Abstract

An optical decision circuit is constructed by modifying the stability conditions of a previously introduced optical flip-flop memory (Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 88, p. 181 118, May 2005). The simulations using a rate-equation model of the circuit predict fast operation speed (rise and fall times of the order of 20 ps are reached), which is most likely beyond the capabilities of recent semiconductor decision circuits that are suitable for integration (J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 24, p. 642, Mar. 2005). The decision characteristics are also better and close to the ideal digital response. They also enable realizing optical logic gates by using an interferometer and a single decision circuit. The output characteristics of an and and an or gate realized using the decision circuit are also studied.

© 2006 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. J. Oksanen, J. Tulkki, "A fast coherent all-optical flip-flop memory," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 181 118 (2005).
  2. W. D'Oosterlinck, G. Morthier, M. K. Smit, R. Baets, "Very steep optical thresholding characteristic using a DFB laser diode and an SOA in an optical feedback scheme," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 642-644 (2005).
  3. T. H. Maiman, "Stimulated optical radiation in ruby," Nature 187, 493-494 (1960).
  4. P. A. Franken, A. E. Hill, C. W. Peters, G. Weinreich, "Generation of optical harmonics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 7, 118-119 (1961).
  5. R. Chiao, C. H. Townes, B. P. Stoicheff, "Stimulated brillouin scattering and coherent generation of intense hypersonic waves," Phys. Rev. Lett. 12, 592-595 (1964).
  6. A. Szöke, J. Daneu, J. Goldhar, N. A. Kurnit, "Bistable optical element and its applications," Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 376-379 (1969).
  7. A. A. Shawchuk, T. C. Strand, "Digital optical computing," Proc. IEEE 72, 758-779 (1984).
  8. M. N. Sriharshavardhan, "Optical computers," IEEE Potentials 15, 17-20 (1996).
  9. A. Jajszczyk, "Optical networks—The electro-optic reality," Opt. Switch. Netw. 1, 3-18 (2005).
  10. H. J. Caulfield, "Perspectives in optical computing," Computer 31, 22-25 (1998).
  11. F. Ramos, E. Kehayas, J. M. Martinez, R. Clavero, J. Marti, L. Stampoulidis, D. Tsiokos, H. Avramopoulos, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, N. Chi, P. Jeppesen, N. Yan, I. T. Monroy, A. M. J. Koonen, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, H. J. S. Dorren, R. V. Caenegem, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, B. Riposati, "IST-LASAGNE: Towards all-optical label swapping employing optical logic gates and optical flip-flops," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2993-3011 (2005).
  12. M. Forbes, J. Gourlay, M. Desmulliez, "Optically interconnected electronic chips: A tutorial and review of the technology," Electron. Commun. Eng. J. 13, 221-232 (2001).
  13. D. J. Blumenthal, J. E. Bowers, L. Rau, H.-F. Chou, S. Rangarajan, W. Wang, H. N. Poulsen, "Optical signal processing for optical packet switching networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, S23-S29 (2003).
  14. M. Soljačić, J. D. Joannopoulos, "Enhancement of nonlinear effects using photonic crystals," Nat. Mater. 3, 211-219 (2004).
  15. A. Bogoni, L. Potí, R. Proietti, G. Meloni, F. Ponzini, P. Ghelfi, "Regenerative and reconfigurable all-optical logic gates for ultra-fast applications," Electron. Lett. 41, 435-436 (2005).
  16. M. T. Hill, H. de Waardt, G. Khoe, H. Dorren, "All-optical flip-flop based on coupled laser diodes," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 405-413 (2001).
  17. G. Morthier, M. Zhao, B. Vanderhaegen, R. Baets, "Experimental demonstration of an all-optical 2R regenerator with adjustable decision threshold and ‘true’ regeneration characteristics," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1516-1518 (2000).
  18. M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. de Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y.-S. Oei, H. Binsma, G.-D. Khoe, M. K. Smit, "A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers," Nature 432, 206-209 (2004).
  19. J. Oksanen, J. Tulkki, "Fast all-optical flip-flop memory exploiting the electric field nonlinearity of coherent laser amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 509-516 (2006).
  20. J. Oksanen, J. Tulkki, "Fast 2R regeneration by coherent laser amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1075-1082 (2005).
  21. T. Segawa, S. Matsuo, Y. Ohiso, T. Ishii, Y. Shibata, H. Suzuki, "Fast tunable optical filter using cascaded Mach–Zehnder interferometers with apodized sampled gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 139-141 (2005).
  22. R. Ramaswami, K. N. Sivarajan, Optical Networks, A Practical Perspective (Morgan Kaufmann, 1998).

