Abstract

The history, fabrication, theory, numerical modeling, optical properties, guidance mechanisms, and applications of photonic-crystal fibers are reviewed.

© 2006 IEEE

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  124. N. Y. Joly, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, J. C. Knight, P. St.J. Russell, "Competition between spectral splitting and Raman frequency shift in negative-dispersion slope photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Commun. 248, 281-285 (2005).
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  138. K. Nakajima, K. Hogari, J. Zhou, K. Tajima, I. Sankawa, "Hole-assisted fiber design for small bending and splice losses," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1737-1739 (2003).
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  145. P. M. Blanchard, J. G. Burnett, G. R. G. Erry, A. H. Greenaway, P. Harrison, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, P. St.J. Russell, M. J. Gander, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, "Two-dimensional bend sensing with a single, multi-core optical fiber," Smart Mater. Struct. 9, 132-140 (2000).
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Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

G. Bouwmans, R. M. Percival, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, P. St.J. Russell, "High-power Er:Yb fiber laser with very high numerical aperture pump-cladding waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 817-818 (2003).

P. Rabinowitz, A. Stein, R. Brickman, A. Kaldor, "Efficient tunable hydrogen Raman laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 739-741 (1979).

Arch. Ration. Mech. Anal. (1)

S. Guenneau, A. B. Movchan, "Analysis of elastic band structures for oblique incidence," Arch. Ration. Mech. Anal. 171, 129-150 (2004).

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

P. V. Kaiser, H. W. Astle, "Low-loss single material fibers made from pure fused silica," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 53, 1021-1039 (1974).

Electron. Lett. (6)

L. Li, G. Wylangowski, D. N. Payne, R. D. Birch, "Broad-band metal glass single-mode fiber polarizers," Electron. Lett. 22, 1020-1022 (1986).

T. A. Birks, P. J. Roberts, P. St.J. Russell, D. M. Atkin, T. J. Shepherd, "Full 2-D photonic band gaps in silica/air structures," Electron. Lett. 31, 1941-1943 (1995).

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. St.J. Russell, J.-P. de Sandro, "Large mode area photonic crystal fiber," Electron. Lett. 34, 1347-1348 (1998).

F. Brechet, P. Roy, J. Marcou, D. Pagnoux, "Single mode propagation in depressed-core-index photonic-bandgap fiber designed for zero-dispersion propagation at short wavelengths," Electron. Lett. 36, 514-515 (2000).

B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St.J. Russell, A. H. Greenaway, "Experimental study of dual-core photonic crystal fiber," Electron. Lett. 36, 1358-1359 (2000).

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, H. N. Rutt, "Extruded single-mode non-silica glass holey optical fibers," Electron. Lett. 38, 546-547 (2002).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St.J. Russell, "Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807-809 (2000).

J. Lasri, P. Devgan, R. Tang, J. E. Sharping, P. Kumar, "A microstructure-fiber-based, 10-GHz synchronized, tunable optical parametric oscillator in the 1550-nm regime," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1058-1060 (2003).

K. Nakajima, K. Hogari, J. Zhou, K. Tajima, I. Sankawa, "Hole-assisted fiber design for small bending and splice losses," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1737-1739 (2003).

W. J. Wadsworth, R. M. Percival, G. Bouwmans, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, T. D. Hedley, P. St.J. Russell, "Very high numerical aperture fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 843-845 (2004).

J. Lightw. Technol. (6)

R. D. Pechstedt, P. St.J. Russell, "Narrow-band in-line fiber filter using surface-guided Bloch modes supported by dielectric multilayer stacks," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 1541-1545 (1996).

K. Kurokawa, K. Tajima, K. Tsujikawa, K. Nakajima, "Penalty-free dispersion-managed soliton transmission over a 100-km low-loss PCF," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 32-37 (2006).

E. M. Dianov, V. M. Mashinsky, "Germania-based core optical fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 3500-3508 (2005).

T. M. Monro, D. J. Richardson, N. G. R. Broderick, P. J. Bennett, "Holey optical fibers: An efficient modal model," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 1093-1102 (1999).

D. Mogilevtsev, T. A. Birks, P. St.J. Russell, "Localised function method for modelling defect modes in 2-D photonic crystals," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 2078-2081 (1999).

