Abstract

In this paper, a network architecture for the realization of a pragmatic framework for optical packet transport called the light-frame (LF) framework is proposed. The architecture enables the transport of packets over optical media. While doing so, it relaxes the need for address recognition as well as high-speed switching, which are the two key hindering factors that have prevented contemporary optical packet transport solutions from being deployed. Using this framework, a tradeoff was achieved between cost (maturity in deployment) and performance (network efficiency). The idea is to create a logical topology that enables N<sup>2</sup> connectivity, yielding sublambda granularity, and thereby facilitating packet transport. Methods for topology discovery and conflict resolution are proposed. This paper also discusses stochastic as well as optimization analysis of the framework. The fiber resource requirements of this network solution are compared to a leading access networking solution—passive optical networks (PONs)—and cost benefits are shown. The LF concept due to its finely granular application, despite a present technological bottleneck, presents a good implementation case that allows it to be pushed for next-generation optical packet transport, especially in the access area.

© 2006 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |

  1. A. Gumaste, I. Chlamtac, J. Jue, "Light-frames: A pragmatic framework for optical packet transport," Proc. IEEE ICC (2004) pp. 1537-1542.
  2. A. Gumaste, Light-trail and light-frame architectures for optical networks Ph.D. dissertation Univ. TexasDallas (2003).
  3. A. Gumaste, S. Q. Zheng, Network evaluation of light-frames Dept. Comput. Sci., Univ. TexasDallas CS-Tech. Rep. CS:14 (2004).
  4. A. Gumaste, I. Chlamtac, "Light-trails: A solution to IP centric communication at the optical domain," Proc. IEEE HPSR (2003) pp. 634-644.
  5. A. Gumaste, I. Chlamtac, "Mesh implementations of light-trails: A solution to IP centric communication in the optical domain," Proc. 12th IEEE ICCCN (2003) pp. 178-183.
  6. A. Gumaste, I. Chlamtac, "Light-trails: An optical solution for IP transport," OSA J. Opt. Netw. 3, 261-281 (2004) (invited).
  7. A. Gumaste, S. Q. Zheng, "Optical storage area networks: The light-trails approach," IEEE Commun. Mag. 21, 72-79 (2005).
  8. A. Gumaste, G. Kuper, I. Chlamtac, "Optimizing light-trail assignment for IP centric communication," Proc. 13th IEEE LANMAN (2004).
  9. L. Tamil, T. McDermott, F. Masetti, G. A. Castañon, A. Ge, L. Tancevski, "Optical IP routers: Design and performance issues under self-similar traffic," J. High Speed Netw. 8, 59-67 (1999).
  10. I. Chlamtac, "CORD: Contention resolution using delay lines," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 14, 1014-1029 (1996).
  11. Y. Ota, "High-speed, burst-mode, packet-capable optical receiver and instantaneous clock recovery for optical bus operation," J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 325-331 (1994).
  12. Hernandez, "First field trial of optical label-based switching and packet drop on a 477 km NTON/sprint link," Proc OFC (2003) pp. 168-169.
  13. L. Rau, D. Blumenthal, "Optical packet communication using all optical label swapping," Proc. OFC (2002).
  14. C. Qiao, "Labeled optical burst switching LOBS: IP over WDM networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 38, 104-114 (2000).
  15. F. Calleghatti, "Packet optical networks for high-speed TCP-IP backbones. Solutions for optical transparent networking. An optical transparent packet network. IP over OTP," IEEE Commun. Mag. (1999).
  16. I. Chlamtac, A. Farago, "Lightpath (WDM) routing for large networks," IEEE Trans. Commun. 909 (1996).
  17. A. Gumaste, T. Antony, DWDM Network Designs and Engineering Solutions (Pearson, 2002).
  18. R. Bertsekas, G. Gallagher, Data Networks pp. 279.
  19. M. Garey, D. Johnson, Computers and Intractability: A Guide to the Theory of NP-Completeness .
  20. D. Dutta, WDM Technologies: Active Optical Components (Academic, 2002).
  21. A. Gumaste, T. Antony, First Mile Access Networks and Enabling Technologies (Pearson, 2004).
  22. T. Apostolopoulos, E. Protonotarios, "Queueing analysis of buffered CSMA/CD protocols," IEEE Trans. Commun. COM-34, 898-904 (1986).
  23. L. Klienrock, Queueing Systems (Princeton Univ. Press, 1975).
  24. M. Marathe, S. Kumar, "Analytical models for an Ethernet like LAN link," Proc. ACM Sigmetrics Conf. Meas. and Modeling Comput. Syst. (1981).
  25. I. Chlamtac, A. Gumaste, C. Szabo, Business Models and Technologies for Community Networks (Wiley, 2005).
  26. M. Charikar, "Approximate algorithms for directed Steiner problems," Proc. 9th Annu. ACM-SIAM on Discrete Algorithms (1998).
  27. B. Mukherjee, J. Meditch, "The $p_{i}$ persistent protocol for unidirectional broadcast bus networks," IEEE Trans. Commun. 36, 1277-1286 (1988).
  28. K. Natarajan, A. Gudhe, A. Gumaste, N. Ghani, "A novel K-out-of-N auctioning mechanism and strategic scaling for dynamic bandwidth allocation in GEPON," Proc. IEEE Globecom (2006).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (3)

