Abstract

This paper reports on the field transmission of N × 170-Gb/s over high-loss fiber links using third-order distributed Raman amplification (DRA) in a commercially operated network of Deutsche Telekom. It gives an overview of the key technologies applied for the realization of an 8 × 170 Gb/s (1.28 Tb/s) dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) system demonstrator and summarizes long-haul transmission experiments with terabit-per-second capacity over European fiber infrastructure. Third-order DRA enabled repeaterless transmission of 1 × 170 Gb/s and 8 × 170 Gb/s over links of 185-and 140-km field fiber, respectively. Including an additional 25 km of lumped standard single-mode fiber (SSMF) at the end of the span, a total loss of 61 and 44 dB, respectively, was bridged.

© 2006 IEEE

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  1. M. Schneiders, S. Vorbeck, R. Leppla, E. Lach, M. Schmidt, S. Papernyi and K. Sanapi, "Field transmission of 8 × 170 Gb/s over high loss SSMF link using third order distributed Raman amplification", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Anaheim, CA, Post-deadline Paper PDP39, 2005.
  2. S. Vorbeck and R. Leppla, "Dispersion and dispersion slope tolerance of 160-Gb/s systems, considering the temperature dependence of chromatic dispersion", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 10, pp. 1470-1472, Oct. 2003.
  3. F. Buchali, H. Bülow, W. Baumert, M. Schmidt, K. Schuh, E. Lach, E. Corbel, J. Berger, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert and H. G. Weber, "Adaptive PMD compensation in a 160 Gb/s RZ transmission system using eye monitor feedback", presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Copenhagen, Denmark,Paper 7.1.3, 2002.
  4. S. Vorbeck, R. Leppla and M. Schneiders, "Tolerances and engineering rules for ultrahigh-speed transmission systems", in Proc. SPIE, vol. 5579, Ottawa, ON, Canada, 2004, pp. 448-462.
  5. S. Vorbeck and M. Schneiders, "Cumulative nonlinear phase-shift as engineering rule for performance estimation in 160 Gb/s transmission systems", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 11, pp. 2571-2573, Nov. 2004.
  6. D. Breuer, M. Schneiders, S. Vorbeck, R. Freund and A. Richter, "Design analysis and upgrade strategies from single to double and triple wavelength-band WDM-transmission", in Proc. Asia Pacific Optical Communications (APOC), Beijing, China, 2004, pp. 601-613.
  7. G. Raybon, B. Mikkelsen, R.-J. Essiambre, A. J. Stentz, T. N. Nielsen, D. W. Peckham, L. Hsu, L. Gruner-Nielsen, K. Dreyer and J. E. Johnson, "320 Gb/s single-channel pseudo-linear transmission over 200 km nonzero-dispersion fibre", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Baltimore, MD, Post-deadline Paper PD29, 2000.
  8. A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, P. G. Bernasconi, J. Leuthold, C. R. Doerr and L. W. Stulz, "1-Tb/s (6 × 170.6 Gb/s) transmission over 2000-km NZDF using OTDM and RZ-DPSK format", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 15, no. 11, pp. 1618-1620, Nov. 2003.
  9. H. Murai, M. Kagawa, H. Tsuji and K. Fujii, "Single channel 160 Gb/s carrier-suppressed RZ transmission over 640 km with EA modulator based OTDM module", presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Rimini, Italy,Paper Mo3.4.6, 2003.
  10. B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, B. Zhu, R. J. Essiambre, P. G. Bernasconi, K. Dreyer, L. W. Stulz and S. N. Knudsen, "High spectral efficiency (0.53 bit/s/Hz) WDM transmission of 160 Gb/s per wavelength over 400 km of fiber", in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Anaheim, CA, 2001, pp. ThF2-1-ThF2-3.
  11. S. B. Papernyi, V. I. Karpov and W. R. L. Clements, "Third-order cascaded Raman amplification", in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Anaheim, CA, 2002, pp. FB4-1-FB4-3.
  12. U. Feiste, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, J. Berger, C. Schmidt, H. G. Weber, B. Schmauss, A. Munk, B. Buchold, D. Briggmann, F. Kueppers and F. Rumpf, "160 Gb/s transmission over 116 km field-installed fiber using 160 Gb/s OTDM and 40 Gb/s ETDM", in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Anaheim, CA, 2001, pp. ThF3-1-ThF3-3.
  13. J. P. Turkiewicz, E. Tangdiongga, G. D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, W. Schairer, H. Rhode, G. Lehmann, E. S. R. Sikora, Y. R. Zhou, A. Lord and D. Payne, "Field trial of 160 Gb/s OTDM add/drop node in a link of 275 km deployed fiber", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, Post Deadline Paper PDP 1, 2004.
  14. T. Miyazaki, M. Daikoku, I. Morita, T. Otani, Y. Nagao, M. Suzuki and F. Kubota, "Stable 160 Gb/s DPSK transmission using a simple PMD compensator on the field photonic network test bed of JGN II", presented at the Optoelectronics and Communications Conf. and Conf. Optical Internet (OECC/COIN), Yokohama, Japan,Post-deadline Paper PD-1-3, 2004.
  15. E. Lach, M. Schmidt, M. Witte, K. Schuh, F. Buchali, H. Bülow, S. Vorbeck, M. Schneiders, R. Leppla, E. Le Rouzic and S. Salaün, "DWDM transmission at ultra-high channel bitrates: European TOPRATE project view", presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Symp. Systems and Technologies 100 Gb/s and Beyond, Stockholm, Sweden,Paper Tu1.1.2, 2004.
  16. E. Lach, M. Schmidt, B. Junginger, J. Charlet, P. Pecci and G. Veith, "7 × 170 Gb/s (160 Gb/s + FEC overhead) DWDM transmission with 0.53 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency over long haul distance of standard SMF", presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Rimini, Italy,Post Deadline Paper Th4.3.5, 2003.
  17. E. Lach, K. Schuh and M. Schmidt, "Application of electroabsorption modulators for high-speed transmission systems", J. Opt. Fiber Commun. Rep., vol. 2, pp. 1-31, 2005.
  18. C. R. S. Fludger, V. Handerek and R. J. Mears, "Pump to signal RIN transfer in Raman amplifiers", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 19, no. 8, pp. 1140-1148, Aug. 2001.
  19. M. Schmidt, M. Witte, F. Buchali, E. Lach, E. Le Rouzic, S. Salaün, S. Vorbeck and R. Leppla, "8 × 170 Gb/s DWDM field transmission experiment over 430 km SSMF using adaptive PMD compensation", presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Stockholm, Sweden,Postdeadline Paper TH4.1.2, 2004.
  20. R. Leppla, S. Vorbeck, M. Schmidt, M. Witte, F. Buchali, E. Lach, E. Le Rouzic and S. Salaün, "PMD tolerance of 8 × 170 Gb/s field transmission experiment over 430 km SSMF with and without PMDC", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Anaheim, CA, Paper OFF2, 2005.

