Abstract

Profile development during the isothermal drawing of the hollow all-polymer Bragg fibers is studied in the case when surface tension is strong enough to cause a hole collapse. The viscoelastic model of polymer flow is considered, and a comparison with the simpler Newtonian and generalized Newtonian models is made. The effects of draw ratio, draw temperature, feeding speed, core pressurization, and mismatch of material properties in the multilayer structure are investigated. A relation between the hole collapse and the layers nonuniformity is presented, and their effect on the fiber-transmission properties is investigated.

© 2006 IEEE

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AICHE J. (2)

M. M. Denn, C. J. S. Petrie, P. Avenas, "Mechanics of steady spinning of a viscoelastic liquid," AICHE J. 21, 791-798 (1975).

R. J. Fisher, M. M. Denn, "A theory of isothermal melt spinning and draw resonance," AICHE J. 22, 236-245 (1976).

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

F. T. Geyling, "Basic fluid dynamic consideration in the drawing of optical fibers," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 55, 1011-1056 (1976).

Fiber Integr. Opt. (1)

J. A. Harrington, "A review of IR transmitting, hollow waveguides," Fiber Integr. Opt. 19, 211 (2000).

Glass Technol. (1)

J. A. Burgman, "Liquid glass jets in the forming of continuous fibers," Glass Technol. 11, 110-116 (1970).

Ind. Eng. Chem. Fundam. (2)

M. R. Matovich, J. R. A. Pearson, "Spinning a molten threadline—Steady-state isothermal viscous flows," Ind. Eng. Chem. Fundam. 8, 512-520 (1969).

Y. T. Shah, J. R. A. Pearson, "On the stability of nonisothermal fiber spinning," Ind. Eng. Chem. Fundam. 11, 145-149 (1972).

J. Eng. Math. (1)

A. D. Fitt, K. Furusawa, T. M. Monro, C. P. Please, D. J. Richardson, "The mathematical modelling of capillary drawing for holey fibre manufacture," J. Eng. Math. 43, 201-227 (2002).

J. Fluid Mech. (1)

L. J. Cummings, P. D. Howell, "On the evolution of non-axisymmetric viscous fibres with surface tension, inertia and gravity," J. Fluid Mech. 389, 361-389 (1999).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

S. C. Xue, R. I. Tanner, G. W. Barton, R. Lwin, M. C. J. Large, L. Poladian, "Fabrication of microstructured optical fibers—Part I: Problem formulation and numerical modeling of transient draw process," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2245-2254 (2005).

S. C. Xue, R. I. Tanner, G. W. Barton, R. Lwin, M. C. J. Large, L. Poladian, "Fabrication of microstructured optical fibers—Part II: Numerical modeling of steady-state draw process," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2255-2266 (2005).

J. Mater. Res. (1)

Y. Gao, N. Guo, B. Gauvreau, M. Rajabian, O. Skorobogata, E. Pone, O. Zabeida, L. Martinu, C. Dubois, M. Skorobogatiy, "Consecutive solvent evaporation and co-rolling techniques for polymer multilayer hollow fiber preform fabrication," J. Mater. Res. 21, 2246-2254 (2006).

J. Non-Newton. Fluid Mech. (1)

H. A. Barnes, G. P. Roberts, "A simple empirical model describing the steady-state shear and extensional viscosities of polymer melts," J. Non-Newton. Fluid Mech. 44, 113-126 (1992).

J. Phys. Chem. (1)

S. Wu, "Surface and interfacial tensions of polymer melts. II. Poly(methylmethacrylate), poly(n-butylmethacrylate), and polystyrene," J. Phys. Chem. 74, 632-638 (1970).

J. Polym. Eng. (1)

B. D. Freeman, M. M. Denn, R. Keunings, G. E. Molau, J. Ramos, "Profile development in drawn hollow tubes," J. Polym. Eng. 6, 171-186 (1986).

Nature (1)

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, Y. Fink, "Hollow photonic bandgap fibers for NIR applications," Nature 420, 650-653 (2002).

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Rev. (1)

M. Saito, K. Kikuchi, "Infrared optical fiber sensors," Opt. Rev. 4, 527-538 (1997).

Other (5)

J. Sanghera, I. Aggarwal, Infrared Fiber Optics (CRC, 1998).

T. Katsuyama, H. Matsumura, Infrared Optical Fibers (Adam Hilger, 1989).

R. B. Bird, R. C. Amstrong, O. Hassager, Dynamics of Polymeric Liquids, Vol. 1, Fluid Mechanics (Wiley, 1987).

R. I. Tanner, Engineering Rheology (Oxford Univ. Press, 2000).

H. A. Barnes, J. F. Hutton, K. Walters, An Introduction to Rheology (Elsevier, 1989).

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