Abstract

With recent successes of laboratory, inatmosphere, and space demonstrations of free-space optical communications, there is no doubt that the technology is ready for operational deployment. While these successes have shown that there are no laws of physics against such systems, their estimated system costs are still much too high for serious considerations. Two types of development can reduce the cost dramatically. The first is via the improvement of physical-link communication efficiency by an order of magnitude using photon-counting receivers for vacuum channels, system complexity, weight, and power for space systems can be greatly reduced. The second is through the use of coherent systems in links where clear-air turbulence impairs communication efficiency, and in multiple access applications where coherent processing can reduce the level of interference, significant reduction in system costs can be realized.

© 2006 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |

  1. V. W. S. Chan, "Optical satellite networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2811-2827 (2003) (Invited).
  2. V. W. S. Chan, "Optical space communications," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 6, 959-975 (2000) Millennium Issue, (Invited).
  3. J. R. Pierce, "Optical channels: Practical limits with photon counting," IEEE Trans. Commun. COM-26, 1819-1821 (1978).
  4. J. R. Pierce, "On the capacity of the photon counting channel," IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory IT-27, 61-77 (1981).
  5. D. M. Boroson, C. Chien-Chung, B. Edwards, "Overview of the Mars laser communications demonstration project," Proc. Dig. LEOS Summer Top. Meetings (2005) pp. 5-7.
  6. D. M Boroson, "MLCD: Overview of NASA's mars laser communications demonstration system," Proc. SPIE—Free-Space Laser Commun. Technol. XVI pp. 16-28.
  7. V. W. S. Chan, E. Lee, "Optical communication over the clear atmospheric channel using diversity," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1896-1906 (2004).
  8. J. P. Choi, Channel prediction and adaptation over satellite channels with weather-induced impairments M.S. thesis Massachusetts Inst. Technol.CambridgeMA (2000).
  9. R. S. Lawrence, J. W. Strohbehn, "A survey of clear-air propagation effects relevant to optical communications," Proc. IEEE 58, 1523-1545 (1970).
  10. V. Jacobson, "Congestion avoidance and control," Proc. ACM SIGCOMM Comput. Commun. Rev. (1988) pp. 314-329.
  11. T. Kelly, "Scalable TCP: Improving performance in high speed wide area networks," Proc. ACM SIGCOMM Comput. Commun. Rev. (2003) pp. 83-91.
  12. S. B. Alexander, R. Barry, E. A. Bucher, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, D. M. Hodsdon, L. L. Jeromin, J. E. Kaufmann, D. M. Materna, R. J. Parr, M. L. Stevens, D. White, "4-ary FSK coherent optical communication system," Electron. Lett. 26, 1346-1348 (1990).
  13. M. Lucente, E. S. Kintzer, S. B. Alexander, J. G. Fujimoto, V. W. S. Chan, "Coherent optical communication with an injection locked high power semiconductor laser array," Electron. Lett. 25, 1112-1113 (1989).
  14. K. Tamura, S. B. Alexander, V. W. S. Chan, D. M. Boroson, "Phase-Noise-Canceled Differential Phase-Shift-Keying (PNC-DPSK) for coherent optical communication systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 8, 190-201 (1989).
  15. V. W. S. Chan, "Intersatellite optical heterodyne communication system," Linc. Lab. J. 1, 169-186 (1988).
