Abstract

Due to the introduction of new broadband services, individual line data rates are expected to exceed 100 Gb/s in the near future. To operate at these high speeds, new optical signal processing techniques will have to be developed. This paper will demonstrate that two-photon absorption in a specially designed semiconductor microcavity is an ideal candidate for optical signal processing applications such as autocorrelation, sampling, and demultiplexing in high-speed wavelength-division-multiplexed (WDM) and hybrid WDM/optical time-division-multiplexed networks.

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Other (32)

D. M. Spirit, A. D. Ellis and P. E. Barnsley, "Optical time division multiplexing: Systems, networks", IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 32, no. 12, pp. 56-62, Dec. 1994.

M. Attygalle, H. F. Liu and A. Nirmalathas, "An all-optical WDM to TDM conversion scheme with simultaneous all-optical synchronization for WDM/OTDM network nodes", Opt. Quantum Electron., vol. 33, no. 7, pp. 827-840, 2001.

S. Kawanishi, "Ultrahigh-speed optical time-division-multiplexed transmission technology based on optical signal processing", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 34, no. 11, pp. 2064-2079, Nov. 1998.

M. Saruwatari, "All-optical signal processing for terabit/second optical transmission", IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 1363-1374, Nov./Dec. 2000.

G. P. Agrawal, Applications of Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 1st ed. New York: Academic, 2001.

P. Staudt, "Getting the measure of ultrashort pulses", Opto Laser Europe, no. 120, pp. 33-35, Sep. 2004.

B. C. Thomsen, J. D. Harvey and L. P. Barry, "Error free demultiplexing in high-speed OTDM systems using a two-photon absorption based switch", in Proc. Opt. Fibre Commun. Conf., 2001, p. W02-1.

K. Kikuchi, "Optical sampling system at 1.5 µm using two photon absorption in Si avalanche photodiode", Electron. Lett., vol. 34, no. 13, pp. 1354-1355, Jun. 1998.

Y. Takagi, T. Kobayashi and K. Yoshihara, "Multiple-and single-shot autocorrelator based on two-photon conductivity in semiconductors", Opt. Lett., vol. 17, no. 9, pp. 658-660, May 1992.

Z. Zheng, A. M. Weiner, J. H. Marsh and M. M. Karkhanehchi, "Ultrafast optical thresholding based on two-photon absorption GaAs waveguide photodetectors", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 493-495, Apr. 1997.

H. Folliot, M. Lynch, A. L. Bradley, T. Krug, L. A. Dunbar, J. Hegarty, J. F. Donegan and L. P. Barry, "Two-photon-induced photoconductivity enhancement in semiconductor microcavities: A theoretical investigation", J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B. Opt. Phys., vol. 19, no. 10, pp. 2396-2402, Oct. 2002.

J. Donegan, "Two-photon absorption speeds optical switching", Lightw. Europe, vol. 1, no. 5, p. 31, Jul. 2002.

F. R. Laughton, J. H. Marsh, D. A. Barrow and E. L. Portnoi, "The two photon absorption semiconductor waveguide autocorrelator", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 838-845, Mar. 1994.

H. Folliot, M. Lynch, A. L. Bradley, L. A. Dunbar, J. Hegarty, J. F. Donegan, L. P. Barry, J. S. Roberts and G. Hill, "Two-photon absorption photocurrent enhancement in bulk AlGaAs semiconductor microcavities", Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 80, no. 8, pp. 1328-1330, Feb. 2002.

T. Krug, M. Lynch, A. L. Bradley, J. F. Donegan, L. P. Barry, H. Folliot, J. S. Roberts and G. Hill, "High-sensitivity two-photon absorption microcavity autocorrelator", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 1543-1544, Jun. 2004.

H. K. Tsang, L. Y. Chan, J. B. D. Soole, H. P. LeBlanc, M. A. Koza and R. Bhat, "High sensitivity autocorrelation using two-photon absorption in InGaAsP waveguides", Electron. Lett., vol. 31, no. 20, pp. 1773-1775, Sep. 1995.

