Abstract

A simple high-speed data transmitter to generate optical single-sideband (OSSB) signals using different electrical signaling formats is presented. The OSSB signal is generated by combining the information signal with the Hilbert transform of that signal, obtained by means of electrical processing. A detailed mathematical model is introduced to evaluate the transmitter performance, considering the generation of OSSB signals with different electrical signaling formats. Two signaling formats are evaluated and compared: nonreturn-to-zero (NRZ) and alternate mark inversion. The optimum transmitter operation conditions, namely bias and drive voltages, are derived according to the signaling format used and confirmed experimentally. Transmission tests conducted using 10-Gb/s OSSB-NRZ signals to assess the improvement obtained by electrical dispersion compensation show a significant mitigation of the dispersion distortion.

© 2006 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |

  1. J. Conradi, "Bandwidth-efficient modulation formats for digital fiber transmission systems," in Optical Fiber Telecommunications IV B, New York: Academic, 2002, pp. 862-901.
  2. K. Yonenaga and S. Kuwano, "Dispersion-tolerant optical transmission system using duobinary transmitter and binary receiver", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 1530-1537, Aug. 1997.
  3. R. Griffin and A. Carter, "Optical differential quadrature phase-shift key (ODQPSK) for high capacity optical transmission", in Proc. OFC, Anaheim, CA, 2002,Paper WX6,. pp. 367-368.
  4. K. Yonenaga and N. Takachio, "Dispersion compensation for homodyne detection systems using a 10 Gb/s optical PSK-VSB signal", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 7, no. 8, pp. 929-931, Aug. 1995.
  5. J. Lee, S. Kim, Y. Kim, Y. Oh, S. Hwang and J. Jeong, "Optically preamplified receiver performance due to VSB filtering for 40 Gb/s optical signals modulated with various formats", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 521-527, Feb. 2003.
  6. D. Fonseca, P. Monteiro, A. Cartaxo and M. Fujita, "Single sideband demonstration using a four phase-modulators structure", in Proc. IEEE/LEOS Adv. Modulation Formats Workshop, San Francisco, CA, Jul. 2004,Paper FC2,. pp. 41-42.
  7. M. Sieben, J. Conradi and D. Dodds, "Optical single sideband transmission at 10 Gb/s using only electrical dispersion compensation", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 17, no. 10, pp. 1743-1749, Oct. 1999.
  8. D. Fonseca, A. Cartaxo, P. Monteiro, R. Sousa, T. Silveira, A. Ferreira and M. Violas, "40 Gb/s OSSB-NRZ transmitter for high capacity systems", in Proc. ECOC, vol. 4, Glasgow, U.K., 2005, pp. 787-788.
  9. P. Charrua and A. Cartaxo, "Optimized filtering for AMI-RZ and DCS-RZ SSB signals in 40 Gb/s/ch based UDWDM systems", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 223-225, Jan. 2005.
  10. E. Vourch, D. Le Berre and D. Hervé, "Lightwave single sideband wavelength self-tunable filter using InP-Fe crystal for fiber-wireless systems", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 194-196, Feb. 2002.
  11. D. Fonseca, P. Monteiro and A. Cartaxo, "Adaptive optical single sideband filter based on a phase modulator", Electron. Lett., vol. 41, no. 3, pp. 760-761, Jun. 2005.
  12. S. Hahn, Hilbert Transforms in Signal Processing, Boston, MA: Artech House, 1996.
  13. K. Tanaka, K. Takano, K. Kondo and K. Nakagawa, "Improved sideband suppression ratio of SSB modulation using all-optical Hilbert transformer", Electron. Lett., vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 133-134, Jan. 2002.
  14. A. Loayssa, C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas and D. Benito, "Design and performance of the bidirectional optical single-sideband modulator", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 1071-1082, Apr. 2003.
  15. K. Higuma, S. Oikawa, Y. Hashimoto, H. Nagata and M. Izutsu, "X-cut lithium niobate optical single-sideband modulator", Electron. Lett., vol. 37, no. 8, pp. 515-516, Apr. 2001.
  16. K. Takano, N. Sakamoto and K. Nakagawa, "Waveform degradation by SPM in carrier-suppressed optical SSB transmission with NRZ and RZ formats", in Proc. IEEE/LEOS Adv. Modulation Formats Workshop, San Francisco, CA, Jul. 2004,Paper FA1,. pp. 27-28.
  17. E. Wooten, K. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. Murphy, D. Lafaw, P. Hallemeier, D. Maack, D. Attanasio, D. Fritz, G. McBrien and D. Bossi, "A review of lithium niobate modulators for fiber-optic communications systems", IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 69-82, Jan./Feb. 2000.
  18. D. Fonseca, A. Cartaxo and P. Monteiro, "Modeling and experimental validation of an x-cut 4 phase modulators structure," in Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng. Part J-Optoelectron,
  19. International Telecommunication Union (ITU-T) Recommendation G.959.1 (12/2003), "Optical Transport Network Physical Layer Interfaces",
  20. J. Rebola and A. Cartaxo, "Gaussian approach for performance evaluation of optically preamplified receivers with arbitrary optical and electrical filters", Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng. Part J-Optoelectron., vol. 148, no. 3, pp. 135-142, Jun. 2001.
  21. A. Yacoubian, "A mechanically biased electrooptic polymer modulator", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 618-620, May 2002.
  22. A. Elrefaie, R. Wagner, D. Atlas and D. Daut, "Chromatic dispersion limitations in coherent lightwave transmission systems", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 704-709, May 1988.

