Abstract

In this paper, a technoeconomical study of several (optical) packet-switching node architectures is described. Therefore, different architectures proposed in IST-WASPNET and IST-LASAGNE projects as well as a standard optical circuit switching approach are considered, and their economical impact is estimated by means of cost comparisons between the different technologies. The switching architectures all use optical fiber as a transport medium, but each of them uses a different technology to process switching. Their cost is evaluated as a function of most characteristic parameters for each technology. In the all-optical approaches, the main cost is that related to the fiber assembly, whereas for electronic processing, the most expensive cost is related to the optical-electronic-optical (OEO) conversions. The results show that the integration of optical components is crucial to make all-optical packet-switching nodes feasible.

© 2006 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |

  1. P. R. Prucnal, et al. "All-optical processing in switching networks," IEEE LEOS Newsl., vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 13-14, 2002.
  2. D. J. Blumenthal, et al. "Optical packet-switching and associated optical signal processing," IEEE LEOS Newsl., vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 39-41, 2002.
  3. H. J. S. Dorren, et al. "Optical packet-switching and buffering by using all-optical signal processing methods," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 2-12, Jan. 2003.
  4. D. J. Blumenthal, et al. "All-optical label swapping networks and technologies," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 18, no. 12, pp. 2058-2075, Dec. 2000.
  5. A. Caren, et al. "OPERA: An optical packet experimental routing architecture with label swapping capability," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 16, no. 12, pp. 2135-2145, Dec. 1998.
  6. K. G. Vlachos, et al. "STOLAS: Switching technologies for optically labeled signals," IEEE Comm. Mag., vol. 41, no. 11, pp. S9-S15, Nov. 2003.
  7. C. Guillemot, et al. "Transparent optical packet-switching: The European ACTS KEOPS project approach," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 16, no. 12, pp. 2117-2134, Dec. 1998.
  8. F. Ramos, et al. "IST-LASAGNE: Towards all-optical label swapping employing optical logic gates and optical flip-flops," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 23, no. 10, pp. 2993-3011, Oct. 2005.
  9. J. Derkacz, et al. "IP/OTN cost model and photonic equipment cost forecast-IST LION PROJECT," in Proc. 4th Workshop Telecommun. Techno-Economic, Rennes, France,May 2002, pp. 126-138.
  10. R. S. Tucker and W. D. Zhong, "Photonic packet-switching: An overview," IEICE Trans. Electron., vol. C, no. 2, pp. 202-212, Feb. 1999.
  11. E. Kehayas, et al. "Packet-format and network-traffic transparent optical signal processing," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 22, no. 11, pp. 2548-2556, Nov. 2004.
  12. H. Uenohara, T. Seki and K. Kobayashi, "Four-bit optical header processing and wavelength routing performance of optical packet-switch with optical digital-to-analogue conversion-type header processor," Electron. Lett., vol. 40, no. 9, pp. 558-559, Apr. 2004.
  13. H. Harai, et al. "Contention resolution using multi-stage fiber delay line buffer in a photonic packet-switch," in Proc. IEEE ICC, vol. 5, 2002, pp. 2843-2847.
  14. M. G. Hluchyj and M. J. Karol, "Queueing in high-performance packet-switching," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 6, no. 9, pp. 1587-1597, Dec. 1988.
  15. D. K. Hunter, et al. "WASPNET: A wavelength switched packet network," IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 120-129, Mar. 1999.
  16. C. Bintjas, et al. "All-optical packet address and payload separation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, no. 12, pp. 1728-1730, Dec. 2002.
  17. J. M. Martinez, F. Ramos and J. Marti, "All-optical packet header processor based on cascaded SOA-MZIs," Electron. Lett., vol. 40, no. 14, pp. 894-895, Jul. 2004.
  18. C. Bintjas, et al. "Clock recovery circuit for optical packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, no. 9, pp. 1363-1365, Sep. 2002.
  19. R. Van Caenegem, et al. "All-optical label swapping versus label stripping: A node dimensioning point of view," in Proc. ECOC, Stockholm, Sweden, 2004, pp. 940-941.
  20. J. Cheyns, et al. "Evaluating cost functions for OPS node architectures: A packaging driven approach," in Proc. ONDM, Ghent, Belgium, 2004, pp. 37-56.
  21. S. Y. Chou, "Subwavelength optical elements (SOEs) and nanofabrications: A path to integrate optical communication components on a chip," in Proc. 15th Annu. Meeting IEEE Lasers Electro-Opt. Soc., vol. 2, 2002, pp. 574-575.