W. N. MacPherson, E. J. Rigg, J. D. C. Jones, V. V. Ravi Kanth Kumar, J. C. Knight, P. St.J. Russell, "Finite-element analysis and experimental results for a microstructured fiber with enhanced hydrostatic pressure sensitivity," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1227-1231 (2005).

J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

P. J. Roberts, T. J. Shepherd, "The guidance properties of multi-core photonic crystal fibers," J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 3, S133-S140 (2001).

J. Opt. Fiber Commun. Rep. (1)

P. J. Roberts, B. J. Mangan, H. Sabert, F. Couny, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, P. St.J. Russell, "Control of dispersion in photonic crystal fibers," J. Opt. Fiber Commun. Rep. 2, 435-461 (2005).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A, Opt. Image Sci. (2)

A. Hochman, Y. Leviatan, "Analysis of strictly bound modes in photonic crystal fibers by use of a source-model technique," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A, Opt. Image Sci. 21, 1073-1081 (2004).

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St.J. Russell, J.-P. de Sandro, "Properties of photonic crystal fiber and the effective index model," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A, Opt. Image Sci. 15, 748-752 (1998).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, Opt. Phys. (5)

T. P. White, B. T. Kuhlmey, R. C. McPhedran, D. Maystre, G. Renversez, C. M. de Sterke, L. C. Botten, "Multipole method for microstructured optical fibers—1: Formulation," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, Opt. Phys. 19, 2322-2330 (2002).

C. M. Bowden, J. P. Dowling, H. O. Everitt, "Development and applications of materials exhibiting photonic band gaps: Introduction," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, Opt. Phys. 10, 280-413 (1993).

S. Coen, A. H. L. Chau, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St.J. Russell, "Supercontinuum generation by stimulated Raman scattering and parametric four-wave mixing in photonic crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, Opt. Phys. 19, 753-764 (2002).

J. Laegsgaard, N. A. Mortenson, J. Riishede, A. Bjarklev, "Material effects in air-guiding photonic bandgap fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, Opt. Phys. 20, 2046-2051 (2003).

W. J. Wadsworth, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, T.-P. M. Man, P. St.J. Russell, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers and optical fiber tapers—A novel light source," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, Opt. Phys. 19, 2148-2155 (2002).

Laser Phys. (1)

A. Tünnermann, S. Hofer, S. Liem, J. Limpert, M. Reich, F. Roser, T. Schreiber, H. Zellmer, T. Peschel, V. Guyenot, "Power scaling of high-power fiber lasers and amplifiers," Laser Phys. 15, 107-117 (2005).

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

T. M. Monro, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, J. C. Baggett, N. G. R. Broderick, D. J. Richardson, "Sensing with microstructured optical fibres," Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 854-858 (2001).

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (1)

M. C. J. Large, S. Ponrathnam, A. Argyros, I. Bassett, N. S. Punjari, F. Cox, G. W. Barton, M. A. van Eijkelenborg, "Microstructured polymer optical fibres: New opportunities and challenges," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 446, 219-231 (2006).

Nature (3)

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St.J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibers," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).

F. Benabid, F. Couny, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St.J. Russell, "Compact, stable and efficient all-fiber gas cells using hollow-core photonic crystal fibers," Nature 434, 488-491 (2005).

A. Paul, R. A. Bartels, R. Tobey, H. Green, S. Weiman, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, S. Backus, "Quasi-phase-matched generation of coherent extreme-ultraviolet light," Nature 421, 51-54 (2003).

Nature Phys. (1)

P. Dainese, P. St.J. Russell, N. Joly, J. C. Knight, G. S. Wiederhecker, H. L. Fragnito, V. Laude, A. Khelif, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering from multi-GHz-guided acoustic phonons in nanostructured photonic crystal fibres," Nature Phys. 2, 388-392 (2006).

Opt. Commun. (4)

W. N. MacPherson, J. D. C. Jones, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, P. St.J. Russell, "Two-core photonic crystal fiber for Doppler difference velocimetry," Opt. Commun. 223, 375-380 (2003).

N. Y. Joly, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, J. C. Knight, P. St.J. Russell, "Competition between spectral splitting and Raman frequency shift in negative-dispersion slope photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Commun. 248, 281-285 (2005).

W. N. MacPherson, M. J. Gander, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, P. M. Blanchard, J. G. Burnett, A. H. Greenaway, B. J. Mangan, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, P. St.J. Russell, "Remotely addressed optical fiber curvature sensor using multicore photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Commun. 193, 97-104 (2001).

