Abstract

This paper describes the design and operation of a stable narrow-linewidth linearly polarized fiber ring laser using a polarization-maintaining (PM) erbium-doped fiber as a saturable absorber. The effect of the PM fiber on suppressing mode hopping is experimentally demonstrated and optimum conditions for single-mode operation are identified. Laser output power is ~ 4.7 mW at 1535 nm for a pump power of 94 mW, the polarization extinction ratio is 24.8 dB, the SNR is larger than 45 dB, the relative intensity noise is below -104 dB/Hz at frequencies above 150 kHz, and the linewidth is less than 1.5 kHz. Potential applications of the fiber laser for interferometric or spectroscopic fiber sensors are briefly discussed.

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  1. Y. Takushima, S. Yamashita, K. Kikuchi and K. Hotate, "Polarization-stable and single-frequency fiber lasers", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 661-669, Apr. 1998.
  2. C. Spiegelberg, J. Geng, Y. Hu, Y. Kaneda, S. Jiang and N. Peyghambarian, "Low-noise narrow-linewidth fibre laser at 1550 nm", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 57-62, Jan. 2004.
  3. J. L. Zyskind, V. Mizahri, D. J. DiGiovanni and J. W. Sulhoff, "Short single frequency erbium-doped fiber laser", Electron. Lett., vol. 28, no. 15, pp. 1385-1386, Jul. 1992.
  4. M. Sejka, P. Varming, J. Hubner and M. Kristensen, "Distributed feedback Er3+-doped fiber laser", Electron. Lett., vol. 31, no. 17, pp. 1445-1446, 1995.
  5. J. T. Kringlebotn, P. R. Morkel, L. Reekie, J. L. Archambault and D. N. Payne, "Efficient diode-pumped single-frequency Erbium:Ytterbium fiber laser", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 5, no. 10, pp. 1162-1164, Oct. 1993.
  6. N. Park, J. W. Dawson and K. J. Vahala, "Frequency locking of an erbium-doped fiber ring laser to an external fibre Fabry-Pérot resonator", Opt. Lett., vol. 18, no. 11, pp. 879-881, Jun. 1993.
  7. S. K. Kim, G. Stewart, W. Johnstone and B. Culshaw, "Mode-hop-free single-longitudinal-mode erbium-doped fiber laser frequency scanned with a fiber ring resonator", Appl. Opt., vol. 38, no. 24, pp. 5154-5157, Aug. 1999.
  8. C. Svelto, E. Bava, S. Taccheo and P. Laporta, "Pound-Drever frequency-stabilised Yb-Er: glass laser against C2H2 molecules at 1.534097 µm", Electron. Lett., vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 461-462, Mar. 1998.
  9. H. Sabert, "Active stabilization of single-mode operation in a fiber laser", Electron. Lett., vol. 29, no. 11, pp. 1004-1005, May 1993.
  10. M. Horowitz, R. Daisy, B. Fischer and J. L. Zyskind, "Linewidth-narrowing mechanism in lasers by nonlinear wave mixing", Opt. Lett., vol. 19, no. 18, pp. 1406-1408, Sep. 1994.
  11. S. J. Frisken, "Transient Bragg reflection gratings in erbium-doped fiber amplifiers", Opt. Lett., vol. 17, no. 24, pp. 1776-1778, Dec. 1992.
  12. M. Horowitz, R. Daisy, B. Fischer and J. L. Zyskind, "Narrow-linewidth, single-mode erbium-doped fibre laser with intracavity wave mixing in saturable absorber", Electron. Lett., vol. 30, no. 8, pp. 648-649, Apr. 1994.
  13. Y. Cheng, J. T. Kringlebotn, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming and D. N. Payne, "Stable single-frequency traveling-wave fibre loop laser with integral saturable-absorber-based tracking narrow-band filter", Opt. Lett., vol. 20, no. 8, pp. 875-877, Apr. 1995.
  14. L. T. Richter, H. I. Manderg and M. S. Kruger, "Linewidth determination from self-heterodyne measurements with subcoherence delay times", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. QE-22, no. 11, pp. 2070-2074, Nov. 1986.
  15. A. Dandridge, A. B. Tveten and T. G. Giallorenzi, "Homodyne demodulation scheme for fiber optic sensors using phase generated carrier", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. QE-18, no. 10, pp. 1647-1653, Oct. 1982.
  16. Z. Meng, Y. Hu, S. Xiong, G. Stewart, G. Whitenett and B. Culshaw, "Phase noise characteristics of diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser in unbalanced fibre optic interferometer", Appl. Opt., vol. 44, no. 17, pp. 3425-3428, Jun. 2005.
  17. G. Whitenett, G. Stewart, H. Yu and B. Culshaw, "Investigation of a tunable mode-locked fiber laser for application to multi-point gas spectroscopy", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 813-819, Mar. 2004.
  18. T. Ikegami, S. Sudo and Y. Sakai, "Frequency stabilization schemes and apparatus," in Frequency Stabilization of Semiconductor Laser Diodes, Boston, MA: Artech House, 1995, pp. 194-256.