A. Gumaste, S. Q. Zheng, "Optical storage area networks: The light-trails approach," IEEE Commun. Mag. 21, 72-79 (2005).

C. Qiao, "Labeled optical burst switching LOBS: IP over WDM networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 38, 104-114 (2000).

F. Calleghatti, "Packet optical networks for high-speed TCP-IP backbones. Solutions for optical transparent networking. An optical transparent packet network. IP over OTP," IEEE Commun. Mag. (1999).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

I. Chlamtac, "CORD: Contention resolution using delay lines," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 14, 1014-1029 (1996).

IEEE Trans. Commun. (3)

T. Apostolopoulos, E. Protonotarios, "Queueing analysis of buffered CSMA/CD protocols," IEEE Trans. Commun. COM-34, 898-904 (1986).

B. Mukherjee, J. Meditch, "The $p_{i}$ persistent protocol for unidirectional broadcast bus networks," IEEE Trans. Commun. 36, 1277-1286 (1988).

I. Chlamtac, A. Farago, "Lightpath (WDM) routing for large networks," IEEE Trans. Commun. 909 (1996).

J. High Speed Netw. (1)

L. Tamil, T. McDermott, F. Masetti, G. A. Castañon, A. Ge, L. Tancevski, "Optical IP routers: Design and performance issues under self-similar traffic," J. High Speed Netw. 8, 59-67 (1999).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

Y. Ota, "High-speed, burst-mode, packet-capable optical receiver and instantaneous clock recovery for optical bus operation," J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 325-331 (1994).

OSA J. Opt. Netw. (1)

A. Gumaste, I. Chlamtac, "Light-trails: An optical solution for IP transport," OSA J. Opt. Netw. 3, 261-281 (2004) (invited).

Other (18)

A. Gumaste, G. Kuper, I. Chlamtac, "Optimizing light-trail assignment for IP centric communication," Proc. 13th IEEE LANMAN (2004).

A. Gumaste, I. Chlamtac, J. Jue, "Light-frames: A pragmatic framework for optical packet transport," Proc. IEEE ICC (2004) pp. 1537-1542.

A. Gumaste, Light-trail and light-frame architectures for optical networks Ph.D. dissertation Univ. TexasDallas (2003).

A. Gumaste, S. Q. Zheng, Network evaluation of light-frames Dept. Comput. Sci., Univ. TexasDallas CS-Tech. Rep. CS:14 (2004).

A. Gumaste, I. Chlamtac, "Light-trails: A solution to IP centric communication at the optical domain," Proc. IEEE HPSR (2003) pp. 634-644.

A. Gumaste, I. Chlamtac, "Mesh implementations of light-trails: A solution to IP centric communication in the optical domain," Proc. 12th IEEE ICCCN (2003) pp. 178-183.

A. Gumaste, T. Antony, DWDM Network Designs and Engineering Solutions (Pearson, 2002).

R. Bertsekas, G. Gallagher, Data Networks pp. 279.

M. Garey, D. Johnson, Computers and Intractability: A Guide to the Theory of NP-Completeness .

D. Dutta, WDM Technologies: Active Optical Components (Academic, 2002).

A. Gumaste, T. Antony, First Mile Access Networks and Enabling Technologies (Pearson, 2004).

Hernandez, "First field trial of optical label-based switching and packet drop on a 477 km NTON/sprint link," Proc OFC (2003) pp. 168-169.

L. Rau, D. Blumenthal, "Optical packet communication using all optical label swapping," Proc. OFC (2002).

L. Klienrock, Queueing Systems (Princeton Univ. Press, 1975).

M. Marathe, S. Kumar, "Analytical models for an Ethernet like LAN link," Proc. ACM Sigmetrics Conf. Meas. and Modeling Comput. Syst. (1981).

I. Chlamtac, A. Gumaste, C. Szabo, Business Models and Technologies for Community Networks (Wiley, 2005).

M. Charikar, "Approximate algorithms for directed Steiner problems," Proc. 9th Annu. ACM-SIAM on Discrete Algorithms (1998).

K. Natarajan, A. Gudhe, A. Gumaste, N. Ghani, "A novel K-out-of-N auctioning mechanism and strategic scaling for dynamic bandwidth allocation in GEPON," Proc. IEEE Globecom (2006).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.