Abstract

An analysis of two-pump optical parametric amplifiers is proposed in order to evidence strategies to project and develop flat two-pump fiber parametric amplifiers (2P-OPAs). Amplifier gain profile is evaluated through a model that takes into account the four-wave mixing process with pump depletion. Disturbing influence of degenerate three-wave mixing processes is separately addressed. Through the analysis, important 2P-OPA project guidelines are obtained. Theoretical forecasts are confirmed by experimental measurements on different 2P-OPAs, realized by changing power and spectral allocations of the two pumps, obtained by Raman amplification.

© 2005 IEEE

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  1. C. J. McKinstrie, S. Radic and R. Chraplyvy, "Parametric amplifiers driven by two pump waves", IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 538-547, May/Jun. 2002.
  2. C. J. McKinstrie and S. Radic, "Parametric amplifiers driven by two pump wave with dissimilar frequencies", Opt. Lett., vol. 27, no. 13, pp. 1138-1140, Jul. 2002.
  3. S. Radic and C. J. McKinstrie, "Two-pump fiber parametric amplifier", Opt. Fiber Technol., vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 7-23, Jan. 2003.
  4. S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, A. R. Chraplyvy, G. Raybon and J. C. Centanni, "New class of continuous wave parametric amplifiers", in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. Exhibit, 2002, pp. FB5-1-FB5-3.
  5. A. Vatarescu, "Light conversion in nonlinear monomode optical fibers", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. LT-5, no. 12, pp. 1652-1659, Dec. 1987.
  6. M. E. Marhic and Y. Park, "Broadband fiber-optical parametric amplifier and wavelength converters with low-ripple Chebyshev gain spectra", Opt. Lett., vol. 21, no. 17, pp. 1354-1356, Sep. 1996.
  7. F. S. Yang, M. C. Ho, M. E. Marhic and L. G. Kazovsky, "Demonstration of two pump fibre optical parametric amplification", Electron. Lett., vol. 33, no. 21, pp. 1812-1813, Oct. 1997.
  8. J. M. Chavez Boggio, S. Tenenbaum and H. L. Fragnito, "Amplification of broadband noise pumped by two lasers in optical fibers", J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 1428-1435, Oct. 2001.
  9. J. M. Chavez Boggio, P. Danese and H. L. Fragnito, "Performance of two-pump fiber optical parametric ampilfier in a 10 Gb/s x 64 channel dense wavelength division multiplexing system", Opt. Commun., vol. 218, no. 4-6, pp. 303-310, Apr. 2003.
  10. M. E. Marhic, K. K. Y. Wong, G. Kalogerakis and L. G. Kazovsky, "Toward practical fiber optical parametric amplifiers and oscillators", Optics Photon. News, vol. 15, no. 9, pp. 21-25, Sep. 2004.
  11. M. Karlsson, "Four-wave mixing in fibers with randomly varying zero-dispersion wavelength", J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 2269-2275, Aug. 1998.
  12. J. Hansryd and P. A. Andrekson, "Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications", IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 506-518, May/Jun. 2002.
  13. K. Inoue and T. Mukai, "Signal wavelength dependence of gain saturation in a fiber optical parametric amplifier", Opt. Lett., vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 10-12, Jan. 2001.
  14. J. L. Blows and S. E. French, "Low-noise-figure optical parametric amplifier with a continuous-wave frequency-modulated pump", Opt. Lett., vol. 27, no. 7, pp. 491-493, Apr. 2002.
  15. L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, S. Seghizzi and M. Martinelli, "Raman-generated pump impact on optical parametric amplification", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 78-80, Jan. 2004.
  16. J. Hansryd and P. A. Andrekson, "Broadband CW pumped fiber optical parametric amplifier with 49 dB gain and wavelength conversion efficiency", in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., vol. 4, 2000, pp. 175-177.
  17. F. S. Yang, M. E. Marhic and L. G. Kazovsky, "CW fibre optical parametric amplifier with net gain and wavelength conversion efficiency > 1", Electron. Lett., vol. 32, no. 25, pp. 2336-2338, Dec. 1996.
  18. D. M. Baney, "Characterization of Erbium-doped fiber amplifiers," in Fiber Optic Test and Measurement, D. Derickson, Ed. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall PTR, 1998, pp. 550-554.
  19. Y. Yamamoto and K. Inoue, "Noise in amplifiers", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, no. 11, pp. 2895-2915, Nov. 2003.