  16. G. L. Abbas, S. Yang, V. W. S. Chan, J. G. Fujimoto, "Injection behavior and modeling of 100 MW broad diode lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 609-617 (1988).
  17. E. A. Swanson, V. W. S. Chan, "Heterodyne spatial tracking system for optical space communication," IEEE Trans. Commun. 34, 118-126 (1988).
  18. V. W. S. Chan, "Space coherent optical communication systems—An introduction," J. Lightw. Technol. 5, 633-637 (1987).
  19. R. S. Bondurant, D. Welford, S. B. Alexander, V. W. S. Chan, "Frequency noise cancellation in semiconductor lasers by nonlinear heterodyne detection," Opt. Lett. 11, 791-793 (1986).
  20. L. L. Jeromin, V. W. S. Chan, "M-ary FSK performance for coherent optical communication systems using semiconductor lasers," IEEE Trans. Commun. COM-34, 375-381 (1986).
  21. V. Jayaraman, V. W. S. Chan, "Polarization tracking for optical heterodyne communication," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 2, 58 (1985).
  22. G. L. Abbas, V. W. S. Chan, T. K. Yee, "A dual-detector optical heterodyne receiver for local oscillator noise suppression," J. Lightw. Technol. 3, 1110-1122 (1985).
  23. G. L. Abbas, V. W. S. Chan, S. T. Yee, "Local oscillator excess noise suppression for homodyne and heterodyne detection," Opt. Lett. 8, 419-421 (1983).
  24. H. P. Yuen, V. W. S. Chan, "Noise in homodyne and heterodyne detection," Opt. Lett. 8, 177-179 (1983).
  25. E. J. Lee, V. W. S. Chan, "Performance of the transport layer protocol for diversity communication over the clear turbulent atmospheric optical channel," Proc. ICC pp. 333-339.
  26. E. Shin, V. W. S. Chan, "Optical communication over the turbulent atmospheric channel using spatial diversity," Proc. IEEE GLOBECOM (2002) pp. 2055-2060.
  27. E. J. Lee, V. W. S. Chan, "Part 1: Optical communication over the clear turbulent atmospheric channel using diversity," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1896-1906 (2004).
  28. V. W. S. Chan, "Optical space communications: A key building block for wide area space networks," Proc. 12th Annu. Meeting IEEE LEOS (1999) pp. 41-42.
  29. V. W. S. Chan, "Optical WDM space communications: The next frontier," Proc. Int. Conf. OFC/IOOC Tech. Dig. (1999) pp. 159.
  30. V. W. S. Chan, "Optical space communications," Proc. Int. Workshop Space Laser Commun. (1997).
  31. S. B. Alexander, R. Barry, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, D. M. Hodsdon, L. L. Jeromin, J. E. Kaufmann, D. M. Materna, R. J. Parr, M. L. Stevens, D. White, "Demonstration of a 4-ary FSK coherent optical communication system," Digest Conf. Optical Fiber Commun., (OFC) Washington, DC (1990) Paper FD2.
  32. V. W. S. Chan, "Intersatellite optical heterodyne communication system," Proc. LEOS Annu. Meeting Conf. (1989) pp. 354-357.
  33. V. W. S. Chan, J. E. Kaufmann, "Coherent optical intersatellite crosslink system," Proc. SPIE—Components Fiber Optic Applications and Coherent Lightwave Communications (1988) pp. 325-335.
  34. V. W. S. Chan, "Intersatellite optical heterodyne communication system," Proc. SPIE—Optical Space Commun. (1989) pp. 204-215.
  35. E. P. Colagiuri, S. B. Alexander, V. W. S. Chan, "Coding for the coherent optical channel," Digest Conf. Optical Fiber Commun., (OFC) Washington, DC (1989) Paper TU16.
