Abstract

Uniaxially patterned (UAP) dielectric layers have an optical anisotropy that can be externally controlled. This paper examines the effects of patterning the cladding or the core layer of a three-layer optical waveguide on the polarization properties of propagating radiation. Particular attention is paid to the case when the core material is a semiconductor with optical gain. A number of devices are discussed based on incorporating a UAP layer in the structure design, such as a polarization-insensitive amplifier, a polarizer, an optically controlled polarization switch, and an optically controlled modal coupler.

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  1. E. Yablonovitch, "Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics," Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 58, no. 20, pp. 2059-2062, May 1987.
  2. O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O'Brien, P. D. Dapkus and I. Kim, "Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser," Science, vol. 284, no. 5421, pp. 1819-1821, Jun. 1999.
  3. S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos and L. A. Kolodziejski, "Guided modes in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. B, Condens. Matter, vol. 60, no. 8, pp. 5751-5758, Aug. 1999.
  4. M. Plihal and A. A. Maradudin, "Photonic band structure of two-dimensional systems: The triangular lattice," Phys. Rev. B, Condens. Matter, vol. 44, no. 16, pp. 8565-8571, Oct. 1991.
  5. J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light, Princeton, NJ: Princeton Univ. Press, 1995.
  6. N. A. Nicorovici, R. C. McPhedran and L. C. Botten, "Photonic band gaps: Noncommuting limits and the ‘acoustic band’," Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 75, no. 8, pp. 1507-1520, Aug. 1995.
  7. A. K. Sarychev and V. M. Shalaev, "Electromagnetic field fluctuations and optical nonlinearities in metal-dielectric composites," Phys. Rep., vol. 335, no. 6, pp. 275-371, Sep. 2000.
  8. F. Genereux, S. W. Leonard and H. M. van Driel, "Large birefringence in two-dimensional silicon photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B, Condens. Matter, vol. 63, no. 16, pp. 161101-161105, Apr. 2001.
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  13. Y.-Z. Huang, Z. Pan and R.-H. Wu, "Analysis of optical confinement in semiconductor lasers," J. Appl. Phys., vol. 79, no. 8, pp. 3827-3830, 1996.
  14. C. Cloutier and J. Xu, "Laser-Like Emission From a Periodic All-Silicon Nanostructure," 2004.
  15. X. Wu, A. Yamilov, X. Liu, S. Li, V. P. Dravid, R. P. H. Chang and H. Cao, "Ultraviolet Photonic Crystal Laser," 2004.
  16. M. D. B. Charton, S. W. Roberts and G. J. Parker, "Guided mode analysis and fabrication of a 2-dimensional visible photonic band structure confined within a planar semiconductor waveguide," Mater. Sci. Eng. B, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 155-165, Sep. 1998.
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  21. J. M. Hammer, G. A. Evans, G. Ozgur and J. K. Butler, "Isolators, polarizers and other optical waveguide devices using a resonant-layer effect," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 1754-1763, Jul. 2004.
  22. K. J. Ebeling, Integrated Opto-Electronics, Berlin: Germany: Springer-Verlag, 1993, pp. 143-170.
  23. L. Torner, F. Canal and J. Hernandez-Marco, "Leaky modes in multilayer uniaxial optical waveguides," Appl. Opt., vol. 29, no. 18, pp. 2805-2814, Jun. 1990.
  24. S. Guel-Sandoval, A. H. Paxton, S. T. Srinivasan, S. Sun, S. D. Hersee, M. S. Allen, C. E. Moeller, D. J. Gallant, G. C. Dente and J. G. McInerney, "Novel high-power and coherent semiconductor laser with a shaped unstable resonator," Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 66, no. 16, pp. 2048-2050, Apr. 1995.
  25. A. K. Chan, C. P. Lai and H. F. Taylor, "Antiguiding index profiles in broad strip semiconductor lasers for high-power, single-mode operation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 489-495, Mar. 1988.
  26. A. E. Siegman, "Propagating modes in gain-guided optical fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A, Opt. Image Sci., vol. 20, no. 8, pp. 1617-1628, Aug. 2003.

Other (26)

E. Yablonovitch, "Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics," Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 58, no. 20, pp. 2059-2062, May 1987.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O'Brien, P. D. Dapkus and I. Kim, "Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser," Science, vol. 284, no. 5421, pp. 1819-1821, Jun. 1999.

S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos and L. A. Kolodziejski, "Guided modes in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. B, Condens. Matter, vol. 60, no. 8, pp. 5751-5758, Aug. 1999.

