Abstract

An all-optical 3R regenerator with a combination of self-phase modulation (SPM) and cross-absorption modulation (XAM) effects is proposed and investigated. Principle performances of the proposed all-optical 3R regenerator were experimentally investigated at a signal bit rate of 40 Gb/s. The all-optical 3R regenerator, which is located at the midpoint of a 1080-km transmission line, successfully provided an approximately 3-dB improvement of the Q-factor both just after regeneration and after totally 1080-km transmission. The chromatic dispersion tolerance of the proposed 3R regenerator was also investigated and successfully enhanced to about twice as wide by introducing a predistortion block configuration including a highly nonlinear fiber (HNLF). It was confirmed that the proposed all-optical 3R regenerator can become one of the strong candidates for the actual deployment of the all-optical network.

© 2006 IEEE

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  1. T. Otani, T. Miyazaki, and S. Yamamoto, "40 Gb/s optical 3R regenerator using electroabsorption modulators for optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 195-200, Feb. 2002.
  2. N. Edagawa, M. Suzuki and Y. Yamamoto, "Novel wavelength converter using an electroabsorption modulator," IEICE Trans. Electron., vol. E81-C, no. 8, pp. 1251-1257, 1998.
  3. B. Lavigne, E. Balmefrezol, P. Brindel, L. Pierre, B. Dagens, R. Brenot, B. Therez, M. Renaud and O. Leclerc, "Operation margins of a SOA-based 3R regenerator for 42.66 Gb/s ULH transmission systems," in Proc. Eur. Conf. Optical Communication, vol. 1, Rimini, Italy, 2003,Paper Mo4.3.4,. pp. 92-93.
  4. R. Inohara, M. Tsurusawa, K. Nishimura and M. Usami, "Experimental verification for cascadability of all-optical 3R regenerator utilizing two-stage SOA-based polarization discriminated switches with estimated Q-factor over 20 dB at 40 Gb/s transmission," in Proc. Eur. Conf. Optical Communication, vol. 1, Rimini, Italy, 2003,Paper Mo4.3.2,. pp. 88-89.
  5. J. Leuthold, B. Mikkelsen, R. E. Behringer, G. Raybon, C. H. Joyner and P. A. Besse, "Novel 3R regenerator based on semiconductor optical amplifier delayed-interference configuration," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, no. 8, pp. 860-862, Aug. 2001.
  6. S. Nakamura, Y. Ueno and K. Tajima, "Error-free all-optical data pulse regeneration at 84 Gb/s and wavelength conversion at 168 Gb/s with symmetric Mach-Zehnder all-optical switches," presented at the Optical Amplifier and Their Application, Vancouver, BC, Canada,PD4-1, 2002.
  7. O. Leclerc, P. Brindel, D. Rouvillain, B. Dany, R. Brenot, A. Labrousse, A. Coquelin and B. Dagens, "Regenerated-40 Gb/s long-haul transmission using all-optical SOA-MZI as loss-free synchronous modulator," presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exhibit, Anaheim, CA, WF6-1, 2003.
  8. P. V. Mamyshev, "All-optical data regeneration based on self-phase modulation effect," in Proc. Eur. Conf. Optical Communication, Madrid, Spain, 1998, pp. 475-476.
  9. D. Kuksenkov, J. Rothman, M. Sauer, S. Li and K. Hoover, "40 Gb/s 2R regeneration using fiber-optic limiting parametric amplifier," in Proc. Eur. Conf. Optical Communication, vol. 1, Rimini, Italy, 2003,Paper We1.6.2,. pp. 400-401.
  10. Y. Su, G. Raybon, R. Essiambre and T. Her, "All-optical 2R regeneration of 40 Gb/s signal impaired by intrachannel four wave mixing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 350-352, Feb. 2003.
  11. N. Yoshikane, I. Morita, A. Agata, T. Tsuritani and N. Edagawa, "50 GHz-spaced 55 × 42.7 Gb/s transmission over 2500 km using SPM-based all-optical reshaper," presented at the Optical Amplifier and Their Application, Vancouver, BC, Canada,Paper PD6-1, 2002.
  12. K. Kikuchi, K. Taira, T. Sakamoto and T. Tanemura, "All-optical processing using fiber nonlinearity," in Proc. Eur. Conf. Optical Communication, vol. 3, Rimini, Italy, 2003,Paper We3.7.2,. pp. 546-547.
  13. T. Her, G. Raybon and C. Headley, "Optimization of pulse regeneration at 40 Gb/s based on spectral filtering of self-phase modulation in fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 200-202, Jan. 2004.
  14. G. Raybon, "Optical 3R regeneration in 40 Gb/s pseudo-linear transmission systems," in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exhibit, Anaheim, CA, 2003,TuH1,. pp. 191-193.
  15. H. Tanaka and Y. Matsushima, "Allowable input optical power of InGaAsP electro-absorption modulator," in Proc. 1st Optoelectronics and Communications Conf., Chiba, Japan, 1996,17D1-3,. pp. 176-177.
  16. N. S. Bergano, F. W. Kerfoot and C. R. Davidson, "Margin measurements in optical amplifier systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 304-306, Mar. 1993.
  17. I. Morita, T. Tsuritani, N. Yoshikane, A. Agata, K. Imai and N. Edagawa, "100% spectral-efficient 25 × 42.7 Gb/s transmission using asymmetrically filtered CS-RZ signal and a novel crosstalk suppressor," presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exhibit, Anaheim, CA, PD4.7, 2002.
  18. T. Otani, M. Hayashi, M. Daikoku, K. Ogaki, Y. Nagao, K. Nishijima and M. Suzuki, "Field trial of 63 channels 40 Gb/s dispersion-managed soliton WDM signal transmission over 320 km NZ-DSFs," presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exhibit, Anaheim, CA, PD FC9-1, 2002.
  19. M. Daikoku, T. Otani, N. Yoshikane, I. Morita, K. Nishijima, H. Tanaka and M. Suzuki, "Field trial of 40 Gb/s 64 WDM (2.56 Tbit/s) signal transmission over 351 km (4 × 8738 km) installed SSMF," in Proc. Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Otaru, Japan, 2003,MD04,. pp. 73-75.
  20. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. San Diego, CA: Academic, 2001, ch. 9.

