Abstract

In this paper, we investigate the beam quality of photonic-crystal fibers (PCFs) with one, three, and seven missing airholes. The beam quality factor mmb M2 of a PCF is generally larger than unity, even if it is single mode. The results are especially important for the design and measurements of single-mode PCF lasers. A comparison between an mmb M2 measurement of the laser beam and the reported numbers can establish whether a PCF laser is operating as single mode or is contaminated by higher order modes.

© 2005 IEEE

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Opt. Express (2)

Other (12)

L. Li, A. Schlzgen, V. L. Temyanko, T. Qiu, M. M. Morrell, Q. Wang, A. Mafi, J. V. Moloney and N. Peyghambarian, "Short-length microstructured phosphate glass fiber lasers with large mode areas", Opt. Lett., 2004.

A. E. Siegman, "How to (maybe) measure laser beam quality", 1998.

A. Cucinotta, F. Poli, S. Selleri, L. Vincetti and M. Zoboli, "Amplification properties of Er3+-doped photonic crystal fibers", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 782-788, Mar. 2003.

W. J. Wadsworth, R. M. Percival, G. Bouwmans, J. C. Knight and P. S. J. Russell, "High power air-clad photonic crystal fibre laser", Opt. Express, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 48-53, Jan. 2003.

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell and D. M. Atkin, "All-silica single-mode optical fiber with photonic crystal cladding", Opt. Lett., vol. 21, no. 19, pp. 1547-1549, Oct. 1996.

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell and D. M. Atkin, "All-silica single-mode optical fiber with photonic crystal cladding: Errata", Opt. Lett., vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 484-485, Apr. 1997.

T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight and P. S. J. Russell, "Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fiber", Opt. Lett., vol. 22, no. 13, pp. 961-963, Jul. 1997.

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. S. J. Russell and J.-P. De Sandro, "Large mode area photonic crystal fibre", Electron. Lett., vol. 34, no. 13, pp. 1347-1348, Jun. 1998.

D. Mogilevtsev, T. A. Birks and P. S. J. Russell, "Group-velocity dispersion in photonic crystal fibers", Opt. Lett., vol. 23, no. 21, pp. 1662-1664, Nov. 1998.

A. Ferrando, E. Silvestre, J. J. Miret and P. Andrs, "Nearly zero ultraflattened dispersion in photonic crystal fibers", Opt. Lett., vol. 25, no. 11, pp. 790-792, Jun. 2000.

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth and P. S. J. Russell, "Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fibres", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, no. 7, pp. 807-809, Jul. 2000.

K. Furusawa, A. N. Malinowski, J. H. Price, T. M. Monro, J. K. Sahu, J. Nilsson and D. J. Richardson, "Cladding pumped Ytterbium-doped fiber laser with holey inner and outer cladding", Opt. Express, vol. 9, no. 13, pp. 714-720, Dec. 2001.

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