Abstract

Novel photonics polymer devices for broadband technologies are described, focusing on the high-bandwidth graded-index plastic optical fiber (GI POF). Based on these photonics polymer device technologies, the concept of “Fiber to the Display” is proposed, where GI POF is directly distributed to display from main server in a building or house. Therefore, real-time face-to-face communication with high-definition-television quality becomes possible, which cannot be achieved by current technologies. The authors believe that new innovative concepts of broadband society in the 21st century will be realized by “the proposal from the material side.”

© 2006 IEEE

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  53. J. W. Fleming, "Material and mode dispersion in $\hbox{GeO}_{2}\hbox{-B}_{2}\hbox{O}_{3}\hbox{-SiO}_{2}$," J. Amer. Ceram. Soc. 59, 503-507 (1976).
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  57. P. Pepeljugoski, S. E. Golowich, A. J. Ritger, P. Kolesar, P. A. Risteski, "Modeling and simulation of next-generation multimode fiber links," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1242-1255 (2003).
  58. J. B. Schlager, M. J. Hackert, P. Pepeljugoski, J. Gwinn, "Measurements for enhanced bandwidth performance over 62.5-${\rm \mu}\hbox{m}$ multimode fiber in short-wavelength local area networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1276-1285 (2003).
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Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

D. B. Keck, P. C. Schultz, F. Zimar, "Attenuation of multimode glass optical waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 215-217 (1972).

Y. Ohtsuka, E. Nihei, Y. Koike, "Graded-index optical fibers of methyl methacrylate-vinyl benzoate copolymer with low loss and high bandwidth," Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 120-122 (1990).

T. Kaino, K. Jinguji, S. Nara, "Low loss poly (methylmethacrylate-d8) core optical fibres," Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 567-569 (1983).

Y. Ohtsuka, Y. Hatanaka, "Preparation of light-focusing plastic fiber by heat-drawing process," Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 735-737 (1976).

Bell Syst. Tech. J.

D. Marcuse, "Mode mixing with reduced losses in parabolic-index fibers," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 55, 777-802 (1976).

D. Marcuse, "Coupled mode theory of round optical fiber," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 52, 817-842 (1973).

Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn.

M. Naritomi, H. Murofushi, N. Nakashima, "Dopants for a perfluorinated graded index polymer optical fiber," Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn. 77, 2121-2127 (2004).

Electron. Lett.

T. Ishigure, E. Nihei, S. Yamazaki, K. Kobayashi, Y. Koike, "2.5 Gb/s 100 m data transmission using graded-index polymer optical fiber and high-speed laser diode at 650 nm wavelength," Electron. Lett. 31, 467-468 (1995).

Fuji Film Res. Dev.

Y. Nakamura, Y. Mizushima, M. Satou, M. Katoh, Y. Ohashi, "The development of graded-index plastic optical fiber (LUMISTAR) and high speed optical transmission system," Fuji Film Res. Dev. 64-68 (2005) (in Japanese).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

R. J. S. Bates, "Equalization and mode partition noise in all-plastic optical fiber data links," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1154-1157 (1992).

J. Amer. Ceram. Soc.

J. W. Fleming, "Material and mode dispersion in $\hbox{GeO}_{2}\hbox{-B}_{2}\hbox{O}_{3}\hbox{-SiO}_{2}$," J. Amer. Ceram. Soc. 59, 503-507 (1976).

J. Appl. Phys.

W. L. Bond, "Measurement of the refractive indices of several crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 36, 1674-1677 (1965).

J. Appl. Polym. Sci.

Y. Koike, Y. Kimoto, Y. Ohtsuka, "Studies on the light-focusing plastic rod—XIII. Photocopolymerization of methyl methacrylate-vinyl esters of aromatic carboxylic acid," J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 27, 3253-3264 (1982).

J. Lightw. Technol.

P. Pepeljugoski, M. J. Hackert, J. S. Abbott, S. E. Swanson, S. E. Golowich, A. J. Ritger, P. Kolesar, Y. C. Chen, P. Pleunis, "Development COF system specification for laser-optimized 50-${\rm \mu}\hbox{m}$ multimode fiber for multigigabit short-wavelength LANs," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1256-1275 (2003).

T. Ishigure, Y. Koike, J. W. Fleming, "Optimum index profile of the perfluorinated polymer based GI polymer optical fiber and its dispersion properties," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 178-184 (2000).

Y. Koike, T. Ishigure, E. Nihei, "High-bandwidth graded-index polymer optical fiber," J. Lightw. Technol. 13, 1475-1489 (1995).

T. Ishigure, M. Sato, O. Takanashi, E. Nihei, T. Nyu, S. Yamazaki, Y. Koike, "Formation of the refractive index profile in the graded index polymer optical fiber for gigabit data transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 2095-2100 (1997).

T. Ishigure, M. Kano, Y. Koike, "Which is a more serious factor to the bandwidth of GI POF: Differential mode attenuation or mode coupling?," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 959-965 (2000).

T. Ishigure, S. Tanaka, E. Kobayashi, Y. Koike, "Accurate refractive index profiling in a graded-index plastic optical fiber exceeding gigabit transmission rates," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 1449-1456 (2002).

K. Makino, T. Ishigure, Y. Koike, "Waveguide parameter design of graded-index plastic optical fibers for bending-loss reduction," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2108-2114 (2006).

T. Ishigure, Y. Aruga, Y. Koike, "High-bandwidth PVDF-clad GI POF with ultra-low bending loss," J. Lightw. Technol. .

D. Ðonlagić, "Opportunities to enhance multimode fiber links by application of overfilled launch," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 3526-3540 (2005).

