Abstract

In this paper, we study experimentally and numerically simultaneous time-domain add-drop multiplexing for high-speed optical time-division multiplexing (OTDM) networks based on cross-phase-modulation (XPM)-induced wavelength shifting in a 50-m highly nonlinear fiber. This scheme needs only a single-channel clock rate and does not alter the input signal wavelength. Simultaneous add and drop operations at 80 Gb/s have been demonstrated experimentally with less than 1-dB power penalty for the dropped channel and no distinct bit-error-rate (BER) degradation for the added channel. Numerical simulations show that the experimental results are only limited by the available signal pulsewidth, and simultaneous add-drop multiplexing at 160-Gb/s or higher bit rates is possible with this scheme by employing control and signal pulses with proper pulsewidths.

© 2005 IEEE

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  1. H. N. Poulsen, A. T. Clausen, A. Buxens, L. Oxenloewe, C. Peucheret, C. Rasmussen, F. Liu, J. Yu, A. Kloch, T. Fjelde, D. Wolfson and P. Jeppesen, "Ultra fast all-optical signal processing in semiconductor and fiber based devices", presented at the European Conf. Optical Communications (ECOC), Munich, Germany,Paper 7.4.1, 2000.
  2. I. D. Phillips, A. Gloag, D. G. Moodie, N. J. Doran, I. Bennion and A. D. Ellis, "Drop and insert multiplexing with simultaneous clock recovery using an electroabsorption modulator", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 291-293, 1998.
  3. H.-F. Chou, J. E. Bowers and D. J. Blumenthal, "Compact 160-Gb/s add-drop multiplexing with a 40-Gb/s base-rate", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, Paper PDP28, 2004.
  4. St. Fischer, M. Dulk, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, W. Hunziker, E. Gini, H. Melchior, A. Buxens, H. N. Poulsen and A. T. Clausen, "All-optical regenerative OTDM add-drop multiplexing at 40 Gb/s using monolithic InP Mach-Zehnder interferometer", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 335-337, 2000.
  5. J. P. Turkiewicz, E. Tangdiongga, H. Rohde, W. Schairer, G. Lehmann, G. D. Khoe and H. de Waardt, "Simultaneous high speed OTDM add-drop multiplexing using GT-UNI switch", Electron. Lett., vol. 39, no. 10, pp. 795-796, 2003.
  6. C. Schubert, C. Schmidt, S. Ferber, R. Ludwig and H. G. Weber, "Error-free all-optical add-drop multiplexing at 160 Gb/s", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Atlanta, GA, Paper PD17, 2003.
  7. L. Rau, S. Rangarajan, W. Wang and D. Blumenthal, "All-optical add-drop of an OTDM channel using ultra-fast fiber based wavelength converter", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Anaheim, CA, Paper WM1, 2002.
  8. G. P. Agrawal, P. L. Baldeck and R. R. Alfano, "Temporal and spectral effects of cross-phase modulation on copropagating ultrashort pulses in optical fibers", Phys. Rev. A, vol. 40, no. 9, pp. 5063-5072, 1989.
  9. R. R. Alfano, P. L. Baldeck, P. P. Ho and G. P. Agrawal, "Cross-phase modulation and induced focusing due to optical nonlinearities in optical fibers and bulk materials", J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 824-829, 1989.
  10. B. E. Olsson and D. J. Blumenthal, "All-optical demultiplexing using fiber cross-phase modulation (XPM) and optical filtering", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, no. 8, pp. 875-877, 2001.
  11. J. Li, B. Olsson, M. Karlsson and A. Andrekson, "OTDM demultiplexer based on XPM-induced wavelength shifting in highly nonlinear fiber", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Atlanta, GA, Paper TuH6, 2003.
  12. G. Raybon, "Optical 3R regeneration in 40 Gbit/s pseudolinear transmission systems", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Atlanta, GA, Paper TuH1, 2003.

Other (12)

H. N. Poulsen, A. T. Clausen, A. Buxens, L. Oxenloewe, C. Peucheret, C. Rasmussen, F. Liu, J. Yu, A. Kloch, T. Fjelde, D. Wolfson and P. Jeppesen, "Ultra fast all-optical signal processing in semiconductor and fiber based devices", presented at the European Conf. Optical Communications (ECOC), Munich, Germany,Paper 7.4.1, 2000.

I. D. Phillips, A. Gloag, D. G. Moodie, N. J. Doran, I. Bennion and A. D. Ellis, "Drop and insert multiplexing with simultaneous clock recovery using an electroabsorption modulator", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 291-293, 1998.

H.-F. Chou, J. E. Bowers and D. J. Blumenthal, "Compact 160-Gb/s add-drop multiplexing with a 40-Gb/s base-rate", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, Paper PDP28, 2004.

St. Fischer, M. Dulk, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, W. Hunziker, E. Gini, H. Melchior, A. Buxens, H. N. Poulsen and A. T. Clausen, "All-optical regenerative OTDM add-drop multiplexing at 40 Gb/s using monolithic InP Mach-Zehnder interferometer", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 335-337, 2000.

J. P. Turkiewicz, E. Tangdiongga, H. Rohde, W. Schairer, G. Lehmann, G. D. Khoe and H. de Waardt, "Simultaneous high speed OTDM add-drop multiplexing using GT-UNI switch", Electron. Lett., vol. 39, no. 10, pp. 795-796, 2003.

C. Schubert, C. Schmidt, S. Ferber, R. Ludwig and H. G. Weber, "Error-free all-optical add-drop multiplexing at 160 Gb/s", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Atlanta, GA, Paper PD17, 2003.

L. Rau, S. Rangarajan, W. Wang and D. Blumenthal, "All-optical add-drop of an OTDM channel using ultra-fast fiber based wavelength converter", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Anaheim, CA, Paper WM1, 2002.

G. P. Agrawal, P. L. Baldeck and R. R. Alfano, "Temporal and spectral effects of cross-phase modulation on copropagating ultrashort pulses in optical fibers", Phys. Rev. A, vol. 40, no. 9, pp. 5063-5072, 1989.

R. R. Alfano, P. L. Baldeck, P. P. Ho and G. P. Agrawal, "Cross-phase modulation and induced focusing due to optical nonlinearities in optical fibers and bulk materials", J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 824-829, 1989.

B. E. Olsson and D. J. Blumenthal, "All-optical demultiplexing using fiber cross-phase modulation (XPM) and optical filtering", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, no. 8, pp. 875-877, 2001.

J. Li, B. Olsson, M. Karlsson and A. Andrekson, "OTDM demultiplexer based on XPM-induced wavelength shifting in highly nonlinear fiber", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Atlanta, GA, Paper TuH6, 2003.

G. Raybon, "Optical 3R regeneration in 40 Gbit/s pseudolinear transmission systems", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Atlanta, GA, Paper TuH1, 2003.

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