Abstract

This paper demonstrates a multichannel wavelength conversion of differential phase-shift-keyed (DPSK) signals using four-wave mixing in a highly nonlinear fiber. The wavelengths of three 10-Gb/s nonreturn-to-zero (NRZ) DPSK channels are simultaneously converted without incurring the cross-gain modulation penalty usually associated with on–off-keyed signals. A maximum conversion efficiency of 85% was achieved for both NRZ and return-to-zero DPSK signals.

© 2006 IEEE

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  1. K. Inoue, H. Toba, "Wavelength conversion experiment using fiber four-wave mixing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 69-72 (1992).
  2. T. Tanemura, C. S. Goh, K. Kikuchi, S. Y. Set, "Highly efficient arbitrary wavelength conversion within entire C-band based on nondegenerate fiber four-wave mixing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 551-553 (2004).
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Electron. Lett. (2)

E. Yamazaki, A. Takada, J. Yamawaku, T. Morioka, O. Tadanaga, M. Asobe, "Widely tunable multichannel wavelength conversion using multiple wavelength quasi-phase-matched $\hbox{LiNbO}_{3}$ waveguide," Electron. Lett. 40, 492-494 (2004).

K. Inoue, T. Hasegawa, K. Oda, H. Toba, "Multichannel frequency conversion experiment using fibre four-wave-mixing," Electron. Lett. 29, 1708-1710 (1993).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (7)

Z. Li, Y. Dong, J. Mo, Y. Wang, C. Lu, "Cascaded all-optical wavelength conversion for RZ-DPSK signal based on four-wave-mixing in semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1685-1687 (2004).

P. A. Anderson, T. Tokle, Y. Geng, C. Peucheret, P. Jeppesen, "Wavelength conversion of a 40 Gb/s RZ-DPSK signal using four-wave-mixing in a dispersion-flattened highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1908-1910 (2005).

S. Yamashita, M. Tani, "Cancellation of spectral spread in SBS-suppressed fiber wavelength converters using a single phase modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2096-2098 (2004).

M. Horowitz, A. R. Chraplyvy, R. W. Tkach, J. L. Zyskind, "Broad-band transmitted intensity noise induced by stokes and anti-stokes Brillouin scattering in single-mode fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 124-126 (1997).

K. Inoue, H. Toba, "Wavelength conversion experiment using fiber four-wave mixing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 69-72 (1992).

T. Tanemura, C. S. Goh, K. Kikuchi, S. Y. Set, "Highly efficient arbitrary wavelength conversion within entire C-band based on nondegenerate fiber four-wave mixing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 551-553 (2004).

P. S. Cho, D. Mahgerefteh, J. Goldhar, "All-optical 2R regeneration and wavelength conversion at 20 Gb/s using an electroabsorption modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1662-1664 (1999).

J. Lightw. Technol. (4)

J. Yu, X. Zheng, C. Peucheret, A. T. Clausen, H. N. Poulsen, P. Jeppensen, "40 Gb/s all-optical wavelength conversion based on a nonlinear optical loop mirror," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1001-1006 (2000).

R. A. Linke, A. H. Gnauck, "High capacity coherent lightwave systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 6, 1750-1769 (1988).

B. Zhu, L. E. Nelson, S. Stulz, A. H. Gnauck, C. Doerr, J. Leuthold, L. Gruner-Nielsen, M. O. Pedersen, J. Kim, R. L. Lingle, Jr."High spectral density long-haul 40-Gb/s transmission using CSRZ-DPSK format," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 208-214 (2004).

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, B. Spinnler, S. Calabro, H. Suche, P. M. Krummrich, W. Sohler, G. D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, "Optical phase conjugation for ultra-long-haul phase shift keyed transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 54-64 (2006).

Other (3)

P. Devgan, R. Tang, V. S. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, "Multichannel wavelength conversion of DPSK signals using four-wave mixing in highly-nonlinear fiber without cross-gain-modulation penalty," Proc. CLEO (2005) pp. 291-293.

G. Charlet, E. Corbel, J. Lazaro, A. Klekamp, R. Dischler, P. Tran, W. Idler, H. Mardoyan, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, S. Bigo, "WDM transmission at 6 Tbit/s capacity over transatlantic distance, using 42.7 Gb/s differential phase-shift keying without pulse carver," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC) Postdeadline MarcoussisFrance (2004) PDP36.

S. Watanabe, S. Takeda, T. Chikama, "Interband wavelength conversion of 320 Gb/s (32 $\times$ 10 Gb/s) WDM signal using a polarization-insensitive fiber four-wave mixer," Proc. ECOC (1998) pp. 83.

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