Abstract

Sensitivity, fringe contrast, and dynamic range are the three most important parameters in the theoretical performance evaluation of fiber Fabry-Pérot (F-P) interferometric sensors. This paper theoretically models the effect that the cavity length, the F-P finesse, the source bandwidth, mirror misalignments and symmetry play in the sensitivity, fringe contrast, and dynamic range of a fiber F-P interferometer interrogated with a low-coherence light source. The developed systematic fiber F-P interferometer analysis approach and the numerical analysis results on both guided and unguided fiber F-P interferometer (FFPI) sensors may provide useful guidance for sensor design optimization.

© 2006 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |

  1. C. E. Lee, W. N. Gibler, R. A. Atkins and H. F. Taylor, "In-line fiber Fabry-Pérot interferometer with high-reflectivity internal mirrors," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 10, no. 10, pp. 1376-1379, Oct. 1992.
  2. M. N. Inci, S. R. Kidd, J. S. Barton and J. D. C. Jones, "Fabrication of single-mode fibre optic Fabry-Pérot interferometers using fusion spliced titanium dioxide optical coatings," Meas. Sci. Technol., vol. 3, no. 7, pp. 678-684, Jul. 1992.
  3. K. A. Murphy, M. F. Gunther, A. Wang, R. O. Claus and A. M. Vengsarkar, "Extrinsic Fabry-Pérot optical fiber sensor," in Proc. 8th Opt. Fiber Sens. Conf., Jan. 29-31 1992, pp. 193-196.
  4. N. Fürstenau, M. Schmidt, H. Horack, W. Goetze and W. Schmidt, "Extrinsic Fabry-Pérot interferometer vibration and acoustic systems for airport ground traffic monitoring," Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng.-Optoelectron., vol. 144, no. 3, pp. 134-144, Jun. 1997.
  5. A. Wang, H. Xiao, J. Wang, Z. Wang, W. Zhao and R. G. May, "Self-calibrated interferometric-intensity-based optical fiber sensors," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 19, no. 10, pp. 1495-1501, Oct. 2001.
  6. J. Sirkis, et al. "In-line fiber etalon (ILFE) fiber optic strain sensors," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 13, no. 7, pp. 1256-1263, Jul. 1995.
  7. B. Yu, D. W. Kim, J. Deng, H. Xiao and A. Wang, "Fiber Fabry-Pérot sensors for partial discharge detection in power transformers," Appl. Opt., vol. 42, no. 16, pp. 3241-3250, Jun. 2003.
  8. M. A. Chan, S. D. Collins and R. L. Smith, "A micromachined pressure sensor with fiber-optic interferometric readout," Sens. Actuators A, Phys., vol. 43, no. 1-3, pp. 196-201, May 1994.
  9. P. C. Beard and T. N. Mills, "Extrinsic optical-fiber ultrasound sensor using a thin polymer film as a low-finesse Fabry-Pérot interferometer," Appl. Opt., vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 663-675, Feb. 1996.
  10. J. L. Santos and D. A. Jackson, "Optical fiber sensing with a low-finesse Fabry-Pérot cavity," Appl. Opt., vol. 31, no. 34, pp. 7361-7366, 1992.
  11. C. E. Lee and H. F. Taylor, "Fiber-optic Fabry-Pérot temperature sensor using a low-coherence source," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 129-134, Jan. 1991.
  12. Y. N. Ning, K. T. V. Grattan and A. W. Palmer, "Fibre-optic interferometric systems using low-coherent light sources," Sens. Actuators A, Phys., vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 181-192, Feb. 1992.
  13. Y. J. Rao and D. A. Jackson, "Recent progress in fibre optic low-coherence interferometry," Meas. Sci. Technol., vol. 7, no. 7, pp. 981-999, Jul. 1996.
  14. D. A. Jackson, "Recent progress in monomode fibre-optic sensors," Meas. Sci. Technol., vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 621-638, Jun. 1994.
  15. P. Gysel and R. K. Staubli, "Statistical properties of Raleigh backscattering in single-mode fibers," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 561-567, Apr. 1990.
  16. V. Arya, M. D. Vries, K. A. Murphy, A. Wang and R. O. Claus, "Exact analysis of the extrinsic Fabry-Pérot interferometric optical fiber sensor using Kirchhoff's diffraction formalism," Opt. Fiber Technol., vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 380-384, Oct. 1995.
  17. H. Xiao, J. D. Deng, G. Pickrell, R. G. May and A. Wang, "Single-crystal sapphire fiber-based strain sensor for high temperature applications," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, no. 10, pp. 2276-2283, Oct. 2003.
  18. S. A. Egorov, A. N. Mamaev, I. G. Likhachiev, Y. A. Ershov, A. S. Voloshin and E. Nir, "Advanced signal processing method for interferometric fiber-optic sensors with straightforward spectral detection," Proc. SPIE, vol. 3201, pp. 44-48, 1997.
  19. J. F. Dorighi, S. Krishnaswamy and J. Achenbach, "Stabilization of an embedded fiber optic Fabry-Pérot sensor for ultra-sound detection," IEEE Trans. Ultrason., Ferroelectr., Freq. Control, vol. 42, no. 5, pp. 820-824, Sep. 1995.
  20. B. Yu and A. Wang, "Grating-assisted demodulation of interferometric optical sensors," Appl. Opt., vol. 42, no. 34, pp. 6824-6829, Dec. 2003.
  21. M. Born and E. Wolf, Principle of Optics, New York: Pergamon, 1975, pp. 360-367.
  22. Y. J. Rao, D. Webb and D. A. Jackson, "Design study of fiber-optic based Fabry-Pérot type interferometric sensors using low-coherence signal recovery," in Proc. SPIE-Fiber Opt. and Laser Sens. XI, vol. 2070, 1993,Paper 35,. pp. 360-371.
  23. D. Marcuse and J. Stone, "Coupling efficiency of front surface and multilayer mirrors as fiber-end reflectors," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. LT-4, no. 4, pp. 377-381, Apr. 1986.