  36. M. Lucente, E. Kintzer, S. B. Alexander, J. Fujimoto, V. W. S. Chan, "Coherent optical communication with an injection-locked high power diode laser array," Digest Conf. Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) BaltimoreMD (1989) Postdeadline Paper PD21.
  37. V. W. S. Chan, J. E. Kaufmann, "Coherent optical intersatellite crosslink systems," Proc. MILCOM Conf. Rec. (1988) pp. 533-540.
  38. R. S. Bondurant, S. B. Alexander, V. W. S. Chan, A. A. Colao, J. E. Kaufmann, E. Lee, A. N. Madiwale, P. F. Martin, A. D. Pillsbury, E. A. Swanson, "An opto-mechanical subsystem for space based coherent optical communication," Proc. SPIE—High Data Rate Atmospheric and Space Commun. Conf. (1988) pp. 92.
  39. V. W. S. Chan, "Phase noise cancelled differential phase shift keying for coherent communication with noisy lasers," Proc. IEEE Symp. Inf. Theory (1988) pp. 1-10.
  40. V. W. S. Chan, "Recent results & perspectives on coherent optical communications," Proc. OSA Annu. Meeting (1986).
  41. V. W. S. Chan, "Coherent optical communication system," Proc. Int. Symp. Inf. Theory (1986).
  42. R. S. Bondurant, D. Welford, S. B. Alexander, V. W. S. Chan, "Frequency noise cancellation in semiconductor lasers by nonlinear heterodyne detection," Digest Optical Society America Annu. Meeting Washington, DC (1985) Paper THC5.
  43. G. L. Abbas, S. B. Alexander, R. S. Bondurant, V. W. S. Chan, J.M. Elder, L. L. Jeromin, J. E. Kaufmann, F. G. Walther, S. D. Lowery, D. Welford, D. vL. Marquis, S. T. K. Yee, "Near quantum-limited operation of a GaAlAs laser heterodyne communication system," Conference Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO)2 BaltimoreMD (1985) Paper TU1.
  44. V. W. S. Chan, "Recent results in coherent optical communication," Proc. Conf. Lasers & Electro-Optics, Dig. Tech. Papers (1984) pp. 108-110.
  45. L. L. Jeromin, V. W. S. Chan, "Performance estimates for a coherent optical communication system," Proc. Conf. Opt. Fiber Commun. (1984) pp. 60.
  46. E. A. Swanson, V. W. S. Chan, "Spatial tracking system for heterodyne optical communication," Proc. IEEE Military Commun. Conf. (1984) pp. 253-258.
  47. V. W. S. Chan, "Coherent optical communication research at MIT Lincoln Laboratory," Proc. CLEO (1984).
  48. G. L. Abbas, V. W. S. Chan, "Optimal design and performance of a dual-detector optical heterodyne receiver for local oscillator noise suppression," Proc. GLOBECOM (1983) pp. 422-427.
  49. G. L. Abbas, T. K. Yee, V. W. S. Chan, "Reduction of local oscillator excess intensity noise for homodyne/heterodyne," Proc. OSA Annu. Meeting (1983).
  50. G. L. Abbas, T. K. Yee, V. W. S. Chan, "Reduction of local oscillator excess intensity noise for homodyne/heterodyne," Opt. Lett. 8, 419-421 (1983).
  51. L. L. Jeromin, V. W. S. Chan, "Performance of a coded optical communications system using an APD direct detection receiver," Proc. IEEE ICC (1983) pp. 235-244.
  52. L. L. Jeromin, V. W. S. Chan, "Modulation design for heterodyne optical communication system," Proc. Globecom (1983) pp. 412-415.
  53. P. Van Hove, V. W. S. Chan, "Spatial acquisition algorithms and systems for optical ISL," Proc. IEEE ICC (1983) pp. E1.6.1-E1.6.7.
  54. V. W. S. Chan, L. L. Jeromin, J. E. Kaufmann, "Heterodyne lasercom systems using GaAs lasers for ISL applications," Proc. IEEE ICC (1983) pp. 1201-1207.
  55. H. P. Yuen, V. W. S. Chan, "Noise in homodyne and heterodyne detection," Opt. Lett. 8, 177-179 (1983).
