Abstract

This paper demonstrates and characterizes a novel wavelength-tunable single-frequency erbium-doped fiber ring laser incorporating an all-fiber acoustooptic tunable bandpass filter and a self-constructed saturable absorption grating (SAG). Stable single-longitudinal-mode operation was achieved over the wavelength range of 48 nm with a sidemode suppression ratio higher than 50 dB. The wavelength tuning characteristics, and the laser dynamics in wavelength switching and sweeping are analyzed in detail. A theoretical analysis on the effect of the SAG is also described.

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  1. J. C. Yong, M. S. Lee and B. Y. Kim, "Tunable single-frequency Er3+-doped fiber laser using all-fiber acousto-optic bandpass filter," in Proc. CLEO Pacific Rim, 2001, Paper WI2-2,. pp. II-480-II-481.
  2. S. H. Chang, I. K. Hwang, B. Y. Kim and H. G. Park, "Widely tunable single-frequency Er-doped fiber laser with long linear cavity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 287-289, Apr. 2001.
  3. Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner and J. Feinberg, "40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, no. 11, pp. 1167-1169, Nov. 2001.
  4. N. J. C. Libatique, L. Wang and R. K. Jain, "Single-longitudinal-mode tunable WDM-channel-selectable fiber laser," Opt. Express, vol. 10, no. 25, pp. 1503-1507, Dec. 2002.
  5. H. Chen, F. Babin, M. Leblanc and G. W. Schinn, "Widely tunable single-frequency erbium-doped fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 185-187, Feb. 2003.
  6. M. Horowitz, R. Daisy, B. Fischer and J. L. Zyskind, "Linewidth-narrowing mechanism in lasers by nonlinear wave mixing," Opt. Lett., vol. 19, no. 18, pp. 1406-1408, Sep. 1994.
  7. Y. Cheng, J. T. Kringlebotn, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming and D. N. Payne, "Stable single-frequency traveling-wave fiber loop laser with integral saturable-absorber-based tracking narrow-band filter," Opt. Lett., vol. 20, no. 8, pp. 875-877, Apr. 1995.
  8. H. S. Kim, S. H. Yun, I. K. Hwang and B. Y. Kim, "All-fiber acousto-optic tunable notch filter with electronically controllable spectral profile," Opt. Lett., vol. 22, no. 19, pp. 1476-1478, Oct. 1997.
  9. M. S. Lee, I. K. Hwang and B. Y. Kim, "Acousto-optic tunable bandpass filter," in Proc. OECC/IOOC, 2001, pp. 324-325.
  10. T. E. Dimmick, D. A. Satorius and G. L. Burdge, "All-fiber acousto-optic tunable bandpass filter," in Proc. OFC, 2001, pp. WJ3-1-WJ3-3.
  11. S. Choi, T. J. Eom, J. W. Yu, B. H. Lee and K. Oh, "Novel all-fiber bandpass filter based on hollow optical fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, no. 12, pp. 1701-1703, Dec. 2002.
  12. L. F. Stokes, M. Chodorow and H. J. Shaw, "All-single-mode fiber resonator," Opt. Lett., vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 288-290, Jun. 1982.
  13. J. Blake, "Two-mode optical fiber devices," Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Electrical Engineering, Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA, 1988.
  14. L. A. Glasser, "A linearized theory for the diode laser in an external cavity," IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. QE-16, no. 5, pp. 525-531, May 1980.
  15. R. Nagarajan, S. Levy and J. E. Bowers, "Millimeter wave narrowband optical fiber links using external cavity semiconductor lasers," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 127-136, Jan. 1994.
  16. T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi and A. Nakayama, "Novel method for high resolution measurement of laser output spectrum," Electron. Lett., vol. 16, no. 16, pp. 630-631, Jul. 1980.
  17. P. Gallion and G. Debarge, "Quantum phase noise and field correlation in single frequency semiconductor laser systems," IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. QE-20, no. 4, pp. 343-349, Apr. 1984.
  18. B. Y. Kim, J. N. Blake, H. E. Engan and H. J. Shaw, "All-fiber acousto-optic frequency shifter," Opt. Lett., vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 389-391, Jun. 1986.
  19. M. Y. Frankel, R. D. Esman and J. F. Weller, "Rapid continuous tuning of a single-polarization fiber ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 591-593, May 1994.
  20. Y. T. Chieng, G. J. Cowle and R. A. Minasian, "Optimization of wavelength tuning of erbium-doped fiber ring lasers," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 14, no. 7, pp. 1730-1739, Jul. 1996.
  21. A. E. Siegman, Lasers, Mill Valley, CA: Univ. Science Books, 1986.
  22. E. Desurvire, "Analysis of transient gain saturation and recovery in erbium-doped fiber amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 1, no. 8, pp. 196-199, Aug. 1989.
  23. H. S. Kim, S. K. Kim and B. Y. Kim, "Longitudinal mode control in few-mode erbium-doped fiber laser," Opt. Lett., vol. 21, no. 15, pp. 1144-1146, Aug. 1996.
  24. P. Z. Dashti, C. S. Kim, Q. Li and H. P. Lee, "Demonstration of a novel all-fiber bandpass acousto-optic tunable filter," presented at the Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Anaheim, CA, Paper OFC2, 2005.