S. E. Golowich, W. White, W. A. Reed, E. Knudsen, "Quantitative estimates of mode coupling and differential modal attenuation in perfluorinated graded-index plastic optical fiber," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 111-121 (2003).

T. Ishigure, K. Ohdoko, Y. Ishiyama, Y. Koike, "Mode coupling control and new optimum waveguiding design of GI POF for very short-reach network use," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 4155-4168 (2005).

P. Pepeljugoski, S. E. Golowich, A. J. Ritger, P. Kolesar, P. A. Risteski, "Modeling and simulation of next-generation multimode fiber links," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1242-1255 (2003).

J. B. Schlager, M. J. Hackert, P. Pepeljugoski, J. Gwinn, "Measurements for enhanced bandwidth performance over 62.5-${\rm \mu}\hbox{m}$ multimode fiber in short-wavelength local area networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1276-1285 (2003).

Macromol.

Y. Koike, N. Tanio, Y. Ohtsuka, "Light scattering and heterogeneities in low-loss poly (methyl methacrylate) glasses," Macromol. 22, 1367-1373 (1989).

Y. Koike, S. Matsuoka, H. E. Bair, "Origin of excess light scattering in poly (methyl methacrylate) glasses," Macromol. 25, 4807-4815 (1992).

Makromol. Chem.

W. Groh, "Overtone absorption in macromolecules for polymer optical fibers," Makromol. Chem. 189, 2861-2874 (1988).

Opt. Fiber Technol.

T. I. Monroy, H. P. A. V. Boom, A. M. J. Koonen, G. D. Khoe, Y. Watanabe, Y. Koike, T. Ishigure, "Data transmission over polymer optical fibers," Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 159-171 (2003).

Polym. J.

N. Tanio, Y. Koike, "What is the most transparent polymer?," Polym. J. 32, 119-125 (2000).

Polymer

Y. Koike, "High-bandwidth graded-index polymer optical fibre," Polymer 32, 1737-1745 (1991).

Science

A. F. Garito, J. Wang, R. Gao, "Effects of random perturbations in plastic optical fibers," Science 281, 962-967 (1998).

Other

G. Giaretta, M. Wegmueller, R. V. Yelamarty, "11 Gb/sec data transmission through 100 m of perfluorinated graded-index polymer optical fiber," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. San DiegoCA (1999) Post Deadline Paper, PD-14.

D. L. Wood, J. W. Fleming, NBS Special Publication #574 (, 1980).

N. Ohtsu, K. Uehara, T. Ishigure, Y. Koike, "Construction of the all GI-POF network in the hospital," Proc. Int. POF Conf. (2004) pp. 492-495.

Y. Koike, E. Nihei, Method of manufacturing optical transmission medium from synthetic resin U.S. Patent 5 382 448 (1995) JP Patent 3 005 808: EU Patent 0 497 984.

Y. Koike, E. Nihei, Method of manufacturing a graded optical transmission medium made of synthetic resin U.S. Patent 5 253 323 (1993) JP Patent 3 010 369: EU Patent 0 496 893.

D. G. Cunningham, W. G. Lane, B. Lane, Gigabit Ethernet Networking (Macmillan, 1999).

Y. Koike, E. Nihei, "Single-mode polymer optical fiber," Proc. 17th ECOC (1991) pp. 41-44.

K. Nakamura, J. Okumura, K. Irie, K. Shimada, "Reliability and mechanical characteristics of high speed SI POF," Proc. Int. POF Conf. (1995) pp. 114-116.

H. Munekuni, S. Katsuta, S. Teshima, "Plastic optical fiber for high-speed transmission," Proc. Int. POF Conf. (1994) pp. 148-151.

Y. Koike, M. Naritomi, Graded-refractive-index optical plastic material and method for its production U.S. Patent, 5 783 636 (1998) JP Patent 3 719 733: EU Patent 0 710 855, KR Patent 375 581: CN Patent ZL951 903 152, TW Patent 090 942.

Y. Koike, T. Ishigure, "Status and challenges of GI POF in data-com area," Proc. 27th ECOC (2001) pp. 72-73.

GigaHouse Town Project in Keio Engineering Foundation http://www.ght.jp.

D. Marcuse, Principles of Optical Fiber Measurements (Academic, 1981).

S. Takahashi, "Experimental studies on launching conditions in evaluating transmission characteristics of POFs," Proc. Int. POF Conf. (1993) pp. 83-85.

Y. Koike, Optical resin materials with distributed refractive index, process for producing the materials, and optical conductors using the materials U.S. Patent 5 541 247 (1996) JP Patent 3 332 922: EU Patent 0 566 744: KR Patent 170 358: CA Patent 2 098 604.

Perfluorinated GI POF Lucina http://www.lucina.jp/eg_lucina/indexeng.htm.

M. Nakamura, I. Kaneko, K. Oharu, G. Kojima, M. Matsuo, S. Samejima, M. Kamba, Novel fluorine-containing cyclic polymer U.S. Patent 4 897 457 (1990).

S. D. Walker, R. J. S. Bates, "Towards gigabit plastic optical fiber data links: Present progress and future prospects," Proc. 2nd Int. POF Conf. (1993) pp. 8-13.

S. Yamazaki, H. Hotta, S. Nakaya, K. Kobyashi, T. Ishigure, E. Nihei, Y. Koike, "2.5 Gb/s 100 m GRIN plastic optical fiber data link at 650 nm wavelength," Proc. 20th ECOC (1994) pp. 1-4.

D. M. Kuchta, J. A. Kash, P. Pepeljugoski, F. J. Canora, Y. Koike, R. P. Schneider, K. D. Choquette, S. Kilcoyne, "High speed data communication using 670 nm vertical cavity surface emitting lasers and plastic optical fiber," Proc. 3rd Int. POF Conf. (1994) pp. 135-139.

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