Other (19)

C. J. McKinstrie, S. Radic and R. Chraplyvy, "Parametric amplifiers driven by two pump waves", IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 538-547, May/Jun. 2002.

C. J. McKinstrie and S. Radic, "Parametric amplifiers driven by two pump wave with dissimilar frequencies", Opt. Lett., vol. 27, no. 13, pp. 1138-1140, Jul. 2002.

S. Radic and C. J. McKinstrie, "Two-pump fiber parametric amplifier", Opt. Fiber Technol., vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 7-23, Jan. 2003.

S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, A. R. Chraplyvy, G. Raybon and J. C. Centanni, "New class of continuous wave parametric amplifiers", in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. Exhibit, 2002, pp. FB5-1-FB5-3.

A. Vatarescu, "Light conversion in nonlinear monomode optical fibers", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. LT-5, no. 12, pp. 1652-1659, Dec. 1987.

M. E. Marhic and Y. Park, "Broadband fiber-optical parametric amplifier and wavelength converters with low-ripple Chebyshev gain spectra", Opt. Lett., vol. 21, no. 17, pp. 1354-1356, Sep. 1996.

F. S. Yang, M. C. Ho, M. E. Marhic and L. G. Kazovsky, "Demonstration of two pump fibre optical parametric amplification", Electron. Lett., vol. 33, no. 21, pp. 1812-1813, Oct. 1997.

J. M. Chavez Boggio, S. Tenenbaum and H. L. Fragnito, "Amplification of broadband noise pumped by two lasers in optical fibers", J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 1428-1435, Oct. 2001.

J. M. Chavez Boggio, P. Danese and H. L. Fragnito, "Performance of two-pump fiber optical parametric ampilfier in a 10 Gb/s x 64 channel dense wavelength division multiplexing system", Opt. Commun., vol. 218, no. 4-6, pp. 303-310, Apr. 2003.

M. E. Marhic, K. K. Y. Wong, G. Kalogerakis and L. G. Kazovsky, "Toward practical fiber optical parametric amplifiers and oscillators", Optics Photon. News, vol. 15, no. 9, pp. 21-25, Sep. 2004.

M. Karlsson, "Four-wave mixing in fibers with randomly varying zero-dispersion wavelength", J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 2269-2275, Aug. 1998.

J. Hansryd and P. A. Andrekson, "Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications", IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 506-518, May/Jun. 2002.

K. Inoue and T. Mukai, "Signal wavelength dependence of gain saturation in a fiber optical parametric amplifier", Opt. Lett., vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 10-12, Jan. 2001.

J. L. Blows and S. E. French, "Low-noise-figure optical parametric amplifier with a continuous-wave frequency-modulated pump", Opt. Lett., vol. 27, no. 7, pp. 491-493, Apr. 2002.

L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, S. Seghizzi and M. Martinelli, "Raman-generated pump impact on optical parametric amplification", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 78-80, Jan. 2004.

J. Hansryd and P. A. Andrekson, "Broadband CW pumped fiber optical parametric amplifier with 49 dB gain and wavelength conversion efficiency", in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., vol. 4, 2000, pp. 175-177.

F. S. Yang, M. E. Marhic and L. G. Kazovsky, "CW fibre optical parametric amplifier with net gain and wavelength conversion efficiency > 1", Electron. Lett., vol. 32, no. 25, pp. 2336-2338, Dec. 1996.

D. M. Baney, "Characterization of Erbium-doped fiber amplifiers," in Fiber Optic Test and Measurement, D. Derickson, Ed. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall PTR, 1998, pp. 550-554.

Y. Yamamoto and K. Inoue, "Noise in amplifiers", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, no. 11, pp. 2895-2915, Nov. 2003.

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