  56. H. P. Yuen, V. W. S. Chan, "Noise in homodyne and heterodyne detection," Proc. Conf. Lasers and Electro-Optics (1983) pp. 218-219.
  57. G. L. Abbas, V. W. S. Chan, S. T. K. Yee, "Cancellation of local oscillator intensity noise caused by the relaxation oscillation of GaAlAs lasers with a dual-detector heterodyne receiver," Proc. Conf. Opt. Fiber Commun. (1983) pp. 34.
  58. V. W. S. Chan, "The reliability function of a Poisson optical channel with block orthogonal signaling," Proc. Int. Symp. Inf. Theory (1982) pp. 174-175.
  59. K. Tamura, S. B. Alexander, V. W. S. Chan, "Phase-Noise-Cancelled Phase Shift Keying (PNC-PSK) modulation for coherent optical communication systems," Digest Conf. Optical Fiber Commun. (OFC) New OrleansLA (1988) Paper WG2.
  60. V. W. S. Chan, "The computation cut-off rate rcomp for an optical channel with multilevel AM signaling and direct detection receivers," Proc. IEEE Symp. Inf. Theory (2–5, 1981).
  61. V. W. S. Chan, "Communications through a randomly dispersive incoherent optical channel," Proc. ICC (1981) pp. 12.5.1-12.5.5.
  62. V. W. S. Chan, "Soft decision for PPM optical channels with direct detection," Proc. Nat. Telecommun. Conf. (30–Dec. 4, 1980) pp. 57.4.1-57.4.8.
  63. V. W. S. Chan, "Soft decision decoding for PPM optical channels with direct detection," Proc. Int. Commun. Conf. (1980) pp. 57.4.1-57.4.8.
  64. J. E. Kaufmann, V. W. S. Chan, "Communication over a quantum channel with feedback," Proc. IEEE Int. Symp. Inf. Theory (1979).
  65. V. W. S. Chan, "Multiple-user random-access optical communication system," Proc. ICC Conf. (1979) pp. 1.4.1-1.4.5.
  66. C. W. Helstrom, J. W. S. Liu, J. P. Gordon, "Quantum-mechanical communication theory," Proc. IEEE 58, 1578-1598 (1970).
  67. H. P. Yuen, R. S. Kennedy, M. Lax, "On optimal quantum receivers for digital signal detection," Proc. IEEE 58, 1770-1773 (1970).
  68. H. P. Yuen, R. S. Kennedy, M. Lax, "Optimal testing of multiple hypothesis in quantum detection theory," IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory IT-21, 125-134 (1975).
  69. J. Massey, "Capacity, cut-off rate and coding for a direct-detection optical channel," IEEE Trans. Commun. COM-29, 1615-1621 (1981).
  70. B. S. Robinson, A. J. Kerman, E. A. Dauler, R. J. Barron, D. O. Caplan, M. L. Stevens, J. J. Carney, S. A. Hamilton, "781 Mbit/s photon-counting optical communications using a superconducting nanowire detector," Opt. Lett. 31, 444-446 (2006).
  71. K. M. Rosfjord, J. K. W. Yang, E. A. Dauler, A. J. Kerman, V. Anant, B. M. Voronov, G. N. Gol'tsman, K. K. Berggren, "Nanowire single-photon detector with an integrated optical cavity and anti-reflection coating," Opt. Express 14, 527-534 (2006).
  72. P. Hopman, P. W. Boettcher, L. M. Candell, J. B. Glettler, R. C. Shoup, SPIE Free Space Laser Commun. VI (SPIE, 2006).
  73. B. S. Robinson, D. O. Caplan, M. L. Stevens, R. J. Barron, E. A. Dauler, S. A. Hamilton, "1.5-photons/bit photon-counting optical communications using Geiger-mode avalanche photodiodes," Proc. IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Soc. Summer Top. Meeting (2005) pp. 41-42.
  74. M. E. Grein, L. E. Elgin, B. S. Robinson, A. J. Kerman, S. A. Hamilton, W. E. Keicher, "Demonstration of a high-sensitivity 1550-nm optical communication link using pulse-position modulation and a wavelength-converter-based receiver," Proc. Conf. Lasers and Electro-Optics (2006).

