Abstract

A general technique to design a multichannel fiber Bragg grating (FBG) is reported, which incurs the minimum refractive change of the core. The grating thus designed can compensate a large number of wavelength channels with different dispersion and different spacing. It also enables the design of a multichannel optical add-drop multiplexer (OADM), and at the same time, the channels are dispersion compensated. The technique is extended to linearize the group time delay of the grating by the inclusion of the third-order chirping factor of each channel. Finally, the fabrication tolerance of such FBG is discussed.

© 2006 IEEE

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  1. F. Ouellette, P. A. Krug, T. Stephens, G. Dhosi and B. Eggleton, "Broadband and WDM dispersion compensation using chirped sampled fiber Bragg gratings," Electron. Lett., vol. 31, no. 11, pp. 899-901, May 1995.
  2. M. Ibsen, M. K. Durkin, M. J. Cole and R. I. Laming, "Sinc-sampled fiber Bragg gratings for identical multiple wavelength operation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 842-844, Jun. 1998.
  3. X.-F. Chen, Y. Luo, C.-C. Fan and S.-Z. Xie, "Analytical expression of sampled Bragg gratings with chirp in the sampling period and its application in dispersion management design in a WDM system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, no. 8, pp. 1013-1015, Aug. 2000.
  4. K. Y. Kolossovski, R. A. Sammut, A. V. Buryak and D. Y. Stepanov, "Three-step design optimization for multi-channel fiber Bragg gratings," Opt. Express, vol. 11, no. 9, pp. 1029-1038, May 2003.
  5. H. Li, Y. Sheng, Y. Li and J. E. Rothenberg, "Phase-only sampled fiber Bragg gratings for high channel counts chromatic dispersion compensation," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 13, no. 9, pp. 2074-2083, Sep. 2003.
  6. W. H. Loh, F. Q. Zhou and J. J. Pan, "Sampled fiber grating based-dispersion slope compensation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, no. 10, pp. 1280-1282, Oct. 1999.
  7. H. Lee and G. P. Agrawal, "Purely phase-sampled fiber Bragg gratings for broad-band dispersion and dispersion slope compensation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 1091-1093, Aug. 2003.
  8. M. Morin, M. Poulin, A. Mailloux, F. Trépanier and Y. Painchaud, "Full C-band slope-matched dispersion compensation based on a phase sampled Bragg grating," in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., vol. 1, Los Angeles, CA, 2004, pp. 740-742.
  9. Y. Painchaud, A. Mailloux, H. Chotard, E. Pelletier and M. Guy, "Multi-channel fibre Bragg gratings for dispersion and slope compensation," in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) Conf., Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2002, pp. 581-582.
  10. A. V. Buryak, K. Y. Kolossovski and D. Y. Stepanov, "Optimization of refractive index sampling for multichannel fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 91-98, Jan. 2003.
  11. Q. Wu, C. Yu, K. Wang, X. Wang, Z. Yu, H. P. Chan and P. L. Chu, "New sampling-based design of simultaneous compensation of both dispersion and dispersion slope for multichannel fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 381-383, Feb. 2005.
  12. C. Houck, J. Joines and M. Kay, "A genetic algorithm for function optimization: A Matlab implementation," North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, Tech. Rep. NCSU-IE TR 95-09, 1995.
  13. H. Lee and G. P. Agrawal, "Add-drop multiplexers and interleavers with broad-band chromatic dispersion compensation based on purely phase-sampled fiber gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 635-637, Feb. 2004.
  14. S. J. Mihailov, F. Bilodeau, K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, D. Stryckman and C. Shu, "Comparison of fiber Bragg grating dispersion-compensators made with holographic and E-beam written phase masks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 572-574, May 1999.
  15. Q. Wu, C. Yu, K. Wang, X. Xin, X. Wang and Z. Yu, "Analysis of nonuniformities of sampled fiber Bragg gratings," Appl. Opt., vol. 43, no. 31, pp. 5832-5837, Nov. 2004.

Other (15)

F. Ouellette, P. A. Krug, T. Stephens, G. Dhosi and B. Eggleton, "Broadband and WDM dispersion compensation using chirped sampled fiber Bragg gratings," Electron. Lett., vol. 31, no. 11, pp. 899-901, May 1995.

M. Ibsen, M. K. Durkin, M. J. Cole and R. I. Laming, "Sinc-sampled fiber Bragg gratings for identical multiple wavelength operation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 842-844, Jun. 1998.

X.-F. Chen, Y. Luo, C.-C. Fan and S.-Z. Xie, "Analytical expression of sampled Bragg gratings with chirp in the sampling period and its application in dispersion management design in a WDM system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, no. 8, pp. 1013-1015, Aug. 2000.

K. Y. Kolossovski, R. A. Sammut, A. V. Buryak and D. Y. Stepanov, "Three-step design optimization for multi-channel fiber Bragg gratings," Opt. Express, vol. 11, no. 9, pp. 1029-1038, May 2003.

H. Li, Y. Sheng, Y. Li and J. E. Rothenberg, "Phase-only sampled fiber Bragg gratings for high channel counts chromatic dispersion compensation," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 13, no. 9, pp. 2074-2083, Sep. 2003.

W. H. Loh, F. Q. Zhou and J. J. Pan, "Sampled fiber grating based-dispersion slope compensation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, no. 10, pp. 1280-1282, Oct. 1999.

H. Lee and G. P. Agrawal, "Purely phase-sampled fiber Bragg gratings for broad-band dispersion and dispersion slope compensation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 1091-1093, Aug. 2003.

M. Morin, M. Poulin, A. Mailloux, F. Trépanier and Y. Painchaud, "Full C-band slope-matched dispersion compensation based on a phase sampled Bragg grating," in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., vol. 1, Los Angeles, CA, 2004, pp. 740-742.

Y. Painchaud, A. Mailloux, H. Chotard, E. Pelletier and M. Guy, "Multi-channel fibre Bragg gratings for dispersion and slope compensation," in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) Conf., Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2002, pp. 581-582.

A. V. Buryak, K. Y. Kolossovski and D. Y. Stepanov, "Optimization of refractive index sampling for multichannel fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 91-98, Jan. 2003.

Q. Wu, C. Yu, K. Wang, X. Wang, Z. Yu, H. P. Chan and P. L. Chu, "New sampling-based design of simultaneous compensation of both dispersion and dispersion slope for multichannel fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 381-383, Feb. 2005.

C. Houck, J. Joines and M. Kay, "A genetic algorithm for function optimization: A Matlab implementation," North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, Tech. Rep. NCSU-IE TR 95-09, 1995.

H. Lee and G. P. Agrawal, "Add-drop multiplexers and interleavers with broad-band chromatic dispersion compensation based on purely phase-sampled fiber gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 635-637, Feb. 2004.

S. J. Mihailov, F. Bilodeau, K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, D. Stryckman and C. Shu, "Comparison of fiber Bragg grating dispersion-compensators made with holographic and E-beam written phase masks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 572-574, May 1999.

Q. Wu, C. Yu, K. Wang, X. Xin, X. Wang and Z. Yu, "Analysis of nonuniformities of sampled fiber Bragg gratings," Appl. Opt., vol. 43, no. 31, pp. 5832-5837, Nov. 2004.

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