Abstract

This paper presents the experimental results of the switching performances of the fast reconfigurable optical crosspoint switch (OXS) matrix. This paper demonstrates unicast optical packet switching for a 10-Gb/s payload at various modulation formats and a 155-Mb/s nonreturn-to-zero label. Reconfigurable time as fast as 2 ns is achieved because of the optimized control circuit and device fabrication. The power and wavelength dependence for the payload and the capability of multihop operation are investigated as well. The functionalities of the OXS acting as an optical switch and an optical buffer are demonstrated in the optical network node experiment. Very good switching property is obtained for the OXS, which clearly validates OXS as a potential technique for future high-speed Internet-protocol-over-wavelength-division-multiplexing networks.

© 2006 IEEE

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  1. D. J. Blumenthal, B. E. Olsson, G. Rossi, T. E. Dimmick, L. Rau, M. Masanovic, O. Lavrova, R. Doshi, O. Jerphagnon, J. E. Bowers, V. Kaman, L. A. Coldren, J. Barton, "All-optical label swapping networks and technologies," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 2058-2075 (2000).
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  3. G. Papadimitriou, C. Papazoglou, A. Pomportsis, "Optical switching: Switching fabrics, techniques, and architecures," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 384-405 (2003).
  4. H. Demir, V. Sabnis, O. Fidaner, J. Zheng, J. Harris, D. Miller, "Multifunctional integrated photonic switches," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 11, 86-96 (2005).
  5. S. Yu, R. Varrazza, M. Owen, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, D. Rogers, S. Perrin, C. C. Button, "Ultra-low crosstalk, compact integrated optical crosspoint space switch arrays employing active InGaAsP/InP vertical waveguide couplers," Conf. Lasers Electro-Optics (CLEO) BaltimoreMD (1999) Postdeadline Paper PD24.
  6. R. Varrazza, I. Djordjevic, S. Yu, "Active vertical-coupler-based optical crosspoint switch matrix for optical packet-switching applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2034-2042 (2004).
  7. S. Lee, R. Varrazza, O. Ansell, S. Yu, "Highly flexible 4 $\times$ 4 optical crosspoint packet switch matrix for optical multicast operations," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 911-913 (2005).
  8. S. Yu, S.-C. Lee, O. Ansell, R. Varrazza, "Lossless optical packet multicast using active vertical coupler based optical crosspoint switch matrix," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2984-2992 (2005).
  9. R. Geldenhuys, N. Chi, Z. Wang, I. Tafur Monroy, T. Koonen, H. J. S. Dorren, F. W. Leuschner, G. D. Khoe, S. Yu, "Multiple packet recirculation in an optical buffer using a crosspoint switch," Proc. LEOS (2005) pp. 85-86.
  10. A. Takada, J. H. Park, "Architecture of ultrafast optical packet switching ring network," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 2306-2315 (2002).
  11. P. Winzer, A. Kalmar, "Sensitivity enhancement of optical receivers by impulsive coding," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 171-177 (1999).
  12. A. Gnauck, P. Winzer, "Optical phase-shift-keyed transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 115-130 (2005).
  13. G. Onishchuko, V. Lokhnygin, A. Shipulin, M. Golles, "Differential binary phase-shift keying transmission using cascaded semiconductor optical amplifiers," Proc. CLEO/Pacific Rim Conf. (1999) pp. 513-514.
  14. X. Wei, Y. Su, X. Liu, J. Leuthold, S. Chandrasekhar, "10-Gb/s RZ-DPSK transmitter using a saturated SOA as a power booster and limiting amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1582-1584 (2004).
  15. P. Cho, J. Khurgin, "Suppression of cross-gain modulation in SOA using RZ-DPSK modulation format," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 162-164 (2003).
  16. O. Liboiron–Ladouceur, R. Jordan, K. Bergman, "10 Gbps NRZ-DPSK modulation in SOA-based optical packet switching," Proc. ECOC GlasgowU.K. (2005) Paper Th2.4.3.
  17. N. Chi, Z. Wang, S. Yu, "A large variable delay, fast reconfigurable optical buffer based on multi-loop configuration and an optical crosspoint switch matrix," Optical Fiber Communications (OFC) AnaheimCA (2006) Paper OFO7.