Electron. Lett.

S. B. Alexander, R. Barry, E. A. Bucher, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, D. M. Hodsdon, L. L. Jeromin, J. E. Kaufmann, D. M. Materna, R. J. Parr, M. L. Stevens, D. White, "4-ary FSK coherent optical communication system," Electron. Lett. 26, 1346-1348 (1990).

M. Lucente, E. S. Kintzer, S. B. Alexander, J. G. Fujimoto, V. W. S. Chan, "Coherent optical communication with an injection locked high power semiconductor laser array," Electron. Lett. 25, 1112-1113 (1989).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

G. L. Abbas, S. Yang, V. W. S. Chan, J. G. Fujimoto, "Injection behavior and modeling of 100 MW broad diode lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 609-617 (1988).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun.

V. W. S. Chan, E. Lee, "Optical communication over the clear atmospheric channel using diversity," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1896-1906 (2004).

E. J. Lee, V. W. S. Chan, "Part 1: Optical communication over the clear turbulent atmospheric channel using diversity," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1896-1906 (2004).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron.

V. W. S. Chan, "Optical space communications," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 6, 959-975 (2000) Millennium Issue, (Invited).

IEEE Trans. Commun.

J. R. Pierce, "Optical channels: Practical limits with photon counting," IEEE Trans. Commun. COM-26, 1819-1821 (1978).

E. A. Swanson, V. W. S. Chan, "Heterodyne spatial tracking system for optical space communication," IEEE Trans. Commun. 34, 118-126 (1988).

L. L. Jeromin, V. W. S. Chan, "M-ary FSK performance for coherent optical communication systems using semiconductor lasers," IEEE Trans. Commun. COM-34, 375-381 (1986).

J. Massey, "Capacity, cut-off rate and coding for a direct-detection optical channel," IEEE Trans. Commun. COM-29, 1615-1621 (1981).

IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory

H. P. Yuen, R. S. Kennedy, M. Lax, "Optimal testing of multiple hypothesis in quantum detection theory," IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory IT-21, 125-134 (1975).

J. R. Pierce, "On the capacity of the photon counting channel," IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory IT-27, 61-77 (1981).

J. Lightw. Technol.

V. W. S. Chan, "Space coherent optical communication systems—An introduction," J. Lightw. Technol. 5, 633-637 (1987).

K. Tamura, S. B. Alexander, V. W. S. Chan, D. M. Boroson, "Phase-Noise-Canceled Differential Phase-Shift-Keying (PNC-DPSK) for coherent optical communication systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 8, 190-201 (1989).

V. W. S. Chan, "Optical satellite networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2811-2827 (2003) (Invited).

G. L. Abbas, V. W. S. Chan, T. K. Yee, "A dual-detector optical heterodyne receiver for local oscillator noise suppression," J. Lightw. Technol. 3, 1110-1122 (1985).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer.

V. Jayaraman, V. W. S. Chan, "Polarization tracking for optical heterodyne communication," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 2, 58 (1985).

Linc. Lab. J.

V. W. S. Chan, "Intersatellite optical heterodyne communication system," Linc. Lab. J. 1, 169-186 (1988).

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Proc. IEEE

C. W. Helstrom, J. W. S. Liu, J. P. Gordon, "Quantum-mechanical communication theory," Proc. IEEE 58, 1578-1598 (1970).

H. P. Yuen, R. S. Kennedy, M. Lax, "On optimal quantum receivers for digital signal detection," Proc. IEEE 58, 1770-1773 (1970).

R. S. Lawrence, J. W. Strohbehn, "A survey of clear-air propagation effects relevant to optical communications," Proc. IEEE 58, 1523-1545 (1970).

Other

V. Jacobson, "Congestion avoidance and control," Proc. ACM SIGCOMM Comput. Commun. Rev. (1988) pp. 314-329.

T. Kelly, "Scalable TCP: Improving performance in high speed wide area networks," Proc. ACM SIGCOMM Comput. Commun. Rev. (2003) pp. 83-91.

J. P. Choi, Channel prediction and adaptation over satellite channels with weather-induced impairments M.S. thesis Massachusetts Inst. Technol.CambridgeMA (2000).

D. M. Boroson, C. Chien-Chung, B. Edwards, "Overview of the Mars laser communications demonstration project," Proc. Dig. LEOS Summer Top. Meetings (2005) pp. 5-7.

D. M Boroson, "MLCD: Overview of NASA's mars laser communications demonstration system," Proc. SPIE—Free-Space Laser Commun. Technol. XVI pp. 16-28.

E. J. Lee, V. W. S. Chan, "Performance of the transport layer protocol for diversity communication over the clear turbulent atmospheric optical channel," Proc. ICC pp. 333-339.

E. Shin, V. W. S. Chan, "Optical communication over the turbulent atmospheric channel using spatial diversity," Proc. IEEE GLOBECOM (2002) pp. 2055-2060.

