Abstract

A novel technique for optical multiplication of a millimeter-wave carrier is presented. It utilizes optical four-wave mixing (FWM) in a highly nonlinear fiber (HNLF) and the filtering properties of matched fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs). The technique includes a sixfold electrical frequency multiplication in the optical domain. In this experiment, the multiplicator is driven electronically at 6.67 GHz, and the created millimeter wave has a frequency of 40 GHz. The generated carrier has a linewidth lower than 3 Hz and a carrier to noise ratio exceeding 50 dB. Furthermore, successful data transmission over the optical fiber of 2.5 Gb/s on the generated millimeter-wave carrier was performed.

© 2006 IEEE

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  1. N. Mineo, K. Yamada, K. Nakamura, S. Sakai and T. Ushikubo, "60 GHz band electroabsorbtion module", presented at the Conf. Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), San Jose, CA, Paper ThH4, 1998.
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  3. P. O. Hedekvist, B.-E. Olsson and A. Wiberg, "Microwave harmonic frequency generation utilizing the properties of an optical phase modulator", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 882-886, Mar. 2004.
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  12. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. San Diego, CA: Academic, 1995.
  13. K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson and J. Albert, "Bragg gratings fabricated in monomode photosensitive optical fiber by UV exposure through a phase mask", Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 62, no. 10, pp. 1035-1037, Mar. 1993.
  14. J. Bao, X. Zhang, K. Chen and W. Zhou, "Spectra of dual overwritten fiber Bragg grating", Opt. Commun., vol. 188, no. 1-4, pp. 31-39, Feb. 2001.
  15. K. C. Byron and H. N. Rourke, "Fabrication of chirped fiber gratings by novel stretch and write technique", Electron. Lett., vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 60-61, Jan. 1995.
  16. P. Pérez-Millán, A. Wiberg, P. O. Hedekvist and M. V. Andrés, "38 GHz microwave photonic generation utilizing four-wave mixing and fiber Bragg gratings", presented at the IEEE Int. Topical Meeting Microwave Photonics (MWP), Ogunquit, ME, Paper TD-4, 2004.
  17. A. Wiberg, P. Pérez-Millán, M. V. Andrés, P. A. Andrekson and P. O. Hedekvist, "Fiber optic 40 GHz mm-wave link with 2.5 Gb/s data transmission", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 9, pp. 1938-1940, Sep. 2005.

Other (17)

N. Mineo, K. Yamada, K. Nakamura, S. Sakai and T. Ushikubo, "60 GHz band electroabsorbtion module", presented at the Conf. Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), San Jose, CA, Paper ThH4, 1998.

J. J. O'Reilly, P. M. Lane, R. Heidemann and R. Hofstetter, "Optical generation of very narrow linewidth millimetre wave signals", Electron. Lett., vol. 28, no. 25, pp. 2309-2311, Dec. 1992.

P. O. Hedekvist, B.-E. Olsson and A. Wiberg, "Microwave harmonic frequency generation utilizing the properties of an optical phase modulator", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 882-886, Mar. 2004.

L. Goldberg, H. F. Taylor and J. F. Weller, "Microwave signal generation with injection-locked laser diodes", Electron. Lett., vol. 19, no. 13, pp. 491-493, Jun. 1983.

L. A. Johansson and A. J. Seeds, "Generation and transmission of millimeter-wave data-modulated optical signals using an optical injection phase-lock loop", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 511-520, Feb. 2003.

X. S. Yao and L. Maleki, "Optoelectronic microwave oscillator", J. Opt. Soc Amer. B, Opt. Phys., vol. 13, no. 8, pp. 1725-1735, Aug. 1996.

X. S. Yao and L. Maleki, "Multiloop optoelectronic oscillator", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 79-84, Jan. 2000.

A. Wiberg and P. O. Hedekvist, "Photonic microwave generation utilizing narrowband amplification and a fiber-based oscillator", presented at the SPIE Photonics Europe, Strasbourg, France,Paper 5466-18, Apr. 2004.

K. Kitayama, "Highly stabilized millimeter-wave generation by using fiber-optic frequency-tunable comb generator", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 883-893, May 1997.

C. J. McKinstrie, G. G. Luther and S. H. Batha, "Signal enhancement in collinear four-wave mixing", J. Opt. Soc Amer. B, Opt. Phys., vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 340-344, Mar. 1990.

N. W. McLachlan, Bessel Functions for Engineers, 1st ed. London: U.K.: Oxford Univ. Press, 1948.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. San Diego, CA: Academic, 1995.

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson and J. Albert, "Bragg gratings fabricated in monomode photosensitive optical fiber by UV exposure through a phase mask", Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 62, no. 10, pp. 1035-1037, Mar. 1993.

J. Bao, X. Zhang, K. Chen and W. Zhou, "Spectra of dual overwritten fiber Bragg grating", Opt. Commun., vol. 188, no. 1-4, pp. 31-39, Feb. 2001.

K. C. Byron and H. N. Rourke, "Fabrication of chirped fiber gratings by novel stretch and write technique", Electron. Lett., vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 60-61, Jan. 1995.

P. Pérez-Millán, A. Wiberg, P. O. Hedekvist and M. V. Andrés, "38 GHz microwave photonic generation utilizing four-wave mixing and fiber Bragg gratings", presented at the IEEE Int. Topical Meeting Microwave Photonics (MWP), Ogunquit, ME, Paper TD-4, 2004.

A. Wiberg, P. Pérez-Millán, M. V. Andrés, P. A. Andrekson and P. O. Hedekvist, "Fiber optic 40 GHz mm-wave link with 2.5 Gb/s data transmission", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 9, pp. 1938-1940, Sep. 2005.

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