Abstract

Single-polarization single-mode (SPSM) operation of a highly birefringent (HB) photonic crystal fiber (PCF) is investigated in detail by using a full-vector finite-element method (FEM) with anisotropic perfectly matched layers (PMLs). The cutoff wavelengths of the two linearly polarized principal states can be designed by varying the structure parameters of the PCF. The confinement loss and splice loss to standard single-mode fiber for particular SPSM PCFs are calculated and optimized at both 1.30 and 1.55 µm.

© 2006 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |

  1. J. C. Knight and P. S. J. Russell, "Photonic crystal fibers: New way to guide light", Science, vol. 296, no. 5566, pp. 276-277, Apr. 2002.
  2. J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell and D. M. Atkin, "All-silica single-mode optical fiber with photonic crystal cladding", Opt. Lett., vol. 21, no. 19, pp. 1547-1549, Oct. 1996.
  3. T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight and P. S. J. Russell, "Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fiber", Opt. Lett., vol. 22, no. 13, pp. 961-963, Jul. 1997.
  4. J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks and P. S. J. Russell, "Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers", Science, vol. 282, no. 5393, pp. 1476-1478, Nov. 1998.
  5. A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, J. Arriaga, B. J. Mangan, T. A. Birks and P. S. J. Russell, "Highly birefringent photonic crystal fibers", Opt. Lett., vol. 25, no. 18, pp. 1325-1327, Sep. 2000.
  6. K. Suzuki, H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, M. Tanaka and M. Fujita, "High-speed bi-directional polarization division multiplexed optical transmission in ultra low-loss (1.3 dB/km) polarization-maintaining photonic crystal fiber", Electron. Lett., vol. 37, no. 23, pp. 1399-1401, Nov. 2001.
  7. K. Suzuki, H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, M. Tanaka and M. Fujita, "Optical properties of a low-loss polarization-maintaining photonic crystal fiber", Opt. Express, vol. 9, no. 13, pp. 676-680, Dec. 2001.
  8. T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knuders, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen and H. Simonsen, "Highly birefringent index-guiding photonic crystal fibers", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 588-590, Jun. 2001.
  9. K. Saitoh and M. Koshiba, "Photonic bandgap fibers with high birefringence", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, no. 9, pp. 1291-1293, Sep. 2002.
  10. P. R. Chaudhuri, V. Paulose, C. Zhao and C. Lu, "Near-elliptic core polarization-maintaining photonic crystal fiber: Modeling birefringence characteristics and realization", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 1301-1303, May 2004.
  11. A. Ortigosa-Blance, A. Diez, M. Delgado-Pinar, J. L. Cruz and M. V. Andres, "Ultrahigh birefringent nonlinear microstructured fiber", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 7, pp. 1667-1669, Jul. 2004.
  12. J. R. Simpson, R. H. Stolen, F. M. Sears, W. Pleibel, J. B. Macchesney and R. E. Howard, "A single-polarization fiber", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. LT-1, no. 2, pp. 370-373, Jun. 1983.
  13. M. J. Messerly, J. R. Onstott and R. C. Mikkelson, "A broad-band single polarization optical fiber", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 9, no. 7, pp. 817-820, Jul. 1991.
  14. K. Okamoto, "Single-polarization operation in highly birefringent optical fibers", Appl. Opt., vol. 23, no. 15, pp. 2638-2642, Aug. 1984.
  15. K. Saitoh and M. Koshiba, "Single-polarization single-mode photonic crystal fibers", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 10, pp. 1384-1386, Oct. 2003.
  16. H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, S. Koyanagi, M. Tanaka and S. Yamaguchi, "Absolutely single polarization photonic crystal fiber", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 182-184, Jan. 2004.
  17. J. Ju, W. Jin and M. S. Demokan, "Properties of a highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 10, pp. 1375-1377, Oct. 2001.
  18. M. Koshiba and K. Saitoh, "Finite-element analysis of birefringence and dispersion properties in actual and idealized holey-fiber structures", Appl. Opt., vol. 42, no. 31, pp. 6267-6275, Nov. 2003.
  19. D. Marcuse, Light Transmission Optics, New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1982, ch. 8 and 12.
  20. G. Kakarantzas, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, L. Farr, F. Couny and B. J. Mangan, "Structural rocking filters in highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber", Opt. Lett., vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 158-160, Feb. 2003.
  21. T. P. White, R. C. McPhedran, C. M. de Sterke, L. C. Botten and M. J. Steel, "Confinement losses in microstructured optical fibers", Opt. Lett., vol. 26, no. 21, pp. 1660-1662, Nov. 2001.
  22. D. Ferranrini, L. Vincetti, M. Zoboli, A. Cucinotta and S. Selleri, "Leakage properties of photonic crystal fibers", Opt. Express, vol. 10, no. 7, pp. 1314-1319, Nov. 2002.
  23. N. A. Mortensen, "Effective area of photonic crystal fibers", Opt. Express, vol. 10, no. 7, pp. 341-348, Apr. 2002.
  24. "SMF-28e Fiber Production Information Sheet", Corning Inc., Corning, NY, 2003.