P. Yeh, A. Yariv, "Bragg reflection waveguides," Opt. Commun. 19, 427-430 (1976).

Opt. Exp. (1)

C. J. S. de Matos, J. R. Taylor, T. P. Hansen, K. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, "All-fiber chirped pulse amplification using highly dispersive air-core photonic band gap fiber," Opt. Exp. 11, 2832-2837 (2003).

Opt. Express (41)

S. G. Johnson, M. Ibanescu, M. Skorobogatiy, O. Weisberg, T. D. Engeness, M. Soljacic, S. A. Jacobs, J. D. Joannopoulos, Y. Fink, "Low-loss asymptotically single-mode propagation in large-core omniguide fibers," Opt. Express 9, 748-779 (2001).

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, P. St.J. Russell, "Particle levitation and guidance in hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express 10, 1195-1203 (2002).

V. V. Ravi Kanth Kumar, A. K. George, W. H. Reeves, J. C. Knight, P. St.J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, "Extruded soft glass photonic crystal fiber for ultrabroad supercontinuum generation," Opt. Express 10, 1520-1525 (2002).

W. J. Wadsworth, R. M. Percival, G. Bouwmans, J. C. Knight, P. St.J. Russell, "High power air-clad photonic crystal fiber laser," Opt. Express 11, 48-53 (2003).

W. H. Reeves, J. C. Knight, P. St.J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, "Demonstration of ultra-flattened dispersion in photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 10, 609-613 (2002).

J. Limpert, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, R. Iliew, F. Lederer, J. Broeng, G. Vienne, A. Petersson, C. Jakobsen, "High-power air-clad large-mode-area photonic crystal fiber laser," Opt. Express 11, 818-823 (2003).

N. M. Litchinitser, S. C. Dunn, B. Usner, B. J. Eggleton, T. P. White, R. C. McPhedran, C. M. de Sterke, "Resonances in microstructured optical waveguides," Opt. Express 11, 1243-1251 (2003).

J. M. Pottage, D. M. Bird, T. D. Hedley, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, P. St.J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, "Robust photonic band gaps for hollow core guidance in PCF made from high index glass," Opt. Express 11, 2854-2861 (2003).

J. Limpert, T. Schriedber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, "All fiber chirped-pulse amplification system based on compression in air-guiding photonic band gap fiber," Opt. Express 11, 3332-3337 (2003).

P. Petropoulos, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, V. Finazzi, R. Moore, K. Frampton, D. Richardson, T. Monro, "Highly nonlinear and anomalously dispersive lead silicate glass holey fibers," Opt. Express 11, 3568-3573 (2003).

T. A. Birks, D. M. Bird, T. D. Hedley, J. M. Pottage, P. St.J. Russell, "Scaling laws and vector effects in band gap guiding fibres," Opt. Express 12, 69-74 (2004).

W. J. Wadsworth, N. Joly, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, F. Biancalana, P. St.J. Russell, "Supercontinuum generation and four-wave mixing with Q-switched pulses in endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 12, 299-309 (2004).

J. D. Shephard, J. D. C. Jones, D. P. Hand, G. Bouwmans, J. C. Knight, P. St.J. Russell, B. J. Mangan, "High energy nanosecond pulses delivered single-mode through hollow-core PBG fibers," Opt. Express 12, 717-723 (2004).

H. Hundertmark, D. Wandt, C. Fallnich, N. Haverkamp, H. Telle, "Phase-locked carrier-envelope-offset frequency at 1560 nm," Opt. Express 12, 770-775 (2004).

F. Luan, J. C. Knight, P. St.J. Russell, S. Campbell, D. Xiao, D. T. Reid, B. J. Mangan, D. P. Williams, P. J. Roberts, "Femtosecond soliton pulse delivery at 800 nm wavelength in hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Express 12, 835-840 (2004).

G. Humbert, J. C. Knight, G. Bouwmans, P. St.J. Russell, D. P. Williams, P. J. Roberts, B. J. Mangan, "Hollow core photonic crystal fibers for beam delivery," Opt. Express 12, 1477-1484 (2004).

J. West, C. Smith, N. Borrelli, D. Allan, K. Koch, "Surface modes in air-core photonic band-gap fibers," Opt. Express 12, 1485-1496 (2004).

