Abstract

A detailed description of the design guidelines for a full encoder/decoder that is able to generate/process a set of optical codes simultaneously is reported. The device has an array-waveguide-grating configuration, but the corresponding design rules are different from those of a multiplexer/demultiplexer. In an accurate model, based on diffraction theory, the slab diffraction effect and the loss nonuniformity are analyzed. Furthermore, the performance of the phase-shift-keyed codes simultaneously generated by the device and the corresponding packet-loss probability are also investigated.

© 2006 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |

  1. R. Xu, Q. Gong and P. Ye, "A novel IP with MPLS over WDM-based broad-band wavelength switched IP network", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 19, no. 5, pp. 596-602, May 2001.
  2. P. Gambini, M. Renaud, C. Guillemot, F. Callegati, I. Andonovic, B. Bostica, D. Chiaroni, G. Corazza, S. L. Danielsen, P. Gravey, P. B. Hansen, M. Henry, C. Janz, A. Kloch, R. Krahenbuhl, C. Raffaelli, M. Schilling, A. Talneau and L. Zucchelli, "Transparent optical packet switching: Network architecture and demonstrators in the KEOPS project", IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 16, no. 7, pp. 1245-1259, Sep. 1998.
  3. D. J. Blumenthal, B.-E. Olsson, G. Rossi, T. E. Dimmick, L. Rau, M. Mašanovic, O. Lavrova, R. Doshi, O. Jerphagnon, J. E. Bowers, V. Kaman, L. A. Coldren and J. Barton, "All-optical label swapping networks and technologies", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 18, no. 12, pp. 2058-2075, Dec. 2000.
  4. C. Skoufis, S. Sygletos, N. Leligou, C. Matrakidis, I. Pountourakis and A. Stavdas, "Data-centric networking using multiwavelength headers/labels in packet-over-WDM networks: A comparative study", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, no. 10, pp. 2110-2122, Oct. 2003.
  5. M. Scheutzow, M. W. Maier, M. Reisslein and A. Wolisz, "Wavelength reuse for efficient packet-switched transport in an AWG-based metro WDM network", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 1435-1455, Jun. 2003.
  6. K. G. Vlachos, I. T. Monroy, A. M. J. Koonen, C. Peucheret and P. Jeppesen, "STOLAS: Switching technologies for optically labeled signals", IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 41, no. 11, pp. 9-15, Nov. 2003.
  7. B.-E. Olsson, P. Ohlen, L. Rau, G. Rossi, O. Jerphagnon, R. Doshi, D. S. Humphries, D. J. Blumenthal, V. Kaman and J. E. Bowers, "Wavelength routing of 40 Gb/s packets with 2.5 Gb/s header erasure/rewriting using all-fibre wavelength converter", Electron. Lett., vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 345-347, Feb. 2000.
  8. K.-I. Kitayama and M. Murata, "Versatile optical code-based MPLS for circuit, burst and packet switchings", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, no. 11, pp. 2753-2764, Nov. 2003.
  9. K.-I. Kitayama and N. Wada, "Photonic IP routing", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 11, no. 12, pp. 1689-1691, Dec. 1999.
  10. K.-I. Kitayama, N. Wada and H. Sotobayashi, "Architectural considerations for photonic IP router based upon optical code correlation", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 18, no. 12, pp. 1834-1844, Dec. 2000.
  11. N. Wada and K.-I. Kitayama, "Photonic IP routing using optical codes: 10 Gb/s optical packet transfer experiment", in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), vol. 2, Baltimore, MD, 2000,Paper WM51-1,. pp. 362-364.
  12. K.-I. Kitayama and M. Murata, "Photonic access node using optical-code based label processing and its applications to optical data networking", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 19, no. 10, pp. 1401-1415, Oct. 2001.
  13. N. Wada, W. Chujo and K.-I. Kitayama, "1.28 Tb/s (160 Gb/s × 8 wavelengths) throughput variable length packet switching using optical code based label switch", in Proc. 27th Eur. Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), vol. 6, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2001, pp. 62-63.
  14. G. Cincotti, "Full optical encoders/decoders for photonic IP routers", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 337-342, Feb. 2004.
  15. G. Cincotti, "Design of optical full encoders/decoders for code-based photonic routers", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 1642-1650, Jul. 2004.
  16. G. Cincotti, "Optical device to generate and process simultaneously a set of optical codes", PCT Patent Application No. PCT/IT03/000879, Dec. <day>30</day>, 2003.
  17. P. Muñoz, D. Pastor and J. Chapmany, "Modeling and design of arrayed waveguide gratings", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 661-674, Apr. 2002.
  18. P. Muñoz, D. Pastor and J. Chapmany, "AWG model validation through measurement of fabricated devices", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 22, no. 12, pp. 2763-2777, Dec. 2004.
  19. X. Wang, K. Matsushima, A. Nishiki, N. Wada and K. Kitayama, "High reflectivity superstructured FBG for coherent optical code generation and recognition", OSA Opt. Express, vol. 12, no. 22, pp. 5457-5468, Nov. <day>1</day>, 2004.
  20. J. A. Salehi, "Code division multiple access techniques in optical fiber networks, part I: Fundamental principles", IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 37, no. 8, pp. 824-833, Aug. 1989.
  21. G.-C. Yang and T. E. Fuja, "Optical orthogonal codes with unequal auto-and cross-correlation constraints", IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 96-106, Jan. 1995.
  22. S. W. Lee and D. H. Green, "Coding for coherent optical CDMA networks", Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng.-Commun., vol. 145, no. 3, pp. 117-125, Jun. 1998.

