Abstract

We evaluate both theoretically and experimentally the gain saturation dynamics of semiconductor optical amplifiers when inserted into an analog optical link. Its impact in terms of radio frequency response, nonlinearity, and noise is investigated. In particular, the frequency response is shown to be a peculiar high-pass filter exhibiting two characteristic frequencies.

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  1. E. I. Ackerman and C. H. Cox, "RF fiber-optic link performance", IEEE Microw. Mag., vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 50-58, Dec. 2001.
  2. D. Dolfi, D. Mongardien, S. Tonda, M. Schaller and J. Chazelas, "Photonics for airborne phased array radars", in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Phased Array Systems Technology, Dana Point, CA, 2000, pp. 379-382.
  3. N. A. Olsson, "Lightwave systems with optical amplifiers", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 6, no. 7, pp. 1071-1081, Jul. 1989.
  4. D. Barbier, "The present and future of EDWA technology", in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Exhibit (OFC), Anaheim, CA, 2002, p. 791.
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  6. D. Zhao, S. Li and K. T. Chan, "Precise and rapid wavelength switching of fiber laser using semiconductor optical amplifiers", Electron. Lett., vol. 37, no. 15, pp. 945-946, 2001.
  7. D. A. O. Davies, "Small signal analysis of wavelength conversion in semiconductor laser amplifiers via gain saturation", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 617-619, Jun. 1995.
  8. T. Saitoh and T. Mukay, "Recent progress in semiconductor laser amplifiers", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 6, no. 11, pp. 1653-1656, Nov. 1988.
  9. J. C. Simon, P. Doussiere, P. Lamouler, I. Valiente and F. Riou, "Travelling wave semiconductor optical amplifier with reduced nonlinear distortions", Electron. Lett., vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 434-438, 1982.
  10. R. Boula-Picard, M. B. Bibey and N. Vodjdani, "Semiconductor optical amplifier for microwaves photonics link", in Int. Topical Meeting Microwave Photonics, Los Angeles, CA, 2001, pp. 137-140.
  11. J. Herrera, F. Ramos and J. Marti, "Frequency response of analogue optical links employing SOA-Booster", Electron. Lett., vol. 38, no. 19, pp. 1115-1118, Sep. 2002.
  12. D. H. Jeon, H. D. Jung and S. K. Han, "Mitigation of dispersion-induced effects using SOA in analog optical transmission", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, no. 8, pp. 1166-1168, Aug. 2002.
  13. M. B. Bibey, M. Krakowsky, F. Deborgies and D. Mongardien, "Very low phase noise optical links-Experiments and theory", IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol. 47, no. 12, pp. 2257-2262, Dec. 1999.
  14. T. Saitoh and T. Mukay, "Gain saturation characteristics of travelling-wave semiconductor laser amplifiers in short optical pulse amplification", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 26, no. 12, pp. 2086-2094, Dec. 1990.
  15. T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen and K. E. Stubkjaer, "Detailed dynamic model for semiconductor optical amplifiers and their crosstalk and intermodulation distortion", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 10, no. 8, pp. 1056-1065, Aug. 1992.
  16. A. M. Saleh and I. Habbab, "Effects of semiconductor optical amplifier nonlinearity on the performance of high speed intensity modulation lightwave systems", IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 38, no. 6, pp. 839-846, Jun. 1990.
  17. J. Herrera, F. Ramos and J. Marti, "Nonlinear distortion generated by semiconductor optical amplifier boosters in analog optical systems", Opt. Lett., vol. 28, no. 13, pp. 1102-1104, Jul. 2003.
  18. A. Seeds, "Optical transmission of microwaves," in The Review of Radio Science, W. Stone, Ed. London: U.K.: Oxford Univ. Press, 1996.
  19. T. Mukay and Y. Yamamoto, "Noise in AlGaAs semiconductor laser amplifier", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 564-575, Apr. 1982.
  20. W. Rideout, E. Eichen, J. Schlafer, J. Lacourse and E. Meland, "Relative intensity noise in semiconductor optical amplifiers", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 1, no. 12, pp. 438-440, Dec. 1989.
  21. M. Le Ligne and S. Mottet, "Theory of signal degradation in semiconductor laser amplifiers in direct detection systems", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 10, no. 8, pp. 1071-1077, Aug. 1992.
  22. N. A. Olsson, "Lightwave systems with optical amplifiers", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 7, no. 7, pp. 1071-1082, Jul. 1989.