V. W. S. Chan, "Optical space communications: A key building block for wide area space networks," Proc. 12th Annu. Meeting IEEE LEOS (1999) pp. 41-42.

V. W. S. Chan, "Optical WDM space communications: The next frontier," Proc. Int. Conf. OFC/IOOC Tech. Dig. (1999) pp. 159.

V. W. S. Chan, "Optical space communications," Proc. Int. Workshop Space Laser Commun. (1997).

S. B. Alexander, R. Barry, D. M. Castagnozzi, V. W. S. Chan, D. M. Hodsdon, L. L. Jeromin, J. E. Kaufmann, D. M. Materna, R. J. Parr, M. L. Stevens, D. White, "Demonstration of a 4-ary FSK coherent optical communication system," Digest Conf. Optical Fiber Commun., (OFC) Washington, DC (1990) Paper FD2.

V. W. S. Chan, "Intersatellite optical heterodyne communication system," Proc. LEOS Annu. Meeting Conf. (1989) pp. 354-357.

V. W. S. Chan, J. E. Kaufmann, "Coherent optical intersatellite crosslink system," Proc. SPIE—Components Fiber Optic Applications and Coherent Lightwave Communications (1988) pp. 325-335.

V. W. S. Chan, "Intersatellite optical heterodyne communication system," Proc. SPIE—Optical Space Commun. (1989) pp. 204-215.

E. P. Colagiuri, S. B. Alexander, V. W. S. Chan, "Coding for the coherent optical channel," Digest Conf. Optical Fiber Commun., (OFC) Washington, DC (1989) Paper TU16.

M. Lucente, E. Kintzer, S. B. Alexander, J. Fujimoto, V. W. S. Chan, "Coherent optical communication with an injection-locked high power diode laser array," Digest Conf. Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) BaltimoreMD (1989) Postdeadline Paper PD21.

V. W. S. Chan, J. E. Kaufmann, "Coherent optical intersatellite crosslink systems," Proc. MILCOM Conf. Rec. (1988) pp. 533-540.

R. S. Bondurant, S. B. Alexander, V. W. S. Chan, A. A. Colao, J. E. Kaufmann, E. Lee, A. N. Madiwale, P. F. Martin, A. D. Pillsbury, E. A. Swanson, "An opto-mechanical subsystem for space based coherent optical communication," Proc. SPIE—High Data Rate Atmospheric and Space Commun. Conf. (1988) pp. 92.

V. W. S. Chan, "Phase noise cancelled differential phase shift keying for coherent communication with noisy lasers," Proc. IEEE Symp. Inf. Theory (1988) pp. 1-10.

V. W. S. Chan, "Recent results & perspectives on coherent optical communications," Proc. OSA Annu. Meeting (1986).

V. W. S. Chan, "Coherent optical communication system," Proc. Int. Symp. Inf. Theory (1986).

R. S. Bondurant, D. Welford, S. B. Alexander, V. W. S. Chan, "Frequency noise cancellation in semiconductor lasers by nonlinear heterodyne detection," Digest Optical Society America Annu. Meeting Washington, DC (1985) Paper THC5.

G. L. Abbas, S. B. Alexander, R. S. Bondurant, V. W. S. Chan, J.M. Elder, L. L. Jeromin, J. E. Kaufmann, F. G. Walther, S. D. Lowery, D. Welford, D. vL. Marquis, S. T. K. Yee, "Near quantum-limited operation of a GaAlAs laser heterodyne communication system," Conference Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO)2 BaltimoreMD (1985) Paper TU1.

V. W. S. Chan, "Recent results in coherent optical communication," Proc. Conf. Lasers & Electro-Optics, Dig. Tech. Papers (1984) pp. 108-110.

L. L. Jeromin, V. W. S. Chan, "Performance estimates for a coherent optical communication system," Proc. Conf. Opt. Fiber Commun. (1984) pp. 60.

E. A. Swanson, V. W. S. Chan, "Spatial tracking system for heterodyne optical communication," Proc. IEEE Military Commun. Conf. (1984) pp. 253-258.

