployment status and common technical specifications for a B-PON system", IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 39, no. 12, pp. 134-141, Dec. 2001.
  3. S. Hornung, D. Payne and R. Davey, "New architecture for an all optical network", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, CA, Paper OTuH7, 2005.
  4. D. Nessett, M. Scopes, R. Davey, D. Shea, P. Healey, A. Borghesani, D. Moodie, A. Poustie and R. Wyatt, "Demonstration of 100 km reach amplified PONs with upstream bit-rates of 2.5 Gb/s and 10 Gb/s", presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Stockholm, Sweden,Paper We2.6.3, 2004.
  5. I. Van de Voorde, C. M. Martin, I. Vandewege and X. Z. Oiu, "The SuperPON demonstrator: An exploration of possible evolution paths for optical access networks", IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 74-82, Feb. 2000.
  6. R. D. Feldman, "Crosstalk and loss in wavelength division multiplexed systems employing spectral slicing", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 15, no. 11, pp. 1823-1831, Nov. 1997.
  7. P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin and R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs", Electron. Lett., vol. 37, no. 19, pp. 1181-1182, Sep. 2001.
  8. S.-J. Park, C.-H. Lee, K.-T. Jeong, H.-J. Park, J.-G. Ahn and K.-H. Song, "Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 22, no. 11, pp. 2582-2591, Nov. 2004.
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  10. L. Y. Chan, C. K. Chan, D. T. K. Tong, F. Tong and L. K. Chen, "Upstream traffic transmitter using injection-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diode as modulator for WDM access networks", Electron. Lett., vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 43-45, Jan. 2002.
  11. N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby and G. E. Bodeep, "A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 6, no. 11, pp. 1365-1367, Nov. 1994.
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  13. K. Iwatsuki, J.-I. Kani, H. Suzuki and M. Fujiwara, "Access and metro networks based on WDM technologies", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 22, no. 11, pp. 2623-2630, Nov. 2004.
  14. G. Talli and P. D. Townsend, "Feasibility demonstration of 100 km reach DWDM SuperPON with upstream bit rates of 2.5 Gb/s and 10 Gb/s", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Glasgow, U.K.,Paper OFI1, 2005.
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  16. E. K. MacHale, G. Talli and P. D. Townsend, "10 Gb/s bidirectional transmission in a 116 km reach hybrid DWDM-TDM PON", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, CA, Paper OFE1, 2006.
  17. T. Yoshida, S. Kimura and K. Kumozaki, "A novel backreflection suppression method using phase modulation for 10 Gb/s single-fiber WDM loopback networks", presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Paper Tu3.6.6, 2004.
  18. Z. Li, Y. Dong, Y. Wang and C. Lu, "A novel PSK-Manchester modulation format in 10-Gb/s passive optical network system with high tolerance to beat interference noise", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 1118-1120, May 2005.
  19. D. G. Moodie, P. J. Cannard, A. J. Dann, D. D. Marcenac, C. W. Ford, J. Reed, R. T. Moore, J. K. Lucek and A. D. Ellis, "Low polarisation sensitivity electroabsorption modulators for 160 Gbit/s networks", Electron. Lett., vol. 33, no. 24, pp. 2068-2070, Nov. 1997.
  20. A. Borghesani, et al. "High saturation power (> 16.5 dBm) and low noise figure (< 6 dB) semiconductor optical amplifier for C-band operation", in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., 2003, pp. 534-536.
  21. W. Mao, P. A. Andrekson and J. Toulouse, "Investigation of a spectrally flat multi-wavelength DWDM source based on optical phase and intensity modulation", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, Paper MF78, 2004.
  22. R. C. Steele, G. R. Walker and N. G. Walker, "Sensitivity of optically preamplified receivers with optical filtering", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 545-547, Jun. 1991.
  23. D. Spirit and M. O'Mahoney, High Capacity Optical Transmission Explained, 1st ed. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 1995.

Other (23)

H. Shinohara, "Broadband access in Japan: Rapidly growing FTTH market", IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 43, no. 9, pp. 72-78, Sep. 2005.

H. Ueda, K. Okada, B. Ford, G. Mahony, S. Hornung, D. Faulkner, J. Abiven, S. Durel, R. Ballart and J. Erickson, "Deployment status and common technical specifications for a B-PON system", IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 39, no. 12, pp. 134-141, Dec. 2001.