M. Nielsen, N. Mortensen, M. Albertsen, J. Folkenberg, A. Bjarklev, D. Bonacinni, "Predicting macrobending loss for large-mode area photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 12, 1775-1779 (2004).

S. G. Leon-Saval, T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St.J. Russell, M. W. Mason, "Supercontinuum generation in submicron fiber waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 2864-2869 (2004).

X. Chen, M. J. Li, N. Venkataraman, M. Gallagher, W. Wood, A. Crowley, J. Carberry, L. Zenteno, K. Koch, "Highly birefringent hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber," Opt. Express 12, 3888-3893 (2004).

D. Kim, J. U. Kang, "Sagnac loop interferometer based on polarization maintaining photonic crystal fiber with reduced temperature sensitivity," Opt. Express 12, 4490-4495 (2004).

P. J. Roberts, F. Couny, H. Sabert, B. J. Mangan, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, P. St.J. Russell, "Loss in solid-core photonic crystal fibers due to interface roughness scattering," Opt. Express 13, 7779-7793 (2005).

G. Bouwmans, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, F. Lopez, L. Provino, M. Douay, "Fabrication and characterization of an all-solid 2D photonic bandgap fiber with a low-loss region ($<$ 20 dB/km) around 1550 nm," Opt. Express 13, 8452-8459 (2005).

P. J. Roberts, D. P. Williams, B. J. Mangan, H. Sabert, F. Couny, W. J. Wadsworth, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, P. St.J. Russell, "Realizing low loss air core photonic crystal fibers by exploiting an antiresonant core surround," Opt. Express 13, 8277-8285 (2005).

G. Humbert, W. J. Wadsworth, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St.J. Russell, M. J. Lederer, D. Kopf, K. Wiesauer, E. I. Breuer, D. Stifter, "Supercontinuum generation system for optical coherence tomography based on tapered photonic crystal fibre," Opt. Express 14, 1596-1603 (2006).

P. Dainese, P. St.J. Russell, G. S. Wiederhecker, N. Joly, H. L. Fragnito, V. Laude, A. Khelif, "Raman-like light scattering from acoustic phonons in photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express 14, 4141-4150 (2006).

F. G. Omenetto, N. A. Wolchover, M. R. Wehner, M. Ross, A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, V. V. Ravi Kanth Kumar, A. K. George, J. C. Knight, N. Y. Joly, P. St.J. Russell, "Spectrally smooth supercontinuum from 350 nm to 3 $\mu\hbox{m}$ in sub-centimeter lengths of soft-glass photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 14, 4928-4934 (2006).

P. J. Roberts, D. P. Williams, H. Sabert, B. J. Mangan, D. M. Bird, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, P. St.J. Russell, "Design of low-loss and highly birefringent hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express 14, 7329-7341 (2006).

G. Bouwmans, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, P. St.J. Russell, L. Farr, B. J. Mangan, H. Sabert, "Properties of a hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber at 850 nm wavelength," Opt. Express 11, 1613-1620 (2003).

P. St.J. Russell, E. Marin, A. Diez, A. B. Movchan, "Sonic band gaps in PCF preforms: Enhancing the interaction of sound and light," Opt. Express 11, 2555-2560 (2003).

V. V. Ravi Kanth Kumar, A. K. George, J. C. Knight, P. St.J. Russell, "Tellurite photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express 11, 2641-2645 (2003).

P. J. Roberts, F. Couny, H. Sabert, B. J. Mangan, D. P. Williams, L. Farr, M. W. Mason, A. Tomlinson, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, P. St.J. Russell, "Ultimate low loss of hollow-core photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 13, 236-244 (2005).

A. Argyros, T. A. Birks, S. G. Leon-Saval, C. M. B. Cordeiro, F. Luan, P. St.J. Russell, "Photonic bandgap with an index step of one percent," Opt. Express 13, 309-314 (2005).

J. G. Rarity, J. Fulconis, J. Duligall, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St.J. Russell, "Photonic crystal fiber source of correlated photon pairs," Opt. Express 13, 534-544 (2005).

A. Argyros, T. A. Birks, S. G. Leon-Saval, C. M. B. Cordeiro, P. St.J. Russell, "Guidance properties of low-contrast photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Express 13, 2503-2511 (2005).

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, A. V. Yulin, N. Y. Joly, F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, P. St.J. Russell, "Time-spectrally-resolved ultrafast nonlinear dynamics in small-core photonic crystal fibers: Experiment and modelling," Opt. Express 12, 6498-6507 (2004).

