Abstract

Tunable lasers have been the subject of considerable interest ever since the start of the wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) revolution. In this paper, we bring together views on tunable lasers from different types of companies in the value chain, from operators to laser manufacturers. The purpose of the paper is to give an overview of the state of the art in both deployment and development, as well as to try to predict trends over the coming years.

© 2006 IEEE

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  1. L. Paraschis, O. Gerstel and R. Ramaswami, "Evaluation of tunable laser applications in metropolitan networks", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, Paper MF105, Feb. 2004.
  2. J. Buus, M.-C. Amann and D. J. Blumenthal, Tunable Laser Diodes and Related Optical Sources, Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2005.
  3. Y. A. Akulova, G. A. Fish, P.-C. Koh, C. L. Schow, P. Kozodoy, A. P. Dahl, S. Nakagawa, M. C. Larson, M. P. Mack, T. A. Strand, C. W. Coldren, E. Hegblom, S. K. Penniman, T. Wipiejewski and L. A. Coldren, "Widely tunable electroabsorption-modulated sampled-grating (DBR) laser transmitters", IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 1349-1357, Nov./Dec. 2002.
  4. A. J. Ward, D. J. Robbins, G. Busico, E. Barton, L. Ponnampalam, J. P. Duck, N. D. Whitbread, P. J. Williams, D. C. J. Reid, A. C. Carter and M. J. Wale, "Widely tunable DS-DBR laser with monolithically integrated SOA: Design and performance", IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 149-156, Jan./Feb. 2005.
  5. J.-O. Wesström, G. Sarlet, S. Hammerfeldt, L. Lundqvist, P. Szabo and P.-J. Rigole, "State-of-the-art performance of widely tunable modulated grating Y-branch lasers", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, Paper TuE2, Feb. 2004.
  6. M. Bouda, M. Matsuda, K. Morito, S. Hara, T. Watanabe, T. Fujii and Y. Kotaki, "Compact high-power wavelength selectable lasers for WDM applications", in Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), vol. 1, Baltimore, MD, Mar. 2000, pp. 178-180.
  7. T. Mukaihara, Y. Nakagawa, H. Nasu, H. Kambayashi, M. Oike, S. Yoshimi, T. Kurobe, T. Kimoto, K. Muranushi, T. Nomura and A. Kasukawa, "High power, low noise, low power consumption, 25 GHz × 180 ch thermally tunable DFB laser module integrated with stable wavelength monitor", in Eur. Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Rimini, Italy,Sep. 2003,Paper We.4.P.81,. pp. 718-719.
  8. H. Ishii, H. Oohashi, K. Kasaya, K. Tsuzuki and Y. Tohmori, "High-power (40 mW) L-band tunable DFB laser array module using current tuning", in Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2005,Paper OTuE1,. p. 90.
  9. B. Pezeshki, E. Vail, J. Kubicky, G. Yoffe, S. Zou, J. Heanue, P. Epp, S. Rishton, D. Ton, B. Garaji, M. Emanuel, X. Hong, M. Sherback, V. Agrawal, C. Chipman and T. Razazan, "20-mW widely tunable laser module using DFB array and MEMS selection", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, no. 10, pp. 1457-1459, Oct. 2002.
  10. D. Anthon, J. D. Berger and A. Tselikov, " C + L band MEMS tunable external cavity semiconductor laser", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, Paper WL2, Feb. 2004.
  11. J. De Merlier, K. Mizutani, S. Sudo, K. Naniwae, Y. Furushima, S. Sato, K. Sato and K. Kudo, "Full C-band external cavity wavelength tunable laser using a liquid-crystal-based tunable mirror", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 681-683, Mar. 2005.

  12. K. Takabayashi, K. Takada, N. Hashimoto, M. Doi, S. Tomabechi, G. Nakagawa, H. Miyata, T. Nakazawa and K. Morito, "Widely (132 nm) wavelength tunable laser using a semiconductor optical amplifier and an acousto-optic tunable filter", Electron. Lett., vol. 40, no. 19, pp. 1187-1188, Sep. 2004.



Other (16)

L. Paraschis, O. Gerstel and R. Ramaswami, "Evaluation of tunable laser applications in metropolitan networks", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, Paper MF105, Feb. 2004.

J. Buus, M.-C. Amann and D. J. Blumenthal, Tunable Laser Diodes and Related Optical Sources, Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2005.

Y. A. Akulova, G. A. Fish, P.-C. Koh, C. L. Schow, P. Kozodoy, A. P. Dahl, S. Nakagawa, M. C. Larson, M. P. Mack, T. A. Strand, C. W. Coldren, E. Hegblom, S. K. Penniman, T. Wipiejewski and L. A. Coldren, "Widely tunable electroabsorption-modulated sampled-grating (DBR) laser transmitters", IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 1349-1357, Nov./Dec. 2002.

A. J. Ward, D. J. Robbins, G. Busico, E. Barton, L. Ponnampalam, J. P. Duck, N. D. Whitbread, P. J. Williams, D. C. J. Reid, A. C. Carter and M. J. Wale, "Widely tunable DS-DBR laser with monolithically integrated SOA: Design and performance", IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 149-156, Jan./Feb. 2005.

J.-O. Wesström, G. Sarlet, S. Hammerfeldt, L. Lundqvist, P. Szabo and P.-J. Rigole, "State-of-the-art performance of widely tunable modulated grating Y-branch lasers", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, Paper TuE2, Feb. 2004.

M. Bouda, M. Matsuda, K. Morito, S. Hara, T. Watanabe, T. Fujii and Y. Kotaki, "Compact high-power wavelength selectable lasers for WDM applications", in Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), vol. 1, Baltimore, MD, Mar. 2000, pp. 178-180.

T. Mukaihara, Y. Nakagawa, H. Nasu, H. Kambayashi, M. Oike, S. Yoshimi, T. Kurobe, T. Kimoto, K. Muranushi, T. Nomura and A. Kasukawa, "High power, low noise, low power consumption, 25 GHz × 180 ch thermally tunable DFB laser module integrated with stable wavelength monitor", in Eur. Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Rimini, Italy,Sep. 2003,Paper We.4.P.81,. pp. 718-719.

H. Ishii, H. Oohashi, K. Kasaya, K. Tsuzuki and Y. Tohmori, "High-power (40 mW) L-band tunable DFB laser array module using current tuning", in Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2005,Paper OTuE1,. p. 90.

B. Pezeshki, E. Vail, J. Kubicky, G. Yoffe, S. Zou, J. Heanue, P. Epp, S. Rishton, D. Ton, B. Garaji, M. Emanuel, X. Hong, M. Sherback, V. Agrawal, C. Chipman and T. Razazan, "20-mW widely tunable laser module using DFB array and MEMS selection", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, no. 10, pp. 1457-1459, Oct. 2002.

D. Anthon, J. D. Berger and A. Tselikov, " C + L band MEMS tunable external cavity semiconductor laser", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, Paper WL2, Feb. 2004.

J. De Merlier, K. Mizutani, S. Sudo, K. Naniwae, Y. Furushima, S. Sato, K. Sato and K. Kudo, "Full C-band external cavity wavelength tunable laser using a liquid-crystal-based tunable mirror", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 681-683, Mar. 2005.


K. Takabayashi, K. Takada, N. Hashimoto, M. Doi, S. Tomabechi, G. Nakagawa, H. Miyata, T. Nakazawa and K. Morito, "Widely (132 nm) wavelength tunable laser using a semiconductor optical amplifier and an acousto-optic tunable filter", Electron. Lett., vol. 40, no. 19, pp. 1187-1188, Sep. 2004.




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