Abstract

This paper presents the experimental results for compact (20-and 40-µm-long) electrooptically tuned deeply etched Fabry-Pérot (F-P) filters in InP-based material. Both the quantum-confined Stark effect (QCSE) and carrier-injection (C-I) effects were implemented to achieve tunability of these microcavity filters. Red and blue shifts of the transmission peaks in the order of 1 to 2 nm were observed for both effects, and the limitations on C-I due to thermal effect are clearly demonstrated and discussed. The advantages and disadvantages of both tuning mechanisms are highlighted.

© 2005 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |

  1. T. A. Ibrahim, W. Cao, Y. Kim, J. Li, J. Goldhar, P.-T. Ho and C. H. Lee, "Lightwave switching in semiconductor microring devices by free carrier injection", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 2997-3003, Dec. 2003.
  2. K. Djordjev, S.-J. Choi, S.-J. Choi and P. D. Dapkus, "Microdisk tunable resonant filters and switches", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 828-830, Jun. 2002.
  3. C. A. Barrios, V. R. Almeida, R. R. Panepucci, B. S. Schmidt and M. Lipson, "Compact silicon tunable Fabry-Pérot resonator with low power consumption", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 506-508, Feb. 2004.
  4. R. Ferrini, B. Lombardet, B. Wild, R. Houdre, S. Olivier, H. Benisty, A. Djoudi, L. Legouezigou, S. Hubert, S. Sainson, J.-P. Chandouineau, S. Fabre, F. Pommereau and G.-H. Duan, "Optical characterization of 2-D InP-based photonic crystals fabricated by inductively coupled plasma etching", Electron. Lett., vol. 38, pp. 962-964, Aug. 2002.
  5. M. V. Kotlyar, L. O'Faolain, R. Wilson and T. F. Krauss, "High-aspect-ratio chemically assisted ion-beam etching for photonic crystals using a high beam voltage-current ratio", J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B, Microelectron. Process. Phenom., vol. 22, pp. 1788-1791, Jul. 2004.
  6. M. V. Kotlyar, T. Karle, M. D. Settle, L. O'Faolain and T. F. Krauss, "Low-loss photonic crystal defect waveguides in InP", Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 84, pp. 3588-3590, May 2004.
  7. T. F. Krauss and R. M. De La Rue, "Optical characterization of waveguide based photonic microstructures", Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 68, pp. 1613-1615, Mar. 1996.
  8. D. A. B. Miller, J. S. Weiner and D. S. Chemla, "Electric-field dependence of linear optical properties in quantum well structures: Waveguide electroabsorption and sum rules", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 22, no. 9, pp. 1816-1830, Sep. 1986.
  9. J. E. Zucker and T. L. Henderickson, "Electro-optic phase modulation in GaAs/AlGaAs quantum well waveguides", Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 52, pp. 945-947, Mar. 1988.
  10. B. R. Bennett, R. A. Soref and J. A. Del Alamo, "Carrier-induced change in reractive index of InP, GaAs and InGaAsP", IEEE J. Quantum Electron, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 113-122, Jan. 1990.
  11. K. Frojdh and S. Marcinkevicius, "Interwell carrier transport in InGaAsP multiple quantum well laser structures", Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 69, pp. 3695-3697, Dec. 1996.
  12. W. Bogaerts, P. Bienstman, D. Taillaert, R. Baets and D. De Zutter, "Out-of-plane scattering in 1-D photonic crystal slabs", Optic. Quantum Electron., vol. 34, pp. 195-203, Jan./Mar. 2002.
  13. J. E. Zucker, I. Bar-Joseph, B. I. Miller, U. Koren and D. S. Chemla, "Quaternaty quantum wells for electro-optic intensity and phase modulation at 1.3 and 1.55 µ m", Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 54, pp. 1989-1991, Jan. 1989 .
  14. R. Grover, T. A. Ibrahim, S. Kanakaraju, L. Lucas, L. C. Calhoun and P.-T. Ho, "A tunable GaInAsP-InP optical microring notch filter", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 467-469, Feb. 2004.
  15. M. V. Kotlyar, L. O'Faolain, A. Krysa and T. F. Krauss, "Electrically tunable multiquantum-well InGaAsP-InGaAsP microphotonic filter", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 837-839, Apr. 2005.
  16. F. G. D. Corte, G. Cocorullo, M. Iodice and I. Rendina, "Temperature dependence of the thermo-optic coefficient of InP, GaAs and SiC from room temperature to 600 K at the wavelength of 1.5 µ m", Appl., Phys. Lett., vol. 77, pp. 1614-1616, Sept. 2000.
  17. L. A. Coldren and S. W. Corzine, Diode Lasers and Photonic Integrated Circuits, New York: Wiley, 1995, p. 56.
  18. K. P. Pipe and R. J. Ram, "Comprehensive heat exchange model for a semiconductor laser diode", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 504 -506, Apr. 2003.
  19. H. K. Tsang, M. W. Mak, L. Y. Chan, J. B. D. Soole, C. Youtsey and I. Adesida, "Etched cavity InGaAsP/InP waveguide Fabry-P´erot filter tunable by current injection", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 17, no. 10, pp. 1890-1895, Oct. 1999.
  20. B. H. Dorren, A. Yu Silov, M. R. Leys, D. M. H. Dukers, J. E. M. Haverkort, D. H. Maat, Y. Zhu, F. H. Groen and J. H. Wolter, "A chopped quantum-well polarization independent interferometric switch at 1.53 µ m", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 317-324, Mar. 2000.