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron.

H. Demir, V. Sabnis, O. Fidaner, J. Zheng, J. Harris, D. Miller, "Multifunctional integrated photonic switches," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 11, 86-96 (2005).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

S. J. B. Yoo, H. J. Lee, Z. Pan, J. Cao, Y. Zhang, K. Okamoto, S. Kamei, "Rapidly switching all-optical packet routing system with optical-label swapping incorporating tunable wavelength conversion and a uniform-loss cyclic frequency AWGR," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1211-1213 (2002).

S. Lee, R. Varrazza, O. Ansell, S. Yu, "Highly flexible 4 $\times$ 4 optical crosspoint packet switch matrix for optical multicast operations," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 911-913 (2005).

X. Wei, Y. Su, X. Liu, J. Leuthold, S. Chandrasekhar, "10-Gb/s RZ-DPSK transmitter using a saturated SOA as a power booster and limiting amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1582-1584 (2004).

P. Cho, J. Khurgin, "Suppression of cross-gain modulation in SOA using RZ-DPSK modulation format," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 162-164 (2003).

J. Lightw. Technol.

A. Takada, J. H. Park, "Architecture of ultrafast optical packet switching ring network," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 2306-2315 (2002).

P. Winzer, A. Kalmar, "Sensitivity enhancement of optical receivers by impulsive coding," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 171-177 (1999).

A. Gnauck, P. Winzer, "Optical phase-shift-keyed transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 115-130 (2005).

S. Yu, S.-C. Lee, O. Ansell, R. Varrazza, "Lossless optical packet multicast using active vertical coupler based optical crosspoint switch matrix," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2984-2992 (2005).

D. J. Blumenthal, B. E. Olsson, G. Rossi, T. E. Dimmick, L. Rau, M. Masanovic, O. Lavrova, R. Doshi, O. Jerphagnon, J. E. Bowers, V. Kaman, L. A. Coldren, J. Barton, "All-optical label swapping networks and technologies," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 2058-2075 (2000).

R. Varrazza, I. Djordjevic, S. Yu, "Active vertical-coupler-based optical crosspoint switch matrix for optical packet-switching applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2034-2042 (2004).

G. Papadimitriou, C. Papazoglou, A. Pomportsis, "Optical switching: Switching fabrics, techniques, and architecures," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 384-405 (2003).

Other

S. Yu, R. Varrazza, M. Owen, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, D. Rogers, S. Perrin, C. C. Button, "Ultra-low crosstalk, compact integrated optical crosspoint space switch arrays employing active InGaAsP/InP vertical waveguide couplers," Conf. Lasers Electro-Optics (CLEO) BaltimoreMD (1999) Postdeadline Paper PD24.

R. Geldenhuys, N. Chi, Z. Wang, I. Tafur Monroy, T. Koonen, H. J. S. Dorren, F. W. Leuschner, G. D. Khoe, S. Yu, "Multiple packet recirculation in an optical buffer using a crosspoint switch," Proc. LEOS (2005) pp. 85-86.

G. Onishchuko, V. Lokhnygin, A. Shipulin, M. Golles, "Differential binary phase-shift keying transmission using cascaded semiconductor optical amplifiers," Proc. CLEO/Pacific Rim Conf. (1999) pp. 513-514.

O. Liboiron–Ladouceur, R. Jordan, K. Bergman, "10 Gbps NRZ-DPSK modulation in SOA-based optical packet switching," Proc. ECOC GlasgowU.K. (2005) Paper Th2.4.3.

N. Chi, Z. Wang, S. Yu, "A large variable delay, fast reconfigurable optical buffer based on multi-loop configuration and an optical crosspoint switch matrix," Optical Fiber Communications (OFC) AnaheimCA (2006) Paper OFO7.

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