Other (18)

Y. Takushima, S. Yamashita, K. Kikuchi and K. Hotate, "Polarization-stable and single-frequency fiber lasers", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 661-669, Apr. 1998.

C. Spiegelberg, J. Geng, Y. Hu, Y. Kaneda, S. Jiang and N. Peyghambarian, "Low-noise narrow-linewidth fibre laser at 1550 nm", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 57-62, Jan. 2004.

J. L. Zyskind, V. Mizahri, D. J. DiGiovanni and J. W. Sulhoff, "Short single frequency erbium-doped fiber laser", Electron. Lett., vol. 28, no. 15, pp. 1385-1386, Jul. 1992.

M. Sejka, P. Varming, J. Hubner and M. Kristensen, "Distributed feedback Er3+-doped fiber laser", Electron. Lett., vol. 31, no. 17, pp. 1445-1446, 1995.

J. T. Kringlebotn, P. R. Morkel, L. Reekie, J. L. Archambault and D. N. Payne, "Efficient diode-pumped single-frequency Erbium:Ytterbium fiber laser", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 5, no. 10, pp. 1162-1164, Oct. 1993.

N. Park, J. W. Dawson and K. J. Vahala, "Frequency locking of an erbium-doped fiber ring laser to an external fibre Fabry-Pérot resonator", Opt. Lett., vol. 18, no. 11, pp. 879-881, Jun. 1993.

S. K. Kim, G. Stewart, W. Johnstone and B. Culshaw, "Mode-hop-free single-longitudinal-mode erbium-doped fiber laser frequency scanned with a fiber ring resonator", Appl. Opt., vol. 38, no. 24, pp. 5154-5157, Aug. 1999.

C. Svelto, E. Bava, S. Taccheo and P. Laporta, "Pound-Drever frequency-stabilised Yb-Er: glass laser against C2H2 molecules at 1.534097 µm", Electron. Lett., vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 461-462, Mar. 1998.

H. Sabert, "Active stabilization of single-mode operation in a fiber laser", Electron. Lett., vol. 29, no. 11, pp. 1004-1005, May 1993.

M. Horowitz, R. Daisy, B. Fischer and J. L. Zyskind, "Linewidth-narrowing mechanism in lasers by nonlinear wave mixing", Opt. Lett., vol. 19, no. 18, pp. 1406-1408, Sep. 1994.

S. J. Frisken, "Transient Bragg reflection gratings in erbium-doped fiber amplifiers", Opt. Lett., vol. 17, no. 24, pp. 1776-1778, Dec. 1992.

M. Horowitz, R. Daisy, B. Fischer and J. L. Zyskind, "Narrow-linewidth, single-mode erbium-doped fibre laser with intracavity wave mixing in saturable absorber", Electron. Lett., vol. 30, no. 8, pp. 648-649, Apr. 1994.

Y. Cheng, J. T. Kringlebotn, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming and D. N. Payne, "Stable single-frequency traveling-wave fibre loop laser with integral saturable-absorber-based tracking narrow-band filter", Opt. Lett., vol. 20, no. 8, pp. 875-877, Apr. 1995.

L. T. Richter, H. I. Manderg and M. S. Kruger, "Linewidth determination from self-heterodyne measurements with subcoherence delay times", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. QE-22, no. 11, pp. 2070-2074, Nov. 1986.

A. Dandridge, A. B. Tveten and T. G. Giallorenzi, "Homodyne demodulation scheme for fiber optic sensors using phase generated carrier", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. QE-18, no. 10, pp. 1647-1653, Oct. 1982.

Z. Meng, Y. Hu, S. Xiong, G. Stewart, G. Whitenett and B. Culshaw, "Phase noise characteristics of diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser in unbalanced fibre optic interferometer", Appl. Opt., vol. 44, no. 17, pp. 3425-3428, Jun. 2005.

G. Whitenett, G. Stewart, H. Yu and B. Culshaw, "Investigation of a tunable mode-locked fiber laser for application to multi-point gas spectroscopy", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 813-819, Mar. 2004.

T. Ikegami, S. Sudo and Y. Sakai, "Frequency stabilization schemes and apparatus," in Frequency Stabilization of Semiconductor Laser Diodes, Boston, MA: Artech House, 1995, pp. 194-256.

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