Abstract

In fiber optical parametric amplifiers (OPAs), idlers are generated during the amplification process. For very wide and dense signal input spectra, idlers may overlap with signals, thereby interfering with proper operation as an amplifier. In this paper, filter-based methods to fully utilize the bandwidth of OPAs and wavelength converters in the presence of very broad signal spectra are investigated. In the basic filter setup, two parallel OPAs and two filters are used; alternatively, one can use a single OPA bidirectionally and a single filter. An interleaver-based arrangement, separating signals from idlers at the system output, with a crosstalk of below -20 dB and subdecibel bit-error-rate penalty, is experimentally demonstrated.

© 2006 IEEE

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Electron. Lett. (1)

M. E. Marhic, G. Kalogerakis, L. G. Kazovsky, "Gain reciprocity in fibre optical parametric amplifiers," Electron. Lett. 42, 519-520 (2006).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

M. E. Marhic, K. K.-Y. Wong, L. G. Kazovsky, "Wideband tuning of the gain spectra of one-pump fiber optical parametric amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 10, 1133-1141 (2004).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. A. Spanke, "Architectures for large nonblocking optical space switches," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 964-967 (1986).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

M. N. Islam, O. Boyraz, "Fiber parametric amplifiers for wavelength band conversion," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 8, 527-537 (2002).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

T. Torounidis, H. Sunnerud, O. Hedekvist, A. Andrekson, "Amplification of WDM signals in fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1061-1063 (2003).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

F. A. Callegari, J. M. Chavez Boggio, H. L. Fragnito, "Spurious four-wave mixing in two-pump fiber-optic parametric amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 434-436 (2004).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

M. H. Chou, I. Brenner, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, S. B. Christman, "1.5-$\mu\hbox{m}$-band wavelength conversion based on cascaded second-order nonlinearity in $\hbox{LiNbO}_{3}$ waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 653-655 (1999).

A. Durecu-Legrand, D. Bayart, A. Mussot, T. Sylvestre, E. Lantz, H. Maillotte, "Impact of pump OSNR on noise figure for fiber-optical parametric amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1178-1180 (2005).

S.-K. Liaw, K.-P. Ho, C. Lin, S. Chi, "Multichannel bidirectional transmission using a WDM MUX/DMUX pair and unidirectional in-line amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1664-1666 (1997).

K. K.-Y. Wong, K. Shimizu, K. Uesaka, G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, L. G. Kazovsky, "Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric amplifier with 60 dB gain using a novel two-segment design," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1707-1709 (2003).

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, "Broad-band continuous-wave-pumped fiber optical parametric amplifier with 49-dB gain and wavelength-conversion efficiency," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 194-196 (2001).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

M. Ho, K. Uesaka, M. E. Marhic, Y. Akasaka, L. G. Kazovsky, "200-nm-bandwidth fiber optical amplifier combining parametric and Raman gain," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 977-981 (2001).

K. Jinguji, M. Kawachi, "Synthesis of coherent two-port lattice-form optical delay-line circuit," J. Lightw. Technol. 13, 73-82 (1995).

M. E. Marhic, G. Kalogerakis, K. K.-Y. Wong, L. G. Kazovsky, "Pump to signal transfer of low-frequency intensity modulation in fiber optical parametric amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1049-1055 (2005).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, Opt. Phys. (1)

J. L. Blows, P.-F. Hu, "Cross-talk-induced limitations of two-pump optical fiber parametric amplifiers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, Opt. Phys. 21, 989-995 (2004).

Opt. Lett. (1)

J. L. Blows, S. E. French, "Low-noise-figure optical parametric amplifier with a continuous-wave frequency-modulated pump," Opt. Lett. 27, 491-493 (2002).

Opt. Lett. (2)

Optics Photonics News (1)

M. E. Marhic, K. K.-Y. Wong, G. Kalogerakis, L. G. Kazovsky, "Toward practical fiber optical parametric amplifiers and oscillators," Optics Photonics News 15, 22-27 (2004).

Other (7)

M. Hirano, T. Nakanishi, T. Okuno, M. Onishi, "Broadband wavelength conversion over 193-nm by HNL-DSF improving higher-order dispersion performance," Proc. ECOC (2005) pp. 43-46.

J. H. Lee, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, N. Sugitomo, T. Tanemura, K. Kikuchi, "Wavelength conversion of 40-Gb/s NRZ signal using four-wave-mixing in 40-cm-long Bismuth Oxide based highly-nonlinear optical fiber," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC) AnaheimCA (2005) DP23.

K. K.-Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, G. Kalogerakis, L. G. Kazovsky, "Fiber optical parametric amplifier and wavelength converter with record 360 nm gain bandwidth and 50 dB signal gain," Conf. Lasers and Electro-Optics BaltimoreMD (2003) Paper CThPDB6.

S. Haykin, Communication Systems (Wiley, 1994).

M. E. Marhic, G. Kalogerakis, K. Uesaka, K. Shimizu, K. K.-Y. Wong, L. G. Kazovsky, "Interleaver-based method for full utilization of the bandwidth of fiber optical parametric amplifiers and wavelength converters," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC) AtlantaGA (2003) ThK4.

A. Mussot, E. Lanz, T. Sylvestre, H. Maillotte, A. Durecu-Legrand, C. Simonneau, D. Bayart, "Zero-dispersion wavelength mapping of a highly nonlinear optical fibre-based parametric amplifier," Eur. Conf. Optical Commun. (ECOC) StockholmSweden (2004) Tu3.3.7.

T. Chiba, H. Arai, K. Oshira, H. Nonen, H. Okano, H. Uetsuka, "Novel architecture of wavelength interleaving filter with Fourier transform-based MZIs," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC) Murray HillNJ (2000) Paper WB5-1.

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