Other (20)

M. Schneiders, S. Vorbeck, R. Leppla, E. Lach, M. Schmidt, S. Papernyi and K. Sanapi, "Field transmission of 8 × 170 Gb/s over high loss SSMF link using third order distributed Raman amplification", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Anaheim, CA, Post-deadline Paper PDP39, 2005.

S. Vorbeck and R. Leppla, "Dispersion and dispersion slope tolerance of 160-Gb/s systems, considering the temperature dependence of chromatic dispersion", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 10, pp. 1470-1472, Oct. 2003.

F. Buchali, H. Bülow, W. Baumert, M. Schmidt, K. Schuh, E. Lach, E. Corbel, J. Berger, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert and H. G. Weber, "Adaptive PMD compensation in a 160 Gb/s RZ transmission system using eye monitor feedback", presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Copenhagen, Denmark,Paper 7.1.3, 2002.

S. Vorbeck, R. Leppla and M. Schneiders, "Tolerances and engineering rules for ultrahigh-speed transmission systems", in Proc. SPIE, vol. 5579, Ottawa, ON, Canada, 2004, pp. 448-462.

S. Vorbeck and M. Schneiders, "Cumulative nonlinear phase-shift as engineering rule for performance estimation in 160 Gb/s transmission systems", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 11, pp. 2571-2573, Nov. 2004.

D. Breuer, M. Schneiders, S. Vorbeck, R. Freund and A. Richter, "Design analysis and upgrade strategies from single to double and triple wavelength-band WDM-transmission", in Proc. Asia Pacific Optical Communications (APOC), Beijing, China, 2004, pp. 601-613.

