Abstract

In an all-optical network, installing multiple fibers in each link has proven to be cost-effective, since the cost of the fiber is relatively low compared to the installation cost. In this paper, the author proposes an analytical model to evaluate the performance of a multifiber bufferless optical-packet switch in which wavelength converters are shared per node. The analytical model, validated by simulations, evaluates the packet-loss probability of the switch as a function of the number of converters. They also evaluate the savings in terms of tuneable optical-wavelength converters of a multifiber switch, with respect to a single-fiber switch, as a function of selected parameters related to the main switch and to the traffic load (number of input lines, number of fibers-per-input lines, number of wavelengths per fiber, traffic load,...). The results show savings, which can exceed 50%.

© 2006 IEEE

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  38. T. Zhang, K. Lu, J. P. Jue, "Architectures and performance of fiber delay line buffers in packet-based multi-fiber optical networks," Optical Fiber Commun. AnaheimCA (2005) Paper OME74.
  39. O. Liang, T. Xiansi, M. Yajie, Y. Zonghai, "A framework to evaluate blocking performance of time-slotted optical burst switched networks," Proc. IEEE Conf. Local Comput. Netw. (2005) pp. 258-267.
  40. Y. Li, G. Xiao, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "On the benefits of multifiber optical packet switch," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 43, 376-378 (2004).
  41. Y. Li, G. Xiao, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "A new contention-resolution scheme for time-critical applications in multifiber optical packet-switched networks," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 717-719 (2006).
  42. A. G. Fayoumi, F. A. Al-Zahrani, A. A. Habiballa, A. P. Jayasumana, "Performance analysis of multi-fiber synchronous photonic share-per-link racket switches," Proc. IEEE Conf. Local Comput. Netw. (2005) pp. 182-189.
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  44. M. Listanti, V. Eramo, R. Sabella, "Architectural and technological issues for future optical internet networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 38, 82-92 (2000).
  45. F. Dorgueille, "Fast optical amplifier gate array for WDM routing and switching applications," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. (1998) pp. 42-44.
  46. T. Kato, "10 Gb/s photonic cell switching with hybrid 4 $\times$ 4 optical matrix module on silica based planar waveguide platform," Optical Fiber Commun. San JoseCA (1998) PD3.
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Comput. Commun. (1)

V. Eramo, M. Listanti, A. Valletta, "Scheduling algorithms in optical packet switches with input wavelength converters," Comput. Commun. 28, 1456-1467 (2005).

Eur. Trans. Telecommun. (1)

P. Gavignet, D. Chiaroni, F. Masetti, J. B. Jacob, "Design and implementation of a fiber delay line optical buffer for multigigabit photonic switching fabrics," Eur. Trans. Telecommun. 7, 45-56 (1996).

IEEE Commun. Lett. (1)

V. Eramo, M. Listanti, "Input wavelength conversion in optical packet switches," IEEE Commun. Lett. 7, 281-283 (2003).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (6)

D. K. Hunter, "WASPNET: A wavelength switched packet network," IEEE Commun. Mag. 37, 120-129 (1999).

L. Xu, H. G. Perros, G. Rouskas, "Techniques for optical packet switching and optical burst switching," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 136-142 (2001).

S. Yao, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, "Advances in photonic packet switching: An overview," IEEE Commun. Mag. 38, 84-94 (2000).

M. Mahony, D. Simeoniddu, D. Hunter, A. Tzanamaki, "The application of optical packet switching in future communications networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 129-135 (2001).

S. Yao, S. J. B. Yoo, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, "All-optical packet switching for metropolitan area networks: Opportunities and challenges," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 142-148 (2001).

M. Listanti, V. Eramo, R. Sabella, "Architectural and technological issues for future optical internet networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 38, 82-92 (2000).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

I. Chlamtac, A. Farago, T. Zang, "Lightpath routing in large WDM networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 14, 909-913 (1994).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

S. L. Danielsen, C. Joergensen, B. Mikkelsen, K. E. Stubbkyaer, "Optical packet switched network layer without optical buffers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 896-898 (1998).

M. Duser, P. Bayvel, "Performance of a dynamically wavelength-routed optical burst switched network," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 239-241 (2002).

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

Y. W. Leung, G. Xiao, K. W. Hung, "Design of node configuration for all-optical multi-fiber networks," IEEE Trans. Commun. 50, 135-145 (2002).

IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. (2)

B. Mukherjee, D. Banerjee, S. Ramamurthy, A. Mukherjee, "Some principles for designing a wide-area WDM optical network," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 4, 124-129 (1996).

A. K. Somani, M. Mina, L. Li, "On trading wavelengths with fibers: A cost performance based study," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 12, 944-951 (2004).

IEICE Trans. Commun. (1)

V. Eramo, M. Listanti, L. S. Bovo, "Dimensioning models of shared resources in optical packet switching architectures, in unbalanced input/output traffic scenarios," IEICE Trans. Commun. E89-B, 1505-1516 (2006).

J. High Speed Netw. (1)

C. Qiao, M. Yoo, "Optical burst switching (OBS)—A new paradigm for an optical internet," J. High Speed Netw. 8, 69-84 (1999).