V. W. S. Chan, "Coherent optical communication research at MIT Lincoln Laboratory," Proc. CLEO (1984).

G. L. Abbas, V. W. S. Chan, "Optimal design and performance of a dual-detector optical heterodyne receiver for local oscillator noise suppression," Proc. GLOBECOM (1983) pp. 422-427.

G. L. Abbas, T. K. Yee, V. W. S. Chan, "Reduction of local oscillator excess intensity noise for homodyne/heterodyne," Proc. OSA Annu. Meeting (1983).

P. Hopman, P. W. Boettcher, L. M. Candell, J. B. Glettler, R. C. Shoup, SPIE Free Space Laser Commun. VI (SPIE, 2006).

B. S. Robinson, D. O. Caplan, M. L. Stevens, R. J. Barron, E. A. Dauler, S. A. Hamilton, "1.5-photons/bit photon-counting optical communications using Geiger-mode avalanche photodiodes," Proc. IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Soc. Summer Top. Meeting (2005) pp. 41-42.

M. E. Grein, L. E. Elgin, B. S. Robinson, A. J. Kerman, S. A. Hamilton, W. E. Keicher, "Demonstration of a high-sensitivity 1550-nm optical communication link using pulse-position modulation and a wavelength-converter-based receiver," Proc. Conf. Lasers and Electro-Optics (2006).

L. L. Jeromin, V. W. S. Chan, "Performance of a coded optical communications system using an APD direct detection receiver," Proc. IEEE ICC (1983) pp. 235-244.

L. L. Jeromin, V. W. S. Chan, "Modulation design for heterodyne optical communication system," Proc. Globecom (1983) pp. 412-415.

P. Van Hove, V. W. S. Chan, "Spatial acquisition algorithms and systems for optical ISL," Proc. IEEE ICC (1983) pp. E1.6.1-E1.6.7.

V. W. S. Chan, L. L. Jeromin, J. E. Kaufmann, "Heterodyne lasercom systems using GaAs lasers for ISL applications," Proc. IEEE ICC (1983) pp. 1201-1207.

H. P. Yuen, V. W. S. Chan, "Noise in homodyne and heterodyne detection," Proc. Conf. Lasers and Electro-Optics (1983) pp. 218-219.

G. L. Abbas, V. W. S. Chan, S. T. K. Yee, "Cancellation of local oscillator intensity noise caused by the relaxation oscillation of GaAlAs lasers with a dual-detector heterodyne receiver," Proc. Conf. Opt. Fiber Commun. (1983) pp. 34.

V. W. S. Chan, "The reliability function of a Poisson optical channel with block orthogonal signaling," Proc. Int. Symp. Inf. Theory (1982) pp. 174-175.

K. Tamura, S. B. Alexander, V. W. S. Chan, "Phase-Noise-Cancelled Phase Shift Keying (PNC-PSK) modulation for coherent optical communication systems," Digest Conf. Optical Fiber Commun. (OFC) New OrleansLA (1988) Paper WG2.

V. W. S. Chan, "The computation cut-off rate rcomp for an optical channel with multilevel AM signaling and direct detection receivers," Proc. IEEE Symp. Inf. Theory (2–5, 1981).

V. W. S. Chan, "Communications through a randomly dispersive incoherent optical channel," Proc. ICC (1981) pp. 12.5.1-12.5.5.

V. W. S. Chan, "Soft decision for PPM optical channels with direct detection," Proc. Nat. Telecommun. Conf. (30–Dec. 4, 1980) pp. 57.4.1-57.4.8.

V. W. S. Chan, "Soft decision decoding for PPM optical channels with direct detection," Proc. Int. Commun. Conf. (1980) pp. 57.4.1-57.4.8.

J. E. Kaufmann, V. W. S. Chan, "Communication over a quantum channel with feedback," Proc. IEEE Int. Symp. Inf. Theory (1979).

V. W. S. Chan, "Multiple-user random-access optical communication system," Proc. ICC Conf. (1979) pp. 1.4.1-1.4.5.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.