Other (24)

J. C. Knight and P. S. J. Russell, "Photonic crystal fibers: New way to guide light", Science, vol. 296, no. 5566, pp. 276-277, Apr. 2002.

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell and D. M. Atkin, "All-silica single-mode optical fiber with photonic crystal cladding", Opt. Lett., vol. 21, no. 19, pp. 1547-1549, Oct. 1996.

T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight and P. S. J. Russell, "Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fiber", Opt. Lett., vol. 22, no. 13, pp. 961-963, Jul. 1997.

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks and P. S. J. Russell, "Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers", Science, vol. 282, no. 5393, pp. 1476-1478, Nov. 1998.

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, J. Arriaga, B. J. Mangan, T. A. Birks and P. S. J. Russell, "Highly birefringent photonic crystal fibers", Opt. Lett., vol. 25, no. 18, pp. 1325-1327, Sep. 2000.

K. Suzuki, H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, M. Tanaka and M. Fujita, "High-speed bi-directional polarization division multiplexed optical transmission in ultra low-loss (1.3 dB/km) polarization-maintaining photonic crystal fiber", Electron. Lett., vol. 37, no. 23, pp. 1399-1401, Nov. 2001.

K. Suzuki, H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, M. Tanaka and M. Fujita, "Optical properties of a low-loss polarization-maintaining photonic crystal fiber", Opt. Express, vol. 9, no. 13, pp. 676-680, Dec. 2001.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knuders, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen and H. Simonsen, "Highly birefringent index-guiding photonic crystal fibers", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 588-590, Jun. 2001.

K. Saitoh and M. Koshiba, "Photonic bandgap fibers with high birefringence", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, no. 9, pp. 1291-1293, Sep. 2002.

P. R. Chaudhuri, V. Paulose, C. Zhao and C. Lu, "Near-elliptic core polarization-maintaining photonic crystal fiber: Modeling birefringence characteristics and realization", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 1301-1303, May 2004.

A. Ortigosa-Blance, A. Diez, M. Delgado-Pinar, J. L. Cruz and M. V. Andres, "Ultrahigh birefringent nonlinear microstructured fiber", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 7, pp. 1667-1669, Jul. 2004.

J. R. Simpson, R. H. Stolen, F. M. Sears, W. Pleibel, J. B. Macchesney and R. E. Howard, "A single-polarization fiber", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. LT-1, no. 2, pp. 370-373, Jun. 1983.

M. J. Messerly, J. R. Onstott and R. C. Mikkelson, "A broad-band single polarization optical fiber", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 9, no. 7, pp. 817-820, Jul. 1991.

K. Okamoto, "Single-polarization operation in highly birefringent optical fibers", Appl. Opt., vol. 23, no. 15, pp. 2638-2642, Aug. 1984.

K. Saitoh and M. Koshiba, "Single-polarization single-mode photonic crystal fibers", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 10, pp. 1384-1386, Oct. 2003.

H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, S. Koyanagi, M. Tanaka and S. Yamaguchi, "Absolutely single polarization photonic crystal fiber", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 182-184, Jan. 2004.

J. Ju, W. Jin and M. S. Demokan, "Properties of a highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 10, pp. 1375-1377, Oct. 2001.

M. Koshiba and K. Saitoh, "Finite-element analysis of birefringence and dispersion properties in actual and idealized holey-fiber structures", Appl. Opt., vol. 42, no. 31, pp. 6267-6275, Nov. 2003.

D. Marcuse, Light Transmission Optics, New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1982, ch. 8 and 12.

G. Kakarantzas, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, L. Farr, F. Couny and B. J. Mangan, "Structural rocking filters in highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber", Opt. Lett., vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 158-160, Feb. 2003.

T. P. White, R. C. McPhedran, C. M. de Sterke, L. C. Botten and M. J. Steel, "Confinement losses in microstructured optical fibers", Opt. Lett., vol. 26, no. 21, pp. 1660-1662, Nov. 2001.

D. Ferranrini, L. Vincetti, M. Zoboli, A. Cucinotta and S. Selleri, "Leakage properties of photonic crystal fibers", Opt. Express, vol. 10, no. 7, pp. 1314-1319, Nov. 2002.

N. A. Mortensen, "Effective area of photonic crystal fibers", Opt. Express, vol. 10, no. 7, pp. 341-348, Apr. 2002.

"SMF-28e Fiber Production Information Sheet", Corning Inc., Corning, NY, 2003.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.