Abstract

A novel optical signal modulation concept of adaptively modulated optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (AMOOFDM) is proposed, and a comprehensive theoretical model of AMOOFDM modems is developed. Numerical simulations of the transmission performance of the AMOOFDM signals are undertaken in unamplified multimode fiber (MMF)-based links using directly modulated distributed feedback (DFB) lasers (DMLs). It is shown that 28 Gb/s over 300 m and 10 Gb/s over 900 m transmission of intensity modulation and direct detection (IMDD) AMOOFDM signals at 1550 nm is feasible in DML-based links using MMFs with 3-dB effective bandwidths of 200 MHz ...km. Apart from a higher signal capacity, AMOOFDM also has a greater spectral efficiency and is less susceptible to different launching conditions, modal dispersion, and fiber types, compared with all existing schemes. In addition, a large noise margin of about 15 dB is also observed. The bits of resolution of analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) and the cyclic prefix of AMOOFDM symbols are the main factors limiting the maximum achievable performance, on which the influence of DMLs is, however, negligible under the optimum operating condition.

© 2006 IEEE

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Other (31)

P. Pepeljugoski, S. E. Golowich, A. J. Ritger, P. Kolesar and A. Risteski, "Modelling and simulation of next-generation multimode fibre links", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 1242-1255, May 2003.

B. Tolley, J. Bisberg, C. Bryson and J. Jaeger, "10 Gb/s ethernet on FDDI-grade MM fibre", IEEE 802.3 10 Gb/s on FDDI-Grade MM Fiber Study Group,, Nov. 2003.

L. Aronson and L. Buckman, "Guide to HP labs ROFL/OFL fiber measurements from 12/15/97-12/19/97", IEEE 802.3 10 GbE Study Group,, Apr. 2004.

L. Raddatz, I. H. White, D. G. Cunningham and M. C. Nowell, "An experimental and theoretical study of the offset launch technique for the enhancement of the bandwidth of multimode fibre links", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 324-331, Mar. 1998.

L. A. Buckman, B. E. Lemoff, A. J. Schmit, R. P. Tella and W. Gong, "Demonstration of a small-form-factor WWDM transceiver module for 10-Gb/s local area networks", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 702-704, May 2002.

M. Webster, E. J. Tyler, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty and I. H. White, "Novel cascaded optical coding schemes for bandwidth efficient systems applications", in Proc. Optical Fibre Communication Conf. and Exhibit (OFC), vol. 3, Anaheim, CA, 2001, pp. WDD47-1-WDD47-3.

K. M. Patel and S. E. Ralph, "Enhanced multimode fibre link performance using a spatially resolved receiver", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 393-395, Mar. 2002.

S. Bhoja, "EDC coverage results on the Cambridge MMF model", IEEE 802.3 10 Gb/s on FDDI-Grade MM Fiber Study Group,, Mar. 2004.

J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, I. H. White and D. G. Cunningham, "Electronic equalisation for length extension of × 2 to × 3 in 10 Gb/s multimode-fibre data communication links", Electron. Lett., vol. 40, no. 22, pp. 1437-1439, Oct. 2004.

C. Xia, M. Ajgaonkar and W. Rosenkranz, "On the performance of the electrical equalization technique in MMF links for 10-gigabit ethernet", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 23, no. 6, pp. 2001-2011, Jun. 2005.

S. S.-H. Yam, F.-T. An, S. Sinha, M. E. Marhic and L. G. Kazovsky, "40 Gb/s transmission over 140 m 62.5 µm multimode fibre using polarization controlled launch", presented at the Conf. Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), San Francisco, CA, Paper CTuEE5, 2004.

E. J. Tyler, M. Webster, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, S. Yu and J. Rorison, "Subcarrier modulated transmission of 2.5 Gb/s over 300 m of 62.5-µm -core diameter multimode fibre", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, no. 12, pp. 1743-1745, Dec. 2002.

E. J. Tyler, P. Kourtessis, M. Webster, E. Rochart, T. Quinlan, S. E. M. Dudley, S. D. Walker, R. V. Penty and I. H. White, "Toward terabit-per-second capacities over multimode fibre links using SCM/WDM techniques", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 3237-3243, Dec. 2003.

J. Heiskala and J. Terry, OFDM Wireless LANs: A Theoretical and Practical Guide, Indianapolis, IN: Sams, 2002.

N. E. Jolley, H. Kee, R. Rickard, J. Tang and K. Cordina, "Generation and propagation of a 1550 nm 10 Gb/s optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexed signal over 1000 m of multimode fibre using a directly modulated DFB", presented at the Optical Fibre Communication Conf./National Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Anaheim, CA, Paper OFP3, Mar. <day>11</day>, 2005.

C. Liu and F. Li, "Spectrum modelling of OFDM signals for WLAN", IEE Electron. Lett., vol. 40, no. 22, pp. 1431-1432, Oct. 2004.

A. B. Carlson, Communication Systems: An Introduction to Signals and Noise in Electrical Communication, 3rd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1986.

D. F. Elliott and K. R. Rao, Fast Transforms: Algorithms, Analyses, Applications, New York: Academic, 1982.

G. P. Agrawal, Fibre-Optic Communication Systems, 2nd ed. New York: Wiley, 1997.

J. E. A. Whiteaway, G. H. B. Thompson, A. J. Collar and C. J. Armistead, "The design and assessment of \lambda/4 phase-shifted DFB laser structures", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 1261-1279, Jun. 1989.

J. M. Tang and K. A. Shore, "Strong picosecond optical pulse propagation in semiconductor optical amplifiers at transparency", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 34, no. 7, pp. 1263-1269, Jul. 1998.

X. She, Z. Zhang, S. Zhou and Y. Yao, "Adaptive turbo coded modulation for OFDM transmissions", in Proc. Int. Conf. Communication Technology (ICCT), Beijing, China, 2003, pp. 1491-1495.

R. H. Walden, "Performance trends for analog-to-digital converters", IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 96-101, Feb. 1999.

I. H. White, "Private communication", Apr. 2004

K. Sato, S. Kuwahara, A. Hirano, M. Yoneyama and Y. Miyamoto, "4 × 40 Gb/s dense WDM transmission over 40-km SMF using directly modulated DFB lasers", in Proc. Eur. Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Stockholm, Sweden, 2004,Paper We1.5.7,. pp. 332-333.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita and K. Motoshima, "Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems", IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 376-386, Mar./Apr. 2004.

S. Kanprachar and I. Jacobs, "Diversity coding for subcarrier multiplexing on multimode fibres", IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 51, no. 9, pp. 1546-1553, Sep. 2003.

M. Webster, L. Raddatz, I. H. White and D. G. Cunningham, "A statistical analysis of conditioned launch for gigabit Ethernet links using multimode fibre", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 17, no. 9, pp. 1532-1541, Sep. 1999.

K. Sato, S. Kuwahara and Y. Miyamoto, "Direct modulation of a distributed feedback laser for 40-Gbit/s very-short-reach optical links", in Proc. Optical Fibre Communication Conf. (OFC), Anaheim, CA, 2002,Paper ThF2,. pp. 416-417.

P. Hallemeier, "Optically mode filtered PHY testing for 300m FDDI fiber transmission", IEEE 802.3 10 Gb/s on FDDI-Grade MM Fiber Study Group,, Mar. 2004.

G. C. Papen and G. M. Murphy, "Modal noise in multimode fibres under restricted launch conditions", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 817-822, May 1999.

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