Abstract

A time-division add-drop multiplexer capable of high-extinction-ratio operation is presented both theoretically and experimentally. The approach used is based on time-to-frequency domain conversion of optical signals and relies upon the switching of linearly chirped optical pulses. By converting a 40-Gb/s optical time-division multiplexing (OTDM) signal to 4 × 10-Gb/s wavelength-division multiplexing (WDM) channels and using fiber Bragg gratings for frequency-domain add-drop multiplexing, a timeslot suppression ratio in excess of 30 dB and error-free operation for the dropped, through, and added channels were achieved. A further stage of WDM-to-TDM signal conversion was used to map the resulting signal back into the time domain. Moreover, it is shown that it is straightforward to simultaneously operate on multiple channels by simply cascading gratings to make more complex filtering functions without the requirement for any further synchronization of the tributary channels.

© 2006 IEEE

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  3. J. Turkiewicz, E. Tangdiongga, H. Rohde, W. Schairer, G. Lehmann, G. Khoe and H. de Waardt, "Simultaneous high speed OTDM add-drop multiplexing using GT-UNI switch", Electron. Lett., vol. 39, no. 10, pp. 795-796, May 2003.
  4. E. Tangdiongga, J. Turkiewicz, H. Rohde, W. Schairer, G. Lehmann, E. Sikora, Y. Zhou, A. Lord, D. Payne, G. Khoe and H. de Waardt, "160 Gb/s OTDM add-drop networking using 275 km installed fibres", Electron. Lett., vol. 40, no. 9, pp. 552-554, Apr. 2004.
  5. A. Poustie and K. Blow, "Demonstration of an all-optical Fredkin gate", Opt. Commun., vol. 174, no. 1-4, pp. 317-320, Jan. 2000.
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  18. Y. Takushima, F. Futami and K. Kikuchi, "Generation of over 140-nm-wide super-continuum from a normal dispersion fiber by using a mode-locked semiconductor laser source", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 10, no. 11, pp. 1560-1562, Nov. 1998.
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  26. K. Uchiyama and T. Morioka, "All-optical time-division demultiplexing experiment with simultaneous output of all constituent channels from 100 Gb/s OTDM signal", Electron. Lett., vol. 37, no. 10, pp. 642-643, May 2001.
  27. I. Riant, "Fiber Bragg gratings for optical telecommunications", Comptes Rendus Physique, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 41-49, Jan. 2003.
  28. R. Feced, M. Durkin, M. Ibsen and M. Zervas, "An efficient inverse scattering algorithm for the design of nonuniform fiber Bragg gratings", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 35, no. 8, pp. 1105-1111, Aug. 1999.
  29. M. Mokhtar, C. Goh, S. Butler, S. Set, K. Kikuchi, D. Richardson and M. Ibsen, "Fibre Bragg gratings compression-tuned over 110 nm", Electron. Lett., vol. 39, no. 6, pp. 509-511, Mar. 2003.
  30. F. W. J. Olver, Asymptotics and Special Functions, London: U.K.: Academic, 1974.

Other (30)

J. Li, B.-E. Olsson, M. Karlsson and P. Andrekson, "OTDM add-drop multiplexer based on XPM-induced wavelength shifting in highly nonlinear fiber", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 23, no. 9, pp. 2654-2661, Sep. 2005.

C. Schubert, C. Schmidt, S. Ferber, R. Ludwig and H. Weber, "Error-free all-optical add-drop multiplexing at 160 Gb/s", Electron. Lett., vol. 39, no. 14, pp. 1074-1076, Jul. 2003.

J. Turkiewicz, E. Tangdiongga, H. Rohde, W. Schairer, G. Lehmann, G. Khoe and H. de Waardt, "Simultaneous high speed OTDM add-drop multiplexing using GT-UNI switch", Electron. Lett., vol. 39, no. 10, pp. 795-796, May 2003.

E. Tangdiongga, J. Turkiewicz, H. Rohde, W. Schairer, G. Lehmann, E. Sikora, Y. Zhou, A. Lord, D. Payne, G. Khoe and H. de Waardt, "160 Gb/s OTDM add-drop networking using 275 km installed fibres", Electron. Lett., vol. 40, no. 9, pp. 552-554, Apr. 2004.

A. Poustie and K. Blow, "Demonstration of an all-optical Fredkin gate", Opt. Commun., vol. 174, no. 1-4, pp. 317-320, Jan. 2000.

J. H. Lee, T. Tanemura, Y. Takushima and K. Kikuchi, "All-optical 80-Gb/s add-drop multiplexer using fiber-based nonlinear optical loop mirror", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 840-842, Apr. 2005.

E. Verdurmen, Y. Zhao, E. Tangdiongga, J. Turkiewicz, G. Khoe and H. De Waardt, "Error-free all-optical add-drop multiplexing using HNLF in a NOLM at 160 Gb/s", Electron. Lett., vol. 41, no. 6, pp. 349-350, Mar. 2005.

L. Rau, S. Rangarajan, W. Wang and D. Blumenthal, "All-optical add-drop of an OTDM channel using an ultra-fast fiber based wavelength converter", in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun., vol. 1, 2002, pp. 259-261.

