Abstract

This paper describes a new distortion-free optical transmission method that can eliminate any kind of linear perturbation including jitter, polarization-mode dispersion, and higher order dispersion as well as time-varying dispersion. This method uses transform-limited pulses and time-domain optical Fourier transformation (OFT). With this technique, particular attention is given to the spectral envelope profile of the transmitted signal, which is unchanged regardless of the type and magnitude of the linear perturbation in the transmission fiber. OFT converts the unchanged spectral profile into the time domain and allows to obtain undistorted original waveforms at the output. Experimental and analytical results to show the effectiveness of this method are presented, especially when the method is applied to high-speed signals up to 160 Gb/s, which are sensitive to both higher order and time-varying dispersions. This paper also describes a new all-optical time-domain Fourier transformation technique that uses an optical parabolic pulse. This technique is promising, with a view to improving the elimination of distortion at 160 Gb/s and above.

© 2006 IEEE

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  1. M. D. Pelusi, Y. Matsui and A. Suzuki, "Electrooptic phase modulation of stretched 250-fs pulses for suppression of third-order fiber dispersion in transmission", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, no. 11, pp. 1461-1463, Nov. 1999.
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  3. C.-C. Chang, H. P. Sardesai and A. M. Weiner, "Dispersion-free fiber transmission for femtosecond pulses by use of a dispersion-compensating fiber and a programmable pulse shaper", Opt. Lett., vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 283-285, Feb. 1998.
  4. K. Takiguchi, S. Kawanishi, H. Takara, A. Himeno and K. Hattori, "Dispersion slope equalizer for dispersion shifted fiber using a lattice-form programmable optical filter on a planar lightwave circuit", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 16, no. 9, pp. 1647-1656, Sep. 1998.
  5. B. J. Eggleton, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, A. Ahuja, J. A. Rogers, P. S. Westbrook, T. N. Nielsen, S. Stulz and K. Dreyer, "Tunable dispersion compensation in a 160-Gb/s TDM system by a voltage controlled chirped fiber Bragg grating", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, no. 8, pp. 1022-1024, Aug. 2000.
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  10. L. F. Mollenauer and C. Xu, "Time-lens timing-jitter compensator in ultra-long haul DWDM dispersion managed soliton transmissions", presented at the Conf. Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Long Beach, CA, Postdeadline Paper CPDB1-1, May 2002.
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  12. T. Hirooka, M. Nakazawa, F. Futami and S. Watanabe, "A new adaptive equalization scheme for 160 Gb/s transmitted signals using time-domain optical Fourier transformation", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 10, pp. 2371-2373, Oct. 2004.
  13. M. Nakazawa and T. Hirooka, "Distortion-free optical transmission using time-domain optical Fourier transformation and transform-limited optical pulses", J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, Opt. Phys., vol. 22, no. 9, pp. 1842-1855, Sep. 2005.
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Other (16)

M. D. Pelusi, Y. Matsui and A. Suzuki, "Electrooptic phase modulation of stretched 250-fs pulses for suppression of third-order fiber dispersion in transmission", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, no. 11, pp. 1461-1463, Nov. 1999.

T. Yamamoto and M. Nakazawa, "Third-and fourth-order active dispersion compensation with a phase modulator in a terabit-per-second optical time-division multiplexed transmission", Opt. Lett., vol. 26, no. 9, pp. 647-649, May 2001.

C.-C. Chang, H. P. Sardesai and A. M. Weiner, "Dispersion-free fiber transmission for femtosecond pulses by use of a dispersion-compensating fiber and a programmable pulse shaper", Opt. Lett., vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 283-285, Feb. 1998.

K. Takiguchi, S. Kawanishi, H. Takara, A. Himeno and K. Hattori, "Dispersion slope equalizer for dispersion shifted fiber using a lattice-form programmable optical filter on a planar lightwave circuit", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 16, no. 9, pp. 1647-1656, Sep. 1998.

B. J. Eggleton, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, A. Ahuja, J. A. Rogers, P. S. Westbrook, T. N. Nielsen, S. Stulz and K. Dreyer, "Tunable dispersion compensation in a 160-Gb/s TDM system by a voltage controlled chirped fiber Bragg grating", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, no. 8, pp. 1022-1024, Aug. 2000.

T. Inui, K. Mori, T. Ohara, H. Takara, T. Komukai and T. Morioka, "160 Gb/s adaptive dispersion equalizer using a chirped monitor with a balanced dispersion configuration", presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Rimini, Italy,Paper Tu3.6.3, 2003.

M. Shirasaki, Y. Kawahara, S. Cao, H. Ooi, N. Mitamura, H. Isono, G. Ishikawa, G. Barbarossa, C. Yang and C. Lin, "Variable dispersion compensator using the virtually imaged phased array (VIPA) for 40-Gb/s WDM transmission systems", presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Munich, Germany,Postdeadline Paper 2.3, 2000.

M. Nakazawa, T. Hirooka, F. Futami and S. Watanabe, "Ideal distortion-free transmission using optical Fourier transformation and Fourier transform-limited optical pulses", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 1059-1061, Apr. 2004.

M. Romagnoli, P. Franco, R. Corsini, A. Schiffini and M. Midrio, "Time-domain Fourier optics for polarization-mode dispersion", Opt. Lett., vol. 24, no. 17, pp. 1197-1199, Sep. 1999.

L. F. Mollenauer and C. Xu, "Time-lens timing-jitter compensator in ultra-long haul DWDM dispersion managed soliton transmissions", presented at the Conf. Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Long Beach, CA, Postdeadline Paper CPDB1-1, May 2002.

L. A. Jiang, M. E. Grein, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen and H. Yokoyama, "Timing jitter eater for optical pulse trains", Opt. Lett., vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 78-80, Jan. 2003.

T. Hirooka, M. Nakazawa, F. Futami and S. Watanabe, "A new adaptive equalization scheme for 160 Gb/s transmitted signals using time-domain optical Fourier transformation", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 10, pp. 2371-2373, Oct. 2004.

M. Nakazawa and T. Hirooka, "Distortion-free optical transmission using time-domain optical Fourier transformation and transform-limited optical pulses", J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, Opt. Phys., vol. 22, no. 9, pp. 1842-1855, Sep. 2005.

A. Hasegawa and M. Matsumoto, Optical Solitons in Fibers, Berlin: Germany: Springer-Verlag, 2003.

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida and Y. Kimura, "Ultrastable harmonically and regeneratively modelocked polarisation-maintaining erbium fibre ring laser", Electron. Lett., vol. 30, no. 19, pp. 1603-1604, Sep. 1994.

T. Hirooka and M. Nakazawa, "Parabolic pulse generation using a dispersion decreasing fiber with normal group velocity dispersion", Opt. Lett., vol. 29, no. 5, pp. 498-500, Mar. 2004.

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