Abstract

The authors compare both theoretically and experimentally an optical and an electrical method for determining the noise factor (NF) of optical amplifiers. The influence of polarization dependence on the optical method is discussed in detail. The resulting noise measurement method is then used to characterize a novel multiple quantum well (MQW) amplifier, and an electrical noise figure of 6 dB is demonstrated for the first time.

© 2006 IEEE

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References

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  1. A. Labrousse, B. Dagens, R. Brenot, B. Lavigne, S. Squedin, B. Martin, S. Fabre, M. L. Nielsen and M. Renaud, "Standard mode 40 Gb/s performance analysis of evanescent coupling ‘active-passive’ Mach-Zehnder interferometers for all-optical regeneration," Electron. Lett., vol. 39, no. 16, pp. 1201-1202, Aug. 2003.
  2. K. Morito, M. Ekawa, T. Watanabe and Y. Kotaki, "High-output-power polarization-insensitive semiconductor optical amplifier," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 176-181, Jan. 2003.
  3. T. Akiyama, M. Ekawa, M. Sugawara, H. Sudo, K. Kawaguchi, A. Kuramata, H. Ebe, K. Morito, H. Imai and Y. Arakawa, "An ultrawide band (120 nm) semiconductor optical amplifier having an extremely high penalty-free output power of 23 dBm realized with quantum-dot active layer," presented at the Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, PDP12, 2004.
  4. A. Borghesani, et al. "High saturation power (> 16.5 dBm) and low noise figure (< 6 dB) semiconductor optical amplifier for C-band operation," presented at the Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Atlanta, GA, ThO1, 2003.
  5. K. Morito, S. Tanaka, S. Tomabechi and A. Kuramata, "A broadband MQW semiconductor optical amplifier with high saturation output power and low noise figure," presented at the Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications (OAA), San Francisco, CA, PD1, 2004.
  6. D. M. Baney, P. Gallion and R. S. Tucker, "Theory and measurement techniques for the noise figure of optical amplifiers," Opt. Fiber Technol., vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 122-154, Apr. 2000.
  7. K. Dreyer, C. H. Joyner, J. L. Pleumeekers, C. A. Burrus, A. Dentai, B. I. Miller, S. Shunk, P. Sciortino, S. Chandrasekhar, L. Buhl, F. Storz and M. Farwell, "High-gain mode-adapted semiconductor optical amplifier with 12.4-dBm saturation output power at 1550 nm," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 718-721, Apr. 2002.
  8. E. Desurvire, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers: Principles and Applications, New York: Wiley, 1994, pp. 76-77.

Other (8)

A. Labrousse, B. Dagens, R. Brenot, B. Lavigne, S. Squedin, B. Martin, S. Fabre, M. L. Nielsen and M. Renaud, "Standard mode 40 Gb/s performance analysis of evanescent coupling ‘active-passive’ Mach-Zehnder interferometers for all-optical regeneration," Electron. Lett., vol. 39, no. 16, pp. 1201-1202, Aug. 2003.

K. Morito, M. Ekawa, T. Watanabe and Y. Kotaki, "High-output-power polarization-insensitive semiconductor optical amplifier," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 176-181, Jan. 2003.

T. Akiyama, M. Ekawa, M. Sugawara, H. Sudo, K. Kawaguchi, A. Kuramata, H. Ebe, K. Morito, H. Imai and Y. Arakawa, "An ultrawide band (120 nm) semiconductor optical amplifier having an extremely high penalty-free output power of 23 dBm realized with quantum-dot active layer," presented at the Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, PDP12, 2004.

A. Borghesani, et al. "High saturation power (> 16.5 dBm) and low noise figure (< 6 dB) semiconductor optical amplifier for C-band operation," presented at the Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Atlanta, GA, ThO1, 2003.

K. Morito, S. Tanaka, S. Tomabechi and A. Kuramata, "A broadband MQW semiconductor optical amplifier with high saturation output power and low noise figure," presented at the Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications (OAA), San Francisco, CA, PD1, 2004.

D. M. Baney, P. Gallion and R. S. Tucker, "Theory and measurement techniques for the noise figure of optical amplifiers," Opt. Fiber Technol., vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 122-154, Apr. 2000.

K. Dreyer, C. H. Joyner, J. L. Pleumeekers, C. A. Burrus, A. Dentai, B. I. Miller, S. Shunk, P. Sciortino, S. Chandrasekhar, L. Buhl, F. Storz and M. Farwell, "High-gain mode-adapted semiconductor optical amplifier with 12.4-dBm saturation output power at 1550 nm," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 718-721, Apr. 2002.

E. Desurvire, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers: Principles and Applications, New York: Wiley, 1994, pp. 76-77.

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