J. Lightw. Technol. (6)

D. K. Hunter, M. C. Chia, I. Andonovic, "Buffering in optical packet switches," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 1725-1736 (1998).

C. Guillemot, "Transparent optical packet switching: The European ACTS KEOPS project approach," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 2117-2134 (1998).

V. Eramo, M. Listanti, "Packet loss in a bufferless optical WDM switch employing shared tuneable wavelength converters," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1818-1833 (2000).

S. L. Danielsen, P. B. Hansen, K. E. Stubbkyaer, "Wavelength conversion in optical packet switch," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 2095-2108 (1998).

O. Gerstel, M. Raza, "Merits of low-density WDM line systems long-haul networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2470-2475 (2003).

V. Eramo, M. Listanti, P. Pacifici, "A comparison study on the wavelength converters number needed in synchronous and asynchronous all-optical switching architectures," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 340-355 (2003).

Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. (2)

Y. Li, G. Xiao, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "On the benefits of multifiber optical packet switch," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 43, 376-378 (2004).

Y. Li, G. Xiao, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "A new contention-resolution scheme for time-critical applications in multifiber optical packet-switched networks," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 717-719 (2006).

Opt. Netw. Mag. (2)

B. Li, Y. Qin, X. Cao, K. Sivalingam, "Photonic packet switching: Architectures and performance," Opt. Netw. Mag. 2, 27-39 (2001).

V. Eramo, M. Listanti, "Comparison of unicast/multicast optical packet switching architectures using wavelength conversion," Opt. Netw. Mag. 3, 63-75 (2002).

Other (20)

P. B. Hansen, "Optical packet switching without wavelength packet alignment," European Conf. Optical Commun. MadridSpain (1998) Paper WdD13.

G. Castanon, L. Tancevski, S. Yagnanarayanan, L. Tamil, "Asymmetric WDM all-optical packet switched routers," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. (2000) pp. 53-55.

V. Eramo, M. Listanti, P. Pacifici, "Dimensioning of the wavelength converters in synchronous and asynchronous switching architecture," Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Commun. (2003) pp. 1474-1478.

V. Eramo, M. Listanti, "Advantages of input wavelength conversion in optical packet switches," Proc. IEEE Globecom (2003) pp. 2714-2718.

A. G. Fayoumi, F. A. Al-Zahrani, A. A. Habiballa, A. P. Jayasumana, "Performance analysis of multi-fiber synchronous photonic share-per-link racket switches," Proc. IEEE Conf. Local Comput. Netw. (2005) pp. 182-189.

B. Bostica, M. Burzio, P. Gambini, L. Zucchelli, Photonic Networks (Sringer-Verlag, 1997) pp. 362-376.

C. Fenger, V. B. Iversen, "Wavelength conversion by using multiple fibers," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (2001) pp. 1-2.

S. Xu, L. Li, S. Wang, "Dynamic routing and assignment of wavelength algorithms in multi-fiber wavelength division multiplexing networks," Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Comput. Commun. and Netw. (1999) pp. 332-337.

D. Mitra, C. Nuzman, I. Saniee, P. Whiting, "Optical crossconnect with shared wavelength conversion under dynamic loading," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. (2002) pp. 160-162.

W. Vanderbauwhede, D. A. Harle, "Novel design for an asynchronous optical packet switch," Proc. Opt. Netw. Des. Modeling (2003) pp. 737-754.

F. Masetti, P. Gavignet, D. Chiaroni, G. Da Loura, "Fiber delay lines optical buffer for ATM photonic switching applications," Proc. IEEE INFOCOM (1993) pp. 935-942.

J. Ramamirtham, J. Turner, "Time sliced optical burst switching," Proc. INFOCOM (2003) pp. 2030-2038.

M. Renaud, C. Janz, P. Gambini, C. Guillemot, "Transparent optical packet switching: The European ACTS KEOPS project approach," Proc. IEEE LEOS (1999) pp. 401-402.

R. Ramaswami, K. N. Sivarajan, Optical Networks (Morgan Kaufmann, 1998).

B. Mukherjee, Optical Communication Networks (McGraw-Hill, 1997).

T. Zhang, K. Lu, J. P. Jue, "Architectures and performance of fiber delay line buffers in packet-based multi-fiber optical networks," Optical Fiber Commun. AnaheimCA (2005) Paper OME74.

O. Liang, T. Xiansi, M. Yajie, Y. Zonghai, "A framework to evaluate blocking performance of time-slotted optical burst switched networks," Proc. IEEE Conf. Local Comput. Netw. (2005) pp. 258-267.

F. Dorgueille, "Fast optical amplifier gate array for WDM routing and switching applications," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. (1998) pp. 42-44.

T. Kato, "10 Gb/s photonic cell switching with hybrid 4 $\times$ 4 optical matrix module on silica based planar waveguide platform," Optical Fiber Commun. San JoseCA (1998) PD3.

N. Sahri, "A highly integrated 32-SOA gates opto-electronic module suitable for iP-multi-terabit optical packet routers," Optical Fiber Commun. AnaheimCA (2001).

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