Abstract

A novel all-optical modulation-format conversion from nonreturn-to-zero on–off keying (NRZ-OOK) to return-to-zero binary phase-shift keying (RZ-BPSK) is proposed. A Mach–Zehnder interferometric (MZI) wavelength converter consisting of integrated semiconductor optical amplifiers (SOAs) is utilized to implement the proposed format conversion. Error-free operation at a bit rate of 10.7 Gb/s is experimentally demonstrated in order to show the feasibility of the proposed scheme. The received sensitivity of the converted signal is improved by 2.9 dB compared with a back-to-back NRZ-OOK signal at BER = 10<sup>-9</sup>. In addition, a reasonable dispersion tolerance of the converted signal up to ±500 ps/nm is observed. The numerical simulation based upon the carrier-rate equation verifies the experimental results.

© 2006 IEEE

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  1. O. Leclerc, B. Lavigne, E. Balmefrezol, P. Brindel, L. Pierre, D. Rouvillain, F. Seguineau, "Optical regeneration at 40 Gb/s and beyond," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2779-2790 (2003).
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  5. A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, "Optical phase-shift-keyed transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 115-130 (2005).
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IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (7)

A. H. Gnauck, X. Liu, X. Wei, D. M. Gill, E. C. Burrows, "Comparison of modulation formats for 42.7-Gb/s single-channel transmission through 1980 km of SSMF," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 909-911 (2004).

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stulz, E. Burrows, "25$\times$40-Gb/s copolarized DPSK transmission over 12$\times$100-km NZDF with 50-GHz channel spacing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 467-469 (2003).

M. Matsumoto, "Regeneration of RZ-DPSK signals by fiber-based all-optical regenerators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1055-1057 (2005).

L. Xu, B. C. Wang, V. Baby, I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, "All-optical data format conversion between RZ and NRZ based on a Mach–Zehnder interferometric wavelength converter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 308-310 (2003).

W. Li, M. Chen, Y. Dong, S. Xie, "All-optical format conversion from NRZ to CSRZ and between RZ and CSRZ using SOA-based fiber loop mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 203-205 (2004).

C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, F. Ratovelomanana, A. Enard, G. Glastre, D. Rondi, R. Blondeau, "Wavelength conversion by optimized monolithic integrated Mach–Zehnder interferometer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 521-523 (1996).

T. Durhuus, C. Joergensen, B. Mikkelsen, R. J. S. Pedersen, K. E. Stubkjaer, "All-optical data wavelength conversion by SOA's in a Mach–Zehnder configuration," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 53-55 (1994).

J. Lightw. Technol. (5)

M. Asghari, I. H. White, R. V. Penty, "Wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifier," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1181-1190 (1997).

C. G. Lee, Y. J. Kim, C. S. Park, H. J. Lee, C. S. Park, "Experimental demonstration of 10-Gb/s data format conversion between NRZ and RZ using SOA-Loop-Mirror," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 834-841 (2005).

T. Mizuochi, K. Ishida, T. Kobayashi, J. Abe, K. Kinjo, K. Motoshima, K. Kasahara, "A comparative study of DPSK and OOK WDM transmission over transoceanic distances and their performance degradations due to nonlinear phase noise," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1933-1943 (2003).

A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, "Optical phase-shift-keyed transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 115-130 (2005).

O. Leclerc, B. Lavigne, E. Balmefrezol, P. Brindel, L. Pierre, D. Rouvillain, F. Seguineau, "Optical regeneration at 40 Gb/s and beyond," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2779-2790 (2003).

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. Kawaguchi, "Absorptive and dispersive bistability in semiconductor injection laser," Opt. Quantum Electron. 19, S1-S36 (1987) suppl. 1.

Other (8)

M. J. Connelly, Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers (Kluwer, 2002).

T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, M. Izutsu, "All-optical modulation format conversion from frequency-shift-keying to phase-shift-keying by using optical double-sideband modulation technique," Conf. Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) BaltimoreMD (2005) Paper CWO1.

J. Leuthold, J. Jaques, S. Cabot, "All-optical wavelength conversion and regeneration," Conf. Optical Fiber Commun. (OFC) Los AngelesCA (2004) Paper WN1.

P. J. Winzer, R.-J. Essiambre, "Advanced optical modulation formats," Eur. Conf. Optical Commun. (ECOC) RiminiItaly (2003) Paper Th2.6.1.

I. Kang, C. Dorrer, L. Zhang, M. Rasras, L. Buhl, A. Bhardwaj, S. Cabot, M. Dinu, X. Liu, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, A. Wong-Foy, Y. F. Chen, S. Patel, D. T. Neilson, J. Jacques, C. R. Giles, "Regenerative all optical wavelength conversion of 40-Gb/s DPSK signals using a semiconductor optical amplifier Mach–Zehnder interferometer," Eur. Conf. Optical Commun. (ECOC) GlasgowU.K. (2005) Paper Th.4.3.3.

B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, J. Slovak, M. Schlak, C. Schmidt, A. Marculescu, P. Vorreau, S. Tsadka, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, "All-optical DPSK wavelength converter based on MZI with integrated SOAs and phase shifters," Conf. Optical Fiber Commun. (OFC) AnaheimCA (2006) Paper OWS6.

T. Miyahara, A. Sugitatsu, T. Hatta, K. Takagi, K. Matsumoto, T. Aoyagi, S. Nishikawa, T. Nishimura, K. Motoshima, "Monolithically integrated SOA-MZI wavelength converter with assist DFB-LD," Conf. Optical Fiber Commun. (OFC) Los AngelesCA (2004) Paper TuS4.

Z. Pan, Y. Wang, Y. Song, R. Motaghian, S. Havstad, A. Willner, "Monitoring chromatic dispersion and PMD impairments in optical differential phase-shift-keyed (DPSK) systems," Conf. Optical Fiber Commun. (OFC) AtlantaGA (2003) Paper WP1.

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