Abstract

Error-free and pattern-independent wavelength conversion at 160 Gb/s is demonstrated. The wavelength converter utilizes a semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) with a recovery time greater than 90 ps and an optical bandpass filter (OBF) placed at the amplifier output. This paper shows that an OBF with a central wavelength that is blue shifted compared to the central wavelength of the converted signal shortens the recovery time of the wavelength converter to 3 ps. The wavelength converter is constructed by using commercially available fiber-pigtailed components. It has a simple configuration and allows photonic integration.

© 2006 IEEE

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  1. C. Nuzman, J. Leuthold, R. Ryf, S. Chandrasekhar, C. Giles and D. Neilson, "Design and implementation of wavelength-flexible network nodes", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 648-663, Mar. 2003.
  2. J. Gripp, M. Duelk, J. Simsarian, A. Bhardwaj, P. Bernasconi, O. Laznicka and M. Zirngibl, "Optical switch fabrics for ultra-high capacity IP-routers", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, no. 11, pp. 2839-2850, Nov. 2003.
  3. D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, N. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie and D. C. Rogers, "Nonlinear optics for high-speed digital information processing", Science, vol. 286, no. 5444, pp. 1523-1528, Nov. 1999.
  4. T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen and K. E. Stubkjaer, "All-optical wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifiers", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 942-954, Jun. 1996.
  5. J. Leuthold, L. Moller, J. Jaques, S. Cabot, L. Zhang, P. Bernasconi, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Laskowski, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy and A. Griffin, "160 Gb/s SOA all-optical wavelength converter and assessment of its regenerative properties", Electron. Lett., vol. 40, no. 9, pp. 554-555, Apr. 2004.
  6. S. Nakamura, Y. Ueno and K. Tajima, "168-Gb/s all-optical wavelength conversion with a symmetric-Mach-Zehnder-type switch", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, no. 10, pp. 1091-1093, Oct. 2001.
  7. A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, D. Pitcher, D. G. Moodie and R. Kashyap, "Error free 100 Gb/s wavelength conversion using grating assisted cross-gain modulation in 2 mm long semiconductor amplifier", Electron. Lett., vol. 34, no. 20, pp. 1958-1959, Oct. 1998.
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  9. R. J. Manning and D. A. O. Davies, "Three-wavelength device for all-optical signal processing", Opt. Lett., vol. 19, no. 12, pp. 889-891, Jun. 1994.
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  11. M. T. Hill, E. Tangdiongga, H. De Waardt, G. D. Khoe and H. J. S. Dorren, "Carrier recovery time in semiconductor optical amplifies that employ holding beams", Opt. Lett., vol. 27, no. 18, pp. 1625-1627, Sep. 2002.
  12. S. Bischoff, M. L. Nielson and J. Mørk, "Improving the all-optical response of SOAs using a modulated holding signal", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 1303-1307, May 2004.
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  17. Y. Ueno, S. Nakamura and K. Tajima, "Nonlinear phase shifts induced by semiconductor optical amplifiers with control pulses at repetition frequencies in the 40-160-GHz range for use in ultrahigh-speed all-optical signal processing", J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, Opt. Phys., vol. 19, no. 11, pp. 2573-2589, Nov. 2002.
  18. M. L. Nielsen and J. Mørk, "Increasing the modulation bandwidth of semiconductor-optical-amplifier-based switches by using optical filtering", J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, Opt. Phys., vol. 21, no. 9, pp. 1606-1619, Sep. 2004.
  19. H. Chayett, S. Ben Ezra, N. Shachar, S. Tzadok, S. Tsadka and J. Leuthold, "Regenerative all-optical wavelength converter based on semiconductor optical amplifier and sharp frequency response", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, Paper Ths2, Feb. 2004.
  20. M. L. Nielsen, B. Lavigne and B. Dagens, "Polarity-preserving SOA-based wavelength conversion at 40 Gb/s using bandpass filtering", Electron. Lett., vol. 39, no. 18, pp. 1334-1335, Sep. 2003.
  21. J. Leuthold, D. M. Marom, S. Cabot, J. J. Jaques, R. Ryf and C. R. Giles, "All-optical wavelength conversion using a pulse reformatting optical filter", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 186-192, Jan. 2004.
  22. Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe and H. J. S. Dorren, "160 Gb/s SOA-based wavelength converter assisted by an optical bandpass filter", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Anaheim, CA, Post-deadline Paper, PDP17, Mar. 2005.
  23. J. Mark and J. Mørk, "Subpicosecond gain dynamics in InGaAsP optical amplifiers: Experiment and theory", Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 61, no. 19, pp. 2281-2283, Nov. 1992.
  24. X. Yang, D. Lenstra, G. D. Khoe and H. J. S. Dorren, "Rate equation model of nonlinear polarization rotation induced by ultrashort pulses in a semiconductor optical amplifier", Opt. Commun., vol. 223, no. 1-3, pp. 169-179, Jul. 2003.
  25. C. Schubert, S. Diez, J. Berger, R. Ludwig, U. Feiste, H. G. Weber, G. Toptchiyski, K. Petermann and V. Krajinovic, "160-Gb/s all-optical demultiplexing using a gain-transparent ultrafast-nonlinear interferometer (GT-UNI)", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 475-477, 2001.

Other (25)

C. Nuzman, J. Leuthold, R. Ryf, S. Chandrasekhar, C. Giles and D. Neilson, "Design and implementation of wavelength-flexible network nodes", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 648-663, Mar. 2003.

J. Gripp, M. Duelk, J. Simsarian, A. Bhardwaj, P. Bernasconi, O. Laznicka and M. Zirngibl, "Optical switch fabrics for ultra-high capacity IP-routers", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, no. 11, pp. 2839-2850, Nov. 2003.