2006 (1)

J. Oksanen, J. Tulkki, "Fast all-optical flip-flop memory exploiting the electric field nonlinearity of coherent laser amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 509-516 (2006).

2005 (7)

J. Oksanen, J. Tulkki, "Fast 2R regeneration by coherent laser amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1075-1082 (2005).

T. Segawa, S. Matsuo, Y. Ohiso, T. Ishii, Y. Shibata, H. Suzuki, "Fast tunable optical filter using cascaded Mach–Zehnder interferometers with apodized sampled gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 139-141 (2005).

J. Oksanen, J. Tulkki, "A fast coherent all-optical flip-flop memory," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 181 118 (2005).

W. D'Oosterlinck, G. Morthier, M. K. Smit, R. Baets, "Very steep optical thresholding characteristic using a DFB laser diode and an SOA in an optical feedback scheme," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 642-644 (2005).

A. Jajszczyk, "Optical networks—The electro-optic reality," Opt. Switch. Netw. 1, 3-18 (2005).

F. Ramos, E. Kehayas, J. M. Martinez, R. Clavero, J. Marti, L. Stampoulidis, D. Tsiokos, H. Avramopoulos, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, N. Chi, P. Jeppesen, N. Yan, I. T. Monroy, A. M. J. Koonen, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, H. J. S. Dorren, R. V. Caenegem, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, B. Riposati, "IST-LASAGNE: Towards all-optical label swapping employing optical logic gates and optical flip-flops," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2993-3011 (2005).

A. Bogoni, L. Potí, R. Proietti, G. Meloni, F. Ponzini, P. Ghelfi, "Regenerative and reconfigurable all-optical logic gates for ultra-fast applications," Electron. Lett. 41, 435-436 (2005).

2004 (2)

M. Soljačić, J. D. Joannopoulos, "Enhancement of nonlinear effects using photonic crystals," Nat. Mater. 3, 211-219 (2004).

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. de Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y.-S. Oei, H. Binsma, G.-D. Khoe, M. K. Smit, "A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers," Nature 432, 206-209 (2004).

2003 (1)

D. J. Blumenthal, J. E. Bowers, L. Rau, H.-F. Chou, S. Rangarajan, W. Wang, H. N. Poulsen, "Optical signal processing for optical packet switching networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, S23-S29 (2003).

2001 (2)

M. Forbes, J. Gourlay, M. Desmulliez, "Optically interconnected electronic chips: A tutorial and review of the technology," Electron. Commun. Eng. J. 13, 221-232 (2001).

M. T. Hill, H. de Waardt, G. Khoe, H. Dorren, "All-optical flip-flop based on coupled laser diodes," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 405-413 (2001).

2000 (1)

G. Morthier, M. Zhao, B. Vanderhaegen, R. Baets, "Experimental demonstration of an all-optical 2R regenerator with adjustable decision threshold and ‘true’ regeneration characteristics," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1516-1518 (2000).

1998 (1)

H. J. Caulfield, "Perspectives in optical computing," Computer 31, 22-25 (1998).

1996 (1)

M. N. Sriharshavardhan, "Optical computers," IEEE Potentials 15, 17-20 (1996).

1984 (1)

A. A. Shawchuk, T. C. Strand, "Digital optical computing," Proc. IEEE 72, 758-779 (1984).

1969 (1)

A. Szöke, J. Daneu, J. Goldhar, N. A. Kurnit, "Bistable optical element and its applications," Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 376-379 (1969).

1964 (1)

R. Chiao, C. H. Townes, B. P. Stoicheff, "Stimulated brillouin scattering and coherent generation of intense hypersonic waves," Phys. Rev. Lett. 12, 592-595 (1964).

1961 (1)

P. A. Franken, A. E. Hill, C. W. Peters, G. Weinreich, "Generation of optical harmonics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 7, 118-119 (1961).

