Abstract

Optical-frequency-domain reflectometry is used to measure the group-index difference and the refractive-index difference (i.e., beat length) between the fast and slow modes in polarization-maintaining optical fiber. The Rayleigh scatter normally present in the fiber is measured in reflection. This measurement, in turn, enables a distributed measurement of the fiber's birefringence that is rapid and completely nondestructive.

© 2006 IEEE

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Appl. Opt. (3)

Electron. Lett. (2)

R. B. Wagreich, W. A. Atia, H. Singh, J. S. Sirkis, "Effects of diametric load on fibre Bragg gratings fabricated in low birefringent fibre," Electron. Lett. 32, 1223-1224 (1996).

D. P. Davé, T. E. Milner, "Precise beat-length measurement of birefringent fibres with a dual-channel, low-coherence reflectometer," Electron. Lett. 37, 215-216 (2001).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

F. P. Kapron, "Birefringence in dielectric optical waveguide," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 222-225 (1972).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

B. Huttner, J. Reecht, N. Gisin, R. Passy, J. P. von derWeid, "Local birefringence measurements in single-mode fibers with coherent optical frequency-domain reflectometry," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1458-1460 (1998).

IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. (1)

W. J. Bock, W. Urbanczyk, M. Fontaine, "Characterization of highly birefringent optical fibers using interferometric techniques," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 46, 903-907 (1997).

J. Lightw. Technol. (7)

M. Legre, M. Wegmuller, N. Gisin, "Investigation of the ratio between phase and group birefringence in optical single-mode fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 3374-3378 (2003).

P. Zhang, D. Irvine-Halliday, "Measurement of the beat length in high-birefringent optical fiber by way of magnetooptic modulation," J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 597-602 (1994).

A. J. Barlow, "Optical-fiber birefringence measurement using a photo-elastic modulator," J. Lightw. Technol. LT-3, 135-145 (1985).

A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, A. Pizzinat, M. Schiano, T. Tambosso, "Measurement of local beat length and differential group delay in installed single mode fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1389-1394 (2000).

F. Corsi, A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, "Polarization mode dispersion characterization of single-mode optical fiber using backscatter technique," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 1832-1843 (1998).

J. P. von derWeid, R. Passy, G. Mussi, N. Gisin, "On the characterization of optical fiber network components with optical frequency domain reflectometry," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1131-1141 (1997).

M. Wegmüller, M. Legré, N. Gisin, "Distributed beat length measurement in single-mode fibers with optical frequency domain reflectometry," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 800-807 (2002).

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Other (1)

B. Soller, D. Gifford, M. Wolfe, M. Froggatt, P. Wysocki, M. Yu, "Measurement of localized heating in fiber optic components with millimeter spatial resolution," Optical Fiber Communications/Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2006, Paper OFN 3.

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