Other (22)

J. Conradi, "Bandwidth-efficient modulation formats for digital fiber transmission systems," in Optical Fiber Telecommunications IV B, New York: Academic, 2002, pp. 862-901.

K. Yonenaga and S. Kuwano, "Dispersion-tolerant optical transmission system using duobinary transmitter and binary receiver", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 1530-1537, Aug. 1997.

R. Griffin and A. Carter, "Optical differential quadrature phase-shift key (ODQPSK) for high capacity optical transmission", in Proc. OFC, Anaheim, CA, 2002,Paper WX6,. pp. 367-368.

K. Yonenaga and N. Takachio, "Dispersion compensation for homodyne detection systems using a 10 Gb/s optical PSK-VSB signal", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 7, no. 8, pp. 929-931, Aug. 1995.

J. Lee, S. Kim, Y. Kim, Y. Oh, S. Hwang and J. Jeong, "Optically preamplified receiver performance due to VSB filtering for 40 Gb/s optical signals modulated with various formats", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 521-527, Feb. 2003.

D. Fonseca, P. Monteiro, A. Cartaxo and M. Fujita, "Single sideband demonstration using a four phase-modulators structure", in Proc. IEEE/LEOS Adv. Modulation Formats Workshop, San Francisco, CA, Jul. 2004,Paper FC2,. pp. 41-42.

M. Sieben, J. Conradi and D. Dodds, "Optical single sideband transmission at 10 Gb/s using only electrical dispersion compensation", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 17, no. 10, pp. 1743-1749, Oct. 1999.

D. Fonseca, A. Cartaxo, P. Monteiro, R. Sousa, T. Silveira, A. Ferreira and M. Violas, "40 Gb/s OSSB-NRZ transmitter for high capacity systems", in Proc. ECOC, vol. 4, Glasgow, U.K., 2005, pp. 787-788.

P. Charrua and A. Cartaxo, "Optimized filtering for AMI-RZ and DCS-RZ SSB signals in 40 Gb/s/ch based UDWDM systems", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 223-225, Jan. 2005.

E. Vourch, D. Le Berre and D. Hervé, "Lightwave single sideband wavelength self-tunable filter using InP-Fe crystal for fiber-wireless systems", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 194-196, Feb. 2002.

D. Fonseca, P. Monteiro and A. Cartaxo, "Adaptive optical single sideband filter based on a phase modulator", Electron. Lett., vol. 41, no. 3, pp. 760-761, Jun. 2005.

S. Hahn, Hilbert Transforms in Signal Processing, Boston, MA: Artech House, 1996.

K. Tanaka, K. Takano, K. Kondo and K. Nakagawa, "Improved sideband suppression ratio of SSB modulation using all-optical Hilbert transformer", Electron. Lett., vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 133-134, Jan. 2002.

A. Loayssa, C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas and D. Benito, "Design and performance of the bidirectional optical single-sideband modulator", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 1071-1082, Apr. 2003.

K. Higuma, S. Oikawa, Y. Hashimoto, H. Nagata and M. Izutsu, "X-cut lithium niobate optical single-sideband modulator", Electron. Lett., vol. 37, no. 8, pp. 515-516, Apr. 2001.

K. Takano, N. Sakamoto and K. Nakagawa, "Waveform degradation by SPM in carrier-suppressed optical SSB transmission with NRZ and RZ formats", in Proc. IEEE/LEOS Adv. Modulation Formats Workshop, San Francisco, CA, Jul. 2004,Paper FA1,. pp. 27-28.

E. Wooten, K. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. Murphy, D. Lafaw, P. Hallemeier, D. Maack, D. Attanasio, D. Fritz, G. McBrien and D. Bossi, "A review of lithium niobate modulators for fiber-optic communications systems", IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 69-82, Jan./Feb. 2000.

D. Fonseca, A. Cartaxo and P. Monteiro, "Modeling and experimental validation of an x-cut 4 phase modulators structure," in Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng. Part J-Optoelectron,

International Telecommunication Union (ITU-T) Recommendation G.959.1 (12/2003), "Optical Transport Network Physical Layer Interfaces",

J. Rebola and A. Cartaxo, "Gaussian approach for performance evaluation of optically preamplified receivers with arbitrary optical and electrical filters", Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng. Part J-Optoelectron., vol. 148, no. 3, pp. 135-142, Jun. 2001.

A. Yacoubian, "A mechanically biased electrooptic polymer modulator", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 618-620, May 2002.

A. Elrefaie, R. Wagner, D. Atlas and D. Daut, "Chromatic dispersion limitations in coherent lightwave transmission systems", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 704-709, May 1988.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.