Other (20)

T. A. Ibrahim, W. Cao, Y. Kim, J. Li, J. Goldhar, P.-T. Ho and C. H. Lee, "Lightwave switching in semiconductor microring devices by free carrier injection", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 2997-3003, Dec. 2003.

K. Djordjev, S.-J. Choi, S.-J. Choi and P. D. Dapkus, "Microdisk tunable resonant filters and switches", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 828-830, Jun. 2002.

C. A. Barrios, V. R. Almeida, R. R. Panepucci, B. S. Schmidt and M. Lipson, "Compact silicon tunable Fabry-Pérot resonator with low power consumption", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 506-508, Feb. 2004.

R. Ferrini, B. Lombardet, B. Wild, R. Houdre, S. Olivier, H. Benisty, A. Djoudi, L. Legouezigou, S. Hubert, S. Sainson, J.-P. Chandouineau, S. Fabre, F. Pommereau and G.-H. Duan, "Optical characterization of 2-D InP-based photonic crystals fabricated by inductively coupled plasma etching", Electron. Lett., vol. 38, pp. 962-964, Aug. 2002.

M. V. Kotlyar, L. O'Faolain, R. Wilson and T. F. Krauss, "High-aspect-ratio chemically assisted ion-beam etching for photonic crystals using a high beam voltage-current ratio", J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B, Microelectron. Process. Phenom., vol. 22, pp. 1788-1791, Jul. 2004.

M. V. Kotlyar, T. Karle, M. D. Settle, L. O'Faolain and T. F. Krauss, "Low-loss photonic crystal defect waveguides in InP", Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 84, pp. 3588-3590, May 2004.

T. F. Krauss and R. M. De La Rue, "Optical characterization of waveguide based photonic microstructures", Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 68, pp. 1613-1615, Mar. 1996.

D. A. B. Miller, J. S. Weiner and D. S. Chemla, "Electric-field dependence of linear optical properties in quantum well structures: Waveguide electroabsorption and sum rules", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 22, no. 9, pp. 1816-1830, Sep. 1986.

J. E. Zucker and T. L. Henderickson, "Electro-optic phase modulation in GaAs/AlGaAs quantum well waveguides", Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 52, pp. 945-947, Mar. 1988.

B. R. Bennett, R. A. Soref and J. A. Del Alamo, "Carrier-induced change in reractive index of InP, GaAs and InGaAsP", IEEE J. Quantum Electron, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 113-122, Jan. 1990.

K. Frojdh and S. Marcinkevicius, "Interwell carrier transport in InGaAsP multiple quantum well laser structures", Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 69, pp. 3695-3697, Dec. 1996.

W. Bogaerts, P. Bienstman, D. Taillaert, R. Baets and D. De Zutter, "Out-of-plane scattering in 1-D photonic crystal slabs", Optic. Quantum Electron., vol. 34, pp. 195-203, Jan./Mar. 2002.

J. E. Zucker, I. Bar-Joseph, B. I. Miller, U. Koren and D. S. Chemla, "Quaternaty quantum wells for electro-optic intensity and phase modulation at 1.3 and 1.55 µ m", Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 54, pp. 1989-1991, Jan. 1989 .

R. Grover, T. A. Ibrahim, S. Kanakaraju, L. Lucas, L. C. Calhoun and P.-T. Ho, "A tunable GaInAsP-InP optical microring notch filter", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 467-469, Feb. 2004.

M. V. Kotlyar, L. O'Faolain, A. Krysa and T. F. Krauss, "Electrically tunable multiquantum-well InGaAsP-InGaAsP microphotonic filter", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 837-839, Apr. 2005.

F. G. D. Corte, G. Cocorullo, M. Iodice and I. Rendina, "Temperature dependence of the thermo-optic coefficient of InP, GaAs and SiC from room temperature to 600 K at the wavelength of 1.5 µ m", Appl., Phys. Lett., vol. 77, pp. 1614-1616, Sept. 2000.

L. A. Coldren and S. W. Corzine, Diode Lasers and Photonic Integrated Circuits, New York: Wiley, 1995, p. 56.

K. P. Pipe and R. J. Ram, "Comprehensive heat exchange model for a semiconductor laser diode", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 504 -506, Apr. 2003.

H. K. Tsang, M. W. Mak, L. Y. Chan, J. B. D. Soole, C. Youtsey and I. Adesida, "Etched cavity InGaAsP/InP waveguide Fabry-P´erot filter tunable by current injection", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 17, no. 10, pp. 1890-1895, Oct. 1999.

B. H. Dorren, A. Yu Silov, M. R. Leys, D. M. H. Dukers, J. E. M. Haverkort, D. H. Maat, Y. Zhu, F. H. Groen and J. H. Wolter, "A chopped quantum-well polarization independent interferometric switch at 1.53 µ m", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 317-324, Mar. 2000.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.