M. Plihal and A. A. Maradudin, "Photonic band structure of two-dimensional systems: The triangular lattice," Phys. Rev. B, Condens. Matter, vol. 44, no. 16, pp. 8565-8571, Oct. 1991.

J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light, Princeton, NJ: Princeton Univ. Press, 1995.

N. A. Nicorovici, R. C. McPhedran and L. C. Botten, "Photonic band gaps: Noncommuting limits and the ‘acoustic band’," Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 75, no. 8, pp. 1507-1520, Aug. 1995.

A. K. Sarychev and V. M. Shalaev, "Electromagnetic field fluctuations and optical nonlinearities in metal-dielectric composites," Phys. Rep., vol. 335, no. 6, pp. 275-371, Sep. 2000.

F. Genereux, S. W. Leonard and H. M. van Driel, "Large birefringence in two-dimensional silicon photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B, Condens. Matter, vol. 63, no. 16, pp. 161101-161105, Apr. 2001.

P. Halevi and F. Ramos-Mendieta, "Tunable photonic crystals with semiconducting constituents," Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 85, no. 9, pp. 1875-1878, Aug. 2000.

A. A. Krokhin, P. Halevi and J. Arriaga, "Long-wavelength limit (homogenization) for two-dimensional photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B, Condens. Matter, vol. 65, no. 11, p. 115 208, Mar. 2002.

M. J. Adams, An Introduction to Optical Waveguides, New York: Wiley, 1981.

T. D. Visser, H. Blok, B. Demeulenaere and D. Lenstra, "Confinement factors and gain in optical amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 33, no. 10, pp. 1763-1766, Oct. 1997.

Y.-Z. Huang, Z. Pan and R.-H. Wu, "Analysis of optical confinement in semiconductor lasers," J. Appl. Phys., vol. 79, no. 8, pp. 3827-3830, 1996.

C. Cloutier and J. Xu, "Laser-Like Emission From a Periodic All-Silicon Nanostructure," 2004.

X. Wu, A. Yamilov, X. Liu, S. Li, V. P. Dravid, R. P. H. Chang and H. Cao, "Ultraviolet Photonic Crystal Laser," 2004.

M. D. B. Charton, S. W. Roberts and G. J. Parker, "Guided mode analysis and fabrication of a 2-dimensional visible photonic band structure confined within a planar semiconductor waveguide," Mater. Sci. Eng. B, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 155-165, Sep. 1998.

H. C. Casey and M. B. Panish, Heterostructure Lasers; Part A: Fundamental Principles, New York: Academic, 1978, pp. 54-57.

J. Buus, "Analytical approximation for the reflectivity of DH lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. QE-17, no. 12, pp. 2256-2257, Dec. 1981.

M. Levinshtein, S. Rumyantsev and M. Shur, Handbook Series on Semiconductor Parameters, London: U.K.: World Scientific, 1999,vol. 1.

S. W. Leonard, H. M. van Driel, J. Schilling and R. B. Wehrspohn, "Ultrafast band-edge tuning of a two-dimensional silicon photonic crystal via free-carrier injection," Phys. Rev. B, Condens. Matter, vol. 66, no. 16, pp. 161102-161104, Oct. 2002.

J. M. Hammer, G. A. Evans, G. Ozgur and J. K. Butler, "Isolators, polarizers and other optical waveguide devices using a resonant-layer effect," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 1754-1763, Jul. 2004.

K. J. Ebeling, Integrated Opto-Electronics, Berlin: Germany: Springer-Verlag, 1993, pp. 143-170.

L. Torner, F. Canal and J. Hernandez-Marco, "Leaky modes in multilayer uniaxial optical waveguides," Appl. Opt., vol. 29, no. 18, pp. 2805-2814, Jun. 1990.

S. Guel-Sandoval, A. H. Paxton, S. T. Srinivasan, S. Sun, S. D. Hersee, M. S. Allen, C. E. Moeller, D. J. Gallant, G. C. Dente and J. G. McInerney, "Novel high-power and coherent semiconductor laser with a shaped unstable resonator," Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 66, no. 16, pp. 2048-2050, Apr. 1995.

A. K. Chan, C. P. Lai and H. F. Taylor, "Antiguiding index profiles in broad strip semiconductor lasers for high-power, single-mode operation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 489-495, Mar. 1988.

A. E. Siegman, "Propagating modes in gain-guided optical fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A, Opt. Image Sci., vol. 20, no. 8, pp. 1617-1628, Aug. 2003.

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