Other

E. I. Ackerman and C. H. Cox, "RF fiber-optic link performance", IEEE Microw. Mag., vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 50-58, Dec. 2001.

D. Dolfi, D. Mongardien, S. Tonda, M. Schaller and J. Chazelas, "Photonics for airborne phased array radars", in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Phased Array Systems Technology, Dana Point, CA, 2000, pp. 379-382.

N. A. Olsson, "Lightwave systems with optical amplifiers", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 6, no. 7, pp. 1071-1081, Jul. 1989.

D. Barbier, "The present and future of EDWA technology", in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Exhibit (OFC), Anaheim, CA, 2002, p. 791.

M. J. Mahony, "Semiconductor laser optical amplifiers for use in future fiber systems", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 531-544, Apr. 1988.

D. Zhao, S. Li and K. T. Chan, "Precise and rapid wavelength switching of fiber laser using semiconductor optical amplifiers", Electron. Lett., vol. 37, no. 15, pp. 945-946, 2001.

D. A. O. Davies, "Small signal analysis of wavelength conversion in semiconductor laser amplifiers via gain saturation", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 617-619, Jun. 1995.

T. Saitoh and T. Mukay, "Recent progress in semiconductor laser amplifiers", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 6, no. 11, pp. 1653-1656, Nov. 1988.

J. C. Simon, P. Doussiere, P. Lamouler, I. Valiente and F. Riou, "Travelling wave semiconductor optical amplifier with reduced nonlinear distortions", Electron. Lett., vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 434-438, 1982.

R. Boula-Picard, M. B. Bibey and N. Vodjdani, "Semiconductor optical amplifier for microwaves photonics link", in Int. Topical Meeting Microwave Photonics, Los Angeles, CA, 2001, pp. 137-140.

J. Herrera, F. Ramos and J. Marti, "Frequency response of analogue optical links employing SOA-Booster", Electron. Lett., vol. 38, no. 19, pp. 1115-1118, Sep. 2002.

D. H. Jeon, H. D. Jung and S. K. Han, "Mitigation of dispersion-induced effects using SOA in analog optical transmission", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, no. 8, pp. 1166-1168, Aug. 2002.

M. B. Bibey, M. Krakowsky, F. Deborgies and D. Mongardien, "Very low phase noise optical links-Experiments and theory", IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol. 47, no. 12, pp. 2257-2262, Dec. 1999.

T. Saitoh and T. Mukay, "Gain saturation characteristics of travelling-wave semiconductor laser amplifiers in short optical pulse amplification", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 26, no. 12, pp. 2086-2094, Dec. 1990.

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen and K. E. Stubkjaer, "Detailed dynamic model for semiconductor optical amplifiers and their crosstalk and intermodulation distortion", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 10, no. 8, pp. 1056-1065, Aug. 1992.

A. M. Saleh and I. Habbab, "Effects of semiconductor optical amplifier nonlinearity on the performance of high speed intensity modulation lightwave systems", IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 38, no. 6, pp. 839-846, Jun. 1990.

J. Herrera, F. Ramos and J. Marti, "Nonlinear distortion generated by semiconductor optical amplifier boosters in analog optical systems", Opt. Lett., vol. 28, no. 13, pp. 1102-1104, Jul. 2003.

A. Seeds, "Optical transmission of microwaves," in The Review of Radio Science, W. Stone, Ed. London: U.K.: Oxford Univ. Press, 1996.

T. Mukay and Y. Yamamoto, "Noise in AlGaAs semiconductor laser amplifier", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 564-575, Apr. 1982.

W. Rideout, E. Eichen, J. Schlafer, J. Lacourse and E. Meland, "Relative intensity noise in semiconductor optical amplifiers", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 1, no. 12, pp. 438-440, Dec. 1989.

M. Le Ligne and S. Mottet, "Theory of signal degradation in semiconductor laser amplifiers in direct detection systems", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 10, no. 8, pp. 1071-1077, Aug. 1992.

N. A. Olsson, "Lightwave systems with optical amplifiers", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 7, no. 7, pp. 1071-1082, Jul. 1989.

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