Abstract

In this paper, a novel zero-chirp Z-cut LiNbO3 optical modulator using ferroelectric polarization reversal and a branch electrode is proposed. The optical modulator with a Ti-diffused optical waveguide had a very small chirp parameter, which was less than 0.02. The performance showed a preferable 10-Gb/s eye opening and bias stability.

© 2005 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |

  1. A. Hirano, Y. Miyamoto, S. Kuwahara, M. Tomizawa and K. Murata, "A novel mode-splitting detection scheme in 43-Gb/s CS-and DCS-RZ signal transmission", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 20, no. 12, pp. 2029-2034, Dec. 2002.
  2. C. Rasmusssen, T. Fjelde, J. Bennike, F. Liu, S. Dey, B. Mikkelsen, P. Mamyshev, P. Serbe, P. Wagt, Y. Akasa, D. Harris, D. Gapontsev, V. Ivshin and P. Reeves-Hall, "DWDM 40 G transmission over trans-Pacific distance (10 000 km) using CSRZ-DPSK, enhanced FEC and all-Raman amplified 100 km ultra wave fiber spans", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Atlanta, GA, Paper PD18-1, 2003.
  3. H. Murata, S. Yamamoto, H. Sasai and A. Enokihara, "Novel guided-wave electrooptic single-sideband modulator by using periodically domain-inverted structure in a long wavelength operation", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Atlanta, GA, Paper MF53, 2003.
  4. N. Courjal, H. Porte, A. Martinez and J. P. Goedgubuer, " LiNbO3 Mach-Zehnder modulator with chirp adjusted by ferroelectric domain inversion", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, no. 11, pp. 1509-1511, Nov. 2002.
  5. S. Oikawa, F. Yamamoto, H. Honda, J. Ichikawa, Y. Nomura and S. Kurimura, "Zero chirped broadband-type Z -cut LiNbO3 optical modulator using by domain-inversion structure", in Proc. 64th Autumn Meeting, Japan Society Applied Physics, Fukuoka, Japan, 2003, p. 1072.
  6. A. Djupsjöbacka, "Residual chirp in integrated-optic modulators", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 41-43, Jan. 1992.
  7. N. Dagli, "Wide-bandwidth lasers and modulators for RF photonics", IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol. 47, no. 7, pp. 1151-1170, Jul. 1999.
  8. H. Nagata and J. Ichikawa, "Progress and problems in reliability of Ti:LiNbO3 optical intensity modulators", Opt. Eng., vol. 34, no. 11, pp. 3284-3292, 1995.
  9. S. Kurimura, I. Shoji, T. Taira, J. H. Ro and M. Cha, "Coercive field dependence on Mg concentration in Mg:LiNbO3", presented at the Conf. Lasers and Electro-Optics, Baltimore, MD, CTuI3, 2001.
  10. F. Devaux, Y. Sorel and J. F. Kerdiles, "Simple measurement of fiber dispersion and chirp parameter of intensity modulated light emitter", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 11, no. 12, pp. 1937-1940, Nov. 1993.
  11. K. Noguchi, O. Mitomi, H. Miyazawa and S. Seki, "A broadband Ti:LiNbO3 optical modulator with a ridge structure", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 1164-1168, Jun. 1995.

Other (11)

A. Hirano, Y. Miyamoto, S. Kuwahara, M. Tomizawa and K. Murata, "A novel mode-splitting detection scheme in 43-Gb/s CS-and DCS-RZ signal transmission", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 20, no. 12, pp. 2029-2034, Dec. 2002.

C. Rasmusssen, T. Fjelde, J. Bennike, F. Liu, S. Dey, B. Mikkelsen, P. Mamyshev, P. Serbe, P. Wagt, Y. Akasa, D. Harris, D. Gapontsev, V. Ivshin and P. Reeves-Hall, "DWDM 40 G transmission over trans-Pacific distance (10 000 km) using CSRZ-DPSK, enhanced FEC and all-Raman amplified 100 km ultra wave fiber spans", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Atlanta, GA, Paper PD18-1, 2003.

H. Murata, S. Yamamoto, H. Sasai and A. Enokihara, "Novel guided-wave electrooptic single-sideband modulator by using periodically domain-inverted structure in a long wavelength operation", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Atlanta, GA, Paper MF53, 2003.

N. Courjal, H. Porte, A. Martinez and J. P. Goedgubuer, " LiNbO3 Mach-Zehnder modulator with chirp adjusted by ferroelectric domain inversion", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, no. 11, pp. 1509-1511, Nov. 2002.

S. Oikawa, F. Yamamoto, H. Honda, J. Ichikawa, Y. Nomura and S. Kurimura, "Zero chirped broadband-type Z -cut LiNbO3 optical modulator using by domain-inversion structure", in Proc. 64th Autumn Meeting, Japan Society Applied Physics, Fukuoka, Japan, 2003, p. 1072.

A. Djupsjöbacka, "Residual chirp in integrated-optic modulators", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 41-43, Jan. 1992.

N. Dagli, "Wide-bandwidth lasers and modulators for RF photonics", IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol. 47, no. 7, pp. 1151-1170, Jul. 1999.

H. Nagata and J. Ichikawa, "Progress and problems in reliability of Ti:LiNbO3 optical intensity modulators", Opt. Eng., vol. 34, no. 11, pp. 3284-3292, 1995.

S. Kurimura, I. Shoji, T. Taira, J. H. Ro and M. Cha, "Coercive field dependence on Mg concentration in Mg:LiNbO3", presented at the Conf. Lasers and Electro-Optics, Baltimore, MD, CTuI3, 2001.

F. Devaux, Y. Sorel and J. F. Kerdiles, "Simple measurement of fiber dispersion and chirp parameter of intensity modulated light emitter", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 11, no. 12, pp. 1937-1940, Nov. 1993.

K. Noguchi, O. Mitomi, H. Miyazawa and S. Seki, "A broadband Ti:LiNbO3 optical modulator with a ridge structure", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 1164-1168, Jun. 1995.

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.