Other (24)

J. C. Yong, M. S. Lee and B. Y. Kim, "Tunable single-frequency Er3+-doped fiber laser using all-fiber acousto-optic bandpass filter," in Proc. CLEO Pacific Rim, 2001, Paper WI2-2,. pp. II-480-II-481.

S. H. Chang, I. K. Hwang, B. Y. Kim and H. G. Park, "Widely tunable single-frequency Er-doped fiber laser with long linear cavity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 287-289, Apr. 2001.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner and J. Feinberg, "40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, no. 11, pp. 1167-1169, Nov. 2001.

N. J. C. Libatique, L. Wang and R. K. Jain, "Single-longitudinal-mode tunable WDM-channel-selectable fiber laser," Opt. Express, vol. 10, no. 25, pp. 1503-1507, Dec. 2002.

H. Chen, F. Babin, M. Leblanc and G. W. Schinn, "Widely tunable single-frequency erbium-doped fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 185-187, Feb. 2003.

M. Horowitz, R. Daisy, B. Fischer and J. L. Zyskind, "Linewidth-narrowing mechanism in lasers by nonlinear wave mixing," Opt. Lett., vol. 19, no. 18, pp. 1406-1408, Sep. 1994.

Y. Cheng, J. T. Kringlebotn, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming and D. N. Payne, "Stable single-frequency traveling-wave fiber loop laser with integral saturable-absorber-based tracking narrow-band filter," Opt. Lett., vol. 20, no. 8, pp. 875-877, Apr. 1995.

H. S. Kim, S. H. Yun, I. K. Hwang and B. Y. Kim, "All-fiber acousto-optic tunable notch filter with electronically controllable spectral profile," Opt. Lett., vol. 22, no. 19, pp. 1476-1478, Oct. 1997.

M. S. Lee, I. K. Hwang and B. Y. Kim, "Acousto-optic tunable bandpass filter," in Proc. OECC/IOOC, 2001, pp. 324-325.

T. E. Dimmick, D. A. Satorius and G. L. Burdge, "All-fiber acousto-optic tunable bandpass filter," in Proc. OFC, 2001, pp. WJ3-1-WJ3-3.

S. Choi, T. J. Eom, J. W. Yu, B. H. Lee and K. Oh, "Novel all-fiber bandpass filter based on hollow optical fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, no. 12, pp. 1701-1703, Dec. 2002.

L. F. Stokes, M. Chodorow and H. J. Shaw, "All-single-mode fiber resonator," Opt. Lett., vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 288-290, Jun. 1982.

J. Blake, "Two-mode optical fiber devices," Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Electrical Engineering, Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA, 1988.

L. A. Glasser, "A linearized theory for the diode laser in an external cavity," IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. QE-16, no. 5, pp. 525-531, May 1980.

R. Nagarajan, S. Levy and J. E. Bowers, "Millimeter wave narrowband optical fiber links using external cavity semiconductor lasers," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 127-136, Jan. 1994.

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi and A. Nakayama, "Novel method for high resolution measurement of laser output spectrum," Electron. Lett., vol. 16, no. 16, pp. 630-631, Jul. 1980.

P. Gallion and G. Debarge, "Quantum phase noise and field correlation in single frequency semiconductor laser systems," IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. QE-20, no. 4, pp. 343-349, Apr. 1984.

B. Y. Kim, J. N. Blake, H. E. Engan and H. J. Shaw, "All-fiber acousto-optic frequency shifter," Opt. Lett., vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 389-391, Jun. 1986.

M. Y. Frankel, R. D. Esman and J. F. Weller, "Rapid continuous tuning of a single-polarization fiber ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 591-593, May 1994.

Y. T. Chieng, G. J. Cowle and R. A. Minasian, "Optimization of wavelength tuning of erbium-doped fiber ring lasers," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 14, no. 7, pp. 1730-1739, Jul. 1996.

A. E. Siegman, Lasers, Mill Valley, CA: Univ. Science Books, 1986.

E. Desurvire, "Analysis of transient gain saturation and recovery in erbium-doped fiber amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 1, no. 8, pp. 196-199, Aug. 1989.

H. S. Kim, S. K. Kim and B. Y. Kim, "Longitudinal mode control in few-mode erbium-doped fiber laser," Opt. Lett., vol. 21, no. 15, pp. 1144-1146, Aug. 1996.

P. Z. Dashti, C. S. Kim, Q. Li and H. P. Lee, "Demonstration of a novel all-fiber bandpass acousto-optic tunable filter," presented at the Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Anaheim, CA, Paper OFC2, 2005.

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