Abstract

This paper demonstrates optical arbitrary waveform generation (O-AWG) and its characterization using spectral line-by-line control with high-resolution grating-based pulse shapers. Such integrated capabilities are the enabling techniques for high-fidelity O-AWG.

© 2006 IEEE

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  1. S. T. Cundiff, "Phase stabilization of ultrashort optical pulses", J. Phys. D, Appl. Phys., vol. 35, no. 8, pp. R43-R59, Apr. 2002.
  2. A. M. Weiner, "Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators", Rev. Sci. Instrum., vol. 71, no. 5, pp. 1929-1960, May 2000.
  3. Z. Jiang, D. E. Leaird and A. M. Weiner, "Width and wavelength tunable optical RZ pulse generation and RZ-to-NRZ format conversion at 10 GHz using spectral line-by-line control", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 12, pp. 2733-2735, Dec. 2005.
  4. Z. Jiang, D. S. Seo, S.-D. Yang, D. E. Leaird, R. V. Roussev, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer and A. M. Weiner, "Four user, 2.5 Gb/s, spectrally coded O-CDMA system demonstration using low power nonlinear processing", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 143-158, Jan. 2005.
  5. J. D. McKinney, D. E. Leaird and A. M. Weiner, "Millimeter-wave arbitrary waveform generation with a direct space-to-time pulse shaper", Opt. Lett., vol. 27, no. 15, pp. 1345-1347, Aug. 2002.
  6. T. M. Fortier, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff and R. S. Windeler, "Long-term carrier-envelope phase coherence", Opt. Lett., vol. 27, no. 16, pp. 1436-1438, Aug. 2002.
  7. A. Bartels, N. R. Newbury, I. Thomann, L. Hollberg and S. A. Diddams, "Broadband phase-coherent optical frequency synthesis with actively linked Ti:sapphire and Cr:forsterite femtosecond lasers", Opt. Lett., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 403-405, Feb. 2004.
  8. R. Holzwarth, M. Zimmermann, T. Udem, T. W. Hansch, P. Russbuldt, K. Gabel, R. Poprawe, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth and P. S. J. Russell, "White-light frequency comb generation with a diode-pumped Cr:LiSAF laser", Opt. Lett., vol. 26, no. 17, pp. 1376-1378, Sep. 2001.
  9. Z. Jiang, D. S. Seo, D. E. Leaird and A. M. Weiner, "Spectral line-by-line pulse shaping", Opt. Lett., vol. 30, no. 12, pp. 1557-1559, Jun. 2005.
  10. T. Yilmaz, C. M. DePriest, T. Turpin, J. H. Abeles and P. J. Delfyett, "Toward a photonic arbitrary waveform generator using a modelocked external cavity semiconductor laser", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, no. 11, pp. 1608-1610, Nov. 2002.
  11. S. Etemad, T. Banwell, S. Galli, J. Jackel, R. Menendez, P. Toliver, J. Young, P. Delfyett, C. Price and T. Turpin, "Optical-CDMA incorporating phase coding of coherent frequency bins: Concept, simulation, experiment", presented at the Optical Fiber Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, Paper FG5, 2004.
  12. Z. Jiang, D. E. Leaird and A. M. Weiner, "Line-by-line pulse shaping control for optical arbitrary waveform generation", Opt. Express, vol. 13, no. 25, pp. 10431-10439, Dec. 2005.
  13. R. Trebino, Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating: The Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses, Norwell, MA: Kluwer, 2004.
  14. C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, "Spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction of ultrashort optical pulses", Opt. Lett., vol. 23, no. 10, pp. 792-794, May 1998.
  15. C. Dorrer and I. Kang, "Complete temporal characterization of short optical pulses by simplified chronocyclic tomography", Opt. Lett., vol. 28, no. 16, pp. 1481-1483, Aug. 2003.
  16. P. Kockaert, M. Peeters, S. Coen, P. Emplit, M. Haelterman and O. Deparis, "Simple amplitude and phase measuring technique for ultrahigh-repetition-rate lasers", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 187-189, Feb. 2000.
  17. P. Kockaert, M. Haelterman, P. Emplit and C. Froehly, "Complete characterization of (ultra)short optical pulses using fast linear detectors", IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 206-212, Jan./Feb. 2004.
  18. P. Kockaert, J. Azana, L. R. Chen and S. LaRochelle, "Full characterization of uniform ultrahigh-speed trains of optical pulses using fiber Bragg gratings and linear detectors", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 1540-1542, Jun. 2004.
  19. J. P. Heritage, A. M. Weiner and R. N. Thurston, Ultrafast Phenomena V, Berlin: Germany: Springer-Verlag, 1986, pp. 34-37.
  20. K. C. Chu, J. P. Heritage, R. S. Grant, K. X. Liu, A. Dienes, W. E. White and A. Sullivan, "Direct measurement of the spectral phase of femtosecond pulses", Opt. Lett., vol. 20, no. 8, pp. 904-906, Apr. 1995.
  21. R. N. Thurston, J. P. Heritage, A. M. Weiner and W. J. Tomlinson, "Analysis of picosecond pulse shape synthesis by spectral masking in a grating pulse compressor", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. QE-22, no. 5, pp. 682-696, May 1986.

