Abstract

A methodology for designing an octic-style optical true-time-delay (TTD) device based on the White cell (WC) is investigated. The octic cell is a"polynomial"cell, one of the two classes of TTD White cells. This octic cell is designed to produce a maximum of 6399 delays in 17 bounces, with a unit delay of 3 ps. Glass blocks are used for short delays, white lens trains are used for the longer delays. The octic cell is designed to use a microelectromechanical tip/tilt micromirror array to direct light beams into various delay paths.

© 2006 IEEE

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  19. A. Radar and B. L. Anderson, "Demonstration of a linear true-time delay device by use of a microelectromechanical mirror array", Appl. Opt., vol. 42, no. 8, pp. 1409-1416, Mar. 2003.
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Other (21)

W. Ng, A. A. Walston, G. L. Tangonan, J. J. Lee, I. L. Newberg and N. Bernstein, "The first demonstration of an optically steered microwave phased array antenna using true time delay", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 9, no. 9, pp. 1124-1131, Sep. 1999.

P. J. Mathews and R. D. Esman, "Cascading prism dispersion [Phased array antennas]", IEEE Potentials, vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 13-15, Jan. 2000.

H. Zmuda and E. N. Toughlian, "Photonic aspects of modern radar," in The Artech House Optoelectronics Library, B. Culshaw, A. Rogers, and H. Taylor, Eds. Norwood, MA: Artech House, 1994.

E. N. Toughlian and H. Zmuda, "A photonic variable RF delay line for phased array antennas", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 8, no. 12, pp. 1824-1828, Dec. 1990.

M. Clenet, "Visualization of the array factor of phased arrays using time delay units and digital phase shifters", in Proc. Antennas and Propagation Society Int. Symp., San Antonio, TX, vol. 1, Piscataway, NJ, Jun. 16-21 2002, pp. 520-523.

T. Takahashi, Y. Konishi and K. Hariu, "Error analysis for phased array antennas with true time delay modules", in Proc. Antennas and Propagation Society Int. Symp., San Antonio, TX, vol. 1, Piscataway, NJ, Jun. 16-21 2002, pp. 606-609.

D. T. K. Tong and M. C. Wu, "Multiwavelength optically controlled phased array antennas", IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 108-115, Jan. 1998.

Z. F. R. Li and R. T. Chen, "Compact broadband 5-bit photonic true time delay module for phased array antennas", Opt. Lett., vol. 23, no. 7, pp. 522-524, Apr. 1998.

N. Madamopoulos and N. A. Riza, "Demonstration of an all digital 7-bit 33-channel photonic delay line for phased array antennas", Appl. Opt., vol. 39, no. 23, pp. 4168-4181, Aug. 2000.

E. G. Paek, Y. S. Im, J. K. Choe and T. K. Oh, "Acoustically steered and rotated true time delay generator based on wavelength division multiplexing", Appl. Opt., vol. 39, no. 8, pp. 1298-1308, Mar. 2000.

M. Y. Frankel and R. D. Esman, "Reconfigurable time steered array antenna beam former", Appl. Opt., vol. 36, no. 35, pp. 9261-9268, Dec. 1997.

B. Tsap, Y. Chang, H. R. Fetterman, A. F. J. Levi, D. A. Cohen and I. Newberg, "Phased-array optically controlled receiver using a serial feed", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 267-269, Feb. 1998.

J. White, "Long optical paths for large aperture", J. Opt. Soc. Amer., vol. 32, no. 5, pp. 285-288, May 1942.

B. L. Anderson, S. A. Collins Jr., E. A. Beecher, C. A. Klein and S. B. Brown, "Optically produced true-time delays for phased array antenna arrays", Appl. Opt., vol. 36, no. 32, pp. 8493-8503, Nov. 1997.

B. L. Anderson and C. D. Liddle, "Optical true time delay for phased array antennas: Demonstration of a quadratic White cell", Appl. Opt., vol. 41, no. 23, pp. 4912-4921, Aug. 2002.

R. Higgins, N. K. Nahar and B. L. Anderson, "Design and demonstration of a switching engine for a binary true-time delay device that uses a White cell", Appl. Opt., vol. 42, no. 23, pp. 4747-4757, Aug. 2003.

S. Kunathikom, B. L. Anderson and S. A. Collins, "Design and delay elements in a binary optical true-time delay device that uses a White cell", Appl. Opt., vol. 42, no. 35, pp. 6984-6994, Dec. 2003.

B. L. Anderson and R. Mital, "Polynomial-based optical true-time delay devices with microelectromechanical mirror arrays", Appl. Opt., vol. 41, no. 26, pp. 5449-5461, Sep. 2002.

A. Radar and B. L. Anderson, "Demonstration of a linear true-time delay device by use of a microelectromechanical mirror array", Appl. Opt., vol. 42, no. 8, pp. 1409-1416, Mar. 2003.

X. Zheng, V. Kaman, S. Yuan, Y. Xu, O. Jerphagnon, A. Keating, R. C. Anderson, H. N. Poulsen, B. Liu, J. R. Sechrist, C. Pusarla, R. Helkey, D. J. Blumenthal and J. E. Bowers, "Three-dimensional MEMS photonic cross-connect switch design and performance", IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 571-578, Mar./Apr. 2003.

B. L. Anderson, et al. "Optical cross-connect switch based on tip/tilt micromirrors in a White cell", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 579-593, Mar./Apr. 2003.

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