An all-optical 3R regenerator with a combination of self-phase modulation (SPM) and cross-absorption modulation (XAM) effects is proposed and investigated. Principle performances of the proposed all-optical 3R regenerator were experimentally investigated at a signal bit rate of 40 Gb/s. The all-optical 3R regenerator, which is located at the midpoint of a 1080-km transmission line, successfully provided an approximately 3-dB improvement of the Q-factor both just after regeneration and after totally 1080-km transmission. The chromatic dispersion tolerance of the proposed 3R regenerator was also investigated and successfully enhanced to about twice as wide by introducing a predistortion block configuration including a highly nonlinear fiber (HNLF). It was confirmed that the proposed all-optical 3R regenerator can become one of the strong candidates for the actual deployment of the all-optical network.
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