F. Benabid, P. S. Light, F. Couny, P. St.J. Russell, "Electro-magnetically-induced transparency grid in acetylene-filled hollow-core PCF," Opt. Express 13, 5694-5703 (2005).

W. J. Wadsworth, A. Witkowska, S. G. Leon-Saval, T. A. Birks, "Hole inflation and tapering of stock photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 13, 6541-6549 (2005).

G. J. Pearce, J. M. Pottage, D. M. Bird, P. J. Roberts, J. C. Knight, P. St.J. Russell, "Hollow-core PCF for guidance in the mid to far infra-red," Opt. Express 13, 6937-6946 (2005).

J. D. Shephard, W. N. MacPherson, R. R. J. Maier, J. D. C. Jones, D. P. Hand, M. Mohebbi, A. K. George, P. J. Roberts, J. C. Knight, "Single-mode mid-IR guidance in a hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express 13, 7139-7144 (2005).

J. Fulconis, O. Alibart, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St.J. Russell, J. G. Rarity, "High brightness single mode source of correlated photon pairs using a photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express 13, 7572-7582 (2005).

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

M. Onishi, T. Okuno, T. Kashiwada, S. Ishikawa, N. Akasaka, M. Nishimura, "Highly nonlinear dispersion-shifted fibers and their application to broadband wavelength converter," Opt. Fiber Technol. 4, 204-214 (1998).

Opt. Lett. (28)

S. G. Leon-Saval, T. A. Birks, J. Bland-Hawthorn, M. Englund, "Multimode fiber devices with single-mode performance," Opt. Lett. 30, 2545-2547 (2005).

F. Di Teodoro, C. D. Brooks, "1.1 MW peak-power, 7 W average-power, high-spectral-brightness, diffraction-limited pulses from a photonic crystal fiber amplifier," Opt. Lett. 30, 2694-2696 (2005).

Y. Deng, Q. Lin, F. Lu, G. P. Agrawal, W. H. Knox, "Broadly tunable femtosecond parametric oscillator using a photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 30, 1234-1236 (2005).

S. G. Leon-Saval, T. A. Birks, N. Y. Joly, A. K. George, W. J. Wadsworth, G. Kakarantzas, P. St.J. Russell, "Splice-free interfacing of photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Lett. 30, 1629-1631 (2005).

L. Michaille, C. R. Bennett, D. M. Taylor, T. J. Shepherd, J. Broeng, H. R. Simonsen, A. Petersson, "Phase locking and supermode selection in multicore photonic crystal fiber lasers with a large doped area," Opt. Lett. 30, 1668-1670 (2005).

A. Y. H. Chen, G. K. L. Wong, S. G. Murdoch, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St.J. Russell, "Widely tunable optical parametric generation in a photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 30, 762-764 (2005).

J. D. Harvey, R. Leonhardt, K. G. L. Wong, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St.J. Russell, "Scalar modulational instability in the normal dispersion regime using a PCF," Opt. Lett. 28, 2225-2227 (2003).

J. Fan, A. Migdall, L. J. Wang, "Efficient generation of correlated photon pairs in a microstructure fiber," Opt. Lett. 30, 3368-3370 (2005).

N. Y. Joly, T. A. Birks, A. Yulin, J. C. Knight, P. St.J. Russell, "Linear and nonlinear guidance in an ultralow loss planar glass membrane," Opt. Lett. 30, 2469-2471 (2005).

F. Luan, A. K. George, T. D. Hedley, G. J. Pearce, D. M. Bird, J. C. Knight, P. St.J. Russell, "All-solid photonic bandgap fiber," Opt. Lett. 29, 2369-2371 (2004).

M. T. Myaing, J. Y. Ye, T. B. Norris, T. Thomas, J. R. Baker, W. J. Wadsworth, G. Bouwmans, J. C. Knight, P. St.J. Russell, "Enhanced two-photon biosensing with double-clad photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Lett. 28, 1224-1226 (2003).

J. E. Sharping, M. Fiorentino, P. Kumar, R. S. Windeler, "Optical parametric oscillator based on four-wave mixing in microstructure fiber," Opt. Lett. 27, 1675-1677 (2002).

G. Kakarantzas, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, T. A. Birks, P. St.J. Russell, L. Farr, F. Couny, B. J. Mangan, "Structural rocking filters in highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 28, 158-160 (2003).