Y. Takagi, "Simple autocorrelator for ultraviolet pulse width measurements based on the nonlinear photoelectric effect", Appl. Opt., vol. 33, no. 27, pp. 6328-6332, Sep. 1994.

J. K. Ranka, A. L. Gaeta, A. Baltuska, M. S. Pshenichnikov and D. A. Wiersma, "Autocorrelation measurement of 6-fs pulses based on the two-photon-induced photocurrent in a GaAsP photodiode", Opt. Lett., vol. 22, no. 17, pp. 1344-1346, Sep. 1997.

D. T. Reid, M. Padgett, C. McGowan, W. E. Sleat and W. Sibbett, "Light-emitting diodes as measurement devices for femtosecond laser pulses", Opt. Lett., vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 233-235, Feb. 1997.

D. T. Reid, B. C. Thomson, J. M. Dudley and J. D. Harvey, "Sonogram characterisation of picosecond pulses at 1.5 mm using waveguide two photon absorption", Electron. Lett., vol. 36, no. 13, pp. 1141-1142, Jun. 2000.

T. Krug, M. Lynch, A. L. Bradley and J. F. Donegan, "Two-photon absorption in microcavities for optical autocorrelation and sampling", in Tech. Proc., CLEO/Europe-EQEC Conf., Munich, Germany, p. 258.

<corpauth></corpauth> APE, "Autocorrelator PulseScope Manual", 1st ed., 2001.

L. P. Barry, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley and J. D. Harvey, "Autocorrelation and ultrafast optical thresholding at 1.5 µm using a Commercial InGaAsP 1.3 µm laser diode", Electron. Lett., vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 358-360, Feb. 1998.

R. L. Jungerman, G. Lee, O. Buccafusca, Y. Kaneko, N. Itagaki and R. Shioda, (2004, "Optical Sampling Reveals Details of Very High Speed Fiber Systems",

B. C. Thomsen, L. P. Barry, J. M. Dudley and J. D. Harvey, "Ultra sensitive all-optical sampling at 1.5 µm using waveguide two-photon absorption", Electron. Lett., vol. 35, no. 17, pp. 1483-1484, Aug. 1999.

Y. Tanaka, N. Sako, S. Imoto and T. Kurokawa, "Profilometry using optical microwaves with different carrier frequencies and two-photon absorption process of photodetector", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 12, pp. 2682-2684, Dec. 2005.

B. C. Thomsen, L. P. Barry, J. M. Dudley and J. D. Harvey, "Ultrahigh speed all-optical demultiplexing based on two-photon absorption in a laser diode", Electron. Lett., vol. 34, no. 19, pp. 1871-1872, Sep. 1998.

T. Hori, N. Nishizawa, M. Yoshida and T. Goto, "Cross-correlation measurement without mechanical delay scanning using electronically controlled wavelength-tunable femtosecond soliton pulse", Electron. Lett., vol. 37, no. 17, pp. 1077-1078, Aug. 2001.

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems, 1st ed. San Diego, CA: Academic, 1997.

P. J. Maguire, L. P. Barry, T. Krug, M. Lynch, A. L. Bradley, J. F. Donegan and H. Folliot, "Simulation of a high-speed demultiplexer based on two-photon absorption in semiconductor devices", Opt. Commun., vol. 249, no. 4-6, pp. 415-420, May 2005.

Z. Ruikang, Z. Yuan, Z. Wei, X. Yingqiang, D. Yun, H. Yongqing, R. Xiaomin, N. Zhichuan and W. Ronghan, "Angular dependent characteristics of a 1.3 µm GaInNAs/GaAs quantum-well resonant cavity enhanced photodetectors", Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett., vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 333-336, 2002.

M. Unlu and S. Strite, "Resonant cavity enhanced photonic devices", J. Appl. Phys., vol. 78, no. 2, pp. 607-639, Jul. 1995.

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