Other (20)

T. Otani, T. Miyazaki, and S. Yamamoto, "40 Gb/s optical 3R regenerator using electroabsorption modulators for optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 195-200, Feb. 2002.

N. Edagawa, M. Suzuki and Y. Yamamoto, "Novel wavelength converter using an electroabsorption modulator," IEICE Trans. Electron., vol. E81-C, no. 8, pp. 1251-1257, 1998.

B. Lavigne, E. Balmefrezol, P. Brindel, L. Pierre, B. Dagens, R. Brenot, B. Therez, M. Renaud and O. Leclerc, "Operation margins of a SOA-based 3R regenerator for 42.66 Gb/s ULH transmission systems," in Proc. Eur. Conf. Optical Communication, vol. 1, Rimini, Italy, 2003,Paper Mo4.3.4,. pp. 92-93.

R. Inohara, M. Tsurusawa, K. Nishimura and M. Usami, "Experimental verification for cascadability of all-optical 3R regenerator utilizing two-stage SOA-based polarization discriminated switches with estimated Q-factor over 20 dB at 40 Gb/s transmission," in Proc. Eur. Conf. Optical Communication, vol. 1, Rimini, Italy, 2003,Paper Mo4.3.2,. pp. 88-89.

J. Leuthold, B. Mikkelsen, R. E. Behringer, G. Raybon, C. H. Joyner and P. A. Besse, "Novel 3R regenerator based on semiconductor optical amplifier delayed-interference configuration," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, no. 8, pp. 860-862, Aug. 2001.