G. Kakarantzas, T. A. Birks, P. St.J. Russell, "Structural long-period gratings in photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Lett. 27, 1013-1015 (2002).

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, A. J. Stentz, "Visible continuum generation in air–silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm," Opt. Lett. 25, 25-27 (2000).

L. S. Meng, K. S. Repasky, P. A. Roos, J. L. Carlsten, "Widely tunable continuous-wave Raman laser in diatomic hydrogen pumped by an external-cavity diode laser," Opt. Lett. 25, 472-474 (2000).

S. V. Chernikov, Y. Zhu, J. R. Taylor, V. P. Gapontsev, "Supercontinuum self-Q-switched ytterbium fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 22, 298-300 (1997).

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St.J. Russell, D. M. Atkin, "All-silica single-mode fiber with photonic crystal cladding: Errata," Opt. Lett. 22, 484-485 (1997).

T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, P. St.J. Russell, "Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 22, 961-963 (1997).

A. Ferrando, J. J. Miret, E. Silvestre, P. Andrés, M. V. Andrés, "Full-vector analysis of a realistic photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 24, 276-278 (1999).

A. Rosenberg, R. J. Tonucci, H.-B. Lin, A. J. Campillo, "Near-infrared two-dimensional photonic band-gap materials," Opt. Lett. 21, 830-832 (1996).

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St.J. Russell, D. M. Atkin, "All-silica single-mode fiber with photonic crystal cladding," Opt. Lett. 21, 1547-1549 (1996).

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, J. Arriaga, B. J. Mangan, T. A. Birks, P. St.J. Russell, "Highly birefringent photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Lett. 25, 1325-1327 (2000).

D. Mogilevtsev, T. A. Birks, P. St.J. Russell, "Group-velocity dispersion in photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Lett. 23, 1662-1664 (1998).

M. J. Steel, T. P. White, C. N. de Sterke, R. C. McPhedran, L. C. Botten, "Symmetry and degeneracy in microstructured optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 26, 488-490 (2001).

I. Hartl, X. D. Li, C. Chudoba, R. Ghanta, T. Ko, J. G. Fujimoto, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, A. J. Stentz, "Ultrahigh resolution optical coherence tomography using continuum generation in an air-silica microstructure optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 608-610 (2001).

G. Kakarantzas, T. E. Dimmick, T. A. Birks, R. Le Roux, P. St.J. Russell, "Miniature all-fiber devices based on $\hbox{CO}_2$ laser micro-structuring of tapered fibers," Opt. Lett. 26, 1137-1139 (2001).

B. J. Mangan, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, P. St.J. Russell, "Fundamental-mode cutoff in a photonic crystal fiber with a depressed-index core," Opt. Lett. 26, 1469-1471 (2001).

Phys. Rev. B, Condens. Matter (4)

V. Laude, A. Khelif, S. Benchabane, M. Wilm, T. Sylvestre, B. Kibler, A. Mussot, J. M. Dudley, H. Maillotte, "Phononic band-gap guidance of acoustic modes in photonic crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. B, Condens. Matter 71, 045107 (2005).

G. J. Pearce, T. D. Hedley, D. M. Bird, "Adaptive curvilinear coordinates in a plane-wave solution of Maxwell's equations in photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B, Condens. Matter 71, 195108 (2005).

C. T. Chan, Q. L. Yu, K. M. Ho, "Order N spectral method for electromagnetic waves," Phys. Rev. B, Condens. Matter 51, 16635-16642 (1995).

R. D. Meade, A. M. Rappe, K. D. Brommer, J. D. Joannopoulos, O. L. Alerhand, "Accurate theoretical analysis of photonic band-gap materials," Phys. Rev. B, Condens. Matter 48, 8434-8437 (1993).

Phys. Rev. E, Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Top. (2)

R. C. McPhedran, L. C. Botten, A. A. Asatryan, N. A. Nicorovici, P. A. Robinson, C. M. de Sterke, "Calculation of electromagnetic properties of regular and random arrays of metallic and dielectric cylinders," Phys. Rev. E, Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Top. 60, 7614-7617 (1999).

M. Yu, C. J. McKinstrie, G. P. Agrawal, "Modulational instabilities in dispersion-flattened fibers," Phys. Rev. E, Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Top. 52, 1072-1080 (1995).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (6)

S. Ghosh, J. Sharping, D. G. Ouzounov, A. L. Gaeta, "Resonant optical interactions with molecules confined in photonic band-gap fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 093902 (2005).