D. Cotter, R. J. Manning, K. J. Blow, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, N. Nesset, I. D. Phillips, A. J. Poustie and D. C. Rogers, "Nonlinear optics for high-speed digital information processing", Science, vol. 286, no. 5444, pp. 1523-1528, Nov. 1999.

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen and K. E. Stubkjaer, "All-optical wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifiers", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 942-954, Jun. 1996.

J. Leuthold, L. Moller, J. Jaques, S. Cabot, L. Zhang, P. Bernasconi, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Laskowski, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy and A. Griffin, "160 Gb/s SOA all-optical wavelength converter and assessment of its regenerative properties", Electron. Lett., vol. 40, no. 9, pp. 554-555, Apr. 2004.

S. Nakamura, Y. Ueno and K. Tajima, "168-Gb/s all-optical wavelength conversion with a symmetric-Mach-Zehnder-type switch", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, no. 10, pp. 1091-1093, Oct. 2001.

A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, D. Pitcher, D. G. Moodie and R. Kashyap, "Error free 100 Gb/s wavelength conversion using grating assisted cross-gain modulation in 2 mm long semiconductor amplifier", Electron. Lett., vol. 34, no. 20, pp. 1958-1959, Oct. 1998.

D. D. Marcenac, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset and D. A. O. Davies, "Bandwidth enhancement of wavelength conversion via cross-gain modulation by semiconductor optical amplifier cascade", Electron. Lett., vol. 31, no. 17, pp. 1442-1443, Aug. 1995.

R. J. Manning and D. A. O. Davies, "Three-wavelength device for all-optical signal processing", Opt. Lett., vol. 19, no. 12, pp. 889-891, Jun. 1994.

M. A. Dupertuis, J. L. Pleumeekers, T. P. Hessler, P. E. Selbmann, B. Deveaud, B. Dagens and J. Y. Emery, "Extremely fast high-gain and low-current SOA by optical speed-up at transparency", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, no. 11, pp. 1453-1455, Nov. 2000.

M. T. Hill, E. Tangdiongga, H. De Waardt, G. D. Khoe and H. J. S. Dorren, "Carrier recovery time in semiconductor optical amplifies that employ holding beams", Opt. Lett., vol. 27, no. 18, pp. 1625-1627, Sep. 2002.

S. Bischoff, M. L. Nielson and J. Mørk, "Improving the all-optical response of SOAs using a modulated holding signal", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 1303-1307, May 2004.

H. Y. Yu, D. Mahgereftech, P. S. Cho and J. Goldhar, "Optimization of the frequency response of a semiconductor optical amplifier wavelength converter using a fiber Bragg grating", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 308-315, Feb. 1999.

Y. Dong, L. Lu, H. Wang and S. Xie, "Improving performance using waveguide filter and optimal probe and signal powers for all-optical wavelength conversion", in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Baltimore, MD, Mar. <day>5-10</day> 2000,Paper TuF2,. pp. 69-71.

K. Taijima, "All-optical switch with switch-off time unrestricted by carrier lifetime", Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., vol. 32, no. 12, pp. L1726-L1749, Dec. 1993.

J. Leuthold, C. H. Joyner, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, J. L. Pleumeekers, B. I. Miller, K. Dreyer and C. A. Burrus, "100 Gb/s all-optical wavelength conversion with integrated SOA delayed-interference configuration", Electron. Lett., vol. 36, no. 13, pp. 1129-1130, Jun. 2000.

Y. Ueno, S. Nakamura and K. Tajima, "Nonlinear phase shifts induced by semiconductor optical amplifiers with control pulses at repetition frequencies in the 40-160-GHz range for use in ultrahigh-speed all-optical signal processing", J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, Opt. Phys., vol. 19, no. 11, pp. 2573-2589, Nov. 2002.

M. L. Nielsen and J. Mørk, "Increasing the modulation bandwidth of semiconductor-optical-amplifier-based switches by using optical filtering", J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, Opt. Phys., vol. 21, no. 9, pp. 1606-1619, Sep. 2004.

H. Chayett, S. Ben Ezra, N. Shachar, S. Tzadok, S. Tsadka and J. Leuthold, "Regenerative all-optical wavelength converter based on semiconductor optical amplifier and sharp frequency response", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, Paper Ths2, Feb. 2004.

M. L. Nielsen, B. Lavigne and B. Dagens, "Polarity-preserving SOA-based wavelength conversion at 40 Gb/s using bandpass filtering", Electron. Lett., vol. 39, no. 18, pp. 1334-1335, Sep. 2003.

J. Leuthold, D. M. Marom, S. Cabot, J. J. Jaques, R. Ryf and C. R. Giles, "All-optical wavelength conversion using a pulse reformatting optical filter", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 186-192, Jan. 2004.

Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe and H. J. S. Dorren, "160 Gb/s SOA-based wavelength converter assisted by an optical bandpass filter", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Anaheim, CA, Post-deadline Paper, PDP17, Mar. 2005.

J. Mark and J. Mørk, "Subpicosecond gain dynamics in InGaAsP optical amplifiers: Experiment and theory", Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 61, no. 19, pp. 2281-2283, Nov. 1992.

X. Yang, D. Lenstra, G. D. Khoe and H. J. S. Dorren, "Rate equation model of nonlinear polarization rotation induced by ultrashort pulses in a semiconductor optical amplifier", Opt. Commun., vol. 223, no. 1-3, pp. 169-179, Jul. 2003.

C. Schubert, S. Diez, J. Berger, R. Ludwig, U. Feiste, H. G. Weber, G. Toptchiyski, K. Petermann and V. Krajinovic, "160-Gb/s all-optical demultiplexing using a gain-transparent ultrafast-nonlinear interferometer (GT-UNI)", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 475-477, 2001.

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