S. Nakamura, Y. Ueno and K. Tajima, "Error-free all-optical data pulse regeneration at 84 Gb/s and wavelength conversion at 168 Gb/s with symmetric Mach-Zehnder all-optical switches," presented at the Optical Amplifier and Their Application, Vancouver, BC, Canada,PD4-1, 2002.

O. Leclerc, P. Brindel, D. Rouvillain, B. Dany, R. Brenot, A. Labrousse, A. Coquelin and B. Dagens, "Regenerated-40 Gb/s long-haul transmission using all-optical SOA-MZI as loss-free synchronous modulator," presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exhibit, Anaheim, CA, WF6-1, 2003.

P. V. Mamyshev, "All-optical data regeneration based on self-phase modulation effect," in Proc. Eur. Conf. Optical Communication, Madrid, Spain, 1998, pp. 475-476.

D. Kuksenkov, J. Rothman, M. Sauer, S. Li and K. Hoover, "40 Gb/s 2R regeneration using fiber-optic limiting parametric amplifier," in Proc. Eur. Conf. Optical Communication, vol. 1, Rimini, Italy, 2003,Paper We1.6.2,. pp. 400-401.

Y. Su, G. Raybon, R. Essiambre and T. Her, "All-optical 2R regeneration of 40 Gb/s signal impaired by intrachannel four wave mixing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 350-352, Feb. 2003.

N. Yoshikane, I. Morita, A. Agata, T. Tsuritani and N. Edagawa, "50 GHz-spaced 55 × 42.7 Gb/s transmission over 2500 km using SPM-based all-optical reshaper," presented at the Optical Amplifier and Their Application, Vancouver, BC, Canada,Paper PD6-1, 2002.

K. Kikuchi, K. Taira, T. Sakamoto and T. Tanemura, "All-optical processing using fiber nonlinearity," in Proc. Eur. Conf. Optical Communication, vol. 3, Rimini, Italy, 2003,Paper We3.7.2,. pp. 546-547.

T. Her, G. Raybon and C. Headley, "Optimization of pulse regeneration at 40 Gb/s based on spectral filtering of self-phase modulation in fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 200-202, Jan. 2004.

G. Raybon, "Optical 3R regeneration in 40 Gb/s pseudo-linear transmission systems," in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exhibit, Anaheim, CA, 2003,TuH1,. pp. 191-193.

H. Tanaka and Y. Matsushima, "Allowable input optical power of InGaAsP electro-absorption modulator," in Proc. 1st Optoelectronics and Communications Conf., Chiba, Japan, 1996,17D1-3,. pp. 176-177.

N. S. Bergano, F. W. Kerfoot and C. R. Davidson, "Margin measurements in optical amplifier systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 304-306, Mar. 1993.

I. Morita, T. Tsuritani, N. Yoshikane, A. Agata, K. Imai and N. Edagawa, "100% spectral-efficient 25 × 42.7 Gb/s transmission using asymmetrically filtered CS-RZ signal and a novel crosstalk suppressor," presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exhibit, Anaheim, CA, PD4.7, 2002.

T. Otani, M. Hayashi, M. Daikoku, K. Ogaki, Y. Nagao, K. Nishijima and M. Suzuki, "Field trial of 63 channels 40 Gb/s dispersion-managed soliton WDM signal transmission over 320 km NZ-DSFs," presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exhibit, Anaheim, CA, PD FC9-1, 2002.

M. Daikoku, T. Otani, N. Yoshikane, I. Morita, K. Nishijima, H. Tanaka and M. Suzuki, "Field trial of 40 Gb/s 64 WDM (2.56 Tbit/s) signal transmission over 351 km (4 × 8738 km) installed SSMF," in Proc. Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Otaru, Japan, 2003,MD04,. pp. 73-75.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. San Diego, CA: Academic, 2001, ch. 9.

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