Other

P. R. Prucnal, et al. "All-optical processing in switching networks," IEEE LEOS Newsl., vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 13-14, 2002.

D. J. Blumenthal, et al. "Optical packet-switching and associated optical signal processing," IEEE LEOS Newsl., vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 39-41, 2002.

H. J. S. Dorren, et al. "Optical packet-switching and buffering by using all-optical signal processing methods," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 2-12, Jan. 2003.

D. J. Blumenthal, et al. "All-optical label swapping networks and technologies," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 18, no. 12, pp. 2058-2075, Dec. 2000.

A. Caren, et al. "OPERA: An optical packet experimental routing architecture with label swapping capability," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 16, no. 12, pp. 2135-2145, Dec. 1998.

K. G. Vlachos, et al. "STOLAS: Switching technologies for optically labeled signals," IEEE Comm. Mag., vol. 41, no. 11, pp. S9-S15, Nov. 2003.

C. Guillemot, et al. "Transparent optical packet-switching: The European ACTS KEOPS project approach," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 16, no. 12, pp. 2117-2134, Dec. 1998.

F. Ramos, et al. "IST-LASAGNE: Towards all-optical label swapping employing optical logic gates and optical flip-flops," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 23, no. 10, pp. 2993-3011, Oct. 2005.

J. Derkacz, et al. "IP/OTN cost model and photonic equipment cost forecast-IST LION PROJECT," in Proc. 4th Workshop Telecommun. Techno-Economic, Rennes, France,May 2002, pp. 126-138.

R. S. Tucker and W. D. Zhong, "Photonic packet-switching: An overview," IEICE Trans. Electron., vol. C, no. 2, pp. 202-212, Feb. 1999.

E. Kehayas, et al. "Packet-format and network-traffic transparent optical signal processing," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 22, no. 11, pp. 2548-2556, Nov. 2004.

H. Uenohara, T. Seki and K. Kobayashi, "Four-bit optical header processing and wavelength routing performance of optical packet-switch with optical digital-to-analogue conversion-type header processor," Electron. Lett., vol. 40, no. 9, pp. 558-559, Apr. 2004.

H. Harai, et al. "Contention resolution using multi-stage fiber delay line buffer in a photonic packet-switch," in Proc. IEEE ICC, vol. 5, 2002, pp. 2843-2847.

M. G. Hluchyj and M. J. Karol, "Queueing in high-performance packet-switching," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 6, no. 9, pp. 1587-1597, Dec. 1988.

D. K. Hunter, et al. "WASPNET: A wavelength switched packet network," IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 120-129, Mar. 1999.

C. Bintjas, et al. "All-optical packet address and payload separation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, no. 12, pp. 1728-1730, Dec. 2002.

J. M. Martinez, F. Ramos and J. Marti, "All-optical packet header processor based on cascaded SOA-MZIs," Electron. Lett., vol. 40, no. 14, pp. 894-895, Jul. 2004.

C. Bintjas, et al. "Clock recovery circuit for optical packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, no. 9, pp. 1363-1365, Sep. 2002.

R. Van Caenegem, et al. "All-optical label swapping versus label stripping: A node dimensioning point of view," in Proc. ECOC, Stockholm, Sweden, 2004, pp. 940-941.

J. Cheyns, et al. "Evaluating cost functions for OPS node architectures: A packaging driven approach," in Proc. ONDM, Ghent, Belgium, 2004, pp. 37-56.

S. Y. Chou, "Subwavelength optical elements (SOEs) and nanofabrications: A path to integrate optical communication components on a chip," in Proc. 15th Annu. Meeting IEEE Lasers Electro-Opt. Soc., vol. 2, 2002, pp. 574-575.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.