F. Benabid, G. Bouwmans, J. C. Knight, P. St.J. Russell, F. Couny, "Ultrahigh efficiency laser wavelength conversion in a gas-filled hollow core photonic crystal fiber by pure stimulated rotational Raman scattering in molecular hydrogen," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 123903 (2004).

A. Ashkin, "Acceleration and trapping of particles by radiation pressure," Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 156-159 (1970).

M. J. Renn, R. Pastel, H. J. Lewandowski, "Laser guidance and trapping of mesoscale particles in hollow-core optical fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1574-1577 (1999).

M. J. Renn, D. Montgomery, O. Vdovin, D. Z. Anderson, C. E. Wieman, E. A. Cornell, "Laser-guided atoms in hollow-core optical fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3253-3256 (1995).

R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St.J. Russell, "An optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).

Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng.—Optoelectronics (1)

C. Mias, J. P. Webb, R. L. Ferrari, "Finite element modelling of electromagnetic waves in doubly and triply periodic structures," Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng.—Optoelectronics 146, 111-118 (1999).

Rev. Mod. Phys. (2)

J. M. Dudley, "Review of supercontinuum generation in PCF," Rev. Mod. Phys. (2006).

T. Brabec, F. Krausz, "Intense few-cycle laser fields: Frontiers of nonlinear optics," Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545-591 (2000).

Science (8)

D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, P. St.J. Russell, "Soliton self-frequency shift cancellation in photonic crystal fibers," Science 301, 1705-1708 (2003).

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of MW optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, P. St.J. Russell, "Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers," Science 282, 1476-1478 (1998).

F. Benabid, G. Antonopoulos, J. C. Knight, P. St.J. Russell, "Stimulated Raman scattering in hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Science 298, 399-402 (2002).

D. H. Pearson, R. J. Tonucci, "Nanochannel glass replica membranes," Science 270, 68-70 (1995).

P. St.J. Russell, "Photonic crystal fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2003).

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St.J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, D. C. Allan, "Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D.-J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, J. V. Badding, "Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors," Science 311, 1583-1586 (2006).

Smart Mater. Struct. (1)

P. M. Blanchard, J. G. Burnett, G. R. G. Erry, A. H. Greenaway, P. Harrison, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, P. St.J. Russell, M. J. Gander, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, "Two-dimensional bend sensing with a single, multi-core optical fiber," Smart Mater. Struct. 9, 132-140 (2000).

Sov. Phys.—Tech. Phys. (1)

V. N. Melekin, A. B. Manenkov, "Dielectric tube as a low-loss waveguide," Sov. Phys.—Tech. Phys. 13, 1698-1699 (1968).

Other (11)

D. C. Allan, J. A. West, J. C. Fajardo, M. T. Gallagher, K. W. Koch, N. F. Borrelli, Photonic Crystals and Light Localisation in the 21st Century (Kluwer, 2001) pp. 305-320.

R. Bise, D. J. Trevor, "Sol–gel derived microstructured fiber: Fabrication and characterization," Conf. Optical Fiber Commun. (OFC) AnaheimCA (2005).

http://www.corning.com/opticalfiber/.

P. St.J. Russell, Electron and Photon Confinement in Semiconductor Nanostructures (IOS, 2003) pp. 79-103.

P. St.J. Russell, NATO Advanced Study Institute on Confined Electrons and Holes EriceItaly (1993)EriceItaly private notes, May 1991.

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St.J. Russell, D. M. Atkin, "Pure silica single-mode fiber with hexagonal photonic crystal cladding," Conf. Optical Fiber Commun. (OFC) San JoseCA (1996) Postdeadline Paper PD3.

A. W. Snyder, J. D. Love, Optical Waveguide Theory (Chapman & Hall, 1983).

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2001).

The Supercontinuum Laser Source (Springer-Verlag, 1989).

T. A. Birks, G. Kakarantzas, P. St.J. Russell, D. F. Murphy, "Photonic crystal fiber devices," Proc. SPIE—(Fiber-Based Component Fabrication, Testing and Connectorization) (2002) pp. 142-151.

P. St.J. Russell, "Light in a tight space: Enhancing matter-light interactions using photonic crystals," Proc. Conf. Nonlinear Opt.—(Optical Soc. Amer.) (2002) pp. 377-379.

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