G. Raybon, B. Mikkelsen, R.-J. Essiambre, A. J. Stentz, T. N. Nielsen, D. W. Peckham, L. Hsu, L. Gruner-Nielsen, K. Dreyer and J. E. Johnson, "320 Gb/s single-channel pseudo-linear transmission over 200 km nonzero-dispersion fibre", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Baltimore, MD, Post-deadline Paper PD29, 2000.

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, P. G. Bernasconi, J. Leuthold, C. R. Doerr and L. W. Stulz, "1-Tb/s (6 × 170.6 Gb/s) transmission over 2000-km NZDF using OTDM and RZ-DPSK format", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 15, no. 11, pp. 1618-1620, Nov. 2003.

H. Murai, M. Kagawa, H. Tsuji and K. Fujii, "Single channel 160 Gb/s carrier-suppressed RZ transmission over 640 km with EA modulator based OTDM module", presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Rimini, Italy,Paper Mo3.4.6, 2003.

B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, B. Zhu, R. J. Essiambre, P. G. Bernasconi, K. Dreyer, L. W. Stulz and S. N. Knudsen, "High spectral efficiency (0.53 bit/s/Hz) WDM transmission of 160 Gb/s per wavelength over 400 km of fiber", in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Anaheim, CA, 2001, pp. ThF2-1-ThF2-3.

S. B. Papernyi, V. I. Karpov and W. R. L. Clements, "Third-order cascaded Raman amplification", in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Anaheim, CA, 2002, pp. FB4-1-FB4-3.

U. Feiste, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, J. Berger, C. Schmidt, H. G. Weber, B. Schmauss, A. Munk, B. Buchold, D. Briggmann, F. Kueppers and F. Rumpf, "160 Gb/s transmission over 116 km field-installed fiber using 160 Gb/s OTDM and 40 Gb/s ETDM", in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Anaheim, CA, 2001, pp. ThF3-1-ThF3-3.

J. P. Turkiewicz, E. Tangdiongga, G. D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, W. Schairer, H. Rhode, G. Lehmann, E. S. R. Sikora, Y. R. Zhou, A. Lord and D. Payne, "Field trial of 160 Gb/s OTDM add/drop node in a link of 275 km deployed fiber", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, Post Deadline Paper PDP 1, 2004.

T. Miyazaki, M. Daikoku, I. Morita, T. Otani, Y. Nagao, M. Suzuki and F. Kubota, "Stable 160 Gb/s DPSK transmission using a simple PMD compensator on the field photonic network test bed of JGN II", presented at the Optoelectronics and Communications Conf. and Conf. Optical Internet (OECC/COIN), Yokohama, Japan,Post-deadline Paper PD-1-3, 2004.

E. Lach, M. Schmidt, M. Witte, K. Schuh, F. Buchali, H. Bülow, S. Vorbeck, M. Schneiders, R. Leppla, E. Le Rouzic and S. Salaün, "DWDM transmission at ultra-high channel bitrates: European TOPRATE project view", presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Symp. Systems and Technologies 100 Gb/s and Beyond, Stockholm, Sweden,Paper Tu1.1.2, 2004.

E. Lach, M. Schmidt, B. Junginger, J. Charlet, P. Pecci and G. Veith, "7 × 170 Gb/s (160 Gb/s + FEC overhead) DWDM transmission with 0.53 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency over long haul distance of standard SMF", presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Rimini, Italy,Post Deadline Paper Th4.3.5, 2003.

E. Lach, K. Schuh and M. Schmidt, "Application of electroabsorption modulators for high-speed transmission systems", J. Opt. Fiber Commun. Rep., vol. 2, pp. 1-31, 2005.

C. R. S. Fludger, V. Handerek and R. J. Mears, "Pump to signal RIN transfer in Raman amplifiers", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 19, no. 8, pp. 1140-1148, Aug. 2001.

M. Schmidt, M. Witte, F. Buchali, E. Lach, E. Le Rouzic, S. Salaün, S. Vorbeck and R. Leppla, "8 × 170 Gb/s DWDM field transmission experiment over 430 km SSMF using adaptive PMD compensation", presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Stockholm, Sweden,Postdeadline Paper TH4.1.2, 2004.

R. Leppla, S. Vorbeck, M. Schmidt, M. Witte, F. Buchali, E. Lach, E. Le Rouzic and S. Salaün, "PMD tolerance of 8 × 170 Gb/s field transmission experiment over 430 km SSMF with and without PMDC", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Anaheim, CA, Paper OFF2, 2005.

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