Other (21)

S. T. Cundiff, "Phase stabilization of ultrashort optical pulses", J. Phys. D, Appl. Phys., vol. 35, no. 8, pp. R43-R59, Apr. 2002.

A. M. Weiner, "Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators", Rev. Sci. Instrum., vol. 71, no. 5, pp. 1929-1960, May 2000.

Z. Jiang, D. E. Leaird and A. M. Weiner, "Width and wavelength tunable optical RZ pulse generation and RZ-to-NRZ format conversion at 10 GHz using spectral line-by-line control", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 12, pp. 2733-2735, Dec. 2005.

Z. Jiang, D. S. Seo, S.-D. Yang, D. E. Leaird, R. V. Roussev, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer and A. M. Weiner, "Four user, 2.5 Gb/s, spectrally coded O-CDMA system demonstration using low power nonlinear processing", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 143-158, Jan. 2005.

J. D. McKinney, D. E. Leaird and A. M. Weiner, "Millimeter-wave arbitrary waveform generation with a direct space-to-time pulse shaper", Opt. Lett., vol. 27, no. 15, pp. 1345-1347, Aug. 2002.

T. M. Fortier, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff and R. S. Windeler, "Long-term carrier-envelope phase coherence", Opt. Lett., vol. 27, no. 16, pp. 1436-1438, Aug. 2002.

A. Bartels, N. R. Newbury, I. Thomann, L. Hollberg and S. A. Diddams, "Broadband phase-coherent optical frequency synthesis with actively linked Ti:sapphire and Cr:forsterite femtosecond lasers", Opt. Lett., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 403-405, Feb. 2004.

R. Holzwarth, M. Zimmermann, T. Udem, T. W. Hansch, P. Russbuldt, K. Gabel, R. Poprawe, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth and P. S. J. Russell, "White-light frequency comb generation with a diode-pumped Cr:LiSAF laser", Opt. Lett., vol. 26, no. 17, pp. 1376-1378, Sep. 2001.

Z. Jiang, D. S. Seo, D. E. Leaird and A. M. Weiner, "Spectral line-by-line pulse shaping", Opt. Lett., vol. 30, no. 12, pp. 1557-1559, Jun. 2005.

T. Yilmaz, C. M. DePriest, T. Turpin, J. H. Abeles and P. J. Delfyett, "Toward a photonic arbitrary waveform generator using a modelocked external cavity semiconductor laser", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, no. 11, pp. 1608-1610, Nov. 2002.

S. Etemad, T. Banwell, S. Galli, J. Jackel, R. Menendez, P. Toliver, J. Young, P. Delfyett, C. Price and T. Turpin, "Optical-CDMA incorporating phase coding of coherent frequency bins: Concept, simulation, experiment", presented at the Optical Fiber Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, Paper FG5, 2004.

Z. Jiang, D. E. Leaird and A. M. Weiner, "Line-by-line pulse shaping control for optical arbitrary waveform generation", Opt. Express, vol. 13, no. 25, pp. 10431-10439, Dec. 2005.

R. Trebino, Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating: The Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses, Norwell, MA: Kluwer, 2004.

C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, "Spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction of ultrashort optical pulses", Opt. Lett., vol. 23, no. 10, pp. 792-794, May 1998.

C. Dorrer and I. Kang, "Complete temporal characterization of short optical pulses by simplified chronocyclic tomography", Opt. Lett., vol. 28, no. 16, pp. 1481-1483, Aug. 2003.

P. Kockaert, M. Peeters, S. Coen, P. Emplit, M. Haelterman and O. Deparis, "Simple amplitude and phase measuring technique for ultrahigh-repetition-rate lasers", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 187-189, Feb. 2000.

P. Kockaert, M. Haelterman, P. Emplit and C. Froehly, "Complete characterization of (ultra)short optical pulses using fast linear detectors", IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 206-212, Jan./Feb. 2004.

P. Kockaert, J. Azana, L. R. Chen and S. LaRochelle, "Full characterization of uniform ultrahigh-speed trains of optical pulses using fiber Bragg gratings and linear detectors", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 1540-1542, Jun. 2004.

J. P. Heritage, A. M. Weiner and R. N. Thurston, Ultrafast Phenomena V, Berlin: Germany: Springer-Verlag, 1986, pp. 34-37.

K. C. Chu, J. P. Heritage, R. S. Grant, K. X. Liu, A. Dienes, W. E. White and A. Sullivan, "Direct measurement of the spectral phase of femtosecond pulses", Opt. Lett., vol. 20, no. 8, pp. 904-906, Apr. 1995.

R. N. Thurston, J. P. Heritage, A. M. Weiner and W. J. Tomlinson, "Analysis of picosecond pulse shape synthesis by spectral masking in a grating pulse compressor", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. QE-22, no. 5, pp. 682-696, May 1986.

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