Other (23)

C. E. Lee, W. N. Gibler, R. A. Atkins and H. F. Taylor, "In-line fiber Fabry-Pérot interferometer with high-reflectivity internal mirrors," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 10, no. 10, pp. 1376-1379, Oct. 1992.

M. N. Inci, S. R. Kidd, J. S. Barton and J. D. C. Jones, "Fabrication of single-mode fibre optic Fabry-Pérot interferometers using fusion spliced titanium dioxide optical coatings," Meas. Sci. Technol., vol. 3, no. 7, pp. 678-684, Jul. 1992.

K. A. Murphy, M. F. Gunther, A. Wang, R. O. Claus and A. M. Vengsarkar, "Extrinsic Fabry-Pérot optical fiber sensor," in Proc. 8th Opt. Fiber Sens. Conf., Jan. 29-31 1992, pp. 193-196.

N. Fürstenau, M. Schmidt, H. Horack, W. Goetze and W. Schmidt, "Extrinsic Fabry-Pérot interferometer vibration and acoustic systems for airport ground traffic monitoring," Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng.-Optoelectron., vol. 144, no. 3, pp. 134-144, Jun. 1997.

A. Wang, H. Xiao, J. Wang, Z. Wang, W. Zhao and R. G. May, "Self-calibrated interferometric-intensity-based optical fiber sensors," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 19, no. 10, pp. 1495-1501, Oct. 2001.

J. Sirkis, et al. "In-line fiber etalon (ILFE) fiber optic strain sensors," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 13, no. 7, pp. 1256-1263, Jul. 1995.

B. Yu, D. W. Kim, J. Deng, H. Xiao and A. Wang, "Fiber Fabry-Pérot sensors for partial discharge detection in power transformers," Appl. Opt., vol. 42, no. 16, pp. 3241-3250, Jun. 2003.

M. A. Chan, S. D. Collins and R. L. Smith, "A micromachined pressure sensor with fiber-optic interferometric readout," Sens. Actuators A, Phys., vol. 43, no. 1-3, pp. 196-201, May 1994.

P. C. Beard and T. N. Mills, "Extrinsic optical-fiber ultrasound sensor using a thin polymer film as a low-finesse Fabry-Pérot interferometer," Appl. Opt., vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 663-675, Feb. 1996.

J. L. Santos and D. A. Jackson, "Optical fiber sensing with a low-finesse Fabry-Pérot cavity," Appl. Opt., vol. 31, no. 34, pp. 7361-7366, 1992.

C. E. Lee and H. F. Taylor, "Fiber-optic Fabry-Pérot temperature sensor using a low-coherence source," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 129-134, Jan. 1991.

Y. N. Ning, K. T. V. Grattan and A. W. Palmer, "Fibre-optic interferometric systems using low-coherent light sources," Sens. Actuators A, Phys., vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 181-192, Feb. 1992.

Y. J. Rao and D. A. Jackson, "Recent progress in fibre optic low-coherence interferometry," Meas. Sci. Technol., vol. 7, no. 7, pp. 981-999, Jul. 1996.

D. A. Jackson, "Recent progress in monomode fibre-optic sensors," Meas. Sci. Technol., vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 621-638, Jun. 1994.

P. Gysel and R. K. Staubli, "Statistical properties of Raleigh backscattering in single-mode fibers," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 561-567, Apr. 1990.

V. Arya, M. D. Vries, K. A. Murphy, A. Wang and R. O. Claus, "Exact analysis of the extrinsic Fabry-Pérot interferometric optical fiber sensor using Kirchhoff's diffraction formalism," Opt. Fiber Technol., vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 380-384, Oct. 1995.

H. Xiao, J. D. Deng, G. Pickrell, R. G. May and A. Wang, "Single-crystal sapphire fiber-based strain sensor for high temperature applications," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, no. 10, pp. 2276-2283, Oct. 2003.

S. A. Egorov, A. N. Mamaev, I. G. Likhachiev, Y. A. Ershov, A. S. Voloshin and E. Nir, "Advanced signal processing method for interferometric fiber-optic sensors with straightforward spectral detection," Proc. SPIE, vol. 3201, pp. 44-48, 1997.

J. F. Dorighi, S. Krishnaswamy and J. Achenbach, "Stabilization of an embedded fiber optic Fabry-Pérot sensor for ultra-sound detection," IEEE Trans. Ultrason., Ferroelectr., Freq. Control, vol. 42, no. 5, pp. 820-824, Sep. 1995.

B. Yu and A. Wang, "Grating-assisted demodulation of interferometric optical sensors," Appl. Opt., vol. 42, no. 34, pp. 6824-6829, Dec. 2003.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principle of Optics, New York: Pergamon, 1975, pp. 360-367.

Y. J. Rao, D. Webb and D. A. Jackson, "Design study of fiber-optic based Fabry-Pérot type interferometric sensors using low-coherence signal recovery," in Proc. SPIE-Fiber Opt. and Laser Sens. XI, vol. 2070, 1993,Paper 35,. pp. 360-371.

D. Marcuse and J. Stone, "Coupling efficiency of front surface and multilayer mirrors as fiber-end reflectors," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. LT-4, no. 4, pp. 377-381, Apr. 1986.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.