A. Buxens, H. Poulsen, A. Clausen and P. Jeppesen, "All-optical OTDM-to-WDM signal-format translation and OTDM add-drop functionality using bidirectional four wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifier", Electron. Lett., vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 156-158, Jan. 2000.

S. Fischer, M. Dulk, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, W. Hunziker, E. Gini, H. Melchior, A. Buxens, H. Poulsen and A. Clausen, "All-optical regenerative OTDM add-drop multiplexing at 40 Gb/s using monolithic InP Mach-Zehnder interferometer", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 335-337, Mar. 2000.

H.-F. Chou, J. Bowers and D. Blumenthal, "Compact 160-Gb/s add-drop multiplexer with a 40-Gb/s base rate using electroabsorption modulators", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 1564-1566, Jun. 2004.

K. Jepsen, H. Poulsen, A. Clausen, A. Buxens and K. Stubkjaer, "Investigation of cascadability of add-drop multiplexers in OTDM systems", in Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun., vol. 1, 1998, pp. 619-620.

P. Almeida, P. Petropoulos, B. Thomsen, M. Ibsen and D. Richardson, "All-optical packet compression based on time to wavelength conversion", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 7, pp. 1688-1690, Jul. 2004.

P. Almeida, J. Lee, M. Ibsen, P. Petropoulos, B. Thomsen, P. Teh, F. Parmigiani and D. Richardson, "All-optical TDM data demultiplexing based on a highly nonlinear fiber Kerr gate using a linearly chirped rectangular control", in Proc. Conf. Laser Electro-Optics/Quantum Electron. Laser Sci., 2003, Paper CThQ6,. pp. 1741-1742.

K. R. Tamura, H. Kubota and M. Nakazawa, "Fundamental of stable continuum generation at high repetition rates", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 36, no. 7, pp. 773-779, Jul. 2000.

M. Nakazawa, K. R. Tamura, H. Kubota and E. Yoshida, "Coherence degradation in the process of supercontinuum generation in an optical fiber", Opt. Fiber Technol., vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 215-223, Apr. 1998.

K. R. Tamura and M. Nakazawa, "54-fs, 10-GHz soliton generation from a polarization-maintaining dispersion-flattened dispersion-decreasing fiber pulse compressor", Opt. Lett., vol. 26, no. 11, pp. 762-764, Jun. 2001.

Y. Takushima, F. Futami and K. Kikuchi, "Generation of over 140-nm-wide super-continuum from a normal dispersion fiber by using a mode-locked semiconductor laser source", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 10, no. 11, pp. 1560-1562, Nov. 1998.

J. Azaña, "Time-to-frequency conversion using a single time lens", Opt. Commun., vol. 217, no. 1-6, pp. 205-209, Mar. 2003.

Y. Ozeki, K. Taira, K. Aiso, Y. Takushima and K. Kikuchi, "Highly flat super-continuum generation from 2 ps pulses using 1 km-long erbium-doped fibre amplifier", Electron. Lett., vol. 38, no. 25, pp. 1642-1643, Dec. 2002.

P. J. Almeida, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen and D. J. Richardson, "Generation of ultra-flat SPM-broadened spectra in a highly nonlinear fiber using pulse pre-shaping in a fiber Bragg grating", in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun., vol. 1, 2005, pp. 259-261.

M. Sugiyama, M. Do, F. Futami, S. Watanabe and H. Onaka, "A low drive voltage phase and intensity integrated modulator for optical frequency comb generation and short pulse generation", in Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun., vol. 2, 2004, pp. 198-199.

R. Cubeddu, R. Polloni, C. A. Sacchi and O. Svelto, "Self-phase modulation and"rocking"of molecules in trapped filaments of light with picosecond pulses", Phys. Rev. A, Gen. Phys., vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 1955-1963, Nov. 1970.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, San Diego, CA: Academic, 2001.

A. V. Oppenheim and R. W. Schafer, "Homomorphic analysis of speech", IEEE Trans. Audio Electroacoust., vol. AU-16, no. 2, pp. 221-226, Jun. 1968.

K. Uchiyama and T. Morioka, "All-optical time-division demultiplexing experiment with simultaneous output of all constituent channels from 100 Gb/s OTDM signal", Electron. Lett., vol. 37, no. 10, pp. 642-643, May 2001.

I. Riant, "Fiber Bragg gratings for optical telecommunications", Comptes Rendus Physique, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 41-49, Jan. 2003.

R. Feced, M. Durkin, M. Ibsen and M. Zervas, "An efficient inverse scattering algorithm for the design of nonuniform fiber Bragg gratings", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 35, no. 8, pp. 1105-1111, Aug. 1999.

M. Mokhtar, C. Goh, S. Butler, S. Set, K. Kikuchi, D. Richardson and M. Ibsen, "Fibre Bragg gratings compression-tuned over 110 nm", Electron. Lett., vol. 39, no. 6, pp. 509-511, Mar. 2003.

F. W. J. Olver, Asymptotics and Special Functions, London: U.K.: Academic, 1974.

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