Other

R. Xu, Q. Gong and P. Ye, "A novel IP with MPLS over WDM-based broad-band wavelength switched IP network", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 19, no. 5, pp. 596-602, May 2001.

P. Gambini, M. Renaud, C. Guillemot, F. Callegati, I. Andonovic, B. Bostica, D. Chiaroni, G. Corazza, S. L. Danielsen, P. Gravey, P. B. Hansen, M. Henry, C. Janz, A. Kloch, R. Krahenbuhl, C. Raffaelli, M. Schilling, A. Talneau and L. Zucchelli, "Transparent optical packet switching: Network architecture and demonstrators in the KEOPS project", IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 16, no. 7, pp. 1245-1259, Sep. 1998.

D. J. Blumenthal, B.-E. Olsson, G. Rossi, T. E. Dimmick, L. Rau, M. Mašanovic, O. Lavrova, R. Doshi, O. Jerphagnon, J. E. Bowers, V. Kaman, L. A. Coldren and J. Barton, "All-optical label swapping networks and technologies", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 18, no. 12, pp. 2058-2075, Dec. 2000.

C. Skoufis, S. Sygletos, N. Leligou, C. Matrakidis, I. Pountourakis and A. Stavdas, "Data-centric networking using multiwavelength headers/labels in packet-over-WDM networks: A comparative study", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, no. 10, pp. 2110-2122, Oct. 2003.

M. Scheutzow, M. W. Maier, M. Reisslein and A. Wolisz, "Wavelength reuse for efficient packet-switched transport in an AWG-based metro WDM network", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 1435-1455, Jun. 2003.

K. G. Vlachos, I. T. Monroy, A. M. J. Koonen, C. Peucheret and P. Jeppesen, "STOLAS: Switching technologies for optically labeled signals", IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 41, no. 11, pp. 9-15, Nov. 2003.

B.-E. Olsson, P. Ohlen, L. Rau, G. Rossi, O. Jerphagnon, R. Doshi, D. S. Humphries, D. J. Blumenthal, V. Kaman and J. E. Bowers, "Wavelength routing of 40 Gb/s packets with 2.5 Gb/s header erasure/rewriting using all-fibre wavelength converter", Electron. Lett., vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 345-347, Feb. 2000.

K.-I. Kitayama and M. Murata, "Versatile optical code-based MPLS for circuit, burst and packet switchings", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, no. 11, pp. 2753-2764, Nov. 2003.

K.-I. Kitayama and N. Wada, "Photonic IP routing", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 11, no. 12, pp. 1689-1691, Dec. 1999.

K.-I. Kitayama, N. Wada and H. Sotobayashi, "Architectural considerations for photonic IP router based upon optical code correlation", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 18, no. 12, pp. 1834-1844, Dec. 2000.

N. Wada and K.-I. Kitayama, "Photonic IP routing using optical codes: 10 Gb/s optical packet transfer experiment", in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), vol. 2, Baltimore, MD, 2000,Paper WM51-1,. pp. 362-364.

K.-I. Kitayama and M. Murata, "Photonic access node using optical-code based label processing and its applications to optical data networking", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 19, no. 10, pp. 1401-1415, Oct. 2001.

N. Wada, W. Chujo and K.-I. Kitayama, "1.28 Tb/s (160 Gb/s × 8 wavelengths) throughput variable length packet switching using optical code based label switch", in Proc. 27th Eur. Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), vol. 6, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2001, pp. 62-63.

G. Cincotti, "Full optical encoders/decoders for photonic IP routers", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 337-342, Feb. 2004.

G. Cincotti, "Design of optical full encoders/decoders for code-based photonic routers", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 1642-1650, Jul. 2004.

G. Cincotti, "Optical device to generate and process simultaneously a set of optical codes", PCT Patent Application No. PCT/IT03/000879, Dec. <day>30</day>, 2003.

P. Muñoz, D. Pastor and J. Chapmany, "Modeling and design of arrayed waveguide gratings", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 661-674, Apr. 2002.

P. Muñoz, D. Pastor and J. Chapmany, "AWG model validation through measurement of fabricated devices", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 22, no. 12, pp. 2763-2777, Dec. 2004.

X. Wang, K. Matsushima, A. Nishiki, N. Wada and K. Kitayama, "High reflectivity superstructured FBG for coherent optical code generation and recognition", OSA Opt. Express, vol. 12, no. 22, pp. 5457-5468, Nov. <day>1</day>, 2004.

J. A. Salehi, "Code division multiple access techniques in optical fiber networks, part I: Fundamental principles", IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 37, no. 8, pp. 824-833, Aug. 1989.

G.-C. Yang and T. E. Fuja, "Optical orthogonal codes with unequal auto-and cross-correlation constraints", IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 96-106, Jan. 1995.

S. W. Lee and D. H. Green, "Coding for coherent optical CDMA networks", Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng.-Commun., vol. 145, no. 3, pp. 117-125, Jun. 1998.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.