Abstract

Confinement losses in highly birefringent rectangular-lattice photonic-crystal fibers (RLPCFs) are investigated by the multipole method. The losses are strongly polarization dependent, which is due to the anisotropic properties of the cladding. The feature is applied to construct a new kind of single-polarization single-mode photonic-crystal fibers (PCFs), which is based on large differential loss between the two polarizations of the fundamental mode. Furthermore, it is found that the birefringence of RLPCFs is determined mainly by the air holes near the defect core. Consequently, a sandwiching (between triangular structures) rectangular configuration that has the property of reducing leakage loss while simultaneously retaining the birefringence of RLPCF is proposed.

© 2005 IEEE

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Other (24)

T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight and P. S. J. Russell, "Endlessly single-mode photonic-crystal fiber", Opt. Lett., vol. 22, no. 13, pp. 961-963, Jul. 1997.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts and D. C. Allan, "Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air", Science, vol. 285, no. 5433, pp. 1537-1539, Sep. 1999.

K. Suzjki, H. Kubota and S. Kawanishi, "Optical properties of a low-loss polarization-maintaining photonic-crystal fiber", Opt. Express, vol. 9, no. 13, pp. 676-680, 2001.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen and H. Simonsen, "Highly birefringent index-guiding photonic-crystal fibers", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 588-590, Jun. 2001.

A. Oritigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, J. Arriaga, B. J. Mangan, T. A. Birks and P. S. J. Russell, "Highly birefringent photonic-crystal fibers", Opt. Lett., vol. 25, no. 18, pp. 1325-1327, Sep. 2000.

A. Bjarklev, J. Broeng, S. E. Barkou, E. Knudsen, T. Sondergaard, T. W. Berg and M. G. Dyndgaard, "Polarization properties of honeycomb-structured photonic bandgap fibers", J. Opt., A Pure Appl. Opt., vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 584-588, Nov. 2000.

K. Saitoh and M. Koshiba, "Photonic bandgap fibers with high birefringence", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, no. 9, pp. 1291-1293, Sep. 2002.

M. J. Steel and R. M. Osgood, "Elliptical-hole photonic-crystal fibers", Opt. Lett., vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 229-231, Feb. 2001.

M. J. Steel and R. M. Osgood, "Polarization and dispersive properties of elliptical-hole photonic-crystal fibers", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 495-503, Apr. 2001.

D. Mogilevtsev, J. Broeng, S. E. Barkou and A. Bjarklev, "Design of polarization-preserving photonic-crystal fibers with elliptical pores", J. Opt., A Pure Appl. Opt., vol. 3, no. 6, pp. S141-S143, Nov. 2001.

M. Y. Chen and R. J. Yu, "Polarization properties of elliptical-hole rectangular lattice photonic-crystal fibres", J. Opt., A Pure Appl. Opt., vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 512-515, Jun. 2004.

L. Zhang and C. X. Yang, "Photonic-crystal fibers with squeezed hexagonal lattice", Opt. Express, vol. 12, no. 11, pp. 2371-2376, Jun. 2004.

J. R. Simpson, R. H. Stolen, F. M. Sears, W. Pleibel, J. B. Macchesney and R. E. Howard, "A single-polarization fiber", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. LT-1, no. 2, pp. 370-373, Jun. 1983.

M. J. Messerly, J. R. Onstott and R. C. Mikkelson, "A broad-band single polarization optical fiber", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 9, no. 7, pp. 817-820, Jul. 1991.

K. Okamoto, "Single-polarization operation in highly birefringent optical fibers", Appl. Opt., vol. 23, no. 15, pp. 2638-2642, Aug. 1984.

K. S. Chiang, "Stress-induced birefringence fibers designed for single-polarization single-mode operation", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 436-441, Feb. 1989.

S. Saitoh and M. Koshiba, "Single-polarization single-mode photonic-crystal fibers", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 10, pp. 1384-1386, Oct. 2003.

H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, S. Koyanagi, M. Tanaka and S. Yamaguchi, "Absolutely single polarization photonic-crystal fiber", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 182-184, Jan. 2004.

A. Ferrando and J. J. Miret, "Single-polarization single-mode intraband guidance in supersquare photonic-crystal fibers", Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 78, no. 21, pp. 3184-3186, May 2001.

M. Y. Chen, R. J. Yu and A. P. Zhao, "Highly birefringence rectangular lattice photonic-crystal fibres", J. Opt., A Pure Appl. Opt., vol. 6, no. 10, pp. 997-1000, Oct. 2004.

T. P. White, B. T. Kuhlmey, R. C. McPhedran, D. Maystre, G. Renversez, C. M. de Sterke and L. C. Botten, "Multipole method for microstructured optical fibers. I. Formulation", J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 19, no. 10, pp. 2322-2330, Oct. 2002.

B. T. Kuhlmey, T. P. White, G. Renversez, D. Maystre, L. C. Botten, C. M. de Sterke and R. C. McPhedran, "Multipole method for microstructured optical fibers. II. Implementation and results", J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 19, no. 10, pp. 2331-2340, Oct. 2002.

M. Koshiba and K. Saitoh, "Polarization-dependent confinement losses in actual holey fibers", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 691-693, May 2003.

N. A. Issa and L. Poladian, "Vector wave expansion method for leaky modes of microstructured optical fibers", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 1005-1012, Apr. 2003.

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