S. Hornung, D. Payne and R. Davey, "New architecture for an all optical network", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, CA, Paper OTuH7, 2005.

D. Nessett, M. Scopes, R. Davey, D. Shea, P. Healey, A. Borghesani, D. Moodie, A. Poustie and R. Wyatt, "Demonstration of 100 km reach amplified PONs with upstream bit-rates of 2.5 Gb/s and 10 Gb/s", presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Stockholm, Sweden,Paper We2.6.3, 2004.

I. Van de Voorde, C. M. Martin, I. Vandewege and X. Z. Oiu, "The SuperPON demonstrator: An exploration of possible evolution paths for optical access networks", IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 74-82, Feb. 2000.

R. D. Feldman, "Crosstalk and loss in wavelength division multiplexed systems employing spectral slicing", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 15, no. 11, pp. 1823-1831, Nov. 1997.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin and R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs", Electron. Lett., vol. 37, no. 19, pp. 1181-1182, Sep. 2001.

S.-J. Park, C.-H. Lee, K.-T. Jeong, H.-J. Park, J.-G. Ahn and K.-H. Song, "Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 22, no. 11, pp. 2582-2591, Nov. 2004.

D. J. Shin, D. K. Jung, H. S. Shin, J. W. Kwon, S. Hwang, Y. Oh and C. Shim, "Hybrid WDM/TDM-PON with wavelength-selection-free transmitters", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 187-195, Jan. 2005.

L. Y. Chan, C. K. Chan, D. T. K. Tong, F. Tong and L. K. Chen, "Upstream traffic transmitter using injection-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diode as modulator for WDM access networks", Electron. Lett., vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 43-45, Jan. 2002.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby and G. E. Bodeep, "A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 6, no. 11, pp. 1365-1367, Nov. 1994.

L. Altwegg, A. Azizi, P. Vogel, Y. Wang and F. Wyler, "LOCNET: A fiber in the loop system with no light source at the subscriber end", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 535-540, Mar. 1994.

K. Iwatsuki, J.-I. Kani, H. Suzuki and M. Fujiwara, "Access and metro networks based on WDM technologies", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 22, no. 11, pp. 2623-2630, Nov. 2004.

G. Talli and P. D. Townsend, "Feasibility demonstration of 100 km reach DWDM SuperPON with upstream bit rates of 2.5 Gb/s and 10 Gb/s", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Glasgow, U.K.,Paper OFI1, 2005.

P. Gysel and R. K. Staubli, "Spectral properties of Rayleigh backscattered light from single-mode fibers caused by a modulated probe signal", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 8, no. 12, pp. 1792-1798, Dec. 1990.

E. K. MacHale, G. Talli and P. D. Townsend, "10 Gb/s bidirectional transmission in a 116 km reach hybrid DWDM-TDM PON", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, CA, Paper OFE1, 2006.

T. Yoshida, S. Kimura and K. Kumozaki, "A novel backreflection suppression method using phase modulation for 10 Gb/s single-fiber WDM loopback networks", presented at the European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Paper Tu3.6.6, 2004.

Z. Li, Y. Dong, Y. Wang and C. Lu, "A novel PSK-Manchester modulation format in 10-Gb/s passive optical network system with high tolerance to beat interference noise", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 1118-1120, May 2005.

D. G. Moodie, P. J. Cannard, A. J. Dann, D. D. Marcenac, C. W. Ford, J. Reed, R. T. Moore, J. K. Lucek and A. D. Ellis, "Low polarisation sensitivity electroabsorption modulators for 160 Gbit/s networks", Electron. Lett., vol. 33, no. 24, pp. 2068-2070, Nov. 1997.

A. Borghesani, et al. "High saturation power (> 16.5 dBm) and low noise figure (< 6 dB) semiconductor optical amplifier for C-band operation", in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., 2003, pp. 534-536.

W. Mao, P. A. Andrekson and J. Toulouse, "Investigation of a spectrally flat multi-wavelength DWDM source based on optical phase and intensity modulation", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, Paper MF78, 2004.

R. C. Steele, G. R. Walker and N. G. Walker, "Sensitivity of optically preamplified receivers with optical filtering", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 545-547, Jun. 1991.

D. Spirit and M. O'Mahoney, High Capacity Optical Transmission Explained, 1st ed. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 1995.

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