A technique for temperature-insensitive force measurement using a single fiber Bragg grating (FBG) based on strain-gradient-induced reflection spectrum-bandwidth modulation and optical-power detection is demonstrated. A specially designed bending cantilever beam (BCB) is used to induce axial-strain gradient along the sensing FBG, resulting in a Bragg bandwidth modulation. The broadening of the FBG spectrum bandwidth and reflection optical power linearly change with the applied force, and both of them are insensitive to spatially uniform temperature variations. For a temperature range from 20 °C to 80 °C a linear response of force measurement up to 20 N with fluctuation less than 0.8% full-scale is achieved without any temperature compensation. The demodulation process is simplified by optical-power detection via a p-i-n photodiode, and the sensing system is potentially cost-effective.
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