1960 (1)

T. H. Maiman, "Stimulated optical radiation in ruby," Nature 187, 493-494 (1960).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

J. Oksanen, J. Tulkki, "A fast coherent all-optical flip-flop memory," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 181 118 (2005).

A. Szöke, J. Daneu, J. Goldhar, N. A. Kurnit, "Bistable optical element and its applications," Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 376-379 (1969).

Computer (1)

H. J. Caulfield, "Perspectives in optical computing," Computer 31, 22-25 (1998).

Electron. Commun. Eng. J. (1)

M. Forbes, J. Gourlay, M. Desmulliez, "Optically interconnected electronic chips: A tutorial and review of the technology," Electron. Commun. Eng. J. 13, 221-232 (2001).

Electron. Lett. (1)

A. Bogoni, L. Potí, R. Proietti, G. Meloni, F. Ponzini, P. Ghelfi, "Regenerative and reconfigurable all-optical logic gates for ultra-fast applications," Electron. Lett. 41, 435-436 (2005).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

D. J. Blumenthal, J. E. Bowers, L. Rau, H.-F. Chou, S. Rangarajan, W. Wang, H. N. Poulsen, "Optical signal processing for optical packet switching networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, S23-S29 (2003).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

M. T. Hill, H. de Waardt, G. Khoe, H. Dorren, "All-optical flip-flop based on coupled laser diodes," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 405-413 (2001).

J. Oksanen, J. Tulkki, "Fast all-optical flip-flop memory exploiting the electric field nonlinearity of coherent laser amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 509-516 (2006).

J. Oksanen, J. Tulkki, "Fast 2R regeneration by coherent laser amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1075-1082 (2005).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

T. Segawa, S. Matsuo, Y. Ohiso, T. Ishii, Y. Shibata, H. Suzuki, "Fast tunable optical filter using cascaded Mach–Zehnder interferometers with apodized sampled gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 139-141 (2005).

G. Morthier, M. Zhao, B. Vanderhaegen, R. Baets, "Experimental demonstration of an all-optical 2R regenerator with adjustable decision threshold and ‘true’ regeneration characteristics," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1516-1518 (2000).

IEEE Potentials (1)

M. N. Sriharshavardhan, "Optical computers," IEEE Potentials 15, 17-20 (1996).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

W. D'Oosterlinck, G. Morthier, M. K. Smit, R. Baets, "Very steep optical thresholding characteristic using a DFB laser diode and an SOA in an optical feedback scheme," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 642-644 (2005).

F. Ramos, E. Kehayas, J. M. Martinez, R. Clavero, J. Marti, L. Stampoulidis, D. Tsiokos, H. Avramopoulos, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, N. Chi, P. Jeppesen, N. Yan, I. T. Monroy, A. M. J. Koonen, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, H. J. S. Dorren, R. V. Caenegem, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, B. Riposati, "IST-LASAGNE: Towards all-optical label swapping employing optical logic gates and optical flip-flops," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2993-3011 (2005).

Nat. Mater. (1)

M. Soljačić, J. D. Joannopoulos, "Enhancement of nonlinear effects using photonic crystals," Nat. Mater. 3, 211-219 (2004).

Nature (2)

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. de Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y.-S. Oei, H. Binsma, G.-D. Khoe, M. K. Smit, "A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers," Nature 432, 206-209 (2004).

T. H. Maiman, "Stimulated optical radiation in ruby," Nature 187, 493-494 (1960).

Opt. Switch. Netw. (1)

A. Jajszczyk, "Optical networks—The electro-optic reality," Opt. Switch. Netw. 1, 3-18 (2005).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

P. A. Franken, A. E. Hill, C. W. Peters, G. Weinreich, "Generation of optical harmonics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 7, 118-119 (1961).

R. Chiao, C. H. Townes, B. P. Stoicheff, "Stimulated brillouin scattering and coherent generation of intense hypersonic waves," Phys. Rev. Lett. 12, 592-595 (1964).

Proc. IEEE (1)

A. A. Shawchuk, T. C. Strand, "Digital optical computing," Proc. IEEE 72, 758-779 (1984).

Other (1)

R. Ramaswami, K. N. Sivarajan, Optical Networks, A Practical Perspective (Morgan Kaufmann, 1998).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.